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The Mamtiee Valley 

Pioneer Association 

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The Matimee Valley 

Pioneer Association, 



At the Old Court House, Maumee 

September 10th, 1897. 

Toledo, Ohio: 

Vbooman, Anderson & Bateman, Printer; 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 


The regular Annual Reunion of Maumee Valley 
Pioneer Association was held at F"ort Meigs, August 12th, 
1896, as was appointed by the Executive Committee. 

In the absence ot the President, Mr. Paris H. Pray, 
of White House, the Rev. G. A. Adams called the meet- 
ing to order, and introduced the Rev. Dr. N. B. C. Love, 
of Swanton, Ohio, who invoked the divine blessing. 

The Honorable Justin H. Tyler, of Napoleon, then 
read memorials of deceased members of the Association, 
including that of Mrs. Amelia C. Waite, prepared by 
Honorable Denison B. Smith, also memorials of Mr. 
Henry Philipps, of Toledo, the Hon. Emery Davis Potter, 
Mr. Joel Foot, Wood County ; Hon. Judge A. S, Lalla, 
of Defiance ; the Hon. Abner L. Backus, of Toledo ; Mr. 
Chester Bliun, of Perrysburg ; Mr. Benjamin Atkinson, of 
Providence, Lucas County, and Mr. and Mrs. Hoobler, of 
Wood County, also a communication from Mr. Lewis 
Eastwood, of Waterville. 

It was moved and carried that a committee of three 
be appointed to present the names of suitable candidates 
for the offices lor the ensuing year, and Y. Rakestraw, of 
White House, C. C. Young, of Liberty Center, and 
Frank Powell, of Perrysburg, were made the committee. 

The meeting then adjourned for a general basket 
dinner, everyone either providing himself or joining with 


The Mamnee Valley 

After dinner the nominating committee reported the 
following persons to serve as officers of the Association 
for the ensuing year : 


By virtue of regulation, Paris II. Pray, of White House, 

Lucas County. 


Rev. G. A. Adams, of Wood county. 

Mr. Yarnel Rakestraw, of Lucas county, 

Hon Justin H. Tyler, of Henry county. 

Hon. D. \Y. H. Howard, of Fulton county. 

Mr. Phillipps, oi Hancock county. 


J. L. Pray, White House, Ohio. 


J. E. Hall, Waterville, Ohio. 


William Corlett, Lucas county. 

D. R. Holden, Wood county. 

Dr. William Ramsey, Fulton county. 

Allen Scribner, Henry county. 

B. B. Woodcock, Defiance county. 


Justin H. Tyler, Henry county. 

Frank Powell, Wood county. 
Edwin Phelps, Defiance county. 
Denison B. Smith, Lucas county. 


Emery Potter, Jr., Lucas county. 

D. K. Hallenback, Wood county. 

Justin H. Tyler, Henry county. 

Following the election ol officers, Hon. C. H. Nor- 

-•— I 

Pioneer Association. 

ris, of Marion, Ohio, delivered a comprehensive, eloquent 
and instructive historical address, which was received 
with much enthusiasm. 

The Rev. Dr. N. B. C. Love, of Swanton, O., then 
read his beautiful poem, "TheMaumee." The Secretary, 
Mr. Smith, was called upon for an address, but excused 
himself, and no further addresses were made. 

After an hour of very pleasant social intercourse, the 
meeting adjourned to the call of the Executive Committee.- 

D. B. Smith, Secretary. 


The Receipts of the meeting was : 

For new memberships for 7 members at $1 each, $7 00 

Contributed by four members, - - - - 4 00 

Received from sale of pamphlets, - - - 2 30 

Total, - - - - $13 30 


Printing Programs, Postals, Envelopes and Letter 

Heads, -,------ $ l ° 8 5 

Typewriting, Copying and Postage, - - 2 45 

Total, - - - - - $13 30 
Amount reported on hand by the Treasurer, $26 27 


The Maumee V alley 



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AUGUST 12th, 1896, BY 


In submitting that which 1 have prepared for this occasion, I 
recognize the fact that I face an audience composed of those who are 
competent to pass intelligent judgment, not only upon the diction 
but also upon the subject matter of that which may be offered. 

I at first hesitated to avail myself of the pleasure of this meet- 
ing, afforded me by the invitation of your secretary, but feeling 
that perfections would not be expected of me that might be required 
of those deservedly better known than myself; and tempted by the 
conviction that I would learn infinitely more than I could impart, I 
shut my eyes to well-grounded self-distrust and am here pleading 
my own apology. 

The pioneers who beat back from this matchless region savage 
nature and savage men are buried in the bosom of the earth, ana 
with them perished the data for the most thrilling and interesting 
history that ever recited the progress of a people. 

The facts presented upon such an occasion as this are those 
which are well known, or that with little research might be known ; 
but in the hurry of this busy age are neglected and overlooked or 
forgotten ; hence the chief benefit and purpose of societies of this 
character, aside from renewing and cementing old friendships, is to 
educate the young, inform them of the kind of metal of which their 
ancestors were made, interest them in the circumstances and occur- 
rences that befel the lion-hearted men, who, braving hardship and 
danger, won an empire, and transformed a wilderness into a garden 
— that they to whose keeping the heritage must be transmitted may 
deem it worthy of defense and preservation. 

The War of 1812. 

I have been asked to speak particularly of events which con- 
nect this valley with our second conflict with Great Britain. 

The last war with England, known to us as the war of 1812, 
was proclaimed by President Madison on the 19th day of June of 
that year, Congress having the day before declared war to be 
existing between the two countries. It had been 2i> years since the 
treaty of Versailles had given independence to the American 
colonies, and the condition of peace had for that time nominally 


The Maumee Valley 

existed between the United States jjnd the British empire. Yet for 
13 years of that time the forces of England had retained possession 
of the Northwestern posts. Eleven years after that treaty had been 
ratified the British general, Sincoc, built and garrisoned Ft. Miami, 
yonder across the river, far within our conceded border, and the 
Northwestern posts, including Miami, Detroit, Miehlimaekinac and 
Green Bay, were only surrendered after the battle of Fallen Timber 
had broken the strength of the Indian tribes. 

It cannot be controverted that England, through her Canadian 
Indian department, in the hands of Col. Matthew Elliott and Capt. 
Alexandria Mclvee, waged a ceaseless war upon her former colonies, 
by inciting and assisting the Indian tribes year after year in 
destroying the scattered settlements, and murdering the defenseless 
people ot the Northwestern border. So that the victory of Wayne 
at Fallen Timber, which was achieved within view of this spot, 
may be considered the last battle of the revolutionary war, though 
fought eleven years after the ratification of peace between the 
colonies and the mother country — Perfidious Albion. 

On the 19th of November, 1794, three months after the battle of 
Fallen Timber, the special commissioners of the two countries agreed 
upon the terms of what is known as the Jay treaty, which, with 
other stipulations, fixed June 1, 179G, as the time for surrendering 
the Northwestern posts. 

Had Wayne's legions suffered defeat, as did St. Clair, history 
would have had another story to repeat than the surrender of the 
Northwestern posts by the English, and seventeen years of peace 
with the Indian tribes, which followed that victory. 

The war of 1812, though at the time not so deemed by our 
people, was in fact, with us, a struggle for national existence. It 
was a second war for independence. 


The country was torn with faction and discord. Trade was 
stagnant. For two successive years crops had been a failure ; the 
agriculturist was a pauper, and commerce was crushed between 
edicts, blockades and embargoes, to which we were required to give 
heed, under the penalty of war with the nations of Europe, who 
were at this time arrayed either for or against France and the great 

The northwestern frontier covered a distance of at least a 
thousand miles. Within the boundaries of Ohio, the outlying settle- 
ments were included in a line from Cleveland to Wooster, and theuce 
to Urbana. Weak military posts were maintained at Mackinac 

Pioneer Association. 

Island, at Detroit, Ft. Wayne, at the head of the Maumee; Ft. 
Dearborn, at the head of the Chicago river, and Ft. Harrison, at the 
forks of the Wabash. 

They were hundreds of miles apart and practically inaccessible 
to each other. The country had a population of seven and a quarter 
millions; our domain was divided into eighteen states and four 

ohio's congressman. 

Ohio was entitled to but one member of Congress ; his name was 
Jeremiah Morrow and he was one of the 79 members who cast his 
vote for war. Little did he think when he cast that vote, that there 
were children then born who, within fifty-two years from that date, 
would take part in a conflict in comparison to which the war for 
which he then voted, would pale into insignificance : but the streets 
of his native village were swept by the hissing ball ; the graves of 
his kindred were plowed by shot and shell ; the brooks in which he 
had bathed when a boy ran red with the blood of his countrymen, 
for he was born and spent his early youth in the town of Gettysburg 
in the state of Pennsylvania. 

Jeremiah Morrow, his biographer says, was a plain man who 
feared God and loved his country and his fellow-men. 

In 1825, the Duke of Saxe- Weimar, while visiting this country 
on his way from Cincinnati to Columbus, conceived it his duty to 
pay his respects to the governor of Ohio, who was then on his farm 
in the neighborhood of Lebanon. Near the road were some men 
clearing; one dressed in a red flannel shirt and home-made trowsers 
was making a wagon pole. "My man," said the Duke, "where is 
your master ? " Looking up the son of toil answered, "I havo no 
master but Him above." "I desire to pay my respects to the 
governor of Ohio, where is he?" said the Duke. "I am the governor, 
I am Jeremiah Morrow," was the answer, and at once he was the 
courteous gentleman inviting the visitor and friends to make his 
house their home. Many times after was this interview described 
by that aristocrat, who had in his veins the blood of half the 
sovereigns of Europe, as an illustration of simplicity, hospitality and 

Anticipating hostilities and knowing by the experience of thirty 
years of atrocity and murder incited by British influence, that 
England would turn against the border the merciless hand of the 
savage, the nucleus of a little army had been gathered at Urbana 
and Dayton early in the spring. The commander was Win. Hull, 
territorial governor of Michigan, who had been an officer of some 
note in the war of Independence. 


The Maumee Valley 

The plans adopted by Mr. Eustice, secretary of war, was to 
invade Canada with four different expeditions operating at the same 
time; one by Lake Champlain, one by Sackett's Harbor,' one by 
Niagara and one by Detroit. The expedition under Hull was 
destined for Detroit. 

War being certain, on the 1st of June Hull commenced his 
march, and consumed nearly a month toiling across the Black 
Swamp, building roads and bridges and blockhouses, before he 
reached this point — the rapids of the Maumee. 

It was not until the 2nd of July when he had reached the River 
Raisin, that he received notice from the criminally negligent War 
department that war had been declared. 

The town of Amherstburg at the mouth of the Detroit River, 
and the British Fort Maiden which defended it, had for } T ears been, 
and was then, the base of operation and supplies for raids against 
our Western border. 

The schemes and plots of fire and slaughter, hatched there and 
hurled thence against our defenseless settlements, would furnish a 
page of English history, bloodier and more cruel than the massacres 
of Glencoe and Wyoming. 

hull's disasters. 

That war had been declared was known at Maiden on the 30th. 
of June; in time to intercept off that port the vessel carrying Hull's 
private papers, muster rolls and instructions, which he had foolishly 
dispatched by water from the Rapids to Detroit. 

But without following him farther on his way to defeat and 
disaster, by the 16th of August he had surrendered his army, with 
Detroit and its fortifications, and every man under his command, 
whether there or elsewhere. Mackinac had fallen, Fort Dearborn 
where Chicago now stands, had been abandoned and the garrison 
massacred, and every post in the Northwest except Fort Wayne and 
Fort Harrison were in the hands of the enemy. 

The expedition at Niagara had been beaten back ; Dearborn's 
invasion by way of Lake Champlain became an idle threat, and the 
beginning of 1S1."> saw the country at the end of a year of disgrace, 
such as God forbid it may ever experience again. 

Everything in the Fast was a failure, from the inefficient War 
department down to the cowardly and mutinous militia that refused 
to cross the border. 

In all, it was a series of campaigns of bombast and imbecility. 
It is said that at Lewistown while thousands of militia stood looking 
across where a force of their comrades at Queenstown Heights were 

Pioneer Association. 


bene! by superior numbers of the enemy, and finally compelled to 
surrender, when called to the rescue, all refused, except thirteen 
Irishmen from New York. Whether or not these Hibernians were 
members of the Tammany socvety, history does not recount. 

On the 7th of November, 1811, loss than ten months before the 
declaration of war, the peace with the Indians, that had been con- 
eluded at Greenville 17 years before, was broken by the battle of 

The commander in that engagement was Wm. Henry Harrison, 
the governor of Indian Territory. 

The disasters of 1812, particularly the surrender of Hull, 
aroused the people of the Western states to the necessity of defense. 


Foremost in patriotism and war spirit were the people of 
Kentucky. A race of warriors and orators, in response to the 
matchless eloquence of such men as Henry Clay, the}' Hew to arms. 
Their governor was Isaac Shelby. Thirty-two years before, the 
year 1780, was the darkest year of the American revolution. The 
Colonial army under Gen. Horatio Gates had been destroyed at 
Camden, aud the colonies of Virginia, North and South Carolina and 
Georgia, were prostrate at the feet of the conquering Cornwallis, 
The British general, Ferguson, had posted himself in an almost 
impregnable position, on a ridge, in what is now Gaston county, 
North Carolina, called the King's Mountain, and with none to 
oppose, he was dealing out British justice to the patriots, with sabre 
and halter and torch. 

From over the mountains and through the forests, hundreds of 
miles away, came a body of frontiersmen ; they were from the 
Holsten and Clinch river settlements in North Carolina and Tenn- 
essee, and from Harrodsburg and Boonesborough, Kentucky. They 
were a people, and from a region of which the British had never 
heard. They were inferior in number to their adversaries, yet at 
3 o'clock in the afternoon of October 7th, 1780, they attacked the 
British position, and in less than 70 minutes, Gen. Ferguson's army 
and Gen. Ferguson himself ceased to exist. The right hand of 
Cornwallis was destroyed, and it was again possible to establish free 
government on this continent. The leaders of these heroes, who 
thus broke the British power, were Sevier and Campbell, and this 
same man, Isaac Shelby. 

Such confidence had the people of Kentucky in the bravery 
and sagacity of the hero of Tippecanoe that Governor Shelby made 
him commander of the militia of that state. 

12 The Maumee Valley 

William Henry Harrison was a native of Virginia; at this 
lime be was 39 year old. This region was not new to him. When 
a youth of 21 he served on the staff of Gen. Wayne, and was con- 
spicuous at the battle of Fallen Timber. He was one of the finest 
characters the country ever produced. The history of the North- 
west for 40 years is his history. He was clerk of the courts of 
Hamilton county, Ohio, when made the ninth President of the 
United States. 

His father, Benjamin Harrison, was chairman of the committee 
of the whole house when the Declaration ot Independence was 
agreed to. and signed that immortal charter. When John Hancock 
was chosen to preside over the Continental Congress, it was he who 
conducted Hancock to the chair, and said, "Great Britain should be 
convinced that we are in earnest, when we make a man our presi- 
dent whom she has excluded from pardon by public proclamation." 

Harrison, prompt to act, gathered the Kentucky levies at 
Cincinnati. Fort Harrison then commanded by a young man 
named Zachary Taylor, who afterwards became the twelfth Presi- 
dent of the United States, and Fort Wayne, were both besieged by 
the Indians; Yincennes was in danger and men had been murdered 
and scalped within 30 miles of Louisville. i 

To relieve these belea^ured garrisons he at once pushed on. He 
arrived at Ft. Wayne, September 12, 1S12, and while engaged in 
chastising the savages in that vicinity, Gen. James Winchester, of 
the regular army, arrived at the fort, and as ranking officer assumed 


Under this unfortunate man, aside from the massacre at 
Chicago, the first real tragedy of the war was enacted. 

Ou his way to resume the duties of governor of Indiana terri- 
tory, Harrison was met at St. Marys by an express bearing his 
commission as commander-in-chief of the Army of the Northwest. 
He immediately formulated plans for his campaign. He proposed 
to make this place — the foot of the rapids — the base ot his operations. 
With his troops once concentrated here he would move immediately 
on Detroit. N 

The Virginians and Pennsylvanians early in October gathered 
at Lower Sandusky, now Fremont; the Ohio levies who were to 
march hero over Hull's road through the Black Swamp were 
floundering in the mud ii hundred miles from the Maumee. Win- 
chester had come from Port Wayue to Fort Defiance; and such was 
the impassible condition of the country that not a pound of supplies 
could be transported to the Maumee. 

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Pioneer Association 13 

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The Maumee Valley 

In December, 1812, Winchester started from Defiance to this 
place, and readied here on January 10, 1813, after a two week's 
march through the snow. While encamped here he was solicited to 
go to the relief of a French settlement on the River Raisin, where 
the city of Monroe now stands, called French Town. The place was 
then held hy about 300 Canadian militia and Indians. Winchester 
had here 1,300 troops. At Amherstburg, 18 miles from French 
Town, lay 4,000 British and Indians under Gen. Proctor. 

With less military judgment than a child, on the 18th of Febru- 
ary, Winchester dispatched 050 men to the River * Raisin, and 
followed next day with 250 regulars of the Seventeenth infantry. 

On the 2.1st his command was overwhelmed by the forces of 
Proctor, who had hastened from Amherstburg to attack him. 

The British general, as barbarous and inhuman as his savage 
allies, suffered the Indians to murder, scalp and burn the wouuded 
and other prisoners who fell into their hands, so that of nearly 900 
men, less than 40 escaped death and capture. 


At this time Harrison was at Upper Sandusky, where w^ere 
bis stores and convoy and artillery and the right wing of his army; 
and at which place Gen. Crooks with the Pennsylvania militia had 
built Fort Ferree. The center of the army was at Fort Mc Arthur, 
about three miles west of the site of the present town of Kenton. 
Being informed that Winchester intended to move upon French 
Town, Harrison hastened forward to the Rapids, only to meet the 
fugitives, and hear the story of the slaughter of the left wing of his 
army. By the 30th of January reinforcements and artillery arrived) 
and on the 1st of February he commenced the construction on this 
spot of a fortified camp, which, in honor of the man who was then 
governor of the state, he called Ft. Meigs. Return Jonathan Meigs 
was his name; he had been a soldier, a Senator in Congress and 
Postmaster General of the United States. He was a patriot, houored 
and respected by his people. He was named after his father, a 
brave soldier of the Revolution, who was with Arnold at Quebec 
and with Wayne at Stony Point. 

In the halcyon days when the world was young to the youth 
and Quaker girl who were destined to become the grandfather and 
grandmother of our governor ; to the boy's fervid plea for grace and 
favor at her hand — as many women before and after have done — 
her lips said nay when her heart said yea. The paralyzed youth, 
with shattered hopes, turned from her, to face alone that aching void 
the vulgar call the world. At the vdi^a of the field she called to him 

Pioneer Association. 15 

iu her prim Quaker parlance, "Return Jonathan :" the sweet voice 
sounding across the meadow was to him the pardon of a queen ; and 
that he might always hear the words spoken by the same sweet 
voice — when she S0UI3- called the name of their firstborn; when in 
pride she spoke of their glorious soldier son — the father called the 
boy .Return Jonathan Meigs. 


The military operations in the Northwest at the date of the 
construction of Fort Meigs had resulted in the capture of Mackinac, 
the surrender of Hull, the massacre at Fort Dearborn, and the 
destruction of Winchester. 

On the 28th day of April, 1613, the British, under Proctor, and 
the Indians, led by Tecumseh, invested this place. Proctor had 
1,300 men; Tecumseh led 2,000 warriors. On the 1st of May the 
enemy completed his batteries. To defend the fort, Harrison at this 
time could muster tit for duty, about 1,000 men. Proctor's camp 
was at and directly below old Fort Miami. Fort Miami was too strong 
for Wayne to assault after the battle of Fallen Timber, and it was 
while reconnoitering the position within pistol shot of the works, 
when an artillerist asked permission of Major Campbell, the com- 
mandant, to train a gun on the general and his staff, that Wayne 
heard the wholesome advice of that officer to his subordinate, "Be a 
gentleman, be a gentleman." 

The gun batteries for the reduction of these works, were estab- 
lished immediately across the river, as I understand it, on the present 
sites of the Methodist and Presbyterian Churches, in the. village of 
Maumee, and one between those two points. A mortar battery was 
planted farther down the river, and on the night of May 3rd, a bat- 
tery was established by the enemy in the ravine to the northwest of 
these works. 

I will not attempt to recount the deeds of heroism performed by 
this beleagured garrison, who knew that surrender meant torture 
and death; though their enemy was of their race, laid claim to the 
highest civilization, and beggeu mercy through the redeeming blood 
of the same Divine Master. 

In the history of the world, no country has waged war more 
cruelly, the annals of no country have more scenes of blood and ruin 
to describe, no country has so often invoked the willing hands and 
malignant hearts of savage men, as has Great Britain ; some instan- 
ces of which I have heard recounted by the trembling lips of aged 
meu, to whose dying day the ghastly scenes were vivid. 

( .-v - ' 

1G The Maumee Valley 


At 12 o'clock on the night of May 4th, Capt. William Oliver, the 
same hero who had borne tidings of the approaching succor to the 
defenders of Fort Wayne, dared almost certain death to bring the 
message that Gen. Green Clay, with nearly 1,200 Kentuekians ap- 
proaching down the river in tlat boats, was within two hours of the 
Fort. Under orders from Harrison, 800 of these men, commanded 
by Col. Dudley, landed on the British side of the river, near the 
battle field of Fallen Timber, and proceeding dowu the river attack- 
ed the British batteries, and took them ; but carried away by im- 
petuous ardor, and memory of murdered kindred, pursued the 
enemy into the forest, to such a distance, that Proctor was enabled 
to throw from his camp, a sufficient force to intercept and capture all 
but about 150 of these brave and unfortunate men. 

The surrender was made to Englishmen, not to Indians. The 
prisoners were taken down to old Fort Miami, and there was enact- 
ed a tragedy that will never be forgotten by'those who claim kiuship, 
either in blood or patriotism, to that devoted band. Approaching 
the fort, and in the fort, they were stripped and scourged and shot 
and tomahawked by the Indians, under the eyes of the British 
officers, whose weak protest against this appalling cruelty bears 
conviction that they were worse men at heart than the savages them- 
selves. To a protest made to Cot. Matthew Elliott, against this in- 
human disregard of the rules of civilized warfare, the only response 
was, " And pray, sir, who are you ? " 1 have it from English au- 
thority that the flesh of some of those prisoners was boiled and eaten 
by the savages, not secretly, but openly, and in the vicinity of 
Proctor's camp. 

It was for Tecumseh, who was a better and broader man than 
his Christian colleague, to put an end to the carnage. He upbraided 
Proctor for not having prevented the massacre, aud told him he was 
unfit to command. , 

The part of Gen. Clay's forces which did not follow Dudley, 
succeeded after some trouble in entering the fort; and while the 
battle was in progress on the west side of the river, a sortie was 
made, and the British battery on this side was carried. 

On the morning of the 0th of May, the British deeming the cap- 
ture of the place hopeless, raised the siege and returned to 

Such is a synopsis, hastily gathered, of the first siege of Fort 
Meigs, upon the successful defense of which greater consequences 
depended than did the heroes who stood behind its walls ever 


Pioneer Association. 17 

Harrison at once repaired to other scenes of action and other 
duties, leaving the tort in command of (Jen. Green Clay. 

On the 20th of July Gen. Proctor, with a larger force than be- 
fore, approached this place, but after a few skirmishes and an 
attempt by strategy to draw the garrison out to attack him, decided 
the works too strong and well defended to assault, and sailed around 
into Sandusky bay, leaving Tecumseh and his Indians to follow 
across by land. 


From thence Gen. Porter at once detached a portion of his forces 
up the Sandusky river to reduce Fort Stephenson, at Lower San- 
dusky, where now stands the beautiful city of Fremont. General 
Harrison, owing to the weakness of the position and the force that 
might be brought against it, determined upon the abandonment and 
destruction of the post, and so ordered; but the suddenness of its 
investment prevented that precaution. 

For Stephenson was defended by one gun and 1G0 men — young 
men. Proctor's force consisted of 3,300 British and Indians, and six 

In command of the fort was Major George Croghan, a boy not 
yet 22 years old. He was the nephew of Gen. George liodger Clark, 
whose campaign in 1778 against Yincennes and the Kaskaskia towns, 
couquored and held the Illinois country, comprising, as then un ler- 
stood, the present States of Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and that 
part of Minnesota east of the Mississippi river. And so completely 
did he conquer it, and so tenaciously did he hold it, that when Mr. 
Oswold, one of the British commissioners to negotiate the articles of 
peace between England and the United Colonies, demanded that the 
Ohio river be made our western boundary, in which demand he was 
supported by both the French and Spanish commissioners, he and 
they had to concede as claimed by our commissioners, particularly 
by John Adams, that the Illinois country had been conquered and 
was then held by the military forces of the United Colonies. Thus 
compelling the cession to us of that vast empire by the treaty that 
ended the Revolutionary war, signed at Versailles, September 3, 

Proctor demanded the surrender of Fort Stephenson, with 
threats of general massacre in case of refusal. The young com- 
mander, worthy of the blood that bounded in his veins, answered, 
'•That if the enemy took that fort they would find nobody left to 
surrender it. That rather than yield it, its garrison would die to the 
last man." 

18 . The Maumee Volley 

The enemy opened fire on the evening of August 1. On the 
evening of the 2nd, 350 regulars of the British -list regiment, led by 
Lieut. Col. Short, made the assault. His orders to his men as he 
leaped into the ditch followed by his veterans, was to u give the 
d — d Yankees no quarters." 

The withering tire of the gun by which the fort was defended, 
loaded to the muzzle with slugs, as it was, and raking the ditch at a 
distance of 30 feet, determined the conflict very suddenly. And the 
white handkerchief of the mortally wounded leader, was seen 
through the gloom depending from his sword point,, as he feebly 
asked, that mercy, which a moment before ho had directed his men 
to deny. 

Proctor beat a hasty retreat. The English veterans had gone 
up against a new generation ; young America was too many for 
them. The loss of the garrison was but one man. 

Major Croghan died in the city of New Orleans, of cholera, on 
the anniversary of the battle of New Orleans, January S, 1S40. 

Early in the year 1813 Armstrong had succeeded Eustice as 
Secretary of War. John Armstrong was a soldier. 


The masters of the great lakes are in a military sense, the mas- 
ters of the Mississippi valley. The masters of the great lakes are in 
a commercial sense the masters of North America. This fact was 
self evident as long ago as when the French voyageur brought his 
furs down to the store houses of Montreal and Quebec. The Dutch 
knew it, when they reached out toward the fresh water seas, up the 
Hudson and the Mohawk. 

The Jesuits who knew everything, were swift to see it, and 
founded their missions of peace on Lake Huron and at St. fgnace 
and Green Bay. 

Henri Tonty — ho of the iron hand — and LaSalle saw it. Fron- 
tenac, the father of New France, acted upon that conviction when he 
fortified the St. Lawrance, and the head lauds of Erie and Ontario ; 
and Cadillac, when he founded Detroit, and made strong the French 
posts on the upper lakes. The wiley Iroquois, the statesman, the 
warrior, the governor, the conqueror; they who for a hundred years 
successfully held these waters against all comers, and were the 
power behind which the English colonies grew into manhood, made 
this fact observient to all their bloodshed and aggression. 

In recognition of it Montcalm and Wolfe gave up their lives on 
the Plains of Abraham. Washington saw it, when in the solemn 
woods of the Monongahela, he tired the vol lev that set the world 


— -•■— ""-— 

Pioneer Association. 19 

aflame, and changed the map of two continents. George II and 
George III, and Lewis XV knew it, when they struggled for posses- 
sion of this garden of the earth. Wellington declared it, when asked 
to take command in America. The British Minister Gastlereagh 
disclosed that to control these vestibules of this continent, had been 
the policy of the English government for a century; when his com- 
missioners negotiated the treaty of Ghent. And we must know it, 
and w T e must realize it, and we must act upon it, lor sooner or later, 
but sure and of necessity, the flag that predominate these lakes, will 
float over North America trom Mexico to the pole. And whatever 
be the exigency when self preservation forces us to meet it we must 
be prepared, for sentiment, nor treasure, nor blood must stand in the 
way of the safety of this republic. 

Finally the cabinet of Mr. Madison discovered that a successful 
conclusion of the war, depended upon the possession of these waters. 

perry's grand fight. 

And on the very day of Proctor's unsuccessful attack upon Fort 
Stephenson, a fleet was ready to cross the bar at Erie, Penn. When 
Anthony Wayne died there nineteen years before, the place was 
called Presque Isle. 

This fleet was under the command of Oliver Hazzerd Perry, a 
lieutenant in the U. S. navy. He was a young man, less than a 
month over 28 years old. He had been in the active service of his 
country since 1799, when as a boy of 14 years, he served under his 
father on the frigate Gen. Green, and he was still in the service of 
his country at the time of his death from yellow fever on the island 
of Trinidad, in August, 1819, at the age of 34. 

His fleet consisted of nine vessels, a total of 54 guns and 41G 
men. Compared to the present magnificent commercial navies of 
these inland seas, his squadron would scarcely amount to salvage, for 
its aggregate displacement was barely 1671 tons. 

The British at this time commanded the great lakes. It was 
their policy and they were prepared to carry on a war of conquest. 
The stringent order of Sir John Provost to Gen. Proctor was that 
" the recourses of the enemy on the great lakes must become ours." 

The British fleet was commanded by Capt. Eobert Hariot Bar- 
clay. He was an able officer ; he had served with distinction under 
Nelson, was a veteran of Trafalgar, and had lost an arm in battle 
with the French. His fleet consisted of six vessels with an aggre- 
gate displacement of 1460 tons, a total of 440 men and 63 guns. With 
such navies was the fate ot this country to be decided. 

Amherstburg,' or Maiden as it was more often called, was the 

- ,.,. 

20 The Maumee Valley 

headquarters of the British fleet, unci there the British ships lay on 
the evening of September 9, 181;'). Perry had retired to Put-in-Bay. 
There a ; t sunrise on the morning of the loth, the enemy's fleet was 
discovered from the mast-head of the Law re nee, bearing down the 
lake. Perry immediately accepted the gauge of battle thus so gal- 
lantly thrown down, and at once got under way to meet them. 

If that engagement were fought to-day, the guests from the win- 
dows of Hotel Victory, looking to the northwest, would be spectators 
of every phase of the conflict. Without entering into the details of 
that famous victory, Barclay opened the fight at ll:45vo'clock, and, 
after having with true British bravery, fought his ships to a dead 
standstill, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon Perry was enabled, while the 
smoke of the battle was still in the air, to write that famous dispatch 
to Harrison, which commenced with the words, " We have met the 
enemy, and they are ours." 

By the failure at Fort Meigs, the defeat at Fort Stephenson, ami 
the capture of Barclay's fleet, the charm of British invincibility was 
broken. The consequences of the latter victory were vital. It gave 
us control of the great lakes, it compelled the evacuation of Maiden, 
it recovered Detroit and Michigan, and all that Hull had lost, and 
opened the way to the invasion of Canada. 

General Harrison speedily embarked the army, landed on the 
enemy's soil, pursued Proctor to the Moravian towns, and practically 
terminated the war in the Northwest at the battle of the Thames. 

I might here incidentally remark, to remind us of the depend- 
ence of one section of our country upon the other, that in the thick- 
est of the battle of the Thames, driving the butchers back from the 
weak and scattered settlements of Ohio, rode at the head of his 3,000 
Iventuckians, the same old Governor Shelby, who had fought Fergu- 
son to the death at Kings Mountain, and made Harrison commander 
of the Kentucky militia. In fact, Harrison's report bears out the 
statement that except 120 regulars of the 27th infantry, his entire 
force in that battle were Kentuckians. 

This war upon the part of England was a war of aggrandizement 
and conquest. The policy of the British government has not 
changed; then, as now, she was ready to attack the weak, and 
ready to negotiate and temporize with the strong. 

Though the American Congress on that 18th day of June deem- 
ed war necessary to maintain our commercial independence, yet the 
demands of the British commissioners, in the negotiations which ter- 
minated in the treaty of Ghent — Christmas eve, 1814 — discloses be- 
yond all doubt that the provocation of hostility was studied, and 
intentional, on the part of the British cabinet, not for the purpose of 




Pioneer Association. 21 

sustaining its- paper blockades, and its pretended right to search our 
ships on the high sens, and impress our sailors into the English ser- 
vice ; those subjects are not hinted at in the treaty, and were not 
discussed at the conference. But with the policy atid design of des- 
poiling us of our territory, and disrupting this republic. 


Our peace commissioners were John Quiney Adams, James A. 
Bayard, Henry Clay, Albert Gallitan and Jonathan Russell. All 
were in Europe at the time of their confirmation by the Senate ex- 
cept Clay and Russell, who sailed in February, 1814. In contempt 
of us, and desiring to humiliate us in the eyes of Europe, and for the 
purpose of prolonging the war, the British commissioners did not 
leave London until August. There were three of them. The place 
of meeting was the city of Ghent. ! ■ ■ .?. 

Castlereagh had'sent a splendid army to America in May, and 
expected to hear of some crushing victories, which would compel 
our commissioners to accept any terms he might dictate. . He heard 
from that. army even after the treaty of peace had been signed.. 

The British general, Roberts, he who fought the war with 
Afghanistan, in a recent article on the campaign of Waterloo, pub- 
lished iu an English magazine, asserts, as a fact in proof of Welling- 
ton's superior military genius, that Waterloo was not fought by the 
best troops in the British army; but that the flower of that army, 
and the finest military organization in the world, had not at the 
time of that conflict yet returned from North America. These men 
were the same who, on that Sth of January, two weeks after the 
peace of Ghent, went up against Jackson's cotton bales at New 

The very character of the commissioners appointed by the 
English cabinet has since been deemed an insult to us. One of them, 
Lord Gambier, had charge ot the expedition that bombarded and 
burned the defenseless city of Copenhagen, and for this outrage upon 
civilization he was called to the peerage. Goulburn and William 
Adams, the other two, the chronicler says, were never known before 
nor heard of after that service. i'i 

The only consolation I get for the haughty arid overbearing de- 
portment of these fellows, I gather from the diary of John Quiney 
Adams, of which Gen. Jackson, ' " Old Hickory," once said: "Damn 
Adams's diary ; it's always bobbing up when not wanted. He re- 
quires. no other evidence of truth than his diary, and- wants every- 
body to concede that it imparts absolute verity, like. the record of a 
Court." .. •:■ ■ ■.. < 

- ' 

22 The Maumee Valley 

Mr. Adams says that Mr. Clay introduced a game amongst those 
fellows, and also amongst the Hollanders, which must have been 
akin to poker, and gathered in their money and bric-a-brac and 
pictures and statuary, until in fact the captain of the ship upon 
which they were to sail home, for want of room to store it, refused 
to receive any more ou board. John Quincy, in a very still voice, 
relates that he, himself, came into possession of a very fine picture, 
which Mr. Clay procured for him at the end of a game of cards. 
Surely Henry was a true Keutuckian. 


On the question of boundary between the United States and the 
British possessions, the audacious propositions wore made by the 
British commissioners, and made as propositions not to be receded 
from (they were demands rather than propositions,) that as a barrier 
between this country and Canada, to be occupied by the Indians or 
by some third party to whom the Indians might sell, we should cede 
all that territory north and west of the Greenville treaty line. That 

line runs from the mouth of the Great Miami river to the mouth of 


the Cuyahoga. 

When Mr. Gallitin asked what would be done with the thousands 
of citizens who were living north and west of that line in Indiana. 
Illinois, Ohio and Michigan, His Majesty's commissioners haughtily 
replied that they could shift for themselves. 

The further demands were made that we should cede that por- 
tion of Maine lying north of a line from Halifax to Quebec. 

That we should cede that portion of our territory lying north of 
a line from the head of the Mississippi river to lake Superior. 

That we should dismantle our fortifications on the great lakes, 
and never maintain an armed force upon any of the lakes, or upon 
any of the rivers emptying into any of those lakes, England, how- 
ever, to have as many ships and ports on said lakes as she might de- 
sire. And in addition to this, a confirmation of the free navigation 
of the Mississippi river, which she claimed under the treaty of 

For theso purposes had England poured her magnificent armies 
upon our shores and turned loose the murderous savages upon our 
borders. She rated us then about as she does Venezuela now. With 
her it was acquisition, subversion and dismemberment. 

These propositions were those of Lord Castlereagh himself, who 
was in Ghent, on his way to the Congress of Nations at Vienna, 
when tho proportions were submitted. They were each rejected by 
our commissioners without discussion. 


' ' 

Pioneer Association. 

The British cabinet then appealed to Wellington, who was then 
in Paris, to take command in America. He answered that though 
he did not expect to succeed, he would go if ordered; but that Eng- 
land needed neither troops, nor a general in America, but the naval 
supremacy of the great lakes; and added, that in his opinion the 
success of the British armies so far in the war, did not warrant the 
demands of the English cabinet. 

In short, the treaty finally agreed upon was the status before 
the war, and so it ended, 

I have detained you at this length with these facts that you may 
know, and particularly the younger of this audience may realize 
how momentous were the consequences of these victories to us. 

And here we meet to-day, the citizens of a great commonwealth, 
living in peace upon this territory which then trembled in the bal- 
ance, enjoj'ing to the full the liberty and sovereignty secured to us 
by victories purchased with the blood of men whose bones lie mould- 
ering here. 

Look about you. Here is where Lieutenants Walker and Me- 
Cullough lie buried. The head of the latter, while he was convers- 
ing with the general, was dashed to pieces by a British solid shot ; 
the other met death in the line of his duty. There, behind Mr. 
Hays's house, the Pittsburg Blues sleep their last sleep. Yonder, 
outside of the southwest escarpment of this fort, are those who fell 
during the siege, and others who, far from home and kindred, yield- 
ed their lives to disease and hardship ; and yonder, by the shriveled 
walnut tree, rest poor Dudley and his Kentuckians, all sleeping 
away the centuries, unhonored and unsung, in nameless and for- 
gotten graves. 

And instead of a grateful country guarding the sacred ashes of 
her glorious defenders, it remains for two patriotic citizens, the 
owners of this property, to preserve from vandal hands this hallow- 
ed spot, this bivouac of the dead. What a disgrace that their last 
resting place should be so left to silence and desolation; what a 
stigma upon the people of this State and his nation is it that these 
men, without whose presence here, and without whose blood this 
spot would be to-day British soil a hundred miles beyond our 
northern boundary, should be so totally forgotten. 

These heroes, who gave their lives to preserve the integrity of 
this republic, and died that -this magnificent part of God's earth, 
these waters that thrill with the whisperings of a thousand legends, 
these hills and these valleys big with the memory of mighty events 
in the history of this people, might still be a part of our country ; 
and so lay down here in their last sleep that we may enjoy the lib- 
erty and protection of free government, not subjects but citizens, 
with no man above the law, each safe in his place of worship, or at 
his fireside; each secure to walk the earth in God's sunlight, or 
wrapped in the mantle of the night, to watch with peace the glories 
of the sky. 

_ ^^—l 


The Maumec Valley 




• Jfe 


; ; 


,.\ „ ^fck>W n^t^tt l 

■ • - ■ 

Pioneer Association. 






AUGUST 12th, 1896. 

I am here to say something to you about Chiet 
Justice Waite. I am fortunate in being before you, the 
pioneers of Maumee Valley, of whose association he was 
so long an honored member, for the purpose of saying 
words which shall echo the pride and affection with which 
you cherish his memory. 

To you, old settlers of the valley, who were familiar 
with his incoming and his outgoing, and who knew his 
daily walk and conversation while he dwelt among us for 
so many years, I need not say, to know him once was to 
love him always. It I fail to recall to your minds any 
prominent trait of his character, if I omit to portray any 
well-marked feature, I know there are scores of gray 
beards here before me who can fill out any hints or sug- 
gestions, and supply all my omissions with material 
enough to furnish his lull length portrait in his very habit 
as he lived. 

How friendly he was. Not with show and form and 
parade, but ever homelike, kindly, constant. His grasp 
of the hand was not the eager grip of the politician seek- 
ing to beguile you of a vote. It was not the ambiguous 
fast and loose clasp of polite society, to be cast off like a 
slip-knot, or tightened like a clove hitch, according as 
your fortunes went up or down. With the touch of his 
hand he drew men near to him, and secured them for 
life in the bonds of a familiar friendship, sweet and pleas- 
ant as that which sanctifies the story of David and Jona-, 
than. •■':'■'-■• - ; 

sat — I - ■■■ ' ( - ... - 


TVte Maumee Valley 

More than any one I ever knew he had the faculty 
of making and retaining friends. In social life you always 
found him at ease, neither greater nor less than the de- 
mand of the hour. Just so in business, he was self-pos- 


sessed and easily master of the situation, and did the best 
practical thing, when and where it ought to be done. 
Many of you retain in mind the time and occasion when 


Pioneer Association. 27 

you exchanged with him a kindly greeting for the last 
time, neither knowing it to be the last. It may be, some 
of you who met him at Fort Meigs one sunny afternoon a 
couple of years ago, have never seen him since. When I 
recall in incidents of that gathering how pleasant it seems. 
How one friend now gone on that journey from whence 
he shall return no more, was there with us, the center of 
attraction. How cordial was his greeting. How eyes 
brightened up and faces lightened up at his approach. 

How he passed from group to group of old acquain- 
tances. How their eyes followed him, and his cheery 
voice warmed them all into a glow of satisfaction at the 

"How are you, Tom ?" 

"Come here, John ! " 

"Hello, Peter! " 

"Billings, I am glad to see you !" You saw, indeed, 
the same Mott Waite, unspoiled by the dignity of office. 
The same pure, fresh, manly spirit lived within him and 
looked joyously out at you from his eyes, the windows of 
his soul. His strong, clear, commonsense enabled him 
to keep his pois, without being made dizzy by the elevat- 
ed station to which he had grown by a process of natural 
development and selection. Does the thought arise in 
the minds of someone, that the recital of the little emeni- 
ties of manner which advanced the social life of the late 
Chief Justice is unsuited to the dignity of the great part 
he filled in the tribunals of the state and nation. 

In my judgment no portrait of the man can be made 
lifelike which has not its background toned and tinted 
with the color of his genial manners. There is yet 
another purpose in my allusion to his taking ways with 

The hold he had upon us was such that we thought 
most of him as our friend. As such we were proud oi 


28 The Maumee Valley 

him, and we held a sort of property in him as if he were 
a family relative. And accordingly we did not realize the 
space he occupied in the nation outside of the Maumee 
Valley,, outside of Ohio, among the millions that are 
counted and have their homes under the Hag of our 
nation. Our home lawyers were proud to think of him 
as their big brother. Our pioneers knew him as their 
great friend. On the day the dispatch came announcing 
his death, there came also to many of us a revelation of 
his importance as a public man that had not been seen so 
clearly before. His familiar life among us had made us 
unconscious spectators of his vigorous growth. His rise 
had been so natural and easy. His fulfillment of the 
great trusts committed to him from time to time had been 
so perfect, and the light of his friendship had always 
beamed so steadily upon us. 

Fallowing that dispatch there came to us with a 
sound as of many waters the voices of the pulpit and of 
the press, of the bench and of the bar swelling in unison 
the loud acclaim, "Well done, good and faithful 'servant ; 
enter thou into the Joy of thy rest." From the North and 
from the South, from the East and from the West of our 
national boundaries, and from across the wide Atlantic 
came the tide of his praises rising to the full measure of 
the united voice of the English speaking nations of the 
earth. Such tribute and such acclamation of praise may 
well cause us to enlarge our estimate his stature among 
the great historical figures of our day and generation. 
The story of his life presents no startling contrasts, no 
dramatic surprises. It is familiar to you all. Yet to me 
who has known him so long, to you who have seen before 
your eyes his stead)- growth and successful progress, a 
brief review of it, v.t this time may not be without interest. 
I invite you to go over it again with me rapidly and 

Passing by without dwelling on his parentage o( 

'" U ■■■■■ ■■"" r ...■.- . ... 

Pioneer Association. 29 

puritan stock and his early training in the land of steady 
habits, we note a friendship of his youth which later on 
had its influence in opening lor him the path which led to 
national distinction. Among his classmates at college 
there were an unusual number who became men of marked 
reputation. William M. Evarts, whose name is part of 
the nation's history, was one of these ; he was, perhaps, 
the most serviceable friends Wait ever had. For after 
years whose story was all unknown and unforseen to 
those young college mates, had passed, and after their 
lots in life had been cast in parts of our broad lands, re- 
moved from each other as far as the East is from the 
West, we find the spell of old friendship between these 
two still unbroken, and we recognize the thought of one 
reaching out from the East and beckoning to his old col- 
lege chum in the West. 

In 1835 M. R. Waite, the possessor of a diploma, 
and some business experience in the law office of his 
father, came to the ferry at the crossing of the Maumee 
River from the south to the north bank, near Maumee 
City. He was full of life and anxious to try his fortune. 
The river was to him the Rubicon of his destiny. He 
crossed and it began to grow in favor with God and man 
the moment he stepped on its northern shore. Like 
Grant he was modest. Like Grant he patiently abided 
his time. Like Washington the elevation of character he 
brought with him to the highest station had its founda- 
tion in the integrity of a mind always obedient to his 
consciousness to what was right. 

The popularity of his manners would have readily 
opened to him the door to political refinement. But he 
was first and last and all the time a lawyer. A term in 
the State legislature, heartily disgusted him with politics 
Later on a canvass for Congress undertaken against his 
wish, without any desire or request on his part, finished 
the chapter of baptism, in the muddy pool of politics. 

30 The Maumee Valley 

Which chapter a famous politician, then a Senator in 
Congress, made a text of a two hour's speech in the 
United States senate at the time of his nomination to the 
office of Chief Justice was under consideration. The 
speech no doubt displayed a superfluity of zeal and of 
words; for right after it was ended, the vote taken for 
confirmation was unanimous, the Senator from Massachu- 
setts alone declining" to vote. 

In his chosen profession Mr. Waite was easily first 
in Lucas County. Thence his reputation spread over the 
Northwest soon expanding beyond the limits of the State, 
it became known in the courts of the national government. 

When he crossed the ferry to Maumee City he found 
a frontier town largely on paper. The paper indeed 
showed broad avenues and bewitching corner lots. The 
boom of 1836 was preparing to be launched. Conant 
street led up the hill from the landing northerly to the 
woods skirting the town plat, when the canal was about 
to be built but as yet appeared best on the map. The 
highway turning to the west went on through the almost 
unbroken forest. The same trees were there, under whose 
shadow the British and Indians, 22 years before his com- 
ing, had marched to the siege of Fort Meigs. The same 
forest still shadowed the path of an occasional Indian 
wandering aimlessly with his face turned toward the west 
rather by fate than by choice. The thicket of the same 
forest still harbored the timid doe and the spotted fawn, 
who found shelter and a home therein. Wolf and bear 
scalps were still taken in those very woods. The coon 
and the wild turkey still lived there. 

On Conant street, at the left hand as you come up 
from the river, on the crest of high ground, there stood 
the unpretentious building in which as a law student 
young Waite began work. It was a frame house, clap- 
boarded and shingled. It had glass windows, without 
blinds and panel doors. It had a thin coat of dingy white 

,„-.-. r 

Pioneer Association. 31 

paint, which gave it a neglected look. Its style of archi- 
tecture represented the next remove above the two story 
log cabin. There were not wanting at that time sturdy 
log cabins on that town plat which were solid and com- 
fortable. Notably and near by was the log cabin where 
lived the Nelson family. 

Horatio Conant, one of the founders of the town, who 
was a physician and also a justice of the peace, dispensed 
medicine and justice in the lower part of the building. 
Its upper rooms were the law office of Samuel M. Young 
with whom Waite entered as a law student. 

The plain, not to say ordinary looking building 
wherein was began the career which ended on the 
Supreme bench at Washington, was sufficiently uninter- 
esting and commonplace in appearance to make a first- 
class illustration for a page of biography in a popular 
magazine. You, my friends, have the picture in your 
minds without the aid of graver's art. 

You remember well the good doctor, his mild way, 
his high, broad forehead and intelligent face. Some of 
you have been patients of his, or suitors in his court may- 
hap. The doctor was college-bred, of more than average 
culture, and much reserved for his sterling integrity, his 
soeratic simplicity of manner, and his calm, steady, 
Christian philosophy of life. 

Mr. Young was the leading lawyer and business man 
oi the settlement. After Mr. Waite was admitted to the 
bar, the firm became known as Young & Waite. 

For some years the county courts of Lucas County 
were held at Maumee City, and there in the then new 
brick court house, Mr. Waite began his regular practice, 
which, however, was now confined to Lucas County. It 
was the custom then for the lawyers to ride to neighbor- 
ing counties, very much in the same way as the early 
circuit preachers rode their circuits, namely, on horse- 
back, with saddle-bags, and their legs well protected by 

■ ' 

32 The Maumee Valley 

spatterdashes of coarse cloth to keep off the briars and the 
mud. Thus it often happened, the old court room in 
Maumee City would be the meeting place of the lawyers, 
young and old, from other counties far and near, among 
whom, two young men were sometimes seen together 
there, one from Sandusky County, and one from Lucas 
County. They were on their way to the two highest offices 
in the nation. No one then thought that Morrison R. 
Waite would one day in years to come as Chief Justice, 
administer the oath of office to Rutherford B. Hayes, as 
President of the nation. The current of events which 
were to carry them so far in advance of their several start- 
ing points had. however, already set in. The future head 
of judiciary had begun to master the law. His natural 
aptitude for his profession developed more and more the 
character and strength of his mind. 

Like those men who not only get, but keep money, he 
never lost a point of law once gained, and his accumula- 
tions of legal lore, like the stores of a rich man's money, 
were always ready at command, and always drawing in- 
terest. He was always making the mass of his learning 
larger and more effective, as the banker does with his 
ever increasing millions. The robust character of his in- 
tellect is shown by the readiness with which he acquired 
and used legal knowledge, and the firm grip with which 
he kept it at his command. He was the most ready and 
rapid, and also the most accurate man of his time in the 
conduct of the routine of business. 

The trial and preparation of cases, the inspection ot 
books of account, the arrangement of details, the techni- 
calities of pleadings, the examination of witnesses, the 
forcible presentation of the points in controversy to a jury 
or to a Court — all were handled by him as they came with 
the ease of an athlete handling a weight which seemed 
much lighter than the full capacity of his strength. It is 
not strange when you think of it all over, that conscious 


_ . - 

~ ' 

Pioneer Association. 


as he was of his strength as a lawyer, he should turn away 
from the lure of politics, and adhere but more firmly to 
the law. 

So it followed, that after the old firm of Young & 
Waite had given place to the new firm of M. R. & R. 
Waite, and after he had became established with his 
brother Richard in Toledo in a large practice reaching in- 

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to the highest federal courts ; when he was in the maturity 
of his powers, equipped with a perfect panoply of legal 
accomplishments, the vision of his old college friend ap- 
peared to him in the East, beckoning him to a larger 
field, asking him to put his shoulder to the wheel in a 
national cause of the greatest magnitude, beiore a tribunal 
which has had no parallel in dignity and importance so 

34 The Maumee Valley 

far in the history of nations. The story of the Geneva 
arbritation is the opening of a new chapter in the law of 
nations. The meeting of that tribunal marks the begin- 
ning of a new era in which steps shall be taken toward 
that good time coming when nations shall not learn war 
any more. From the time of entering on the duties of 
assistant counsel to the American commission at Geneva, 
our friend who crossed the ferry in 1835 so modestly, be- 
gan to be national property, and appear as a representa- 
tive ot the nation, honored with high official trust. The 
result of the Geneva arbritation shows how ably he ad- 
vanced the cause ot his country there. 

I make only this point in taking leave of this part ot 
the subject. The labors he performed there were not only of 
great national value, but his experience of those labors 
inspired in him the thoughts which not long after were put 
by him into words fitly spoken on a festal occasion, and 
which proved to be words of power to open to him the 
way to the permanent honors of the highest office in the 

Returning from Geneva tohis home in the Maumee 
Valley, he was elected on a non-partisan ticket, a member 
of the convention to revise the State Constitution. 

When It convened at Cincinnati, he was made its 
presiding officer. His advancement now moved rapidly 
on. You all know the rest; but I want you to admire 
with me the grand rhythm of the movement of this man's 
life on his way to greatness ; this man who was our fam- 
iliar friend, who grew to greatness at our firesides. 

When the Army of the Tennessee held their annual 
reunion at Toledo, Gen, Grant, then President, came to 
meet his old comrades. At a public reception, where all 
the notables were oresent, and Mr. Waite being called on, 
responded so aptly and forcibly, rising to the culmination 
of his theme in the words, "Peace hath her victories no 
less renowned than those of war," then it was that Gen. 

Pioneer Association. 

Grant stepped round to the speaker's seat to congratu- 
late him. Then was the impression made on Grant's 
mind, which not many months after made him turn to 
VVaite as a fit man for Chief Justice. 

The appointment came while he was presiding over 
the convention at Cincinnati, and in due time he entered 
on the high office he filled so ably for fourteen years of 
untiring labor. Forty volumes of reported decisions attest 
his industry and learning. KJ4B4JLJ2 

There remains one thing more to mention, which 
shows most strikingly the grandness of his character, and 
makes a claim to him for our reverence as a follower of 
the example of Washington. 

Unwise friends had suggested to him an effort to 
reach the presidency of the nation. His letter declining 
all movements in that direction deserves to be printed in 
letters of gold. His conduct on this occasion is as valu- 
able an example of virtue in high places as that of Wash- 
ington himself, which it resembles in principle, and to 
which it adds cogency and force. 

The emphasis by which the close of that letter is 
marked, leaves no room for ambignity or for doubt of the 
steadiness of purpose, or of the greatness of soul of the 

But this rich, fruitful, valuable, noble, friendly life, so 
full of honor and so marked by the victories of peace, has 
run its appointed course, and he is at rest from his labors. 
It seems but yesterday the great men of the nation came 
to lay his body in the earth on the north bank of the 
river, crossed by him unheralded and alone in the spring- 
tide of his early manhood. 

As we turn back fifty-three years and consider the 
difference between the stripling, as we once knew him, 
and the Chief Justice, as the nation and the English- 
speaking races have learned to know him, we see there 
was a growth here from that germ. On the page of 

36 The Maumee Valley 

national history, in the (ront rank of those who have lived 
noble lives, a place is reserved from henceforth and for all 
time for the figure of him we seek this day to honor; for 
the figure of him who was diligent in business, wise in 
counsel, persuasive in speech, a sound lawyer, of unblem- 
ished purity of life, untainted by unworthy ambition; of 
one who sustained the dignity of his high station by the 
self-poise of his own rectitude ; of one whose friendly 
manners made the robes of office fit him most becoming- 
ly ; of one who was not in the account of the money- 
changers, but rich in his stores of learning, rich in his 
labors, rich in his many friends, rich in the arts of peace, 
rich in the opportunities for greatness, and rich in the 
abilities of mind and soul, whereby he seemed to meet 
these opportunities as if he had all along been expecting 
them, and whereby he seemed to gather strength to enter 
upon each new domain of honor and trust as each was 
opened to him in the fullness of time, much in the same 
way the rightful come to his inheritance. 

38 The Maumee Valley 



ALL HAIL, historic stream of fame, 
Men shall long sing of thee, 
And ne'er forget thy old time name 
The lovely " Mee-a-mee." 

Long, long ago south thou didst flow 

Meandering to the sea. 

A force of which we little know 

Then said, " Thy source thy mouth shall be. 

Thus changed in the distant past 
Thou wearest thy bright crown — 
A queenly stream shall ever last 
Full of might and renown. 

Flowing onward swift and free 
Through tangled forests gloom, 
Many sought and found on thee 
Sweet rest midst lillies' bloom. 

When written history was unknown, 
Men near thee altars built, 
And offered there with praj^ers their own 
Sons to atone for guilt. 

On these there came a savage race 
From o'er the western sea 
Which lived by war and wildwood chase 
By thee, O fair Maumee. 

By many a murmuring hillside spring 
The wigwams nestling stood, 
And childhood's laugh made valleys ring, 
And men were a brotherhood. 

Pioneer Association. 39 

O Maumee, with thy creeks and rills, 
Thy fields of waving maize, 
Thy valleys, plains and wooded hills, 
What wonder men should praise? 

What wonder that 'round evening fires 
Warriors should dance and sing, 
And feel the joy that home inspires 
Where each man is a king. 

When on thy banks from source to bay 
Thy sons in grossest darkness lay, 
There came from far beyond the sea 
LaSalle to bring the light to thee. 

He reared aloft the Holy Cross 
And said, " If thou would not be lost, 
Then worship Christ who on it died — 
God's only son the crucified." 

This feeble ray of gospel light 
Could not drive back the heathen night. 
A hundred summers came and went, 
A hundred years in darkness spent. 

Then came sweet Peace, heaven's strong ally, 
And with her those who raised the cry, 
" Repent, believe, and Christ can save ; 
Have life here, and beyond the grave." 

Some heard who ne'er before had heard. 
Some feared who ne'er before had feared, 
And all together praised the Lord, 
Abiding in his saviug word. 

O calm, O gentle moving stream, 

fair " Miami " of the Lake, 

Is human kindness all a dream ? 

Is there no balm for hearts that ache? 

40 The Maumee Valley 

O deep and wide and rapid river, 

O rough and dark and icy stream, 

Who filled with death the red man's quiver? 

Who bade his deadly arrow gleam ? 

Thy face has known a crimson blush, 

Thy spray a bloody rain ; 

Thy waves have heaved with death's mad rush, 

Thy depths been gorged with slain. 

Say not that those who chased the game 
O'er hillsides and o'er plains 
For border wars were alone to blame, 
And white hands free from stains. 

O River, weird, historic water, 
What tales of bloody human slaughter, 
What scenes of hate, and tragic acts, 
What woeful pictures, solemn facts, 
Thou couldst before the world portray ! 
What greed and hate and wrong betray ! 

O speak not, but thy secrets keep. 
Wake not the slaughtered ones who sleep 
Along the sunny, verdant banks 
In nameless and unnumbered ranks. 

Thy freshets bathe their resting place ; 
Thy summer ebb reveals the trace 
On slippery rocks on which they fell 
Before the white man's grape and shell. 

Swift arrows fly and whirring balls. 

An Indian chieftain loudly calls 

Unto his braves: "Stand firm, ne'er yield, 

And once again we'll gain the field."' 

Afire with valor, not love of fame, 
Mud Anthony in fierce charge came, 
As comes the deadly hurricane 
Or cyclone sweeping o'er the plain. 

42 The Maumee Valley 

Not scige, nor shot, nor bursting shell, 
Nor ambuscade, nor savage yell, 
Could frighten Harrison or his men, 
More than a lion in his den. 

So war raged on thy wooded banks, 
Until with thinned and broken ranks, 
Our fathers gained the bloody day, 
And allied foes fled far away. 

All thy dear sleep in unknown graves, 
Requiems are chanted by thy waves ; 
Masses droned by thy water falls, 
While high spring tide for justice calls. 

By artist's brush and poet's pen 

The patriotic backwoods men 

Have oft appeared, with honor crowned, 

On many a smoky battle ground. 

Orators, with each passing year, 
Have made the multitudes to hear 
The glorious valor of thy dead — 
Patriots who for their hearthstones bled. 

The historian has told us well 

What he has heard the veterans tell 

Of times when men were brave and strong, 

And pay was small and campaigns long. 

Tell me where on thy battle-fields 
There is a single stone that shields 
The glory of the men who could 
For freedom shed their own life-blood ? 

Is it Miami or Presque Isle, 
Where English red coats had to feel 
That an injured nation still was brave, 
And would her hiirhest honor save? 

Pioneer Association. • 43 

Why should thy well-loved dead, Maumee, 
Forgotten lie, by all but thee, 
When monuments in splendor stand 
To other heroes of our land ? 

Why Bunker Hill exalted high, 
And old Ft. Meigs unhonored lie? 
Why Chicamauga's parks so fine, 
And Maumee, not a cent for thine? 

Above thy dead the wild flower bloom, 
To decorate their lowly tomb ; 
Above thy dead the thrush and wren 
Sing in each leafy dell and glen. 

Honor the names, now household words, 
Whose flint-locks and whose trusty swords 
Brought to our land a lasting rest 
From all its foes in the Northwest, 

All honor and a nation's thanks 
To the heroes resting on thy banks. 
Soon may the grandest column rise 
To commemorate their sacrifice. 

They triumphed over kingly power 
And savage hatred. To this hour 
Fair Liberty, the Goddess, stands 
And stretches out protecting hands. 

As Pharaoh and all his host 
Beneath the rising waves were iost, 
So each opposing hostile band 
Was struck down by an unseen hand. 

Soon ends this century the opening page, 
The beginning of a progressive age, 
But the footfalls of the coming crowd, 
Inspired by love, are sounding loud. 

44 The Maumee Valley 

They come to tho city's busy mart 
And bring for use hands, head and heart; 
They work for the improvement of the race 
And give to duty a favored place. 

As morning comes, when silver light 
Swift follows on the heels of night; 
When crimson mists like hosts appear — 
The signal that the day is near — 
So dawns the coming century's light, 
So flees the ending century's night. 

'Tis now a better day than when 
Fierce beasts roamed over moor and fen, 
And wild men dressed in skins of beasts 
And danced at horrid midnight feasts. 

A better day than when our sire 
Wore primitive and coarse attire, 
When all that makes this life so prized, 
Cultured, refined and civilized. 

Was unknown, and men wrung by toil 
A frugal living from the soil — 
Than when the wild deer used to drink 
Upon thy limpid water's brink. 

Thy towns' and cities' stately spires 
With pious, holy thought inspire 
The old and young from hills and dells 
To heed the chiming evening bells; 

Where silence reigned at thy feet, 
O Maumee, where thy waters meet 
With broad Lake Erie's raging tide 
There stands a city in her pride. 

Her tasteful homes of comfort sweet 
Crowd many a clean and well-kept street; 
Great engines drive the wheels of trade, 
Blessing men of every grade. 


The Maumee Valley 

; ■ 3 * i ' 

i 1 

! • 


» k v. ... 

Pioneer Association. 47 




" The god of love, whose constant care 
With blessings crowns each passing year, 
Our scanty span doth still prolong 
And wakes anew our annual song." 

Ill fares it with any people, whatever their immediate prosperity, who 
are dead to their past — to the deeds done and the hardships endured by 
their forefathers. 

It is nothing that the men and women of 50 or 60 
years ago, left pleasant healthy vicinages — Eastern farms 
and villages — and exchanged them for the wild, unbroken 
West ; to begin anew all the preparations for living ; to 
subdue dense forests into smiling farms ; to compact, 
strengthen and build up straggling settlements into vil- 
lages ; to encounter inevitable sickness, the destroyer of 
alt energy and industry and life itself; to choose and 
adopt a country without schools or churches, and almost 
without a government ? Is it nothing that these men 
and women were wise in their generation ? By all the 
tests I have named, it would be natural to say, No, they 
were not wise ; but I say they were. It was the begin- 
ning of the emigrating age, and the broad and fertile 
West was before them. Newspapers were less numerous 
then, and information did not cover all the possible hard- 
ships. What have they wrought? They laid, strong 
and deep, the foundations of schools and churches, and a 
government of liberty without license. I tell you that 
early men of any city or country leave upon it forever the 
stamp of their lives. Such unwavering love and devotion 
deserves our grateful recognition, and may we forever 
cherish and affectionately remember their services. 

I hope my interest in the past and in the character, 
experience and results of our Pioneers will not be gauged 

48 The Mainnee Valley 

by the fact that heretofore I have been conspicuous in 
their annual councils, only by my absence. I have been 
a busy man, and not always in command of my time. To- 
day I recall and renew my acquaintance with the old and 
new Pioneers, with especial pleasure, and heartily adopt 
the expression of Dickens's Tiny Tim, " God bless you, 
every one." 

I am not an early settler compared with many, but if 
I had fully realized, before I commenced this paper, how 
much I had forgotten of early life on the Maumee, I 
should have been in one of the seats before me, instead 
of on the stand. A weak memory is a great loss of in- 
tellectual force. If the events of our lives could be care- 
fully preserved in the archives of a sound memory, to- 
gether with the precedents and conclusions that have been 
formed upon them, such a record would advance the in- 
tellectual standard of all men. 

The times of 54 or 55 years ago and later, have been 
ably reviewed in papers read before you. If I can make 
any additions to what has been said, it may be by repro- 
ducing some events from business and commercial lite, 
and of business and professional men, the greatest num- 
ber of whom have removed to that great city of the dead, 
which so vastly outnumbers living cities. 

I came upon the river at the ilood tide of the specu- 
lative boom in 1836, arriving at Perrysburg, April 15. I 
had left Syracuse in the latter part of March and traveled 
by stage to Cleveland, where I met the steamer Commo- 
dore Perry, Captain David Wilkinson. The Perry went 
first to Detroit, and coming across from the mouth of the 
Detroit river, we had a gale of wind up the lake, which 
gave me my first lesson in sea sickness. I am inclined 
tu think the Hen. Henry Wetmore was an officer on the 
Perry on that trip. We were all greatly elated with the 
Perry and boats of her class. It was a long stride in the 
march of improvement, but compared with present models 

Pioneer Association. 4 r .) 

and size of marine architecture, the Perry was a veritiblc 

The impression stamped upon my mind by the beau- 
tiful scenery of the river above Toledo on that April 
morning, will never be effaced, and when the view of the 
two villages, with their lofty banks, Fort Miami and Fort 
Meigs, encircling the grand amphitheater, broke upon me 
on the Perry's deck, 1 could not withhold an exclamation 
of surprise and joy. True, nature had not begun her 
Easter of springing grass and flowers and foliage, but I 
thought I could imagine that, but later, when all that 
lovliness came and clothed the scene with its added 
beauty, I was thoroughly enchanted, and I believe our 
people to-day do not half appreciate the lovely scenery of 
their river, so near their homes. 

I confess it is a wide departure in all respects, but I 
want to name here another impression of that April day, 
and that was John Clark's French fishermen at the foot 
of the bipf island, with their crreat row boats and their 
French songs. It was very new to me, and many a day 
the resounding oars, in rhythm with the song, could be 
heard above the rattle of streets and '*. broke upon the 
midnight air." It was labor wrought into song. 

My brothers, John W. and Frank, the former an 
older and the latter a younger brother, had emigrated 
here in 1834. John W.'s home was my home for a while, 
and there also was Mr. J. Austin Scott, now of Ann 
Arbor, Mich,, and Mr. McBride, who was then publishing 
the newspaper called the Miami of the Lake. Mr. Scott 
is now $6 and in good health. It is believed Mr, Mc- 
Bride is not living. 

I entered the employ for one or two months of Jos. 
J. Bingham, who had been sent here as the agent of \V. 
W. Mumford, of Rochester, N. Y., and was building 
docks and warehouses at Miami. The filling of that dock, 
the lower one, was the first encroachment on the banks of 

50 The Maumee Valley 

old Fort Miami. On those docks, and above, were erect- 
ed three substantial warehouses. There were 500 feet of 
dock on that side of the river, and finally nearly all the 
commercial business at the foot of the rapids came to be 
transacted there. There is nothing left to mark the 
scene of this business. "Decay's effacing fingers," and 
the sweeping ice in the spring-time, have left no token of 

In May, I was sent to Detroit for money to pay off 
the laborers, and which money I obtained of the old Bank 
of Michigan, which was organized ut of the assets of the 
branch of the United States Bank, after General Jackson 
had put his foot upon it. On my way out to Detroit on 
the old steamer Niagara, she made a long stop at Man- 
hattan, below Toledo. I went up town, and found a good 
hotel of three stories, full of New York, Pennsylvania and 
New England gentlemen, who were looking lor land in- 
vestments. The hotel was kept by Mr. Cornwell, who 
was the father of Mrs. R. N. Lawton, and her twin sister, 
Mrs. Mix. Mr. Cornwell has been dead a long time, but 
the widow is yet living, an inmate of the "Home for Old 
Ladies" in Toledo. Mrs. Lawton is living in California, 

We stopped at La Plaisance bay, Monroe. In the 
warehouse there was a small quantity of white wheat from 
the crop of an adjacent farm the previous year. It was 
the most beautiful wheat I ever saw, and I want to say in 
this connection that, in my judgment, Western wheat has 
greatly deteriorated, and will not be restored to what it 
should be until farmers interest themselves in more fre- 
quent renewals of seed irom more distant vicinages. In 
nature, as well as in animals and man, if we would im- 
prove, we must do so by introducing the elements o! a 
higher and better and stronger life. In Monroe County, 
Michigan, the third crop. of Minnesota No. r hard spring 
wheat is growing. The two crops already produced 
equaled 25 bushels to the acre. I have a return from one 

Pioneer Association. 51 

farm this spring of 28 bushels. It outsells winter wheat 
at the mills. It will do well in Lucas, Wood and Henry 
counties. Seed can be procured at Toledo, if early ap- 
plication is made. Try it on a limited scale next spring. 
To return to Manhattan. That aggregation of trav- 
eling real estate seekers at the hotel is a fair illustration 
of the prevailing rage for investment in this valley at that 
date. The Maumee valley had attracted the attention of 
thinkers and investors all over the East. Let us look in- 
to the reasons for a moment. At that date the only in- 
strumentality known to commerce was water. Railroads 
were not thought of as a means of commercial transit, and 
water, it was believed, would forever be the great com- 
mercial power. On the basis of water transportation, it 
was expected that somewhere near the mouth of the 
Maumee would grow up a great city. The canals from 
Cincinnati and Lafayette had been projected and were be- 
ing constructed. The Erie canal had been completed 
years before, and these canals from the West to Lake 
Erie were to be a part of a great water highway that was 
to concentrate the trade ol a large extent of productive 
country and become the pathway of an immense com- 
merce. Each investor of land on the Maumee expected 
to locate the great city on his own tract, and the result 
was a projected city every three or four miles. Manhattan 
had nearly as good a start as any of the cities. A Buffalo 
company had commenced building docks and warehouses 
there to meet the business of the canal. Long docks 
were built out to the channel of the river, and three good 
warehouses were erected upon them. Another small city 
was projected out on the bay, and called Havre. Oppo- 
site Toledo was Oregon. At Delaware Creek a feeble ef- 
fort was made. At Rock Bar, Marengo, was the preten- 
tious name of a city without foundation, and last, but by 
no means least, Maumee and Perrysburg. Great invest- 
ments were made irom Manhattan to the foot of the 

The Maumee Valley 

rapids in land and lots. Prices advanced enormously. In 
Maumee and Perrysburg lots were sold at prices many 
times beyond the value to-day. I do not believe there is 
a foot of property in Toledo, the value of which equals 
cost, 6 per cent, interest invested, and the taxes. These 
periodical speculative fevers are most pernicious. They 
sap the foundations of industry and character. Toil and 
labor is the heritage of humanity. Labor is the, only true 
basis of wealth. Look around you, and see what labor 
has wrought, applied to the twin sisters, agriculture 
and mining. A better writer than I arn says, "Both ag- 
riculture and mining gather the treasures of earth. One 
by the chemistry of sun-light, the resurrection of dead 
organism and the sweat ot the brow ; the other, with 
much labor brings desiccated sunbeams to the surface, to 
light and heat and move the world. One furnishes the 
food for man ; both give him materials for manufacture, 
add to his comfort and increase his wealth." 

Let me say to my agricultural friends, who through 
good judgment have purchased and retained good farms, 
do not be fascinated by inducements to sell and locate 
elsewhere — unless you have gas or oil farms. While 
purchases of prairie farms at one period presented great 
attractions, we have overdone the business, and the reflex 
current has set in. Prairie farms are liable to greater ex- 
tremes of drouth and tempest, and great wide vicinities 
are lacking in the elements that compact society and give 
intelligence and worth of character to vour families. i\s 
I have said, labor in agriculture and mining is the great 
product of values. 

Again, while farming lands in all the counties of Ohio 
have declined 10 to i2j/£ per cent, an acre, Northwest- 
ern Ohio has gained in values. 

To the young settlers, I want to offer my admonition 
and protest against the prevailing desire to leave the farm 
for city. Every consideration is against it. It is too often 

Pioneer Association. 

the inspiration of idleness, or impatience of tardy results. 
But what, is the reverse picture ? Our cities are full of 
unemployed young men and women. Only a few find 
employment, and those are selected from the most com- 
petent, and none of those succeed but the most tireless 
devotees of toil of head and hand. The remainder are 
first loungers, and next they rot in saloons. If a young 
man develops a taste for machinery, with devout, interest 
and determination, and economical and sober habits, the 
city is the place for him. To seek the attractions of a 
town or city for its fancied easy life and pleasure, is the 
road to death. 

In my judgment, there is no vicinity of its extent that 
is so promising as Northwest Ohio. Of course it will not 
do for all to become agriculturists, for while the farmer 
feeds all, if all are farmers, he only feeds himself. But in 
this vicinity the agricultural industry can never be over- 
done. We are in the midst of an area that promises to 
develop into a very great manufacturing center, and no 
more advantageous conditions can be imagined than the 
close proximity of manufacturing with agricultural inter- 
ests. Forty-five years ago, and more, Horace Greely's 
paper daily pointed the bright hopes of its author to such 
a consummation for all America. It insures a ready mar- 
ket for all the products of the farm, and then^ the soil of 
this vicinage, its timber, its climatic conditions, its health- 
fulness, and its mineral oil and gas furnish an incompar- 
able basis of wealth. The emigrating spirit has passed 
by all this wealth, but the time has come for a more reas- 
onable and just appreciation of the advantages. I again 
assert that Northwestern Ohio presents the fairest pros- 
pect for future wealth of any similar section of our 
country. We seldom realize our brightest and best hopes 
suddenly. But time and conditions have arrived that 
justify us in expecting a rapid growth, and fruition of long 
deferred anticipations. 

54 v The Maumee Valley 

It may not be interesting to many of the older per- 
sons here if I attempt to reproduce the names of as many 
as I can recollect of the highly worthy men who were 
business and professional residents of Perrysburg 54 years 
ago. I can do no more than remember those who were 
most prominent. I was too young to know, and so I can 
not now recall all of them ; but it can not be unfair to say 
that John Hollister was the leading spirit of the village, 
not perhaps because he was the most worthy or most able 
citizen, although in both these respects he would have 
taken high rank in any community, but the accident of 
early immigration hither, close association with the ele- 
ment of prosperity, and a large ownership in the village, 
gave him most naturally the distinction I have named. 
Besides all this was his leadership in merchant marine 
construction and the commerce of the river. Before the 
days of steamboats, before the steamers ''Walk in the 
Water" and "Enterprise," in the days of small schooners, 
John Hollister received the goods of the Indian traders, 
sent them forward by team to Providence, from whence 
they were taken by keel boats or perogues to Fort Wayne, 
hauled across the nine mile portage to the head waters of 
Little river, and from thence down the Wabash. This 
system of transportation was continued until relieved by 
the canal. In the aggregate there was a good deal of 
commercial traffic at Perrysburg in 1836, including lumber, 
salt and furnishing provisions to the contractors on the 
canal. I was sent down the Ohio canal for the purchase 
of corn. I went in a canal boat from Cleveland — laid a 
week at a brake awfully sick with the ague — but I got 
there. I bought 4,000 bushels of corn which was brought 
to Perrysburg from Cleveland by the schooner Caroline. 
John Hollister was a worthy representative of his race 
everywhere. He was the moving inspiration in the build- 
ing ot the steamer Com. Perry, and later in association 

Pioneer Association. 

with John W. Smith, of a list of sail vessels and steamers 
including the Gen. Wayne, in 1837. 

B. F. Hollister was also a man of mark in the new 
country of 1836, in a somewhat different line. The Hol- 
listers were large dealers in furs and peltries, and Frank 
was the manager of purchases in a wide scope of the 
West. When in the spring, the collections of the winter 
were ready for market, John negotiated the sale, some- 
times to the American Fur Company, and sometimes to 
the Hottenguers, of Germany. That firm, by name, is 
yet in existence. The fur trade at Perrysburg w r as some 
times — not always — a profitable one. 

Associated with John Hollister, in 1836, was John 
W. Smith. He came here from Syracuse after a short 
residence at Cleveland. He embarked a small fortune in 
the shipping and in a long dock below the old warehouse. 
The dock was built in the common expectation of, ahd in 
preparation for, the commerce to come by the canal. Of 
course it was a dead loss, and the shipping, with excep- 
tion of the Perry and Wayne, was likewise unprofitable. 
It was like everything else, begun too early. A first-rate 
merchant was spoiled when Mr. Smith entered the prem- 
ature field of a western operator. Subsequently, he 
opened a large stock farm at lower Miami, but that was 
premature also. No one could pay for blooded stock. 
Everything but the land was lost. I believe that is there 

And now I come to a man who won a reputation 
around the whole chain of lakes. Capt. David Wilkinson 
was a man of much more than average intellectual capa- 
bility. Stern of manner on deck, — rather from saltwater 
precedents than from desire, — but with the heart of a 
woman. Industrious, scrupulously honest in his business 
relations, dauntless in the performance of his duty. That 
is the epitaph I write for the brave captain. At his home 
in the winters no Perrysburg citizens were more hospit- 

56 The Maumee Val/cy 

able than Capt. Wilkinson and his most estimable wife. I 
remember those hearty entertainments as the pleasantest 
of my life. He acquired considerable wealth, but accord- 
ing to a universal result of those changing times, lost it, 
and died the keeper of a range-light in Maumee bay. 

John C. Spink was a bright, capable and successful 
lawyer. Undoubtedly he was the leader of the bar at the 
foot of the Rapids in 1836. I say this without desire or 
intention to belittle the standing of other worthy gentle- 
men of his profession. There may have been stronger 
men there, but the opportunity had previously come to 
Spink, and he had seized it. Besides the elements of a 
good lawyer, Spink possessed genial, magnetic traits that 
endeared him to people outside of his profession. He 
was the life and light of the social, convivial gatherings 
of that day, and while he was much older than myself, I 
have a joyful recollection of his sparkling and entertain- 

ing manner. 

But elements of popularity are sometimes possessed 
of a reactionary force. Some times conviviality leads 
away from the dry and tedious details of law business. 

While Capt. Wilkinson sailed the schooner Eagle, 
he landed at Perrysburg a cask of gin. It had no mark 
of ownership, and remained in store for years. In the 
winter of 1837 it was tapped, and a pitcher of it was to be 
found every morning on the table of the office. It be- 
came the "smiling" place of a great number of village 
worthies. Let us cr down and gret a little "Old Eaode" 
was the common expression. It was the habit of the 
times. The captain and Spink always played a good 
hand at it. They were both lame, but were never so 
lame as when they went home from that ofhee. But the 
men who met there were all excellent, capable, high- 
minded gentlemen, and there was not a headache in a 
gallon of that curious old gin. 

Willard V. Way presented a character in strong con- 

Pioneer Association. 57 

trast to that we have just given. Not less strong intel- 
lectually, and possibly not; less fully equipped in the 
learning of the law, and perhaps a better scholar, his mind 
brought forth result by a slower process and a deeper 
study. He was less ready to observe and attack the 
weak points of his adversary, but in another field of prac- 
tice, a successful lawyer. Mr. Way maintained a most 
estimable character, and at the end of his career bequeath- 
ed to the village, where he had spent a long and useful 
life, a monument that will long and usefully commemorate 
his worth. His works follow him. 

There was a law firm at Perrysburg in 1836 consist- 
ing of Henry Bennett, Samuel B. B. Campbell and Henry 
Reed, Jr., under firm name of Bennett, Campbell & Co., 
but I do not remember that the firm occupied a conspicu- 
ous position in the business of the law. Henry Bennett 
soon went to Toledo, and later was a partner of C. W. 
Hill. Mr. Campbell soon left the river. Both are dead. 
Mr. Reed devoted himself to journalism and has occupied 
the highest positions.- He is living in California. 

Another law firm I remember, that of Stowell & 
Brown, but both these gentlemen soon left us. Mr. 
Stowell afterwards became an Episcopal clergyman, and 
has died within recent years. I remember also, Mr. 
Stetson, who married the eldest daughter of Henry Reed, 
of Waterville. His widow is still living. 

In 1836 there were the Spaffords. I knew the elder 
Amos, Jarvis, James and the younger Amos. The first 
was a thriving, industrious and worthy farmer, as such I 
had but scanty opportunity of knowing him well except by 
his high reputation as an esteemed citizen. Everybody 
knew Jarvis Spafford, the keeper of the Exchange, and 
excepting a little austerity — possibly natural to some hotel 
keepers — he kept the best and leading hotel on the river. 
It was the sensation of the village to witness the arrival 
of Niel, Moore & Co's stage coaches, traversing the 

The Maumee Valley 

streets on the jump, after miles and miles at a moping 
gait, and with the driver's horn ringing in the air. The 
dining room was the ball room, It had a solid puncheon 
floor, I remember that, but all the same, the heels and 
toes of men and women kept time on it to jolly music. 
Amos became a stage proprietor. James lives in South 
America, I think, and has been here within recent years. 
All the others have passed away. 

Shibnah Spink, a brother of John, was a genial 
whole-souled gentleman. Knew everybody, and was full 
of interest and sympathy for everybody's troubles. 
Wherever sickness or death invaded the village, there 
was Spink. He was a general favorite. 

John Bates was a worthy treasurer of the county. 

Besides the business and professional men, elsewhere 
named, there was Elijah Huntington, a magistrate, and 
of the highest character in all respects. All the old 
settlers remember that a Kentuckian came to Perrysburg 
and captured a fugitive slave. He was taken before 
Esquire Huntington. His attorney succeeded in finding 
a flaw in the papers, and new ones must be made out. 
The friends of the hunted fugitive had a £Ood horse at 

o o 

the door, and as the young man swung himself over the 
saddle, he exclaimed : "Here's a dead horse or a free 

There was John Webb, a pattern of a public officer, 
patient, accurate, obliging and competent. M. P. Reznor, 
Judge Rice, Judge Ladd, Geo. Powers. I remember 
Ladd as a real estate man of great intelligence ; Powers 
was a successful merchant of long standing; Joseph Creps 
was the hotel keeper, but I do not remember the man ; 
Frank Parmelee was a merchant, but soon left, and was 
afterwards and ever since the proprietor oi the omnibus 
line in Chicago ; Doctors E. I). Peck and Dustin. The 
latter I knew but little, but Dr. Peck's history is the 
history of the village and of this portion of Ohio from his 

Pioneer Association. 59 

advent hither to the close of his career. He was as 
kindly a natured man as I have known. From the com- 
mencement he was the physician and friend of the poor 
as of everybody else, and was ready at all times to serve 
them. Exceedingly skillful and successful as a physician, 
yet his high attainment in the line of his profession were, 
if possible, excelled by his enterprise as a citizen. I 
shall never forget a little occurrence which was of lasting 
service to me. I was a thin, stoop-shouldered chap of iS 
years. I was walking the street one day, with my hands 
in my pockets, and half doubled up like a jack-knife, as 
usual, when the doctor approached me, seized me by 
both shoulders, pulled them back, and said, "Straighten 
up — take your hands out ol your pockets and walk with 
them behind you. II you don't, you'll be a consumptive 
in five years." It was enough, and I never repeated the 
habit, but for years walked with my hands joined behind 
me. It is good advice to any man or woman, old or 
young. - 

Augustus Thompson was an enterprising merchant. 
Jonathan Perrin was a builder, and a wise, prudent and 
careful one. 

Gilbert and Schuyler Beach, I only remember the 
former as a careful, upright, and successful merchant. 
He is with us yet at a ripe old age in the enjoyment of 
his faculties. There was Joseph Utley and a younger 
brother. Joseph was a good writer on the topics of the 
times. James A. Hall was another successful merchant, 
and there was Dan Wheeler, Walt Wheelock. The 
Wilsons, Eber and Sam; the Ewings, William and Henry; 
the McKnights. The Wetmores, who are yet distinguish- 
ed citizens on the river. Mr. Cook and his sons I did 
not so well know. Peter Cranker, the Doans, the Blinns 
and Jesup W. Scott and his three sons. I knew but 
little of Mr. Scott at that date, but he occupied a high 
position as' a writer and a leader in enterprises for the 

60 The Maumce Valley 

development of the growth of the river towns, and main- 
tained that position at a later period at Toledo until his 

Addison Smith was the most unassuming of men, 
but he was more than ordinarily intellectual. He was a 
natural inventor. His performances in this line, at a later 
period were conspicuous. I have no doubt that he was 
the inventor of the pneumatic gun. During our last war 
he informed Secretary Stanton that he could make a gun 
that would bombard P'ort Sumpter at a distance of twelve 
miles, but want of faith in the Secretary, prevented its 
adoption. I am very confident he was the inventor of 
the steam gauge. He originated the little brass fastener 
now in use for fastening together numerous papers. 

^Sidney C. Sloan was county auditor. Charles Den- 
nison is yet living at Toledo. 

Mr. Shepler was the hotel keeper at the end of the 
Black Swamp road. He has a son in Toledo in a large 
prosperous business. Mr. Darling I did not much know, 
but young as I was I escorted his daughter to Toledo in 
the winter. It was a private sleigh ride, and coming 
home we lost our way in a snow storm which was not 
creditable to my knowledge of obscure roads. I think 
Miss Darling married another Mr. Smith, who was more 
satisfactory to her. Mr. Kellogg lived in a house yet 
standing a little above Spafford's Exchange. Mr, Loomis 
Brigham was a leading builder and contractor, and after- 
wards built some brick blocks at Toledo. Deacon Hall 
kept a hotel near John Hollister's residence. Mr. Lock 
was afterwards a steamboat man on the route from Perry- 
burg to Toledo. I knew Mr. Ross very well, the father 
ot the present vice-president of a National bank at Toledo. 
Joshua Campbell was afterwards sheriff of the county and 
a jolly, true-hearted citizen. Doubtless there are others 
whose names I ought to mention, but, as I said at the 
beginning of my paper, I was too young to know them all, 

Pioneer Association. CI 

and now I am too old to recall some of whom I did know. 
These notices of the lives of some of our early busi- 
ness and professional men, are much too brief. I hope 
some one more capable will more suitably extend them, 
and include the early dealers at Maumee and Toledo. 
Some of them have a place in Mr. Waggoner's book, but 
only those who could afford an engraving of their likeness. 
The history of all the early pioneers should be printed. 
Only a few remain who can recall the events of their 
lives. The years are Hying, and very soon, we, the older 
members will have passed away. Let us strive and hope, 
that those who have been touched by our influence have 
been better men and women in consequence of it. 

''Yes, the new days come, and the old days go, 

And I the while rejoice : 
For now 'tis the rose, and now 'tis the snow, 

And now a sweet bird's voice; 
And now 'tis the heart of all that is sweet, 

And then the shade of care ; 
Ami then 'tis a pain like the lightening fleet, 

And then God's glory there." 

02 The Maumee Volley 




Benjamin Atkinson was born at Lancaster, Penn., in 
1792. He came with his parents to Holmes County, 
Ohio, when a boy, and removed, with his wife and five 
children, to the Maumee Valley in 1834, settling at Gilead, 
Wood County. They endured all the hardships of a 
pioneer life. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, and 
was known in his later days as "Colonel Ben." He was 
with Gen. Harrison and helped to erect Fort Meigs, and 
was also one of the gallant and victorious defenders of 
F'ort Meigs and Fort Stephenson and at the battle of the 
Thames in which he was slightly wounded. 

He was known as a brave man, a pioneer soldier, an 
early, influential and intelligent citizen of the Valley, and 
enjoyed the confidence and respect of his fellow citizens; 
was honored by them with positions of prominence and 

He died August 2nd, 1858, and was buried at Gilead 
with military honors. But two of his children survive 
him, William Atkinson, of White House, Lucas County, 
and Mrs. Louise Arbagan, of Napoleon, Henry County. 

A Pioneer. 

Pioneer Association. G3 



Prepared by the Produce Exchange. 

Mr. Backus was born at Columbus, in this State, in 
June, i S 1 8, and had arrived at the ripe age of jy years. 
His family were descended from the Marietta settlers of 
the State. 

He came to Maumee City in 1S38 as a civil engineer, 
and occupied a prominent and responsible position in the 
construction of the Wabash and the Miami and Erie canals. 
Upon the completion of the Wabash Canal, Mr. Backus 
was the first collector of tolls at Toledo. Soon after this, 
in 1844, he commenced the mercantile business at Mau- 
mee, During his residence at Maumee he was nominated 
and elected a member ol the State Board of Public 
Works in a canvass that resulted generally in favor of 
the Whigs. Mr. Backus came to Toledo in 1863 in 
partnership with Samuel M. Young, Esq., and embarked 
with that gentleman in the* grain commission and storage 
business. Later the finrt oi A. L. Backus & Son was 
iormed. Our friend has also been conspicuously connect- 
ed, as a citizen, with the interests of Toledo. With Mr. 
Young and the late Horace S. Walbridge, he was promi- 
nent in the conception and organization of the Columbus 
& Toledo railway, now one of the large contributors to 
our commerce. 

With an easy, tolerant and yet trenchant pen, we are 
indebted to him as a liberal and instructive contributor to 
the press upon commercial and engineering topics. 

Mr. Backus was endowed with intellectual equip- 

64 The Maumee Valley 

ments beyond the average. With clear perceptions, 
sound judgment and unswerving integrity, he had a cour- 
age equal to his strong and earnest convictions in origi- 
nating and completing whatever enterprise commended 
itself to his judgment. He was a true and loyal friend to 
those with whom he came in close contact, and no man 
was more loving and more beloved and respected by his 

His health had been broken for a year, and in the 
last four months of his life he fought his way down the 
dark passage inch by inch with great suffering, but finally 
passed through the gate which must open to all of us. 

As we recall the manly and kindly traits of our 
brother, let us be thankful for his example with an abiding 
trust, that, having finished his course on earth he has 
entered into rest eternal. 

Pioneer Association. 65 



Chester Blinn was born at Cleveland, Ohio, May 
15th, 1 81 7, and was borne into the higher life with the 
birth of the Sabbath morning, April 19th, 1896, aged 78 
years, 1 1 months and three days. He was one of a 
family of seven children, the only survival, a sister resid- 
ing in Toledo being present at the funeral which was held 
from the Universalist church, Tuesday at 2:00 p. m. 

He was married to Miss Maria Boyden, whose birth- 
place was at Canton, St. Lawrance county, N. Y., at Me- 
dina, Mich., August 25th, 1847, and with her united with 
the Universalist church under the pastorate of Rev. J. F. 
Rice. Their only son died in infancy, and of their three sur- 
viving daughters, Mrs. Ella Beatty was detained at home 
by serious illness. 

At the early age of 18 Mr. Blinn was engaged in the 
fur trade in the employ of Hollister Bros., of Perrysburg. 
In 1849 m partnership with William Letcher he commenc- 
ed business at West Unity. Mr. Blinn built the first 
frame business building in Stryker on the site of the old 
burned hotel. In 1853, the firm took a contract for grad- 
ing on the Air Line R. R. now L, S. & M. S. R'y., 
subsequent to which he became associated with C. C. 
Douglas as dealers in general merchandise, grain and 
stock, which continued without interruption during the 
greater part of his active business career. Though as a 
business man he has experienced the vicissitudes of trade, 
his personal integrity has never been sacrificed, his 
domestic life has made him beloved and cherished in his 

G(J The Maumce Valley 

home, and from his helpful and sterling integrity, many 
have received help and comfort. 

His decline, covering a period of five years, has been 
lengthened by much suffering, which has been borne with 
great patience. Ministered unto with the most constant 
and loving fidelity ot the affectionate and devoted wife 
and daughters who through every ordeal have consecrat- 
ed their strength to soothe and ameliorate his suffering. 

Rev, E. D. Jacobs. 

Pioneer A ssociation-. 




Among the earlier pioneers of our country we think 
that the tall, magnificent and stately form, the upright 
manly bearing and noble Christian character of Deacon 
Salmon Cross will be well remembered. Mr. Cross was 
a grandson of David Cross, Sr., and a son of David, Jr. 
He was a native of the vicinity of Lake Champlain, near 
the famous grounds G f Fort Ticondaraoro and Crown 
Point. He was born August 29th, 1786. His early life 
was enlisted in the development of the then quiet new 

On the 22nd day of March, 18 10, he married Miss 
Moriah Wilcox at Bridgeport, Vermont. Although his 
youth seemed to be on the Green Mountain side of the 
lake, later we find him in his furniture shop in Essex 
County, just over on the west shore. 

During our border troubles in 1S14 we find Mr. 
Cross a lieutenant in the N. Y. State militia and in charge 
of a company striving to repell the invasion of His Ma- 
jesty's troops at Plattsburg in 18 14. The government 
record at Washington states that he was a lieutenant in 
Col. Joiner's regiment, the 9th N. Y. Militia at that time. 
While endeavoring to enjoy the peace that crowned the 
American arms, affliction fell upon his family, and on the 
nth of March, 181 7, his faithful wife Moriah was taken 
away by disease, and he was left with four small children, 

68 The Maumee Valley 

David, Salmon, Lucina and Wilson, the younger being 
only 22 days old. David and Wilson followed their 
mother in childhood, but Salmon and Lucina lived to 
buffet with life many years. 

Leaving his children with his relatives he came to 
Ohio, where better opportunities seemed to present them- 
selves. On the 28th of April, 1819, by the administration 
of Esq. Seneca Allen he was married to Mrs. Betsey 
Sawyer, who was a daughter of James C. and Jane 
Adams. Mr. Cross devoted himself then to bringing his 
children to Ohio, and they joined his family at Waterville. 
He applied his hands diligently to the manufacture of 
furniture, and many of the families of the community were 
the constant users of his handiwork. Bureaus, tables, 
dressers, desks, etc., can yet be found among the early 
families of the Maumee Valley that were made entirely 
by hand at Deacon Cross' cabinet shop near Waterville. 
While Mr. Cross was so well liked for his good samples 
of skill and industry, he was much loved for his noble 
Christian character. While his hands were toiling in the 
construction of so many useful articles, his mind was 
laboring for a higher and a better condition for his fellow 
man. And at the time of his death, which took place at 
his home near Waterville, March 2nd, 1831, a universal 
feeling of deep grief was felt throughout the vicinity. 
Even those who did not share in his labor and Christian 
hope said that "we cannot afford to lose such a good 

He was a Deacon in the Presbyterian church, and his 
walk in life seemed in beautiful harmony with his profes- 
sion. He died at the age of forty- five in the midst of a 
career of great usefulness. As the fruit of his second 
marriage he was blessed with two children: James, who 
grew to manhood at Waterville and went South and died 
during the sickly season. And also a daughter, Jane 
Rebecca,' now Mrs. Wm. Van Fleet of Waterville. His 

Pioneer Association. ('»!) 

son Salmon lived near Waterville and later in Henry 
County, where he died January 14, 1848, leaving a widow 
with two sons and a daughter. 

His daughter Lucina became the wife o( John L. 
Pray in 1832, and later she married Whitcomb Haskins. 
She died April 14, 1892. 

70 The Maumee Valley 




One of the most faithful, earnest and devoted friends 
of the Maumee Valley Pioneer Association is not with us 
to-day. He is now with the silent majority. His absence 
is the more keenly felt and causes a greater sadness 
because, hitherto he was always in attendance at every 
regular and every special meeting of this, as well as the 
Maumee Valley Monumental Association. He was one 
of the original members of both societies, an officer in 
each, and cheerfully and promptly performed the duties 
thereof. He took a laudable interest in the growth, pros- 
perity and continuation of both societies, and rendered 
material aid in that beha-lf. He was a member of the 
Memorial Committee at the time of his death. 

Joel Foote came to this Valley with his parents when 
a little over thirteen years old, and resided herein near or 
quite sixty-seven years and is prominently identified with 
its history. He was a pioneer of the pioneers, and one 
of our most honored and beloved brothers, always greet- 
ing us cordially, and ever ready and willing to aid us in 
our good work. He was with us at our last annual meet- 
ing, showing somewhat the infirmities ot age, otherwise 
apparently in good health. We shall see him no more, 
but he will be long remembered. 

Joel Foote was not permitted to start upon his long 
and silent journey in the Maumee Valley in which he had 

Pioneer Association. 71 

so long lived and which he so much loved, but while away 
from home on a visit to a son in the State of Indiana, he 
was suddenly called by that dread summons which none 
can . resist or evade, to pass through that other valley — 
the untried valley across the dark river into the great 
Beyond from which there is no return and upon which we 
sometimes look with a dread uncertainty. 

Joel Foote lived to be nearly eighty-one years of age. 
He was born in Salem in the State of Massachusetts, on 
the twenty-sixth day of July, 1815. When a small boy 
his parents moved to Oneida County in the State of New 
York, residing there but a short time when they went to 
Genesee County in the same State, and in 1824, they 
moved to Lockport, New York. Not satisfied with that 
location, Joel's lather came West to look for a place more 
to his liking, and found one on the Maumee River in 
Wood County, and in April, 1829, started with his family 
tor his new home, then a dense forest in which wild and 
dangerous animals roamed at large unmolested and which 
was inhabited mostly by the savage red man. Of course 
he like all new comers into a new country, endured the 
hardships of pioneer life, not the least of which was 
malarial fevers and the dreadful'and provoking periodical 
shaking ague with w r hich nearly all suffered, and still some 
now living have a vivid recollection thereof. In those 
days calomel and quinine were the only remedies then 
known to check the daily calls of such and kindred com- 
plaints. But many a poor pioneer had not got the means 
to procure the proper specific and had to " shake it out." 

Joel Foote was twice married, and three of his first 
wile's children are living, They are Mrs. F. A. Baldwin, 
wife of the Hon. F. A. Baldwin oi Bowling Green, one of 
the leading attorneys of Wood County, Albert D. Foote 
ofTontogany, and Mrs. Geo. E. Bliss of Kendallville, Ind., 
and also three of his second wife's. They are Fred,, 
Frank and Joel W. I read a long obituary notice of the 

The Maumee Valley 

decedent, published in the Wood County Democrat, and 
to which I am indebted for its aid in prepairing this brief 
sketch. In the death oi Joel Foote, Wood County has 
lost one of its oldest and best citizens, and this Association 
one of its most honored and valued members. 

J. H. Tyler, 


Pioneer Association. 




BY N. B. C. LOVE, D. D. 

Very few of those born during the first decade of the 
century are living. They have nearly all passed with the 
century into the historic past. Dr. Gavitt was one of the 
number passing his nintieth birthday to pass over to the 
silent majority. 

It is not our purpose to speak of this venerable pio- 
neer as a minister and member of a denomination of 
Christians alone, but of him as a citizen of the great and 
historic Maumee Valley. Most of his active life was spent 
in it. His name in the older homes was a familiar one. 
For forty years a member of Central Ohio Conference, 
and then lor many years in the same territory a member 
of the Michigan Conference, which in pioneer days had 
three presiding Elders' Districts in this part of Ohio. His 
continuance in this area was more on account of confer- 
ence lines changing than his moving from one part of the 
State to another. 

The Michigan Conference Districts in Ohio territory 
were the Norwalk, Tiffin and Maumee. 

1828 he supplied Oakland circuit, Detroit district. 

1829 he supplied Holmes circuit. 

1830, received into the Ohio Conference. 
1832, ordained Deacon by Bishop Emery at Dayton, 

74 The Maumee Valley 

1834, ordained Elder by Bishop Soule at Cincinnati, 

He took a location in 1836 and went West, with the 
sanction of Bishop Soule and labored among the Indians 
and whites near Rock Island on the Mississippi and 
Davenport, Iowa. He came back in a year and entered 
upon his life work with great zeal, that of preaching the 

To follow him through life as a missionary, pastor, 
presiding elder and agent of educational, reformatory and 
benevolent organizations, would, if we only narrated a few 
things connected with each department of his work, fill a 
large volume. He was in the pastorate twenty-four years ; 
thirteen years presiding elder, six years college agent, six 
years chaplain of the North-western asylum, one year 
supernumerary, two years located and nine years super- 
annuated. When he was twenty-three years old he was 
a missionary at Upper Sandusky, Ohio, among the Wyan- 
dots, where he labored one year successfully. He was 
honored in i860 with election to the General Conference, 
and a few years since received the degree of Doctor of 

In 1884 ne published personal reminiscences, under 
the title of " Crumbs from my Saddle-bags, a Pioneer 
Life." The work is lull of incidents and pleasing narra- 
tions. He that writes the events of a long public life 
faithfully, is worthy of all praise. The coming generations 
will be more interested in the heroic days of our Valley 
than we are who in our childhood knew something of 
them, but only as children could know. He was born in 
Granville, Ohio, December 16, 1808, and was the young- 
est son of twelve children. He was the only one born in 
Ohio. His parents came from Massachusetts with the 
Licking Company in 1805. 

His father and mother were Congregationalists. His 
father's house, a stopping place for such pioneer preachers 

Pioneer Association. 75 

as J. B. Finley, Bishops Asbury and McKcndre. Dr. 
Gavitt was first a licentiate in the Congregational church, 
but afterwards joined the Methodist. 

He was married to Miss Sophia I. Halsey, of North 
Amherst, Lorain County, Ohio, June 20, 1833. There 
were born to them seven children, three of whom are dead. 
The living are Mrs. Lucy C. Shaffer, William H., at- 
torney, Rev. Halsey G. and George S. Mrs. Gavitt- died 
in Delaware, Ohio, May 9, 1869. Dr. Gavitt was after- 
wards married to Miss E. M. Roys, M. D., a graduate of 
the Female Medical College, Philadelphia, and a suc- 
cessful practitioner in Toledo, Ohio. Dr. Gavitt died of 
old age, March 15, 1896, at Toledo, Ohio, and is buried 
in Delaware, Ohio. 

Dr. Gavitt was small of stature but of manly appear- 
ance. In his early days was active in movement and had 
a fine form and a pleasing countenance. His features 
were well formed and his dark eyes always were lighted 
up with good cheer. He was excellent company, a 
superior conversationalist and charming story teller. None 
could be sad when in his company in some primitive home 
or in the pioneer social circle. The writer at the com- 
mencement of his ministry was often in his company, and 
remembers many pleasing pioneer stories told by him. 

He was an entertaining preacher; while not scholarly 
he was correct in language and consecutive in thought, 
and there were times when all hearts would be moved 
with emotion and all eyes suffused tears. In revival and 
evangelistic work he excelled. Many extensive revivals 
occurred on his circuits. We are told this by his early 
co-laborers and by his autobiography. 

He lived a good life, was a man of strict integrity, 
and was an old time gentleman, always dressing well and 
appearing to good advantage. 

Promptness, neatness and industry were among his 
leading characteristics. Loyal to his church, true to his 


The Maumee Valley 

friends and forgiveness to the erring. When the century 
ends all of the coadjutors of Dr. Gavitt, men and women 
born during its first decade shall, in ail probability, be no 
more, but they shall with others already gone over, speak 
to us words of hope and encouragement from the other 
shore. The voices of the past ever keep on echoing along 
the valley of time. 

Pioneer Association. 77 



Reproduced from the Argus of Nov. 15, 1894. 

This whole community was inexpressibly shocked 
and grieved to learn on Tuesday morning of the sudden 
death of Hon. Lewis S. Gordon, which occured on Mon- 
day night, Nov. 12th, 1894, at about 10 o'clock; but was 
known to only a few until the next morning. 

Mr. Gordon had been down to his office during the 
evening, and had been in unusual good spirits, and ap- 
parently in the best of health. He had returned home 
after chatting awhile, had prepared for his usual bath 
before going to bed. He had started to the bath room, 
when Mrs. Gordon, who had but a moment before retired 
to her room, heard him fall. She at once rushed to his 
assistance and found him lying on the floor, apparently 
conscious but unable to speak. She sprinkled some 
water in his face, placed a pillow under his head, and 
rushing to the door gave the alarm. When she got back 
to him life had tied. People passing heard her agonized 
cries, and came to her assistance, and messengers were 
at once dispatched for a physician, and for Mr. Harry 
Gordon, Mrs. H. B. Furguson, and other relatives. But 
as above stated death had claimed him before any of them 
reached his side. 

When the sad news became generally known Tues- 
day morning there was universal and sincere mourning 
throughout the whole community, each individual seeming 
to leel his death as a personal loss ; and the people stood 

7 8 Th e Ma u m ee Valley 

about in saddened groups discussing the event softly as 
though death had entered their own households. Women 
wept and strong men bowed their heads in sorrow, for 
all realized that they had lost a friend who was ever will- 
ing to listen to their sorrows and troubles, and to aid with 
wise counsel and ready hand. Truly, we are a community 
stricken with sorrow, for the world can mourn a good 

man gone. 

And the grief at the death of Mr. Gordon is not only 
local. He was known throughout the county, the district 
and the State, and beloved and esteemed by all, and his 
demise is everywhere deplored. 

In this immediate community his death leaves a void 
that will be hard to till. He was ever foremost in all good 
works, ever ready to lend and aid in every public improve- 
ment for the betterment of the people, and no public or 
private charity ever lacked wise counsel or help irom his 
ready heart and open hand. The writer and many other 
struggling young business men of the town mourn him 
as a benefactor gone, a true friend lost. 

Mr. Gordon was 59 years, 7 months and 5 days old, 
and of robust physique, and although his health for years 
had not been of the best, he apparently had, in the 
course of nature, many years of usefulness yet before him 
when the sudden summons came. 

His death was from heart disease. 

The funeral will be held from the family residence 
to-day, Thursday, November 15th, at 1:30 p. m. and the 
remains laid to rest in the family burial plat in beautiful 
Riverside cemetery, beside his father and mother. Rev. 
J. W. McClusky, of Delta, former Presbyterian minister 
ot the church here, of which organization Mr. Gordon was 
a leading and consistent member, will officiate. 

He leaves a wife and several brothers and sisters to 
mourn his loss, and in their sad hour ot affliction they 
have the sincere sympathy of the entire people. 

Pioneer Association. T'.i 

The following sketch of his life we find in the Pauld- 
ing County Atlas, published in 1892: 

''Lewis S. Gordon, of the firm of Gordon Bros. & Co., 
and also a member of the Antwerp Hub & Spoke Co., is 
one of the popular and enterprising citizens of Carryall 
township. He was born in Orange County, New York, 
April 7, 1835, the second son of Thomas and Sarah J. 
Gordon, both natives of New York, and of Scotch-Irish 
parentage, members of the family being prominent in 
Colonial times. 

L. S. Gordon, the immediate' subject of this sketch, 
was educated in the common schools and at the Never- 
sink seminary oi New York. He began his business 
career as a clerk in a hardware store, and here he remain- 
ed for two years. In 1855 he came West, and for one 
year acted as clerk in the county offices of Paulding. In 
the fall ol 1856 he commenced teaching a common school, 
and he taught successfully for three years, and was then 
nominated on the Republican ticket for County Recorder. 
He was elected and took charge of the office January 1, 
i860, being re-elected in 1S62. In October, 1865, Mr. 
Gordon was elected to the office of county treasurer, and 
re-elected in 1867, resigning the position in 1S69 to make 
the race for county auditor. He was defeated by 13 
votes. On April 8th, 1870, he was commissioned probate 
judge to fill a vacancy of seven months. Subsequently, 
in February, 187 1, Mr. Gordon moved to Antwerp to 
take charge of a hardware store, which he had previously 
started in connection with his brother, Harry H. Gordon. 
Since then these gentlemen have been successfully engag- 
ed in business lor a period of over 21 years. In July, 
1859, Mr. Gordon having read law for two years under 
the supervision of Col. John S. Snook, was admitted to 
the bar by Judge Sutliff. He practiced but little while 
engaged in the official duties of Paulding county, and 
since locating in Antwerp has acted as counselor on 

80 The Maumee Valley 

various occasions, though not being actively engaged in 
the work of his profession. He has held a notary's corn- 
mission since the year 1861. Mr. Gordon takes a lively 
interest in all that tends toward the improvement of his 
town and county, and is liberal with his means. He is an 
ardent advocate of the public school system whereby the 
masses may be educated, Mr. Gordon was nominated 
by the Republican party as the representative of -Defiance 
and Paulding counties, in 1881, and overcame a Demo- 
cratic majority of 1,350 by 349. He did active service for 
his constituents and acquitted himself with honor. His 
first vote for president was cast for John C. Fremont in 
1856, and since that date he has always supported the 
Republican ticket. 

Mr. Gordon was married February oth, i860, to 
Miss Margaret Voreis, a native of Crawford county, born 
in July, 1842. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon are widely and 
favorably known, and are now enjoying the fruits of a 
well spent life. 

In 1888 Mr. Gordon was elected as presidential 
elector from the 6th Congressional district, and was for- 
merly instrumental in forming the new district, being ap- 
pointed on the re-districting committee in the 65th 
general assembly of Ohio. He has long been one of the 
influential and prominent citizens of Paulding county, and 
enjoys the confidence and esteem of all who know him. 


Antwerp, Nov. 13, 1894. 

Hon. L. S. Gordon died last night very suddenly 
with heart trouble, and to-day the people of Paulding 
county are bereft of one of its most respected citizens, 
who from an early day has held a prominent place in the 
county ; and as a lawyer and business man has since held 


Pioneer Association. 81 

the respect and esteem of every one. He and Lt. Col. 
John S. Snook entered into partnership in the practice oi 
law just before the war broke out. Mr. Snook was killed 
in the army. Mr. Gordon has since been a friend and 
advise** to me, and to-day ! mourn his death as a friend 
and brother. Mrs. A. D. Snook. 

The Maumee Valley 




Among the late removals of our pioneer friends is 
Mrs. Lucina Haskins, formerly of Waterville. She died 
at the residence of her daughter at 630 Walnut street, 
Toledo, April 14th, last, and was buried at the family 
burial lot at the cemetery at Waterville. 

Mrs. Haskins was a native of Essex county, N. Y. 
Was born July 26th, 1814. Her mother died when Lucina 
was three years old. She remained in the family of 
friends in New York and Vermont until she was ten years 
of age. In 1826 she was moved to Detroit, Michigan, 
and in the month of February, 1827, she was brought by 
her father to Ohio, where she has lived since. 

Her father was Salmon Cross, known amone his 
neighbors as Deacon Cross — a Christian gentleman of 
puritan habits. He died near Waterville. Lucina re- 
mained in the family with her step-mother, Mrs. Cross, 
afterwards Mrs. Hutchinson, until her marriage with John 
L. Pray, first son of John Pray, Esq., one of the first set- 
tlers of the valley. Her union with Mr. Pray was truly 
at the pioneer time of the settlement oi the Maumee 
Valley, when roads were made from Indian trails and 
farms from unbroken forests. 

In the bloom of his manhood and in the prime of his 
usefulness, her husband was stricken with disease, and 
she was left to continue the severe undertakings of a 
pioneer life with her little family alone. Passing through 
ordeals not wholly uncommon to the people of the day, 

Pioneer Association. 83 

she reared her two children, now Mrs. Mary C, Wagner, 
of Toledo, and J. L. Pray, of White House. En her early 
life she manifested a deep interest in a Christian faith 
and practice which remained with her through life. She 
was a communicant of the Methodist Episcopal church 
for nearly sixty years. The church and benevolent work 
was her chief desire. She was the treasurer of the Lucas 
County W, C. T. U. for two years, and an active member 
from its earliest days in the county. 

Her marriage with Whitcomb Haskins took place at 
Maumee, March 14th, 1872. After an enjoyable term of 
over eleven years she again became a widow by the 
death of Mr. Haskins. They were then living at Water- 

Her later years were spent in the families of her 
children, where her usefulness and good Christian char- 
acter were daily exemplified. She greatly enjoyed her 
pioneer associations. Her reminiscences of early pioneer 
life were many and interesting ; her memory was replete 
with cherished events which made it indeed a garland of 
sweet roses. Her presence was a cheerful center from 
which radiated a joyous atmosphere until the very time 
of her decease, which was almost a translation. And so, 
one by one, the tenements of clay are shuffled off and the 
soul wings its way to immortal joys and eternal rest. 

Liberty Center, O., August 18, 1892. 

84 The Muumee Valley 


— CF. 



George W. Hoobler was born at Harrisburg, Perm., 
June 15th, 1798, and came with his parents to Dayton, 
Montgomery County, Ohio, in 18 16. He came to Stark 
County, O., in 1820 and married Miss Mary Bash, April 
5th, 1824, and removed with his wife the same month to 
Perrysburg, traveling in a one-horse wagon. He purchased 
a lot in Perrysburg and erected a frame house and a cooper 
shop, and commenced making barrels for the fishermen, 
working at his trade during the winter, and farming in the 
summer. At one time he had a large crop of corn he raised 
and cribbed on what was known as the Big Island, waiting 
for navigation to open in the spring, but when the ice broke 
up in the spring, the water and ice from up river came 
with such a force that it swept away the entire crop, and 
the huts of the fishermen along the river were also swept 
away, causing great destruction and loss to them, and 
many had to flee for their lives. He was among the first 
settlers of Perrysburg, and helped to raise some of the 
first houses there, and when the first houses were built in 
Bowling Green and Portage, Wood County, he was one 
of the men who helped to raise them. In 1S34 he remov- 
ed with his wife and three children to Middleton Town- 
ship, Wood County, and settled on a heavily timbered 
farm he had purchased, getting it of a man by the name 
of Joseph Wade, who had got it of the government. A 
small log cabin and land enough cleared for a small gar- 

Pioneer Association. 85 

den and a potato patch, were all the improvements that 
had been made on it. He worked at his trade (coopering) 
in the winter and the remaining- part of the. year worked 
on the farm, clearing off the timber and putting out fruit 
trees. Apples were long coming, but they soon had 
peaches and small fruit. Previous to that the fruit con- 
sisted of wild strawberries, gooseberries, blackberries, 
wild plums and crab apples. He purchased some cows, 
a yoke of oxen, one horse and some sheep, the latter not 
proving very profitable, for the wolves would come and 
kill them. They were numerous and would come near 
the house. He made a trap a little distance from the 
house in which he caught several, that frightened others 
so they were not so bold, but previous to that they would 
come and scratch on the door at night. At one time the 
writer remembers that he shot two near the house one 
morning, killing one and wounding the other ; they were 
devouring the sheep they had killed the previous night. 

During the summer the stock would get their living 
in the woods. The hay for winter was made of wild grass 
that grew plentiful on Hull's Prairie. He would take his 
ox team and his dinner, and, with one of his little girls go 
to the prairie, and with a scythe mow grass all day while 
the girl would watch the oxen, and in the evening they 
would ride home on a load of hay. So time wore on and 
others came, and as soon as there were children enough 
to form a class, he was the first to agitate the cause of 
education. Being a school teacher in his younger days, he 
felt the necessity of others as well as his own having a 
school nearer their home. They had been attending 
school at the old Missionary station two miles away. 
So he, with another man, rented an old log house that 
had been abandoned by the owner, and hired a man to 
teach a three months' term in the winter, it being the 
hist school taught in District No. i in Middleton town- 
ship. After that, he being one of the school directors, 

8G The Maumcc Valley 

term after term during winter, were continued, until there 
came enough to support a school in summer as well as 
winter. He served as Justice of the Peace and township 
trustee for several terms, as well as minor offices. He 
remained on the farm until his death which occured April 
30th, 1850, A Pioneer. 

Pioneer Association. 87 

Is/L K> A4 1 -e I A. L. 



Mrs. Mary Bash Hoobler was born at Cumberland, 
State of Maryland, August 4, 1803, and moved with her 
parents to Stark County, Ohio, in 1812. She was married 
to George W. Hoobler April 5, 1824, and removed with 
her husband to the Maumee Valley, settling in Perrys- 
burg the latter part of April, 1824. They traveled in a 
one-horse wagon and were several days coming through 
the Black Swamp, meeting many Indians on their way, 
which was a terror to her as she had never seen any be- 
fore, but had heard many stories of their hatred to the 
whites and their murdering so many women and children. 
But her fears wore off after meeting other white people, 
An elderly lady known as 4< Granny Pratt" used to visit 
her olten, sometimes remaining a week at a time. She 
was acquainted with the habits of the Indians, and could 
talk their language, and she did much toward abating her 
iears of them. One evening an Indian came to their 
house so much under the influence of whiskey he could 
not walk straight. He was on the point of entering the 
door when " Granny " (for she was there) told him he 
could not come in, when he said, "Me get more Injun and 
come bye and bye and kill you," which frightened Mrs. 
Hoobler very much, but "Granny" shook her fist at him 
and told him in his language to go away. She then said, 
"don't be afraid for he is too drunk to know where he is." 
Her husband was a cooper and worked in his shop even- 
ings. When he came in they related the circumstances to 

88 The Maumce Valley 

him, and they watched for the Indian but he did not return. 

At another time an Indian brought some whortle- 
berries to trade for bread and meat which she gave him, 
and he went away apparently satisfied, but returned in a 
short time and wanted the berries ; she bein^ alone, was 
so afraid of him that she gave them all back to him. 
After that she was told that whatever she bought of the 
Indians she must put out of their sight, for they frequently 
came back, and if they saw it they would want it. 

There were but few houses in Perrysburg at that time, 
and among the inhabitants may be mentioned the names 
of Spafford, Crane, Wilkison, Pratt, McKnight and John- 
athan Perrin. She lived in the latter's house until her 
husband built one of his own. After spending ten years 
in Perrysburg she removed with her husband and three 
little daughters to Middleton Township, Wood County, 
and settled on a new and heavily timbered farm. Then 
came hardships and trials ; the farm being nearly all 
woods with a small log house with two small windows, a 
board door, a wooden latch, raised with a string, a fire- 
place, where a chimney was made of clay and sticks, 
enough land cleared for a garden and a potato patch. 
No roads, nothing but Indian trails. It was nothing 
strange to hear wolves howl near the house at night, or 
to awake in the morning and find several Indians lying 
on the floor with their feet to the fire fast asleep, who had 
come in quietly, ior Indians step very lightly in their 
moccasins. They were friendly and would bring berries 
and maple sugar, and the squaws would bring some very- 
pretty bead work to trade for bread and meat. 

Here all inconveniences were experienced. No 
churches, no school houses. The nearest school being 
the old Missionary station, superintended by Rev. Isaac 
Van Tassel, two miles from her home. There her two 
eldest girls went to school, (one nine and the other 
seven years old), taught by a Miss Wright. Their way 

Pioneer Association. 80 

was through a dense wood with no road, but the trees 
their father had blazed on two sides for their guide. 
Many hours were spent in anxiety for the safe return of 
the little girls, and often she would leave the little one to 
sleep in the cradle and go to meet them. Oftentimes in 
the evenings after the father came in and the children 
were all in bed, they sat and listened to the howling of 
the wolves, the hooting of the owls and hum of the 
mosquito, with the smoke of the smudge in front of the 
door (for screens were not known then) and talked of 
their future prospects. 

She was well fitted by nature for pioneer life, always 
looking on the bright side, and was often heard to say, 
"Well, if we do hear those hideous noises at night, we 
are blessed with the sweet cooing of the prairie hen and 
the whistle of 'Bob White' in the morning." In the 
winter Hull's Prairie, (only three fourths of a mile away), 
was a sheet of ice, and in the spring a pond of water. But 
in the autumn it repaid for all that. It was beautiful to 
look at, being completely covered with tall yellow flowers, 
that sent their fragrance in all directions. 

Here she toiled and strove with patience to assist her 
husband, doing such work as spinning flax and wool for 
their clothing, milking cows, making butter, which brought 
six cents per pound, taking store pay, calico at twenty-five 
cents per yard, and other things in proportion. One of 
the hardest trials was the sickly season which came an- 
nually, and often all the family were down at one time 
with ague and fever. And then came the greatest sorrow, 
her husband died leaving her with six children. By energy, 
nerserverance and hard toil she succeeded in raising them 
to men and women. She was always kind in sickness, 
and to those less fortunate than herself, willing to bear 
as far as she could the burdens of others, benevolence 
being one of the marked features of her character. She 
experienced religion at the age of sixteen and remained 

90 The Maumee Valley 

strong in faith ; was a member of the M. E. church at the 
time of her death, which occured February 21, 1874. She 
was a resident of Wood County fifty years. Three sons 
and a daughter survive her, Geo. W. Hoobler, of Water- 
ville; W. H. Hoobler, o( Weston; Hon. S. R. Hoobler, 
of Bay City, Mich., and Mrs. Louise Atkinson, of White- 
House, Lucas County, Ohio. A Pioneer. 

Pioneer Association. HI 

M EO WL O I : ^ I J± 1^ 




A well known landmark of Northwestern Ohio and 
the Maumee Valley was removed by death in May, 1895, 
and this memorial should have been prepared and read at 
our last annual meeting. No man in this part of the 
State had a wider, if as wide a circle of acquaintances and 
friends as the Hon. Alexander Sankey Latty. 

Judge Latty was born in the County Leitrim, Ireland, 
June 30th, 1815. At the age of 17 he left his native isle, 
and settled in Canada where he remained four years, and 
when 21 years old he came to the Maumee Valley, and 
helped to survey the Miami and Erie canal, and subse- 
quently he was a boss over a large gang of men in its 
construction. In the meantime he was reading; law with 
James G. Haley, in Napoleon. 

He was admitted to the bar in 1840, Chief Justice 
Waite beino; a member of' the committee that examined 
him. He immediately thereafter located in Paulding 
county, then an almost unbroken forest, covered with 
heavy timber. He embarked in the newspaper business 
and ranked high among the editorial fraternity. He was 
an able and vigorous writer, and I used to see as many 
extracts from his paper as any one in this part of the 

He was county auditor of Paulding county for two 
terms, and in 1S56 was elected to the office oi Judge ot 
the Court of Common Pleas, and soon after removed from 

92 The Maumee Valley 

Paulding county to Defiance. He was Judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas for twenty years. He was an 
able jurist, a brave, fearless, honest and upright judge, 
and his decisions were characterized as among the ablest, 
always fortified by an abundance of authorities to which 
he could refer giving volume and page without looking at 
the authority, frequently quoting all the material rulings 
in the cases cited. He had a most wonderful memory, 
which gave him superior advantages over those less gifted 
in that respect. He was emphatically a book-worm, and 
his reading was not confined to law only, but books of 
general information were also his daily companions. He 
was industrious and seemed to enjoy prepairing briefs and 
citing authorities on important law points. 

He had the largest landed interest, so far as quantity 
of acres was concerned, of any man in Northwestern Ohio. 
At one time he was reputed to have owned over 20,000 
acres of land in Paulding county alone, which for a long 
time was of no use to him, but an annoyance. After wait- 
ing and paying taxes and unjust ditch assessments for a 
long time, timber became valuable, and then a rich harvest 
was realized therefrom. He was twice married. 

When Judge Latty came to Henry county in 1837, 
he hadn't money enough to buy a cake of shaving soap 
or a place for himself and wife to lay their heads. Judge 
Craig took them in and boarded them for quite a while, 
and for which he received the life-long gratitude of Judge 
Latty, who was a big-hearted, noble man of the good old 
Irish type, and he duly and sincerely appreciated the 
favors shown him in the days of his need and never 
forgot them. 

A few years ago Judge Latty went to the State of 
Washington, and while there made a wise and judicious 
investment in real estate, the annual rents and profits ot 
which, I am told, afford quite a revenue to his worthy 
widow and children. 

Judge Latty most likely was the wealthiest man in 
this part of the State, and in his death Defiance lost one 
of her most intelligent and useful citizens, and the wife 
and children a devoted husband and father. 

J. H. Tyler. 


Pioneer Association. 93 





Emery Davis Potter was born in Providence county, 
R. I., on the ;th day of October, 1804, and died Febru- 
ary 1 2th 1896, in the 92nd year of his age. He was of 
Puritan and Quaker stock, the son of Abram Potter and 
Johanna Davis. The family removed from the Providence 
plantations to Otsego county, N. Y., in 1806. 

The father's circumstances were not such as to pro- 
vide the son with more than very limited educational 
advantages in childhood. As the result of persistent 
effort, however, the latter ere long was encouraged to 
expect a collegiate course, in which he was disappointed, 
and was compelled, without such advantage, to enter 
upon preparation for the chosen profession of the law. 

This he did in the office of John A. Dix arid Abner 
Cook, Jr., two able lawyers of Cooperstown, N. Y., the 
former having subsequently been governor of New York, 
United States senator from that State, and secretary of 

Completing his studies, Mr. Potter was admitted to 
practice in New York, but soon decided to make his 
home in the West, he left ior Toledo where he arrived in 
the winter of 1834-5. 

He here found a field not the most inviting, in some 
respects, for an ambitious young man, but one which he 
was not long in turning to the best account. His quali- 
ties as a lawyer soon became known, while his active 
participation in public and political affairs gave him special 


The Maumee Valley 

prominence and influence. In 1838 he was postmaster at 
Toledo, and in 1839 was elected by the legislature as 
president judge of the Common Pleas Court for the 13th 
Judicial district of Ohio, embracing ten counties and cov- 
ering Northwestern Ohio entire. 

Without public means of any sort for conveyance, he 
was compelled to travel from county to county wholly on 
horse-back, and largely through a dense wilderness, often 

r-r—- *~— 





d2S8s**i-*& ._-* . 


.^■*fc.-^i^-— . a 



in the absence of bridges, compelled to swim streams, 
and resort to methods of travel almost wholly unknown to 
the present generation in the same sections. 

In 1843 he was nominated by the Democrats and 
elected to Congress from the district made up largely ol 
the territory embraced within the judicial circuit. In 
Congress' he at once took prominent position, serving 

WWTWKffWW^-wrr^-^ " 

Pioneer Association. 05 

with John Ouincy Adams on the select committee on the 
Smithson will, whose action led to the founding- of the 
Smithsonian Institute. 

In 1847 Judge Potter was elected as representative 
in the Ohio legislature, where he acted largely as leader 
of the Democratic side of the house. In October, 1848, 
he was elected to the 31st Congress, where he took a 
specially prominent part in the long struggle for Speaker, 
receiving at different times 78 votes, within three votes of 
being elected for that office. He was made chairman of 
the committee on Postoffices and post roads, and as such 
was the author ol the bill oi 1851 providing for cheap 
postage, and the coining of a three cent coin. 

At the close of his term in Congress he resumed the 
practice of law. In 1857 he was appointed judge of the 
Federal Court of Utah, but declined the honor. In 1859 
he was appointed collector of customs for the Toledo 
district, serving until 1861. He was elected as senator 
in the Ohio legislature in 1873, serving until 1875. 

During that term he was influential in securing the 
enactment of the law providing, at the expense of the 
State, for the propogation of fishes in Ohio. To his per- 
sonal attention and good management, the successful 
introduction and establishment of that policy by the State 
are largely due. 

He was mayor of the city of Toledo for the years 
1847-8; at times a member of the common council o( the 
city of Toledo, and its city solicitor, also a member of 
the board of education. 

In stature he was 6 feet, 2 inches, and was of a large 
and powerful frame. He was o^ a genial and happy 
disposition, easy of approach and "with malice towards 
none and charity lor all." 

His knowledge of affairs and men was most exten- 
sive. A companion of John Ouincy Adams. He also 
enjoyed the acquaintance and fellowship ol Calhoun, 

96 The Maumee Valley 

Webster and Henry Clay. He sat at the bedside and 
held the hand of the great Kentuckian when his spirit 
took its flight. 

He sat in judgment on the first case our fellow 
citizen, the late Chiel Justice Morrison R. Waite tried 
and argued in court. He was a friend and companion of 
Rufus P. Ranney and Allen G. Thurman. 

During the Rebellion he was a War Democrat, un- 
flinching in his patriotism and devotion to the Union 
cause. His mental faculties remained vigorous and unim- 
paired to the last hours of his life. His last public ap- 
pearance was the delivery of an address on the laying of 
the corner stone of the new court house. 

P'ull of years and with many honors, still "to add 
greater honors to his age than man could give him, he 
died fearing God." 

In Memoriam. 
1804. 1896. 

At a meeting of the Toledo Bar Association, held on 
the 24th day of February, A. D. 1896, the following reso- 
lution, commemorating the life and character of the Hon. 
Emery Davis Potter, were adopted : 

Resolved: — 

1. That the foregoing brief Memorial be presented 
to the several Courts of Record of this county, and that 
they be requested to have the same entered upon their 
records as a just tribute to the life and character of the 
deceased, and as enduring evidence of what may be 
accomplished by the young men of this favored land with- 
out the aid of wealth or prominent family influence, and 
an incentive to worthy effort, high aim and honorable 

2. That the clerks of the several courts be request- 

Pioneer Association. 97 

ed to forward duly certified copies to his surviving child- 
ren, Emery D. Potter, Jr., and Miss Claire Potter. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Charles Pratt, 
Louis H. Pike, 
Geo. R. Haynes, 
L. W. Morris, ' 
J. M. Ritchie. 

I, L. E. Clark, Clerk of the Common Pleas and 
Circuit Courts, ol Lucas County, Ohio, do hereby certify 
that the foregoing is a true copy of the Resolutions and 
Memorial filed in this Court, on the death of the late 
Hon. Emery Davis Potter. 

In testimony whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name 
and affix the seal of said Court, at Toledo, Ohio, this 
24th day of February, A. D. 1896. 

[seal.] L. E. Clark, Clerk. 

93 The Maumee Valley 





When we look out upon the landscape of the Maumee 
Valley and behold its populous cities, fine villages, well 
cultivated farms, and a land bespangled throughout with 
comfortable dwellings, churches and school-houses, and 
traversed by railroads and canals, a land that has within 
the range of one lifetime, risen from crudest nature to a 
refined state of cultivation, when in the place of the wig- 
wam, the war-hoop and the screaming of wild beasts, we 
now have the advantages of moral and social enlighten- 
ment and the blessing of Christian prosperity, we realize 
a sense of gratitude and a sense of obligation to the early 
fathers who sowed the seeds of our land's prosperity ; 
and when one of them folds up his tent and goes to his 
long home, it is becoming in us to hold in high respect 
that manly fortitude, constant perseverance and sagacious 
enterprise that characterized the pioneers of the Maumee 

As the late John Pray, Esq., whose death took place 
on the morning of October 18, 1872, was one of the earliest 
settlers of the vicinity, it has been thought that a few 
items of his early life would be of interest. Esquire Pray 
was a descendant of Richard Pray, born in England in 
1630, who came over with his three sons and settled in 
the western part oi Rhode Island. His father and grand- 
father participated in the war of the Revolution, they 
being Lieutenant and Ensign of the Third Company ol 
the Rhode Island Militia. 

Pioneer Association. 


He was the second son of the Rev. John Pray, and 
was born October 6, iS$3, on the western border of Rhode 
Island. At the age «f twelve years, the family moved to 
Saratoga County, N. Y., and at twenty-one, John went 


into the manufacture ot potash in company with his elder 
brother James, who now (1S72) lives near Mount Morris, 
Livingstone County, N. Y. After about three years of 
success in this enterprise, the brothers dissolved, and John 

100 The Maumee Valley 

purchased a farm in Smithfield, Madison County. Here, 
in 1809, he was married to Miss Lucy Dunham, who now 
resides here, but has been an invalid for a number of 
years. During our troubles with England in 181 2-14, 
while the frontier was being invaded by His Majesty's 
troops, we find Mr. Pray enlisted as a member of Captain 
Sickle's Company of Colonel Dodge's regiment of New 
York State Militia, and actively engaged in repelling the 
invasion at Socket's Harbor. 

He remained on the farm until the Spring of 1817, 
when, in company with his brother James and five others, 
he set out on a prospecting tour through the West, with 
a view of making a selection and locating as a colony. In 
the early part oi May, the party set out lor Buffalo by stage, 
where they embarked on board a sloop for Detroit. Here 
they provided themselves with a pack-horse and a few 
articles requisite in pioneer life, and started on their pil- 
grimage southward, passing around the end of the lake, to 
the " Miami of the Lake," thence up the valley of this 
river to Fort Defiance, and were most favorably impress- 
ed with the nature of the country. 

Finding but little or no evidence of the existence of 
the white man between Ft. Meigs and Ft. Defiance, the 
the only primitive trading posts. at Perrysburg or Maumee 
City and Toledo not yet thought of, traversing through 
forests unblemished by the white man's axe, and filled 
with red-skinned aborigines and wild beasts, and hundreds 
oi miles from home in a dense wilderness, the party 
seemed to cheerfully enter into pioneer life and enjoy it 

At Defiance they changed their course, and went 
south to Dayton, where they found something of a set- 
tlement. From Dayton they went to Cleveland, where it 
was determined by the party that Mr. John Pray should 
return, and review a portion of the ground passed over, 
and select a location for the colony, and six of the party 


Pioneer Association. 101 

returned to their homes in New York. Accordingly Mr. 
Pray returned to the Maumee Valley, and after a more 
deliberate inspection of advantages here, the most im- 
portant of which in his mind, was the great water power 
on the rapids of the river, consequently the vicinity of the 
site of the present village ol Waterville, was settled upon, 
and he returned to Smithfield, expecting his friends 
would all join him for the West, the following Spring. 
But the reports of the adventurers were associated with 
too much inconvenience, privation and danger, to be at all 
acceptable to the people of Madison, and in view of the 
hazardous feature of the undertaking, and probable suffer- 
ing, attending such an enterprise, six of the party were 
induced to abandon moving to the West, and the pros- 
pects of a colony were dissolved. 

But Mr. John Pray's determinations were so firm that 
he sold his farm in Smithfield, and on the third of May, 
i S 1 8, he set out with his family consisting of his wife and 
four children, together with an adopted child, a nephew, 
at that time about ten years of age. They moved in a 
wagon to Buffalo, where in company with Capt. Charter, 
they embarked on board a schooner of filteen tons bur- 
den. Their voyage was extremely hazardous, as the ves- 
sel at best was too frail for such a trip, but was at this 
time sadly deficient in the requisite equipage for sailing, 
and the cloth belonging to the passengers was used for 
canvass. Fortunately, however, on the 24th of June, 
after a voyage ot eight days, the party safely landed near 
Ft. Meigs, on the Maumee. 

After resting one night at or near the landing, Mr. 
Pray moved his family up the river about four miles, and 
lodged in an unfinished cabin belonging to Mr. Adams. 
Mr. A, had established himself in the valley but a few 
months previous, and as all residents were anxious that 
neighbors should settle about them, every convenience 
within their reach was extended to the new comer, and 

102 The Maumee Valley 

every cabin was an inn so far as their room would admit. 

On Mr. Pray's arrival here this time he finds a lew 
families have located since his visit the previous year, but 
all about there seems to be broad miles of unbroken 
forests inhabited with savages and wild beasts. No system 
of machinery has yet been used in the waters ot the 
Maumee. The nearest ilouring- mill was at Monroe, 
Michigan, where the old French wind mill would grind 
for the people when the wind was fair. To this incon- 
venience was added the almost impassable country 
through which the people had to pass, and the indistinct 
lines of road between here and Monroe. 

In 1 82 1 Mr. Pray built the first grist mill in Northern 
Ohio ; this was a source of great convenience to the 
people, and men came from Defiance, a distance of forty- 
five miles, to assist in raising. This mill was built on 
Granger's Island. Shortly after its completion there was 
added to the same power a carding machine, a hemp 
machine and a distillery. In 1 83 1 he laid out the village 
of Waterville, and the following year he built the mills on 
the main land. In 1837 he built the Columbian House. 

During the progress of these enterprises much of his 
time was taken up in visiting the land office, purchasing 
and locating lands, and at various times the extent of his 
lands embraced thousands of acres, lying in what is now 
Fulton, Lucas and Wood counties. 

The associations of Mr. Pray's household were quite 
numerous, besides raising eleven children to adults his 
house was always the home of the traveling public. 

We have noticed in the Bowling Green Sentinel a 
communication upon the early record of Wood county, in 
which it appears that Mr. Pray was one of the Board of 
County Commissioners from the organization of Wood 
county in 1820, until the formation of Lucas in 1S35. He 
was Justice of the Peace about nine years. He establish- 

Pioneer Association. 103 

ed the Waterville post office and managed it for several 

Mr. Fray's educational advantages in early life did 
not enable him to take rank with distinguished legislators 
nor, did he aspire to eminence or distinction. In his 
active life he was charitable, lenient and sympathizing — 
jocular in conversation and honest in deal. 

As he became advanced in years, he disposed of 
much ol his landed property, and settled down in quiet 

In 1840, during the successful labor of Rev. Mr. 
Bothman, he abandoned his profession ol Universalism 
and united with his wife and many others with the Metho- 
dist Churcd. Since that time he has been devoted in 
Christian faith, and although in his last years he was de- 
prived of his sight, and to a great extent his reason, his 
hold upon Christian hope remained with him, and his 
favorite expression was that he was "almost home." 

Although he had kept closely to his bed for several 
months, no disease seemed to be at work other than old 
age, and on the morning of the 1 8th, he quietly passed 
away. He survived all his children but four, and after a 
lengthy companionship, he leaves a wife that has shared 
with him all the trials and triumphs and the comforts and 
sorrows common to the earliest settlers of the Maumee 
Valley. For over sixty-three years Mr. and Mrs. Pray 
traveled life's journey together, and have resided in the 
vicinity ol Waterville for over fifty-four years. They 
'nave reared a large family, and have lived to enjoy the 
association of their great-great-grand-children. 

October 26, 1872. — L. 

104 The Maumee Valley 

— . 





Few residents have been as prominently and honor- 
ably identified with trade in Toledo for the past fifty 
years as was Henry Philipps, who died there February 
28th, 1896. He was born in Brunswick, Germany, May 
3rd, 1828. At the age ol 20 years, he left his native land 
for the country which so many of his fellow-citizens were 
then seeking, being one of a party which contributed 
largely in character and otherwise to the development 
and growth of the Western States. Toledo had then 
scarcely entered upon the course of prosperity which has 
placed it so prominently among the cities of this country. 

Mr. Philipps began his business career in Toledo as 
clerk in a general store. In 1852, at the age of 24, he 
began business on his own account by dealing in farm 
implements and seeds, to which he subsequently added 
hardware. After 20 years of special success, he disposed 
of the business. In 1880 he resumed trade in the same 
line, in which he continued until his death. So success- 
ful was his business, that the trade of The Henry Philipps 
Seed and Implement Company came to hold prominent 
commercial relations with many parts of the world inter- 
ested in horticulture, and especially Holland, Germany, 
France, Japan and China. Few establishments in the 
country have attained to equal success in that branch oi 

For many years of his later activity, Mr. Philipps 

The Maumee Valley 


had associated with him in business two sons — Henry J, 
and William T. — whose aptitude soon prepared them for 
successful management of the same upon his death, it now 


H i\\ 



/ - 



being in their hands, hilly maintained in its long-establish- 
ed prosperity. 

As a man and citizen, Mr. Philipps held positions 

106 The Maumee Valley 

specially appreciated by his fellow-citizens. A cultured 
gentleman, he commended himself to the high apprecia- 
tion of all. His active business enterprise, methodical 
ways and foresight were largely controlling, while in dif- 
ferent ways he co-operated effectively for the public wel- 
fare, being prominent in development of St. Ciair street, 
including the Boody House and the Wheeler opera house, 
corner Monroe. With two others, he constructed and for 
five years operated the Adams Street Railway. In 1863 
he platted Columbia Heights, consisting of twenty-five 
acres, now one of the charming localities of the city. 
He served with special honor for two terms in the Toledo 
City Council, representing the seventh ward. On the 
death of Mr. Philipps the Toledo Produce Exchange, of 
which he was a member, bore testimony of special respect 
for his business and personal worth. 

In 1858 Mr. Philipps was married with Miss Emma 
Seeger, of Baltimore. They had thirteen children — Henry 
J., Paul A., William T., Louise E,, Caroline, Herman, 
Charles, Albert, Frederick, Ferdinand, Christian, Edward, 
Emma — of whom the nine first named, with their mother, 
are now living at Columbia Heights. 

Pioneer Association. 107 




Another pioneer of Wood County has passed away 
since our last annual meeting, leaving a vacancy in our 
ranks never to be filled, creating a sadness among his 
many friends to whom he was well known. 

Stephen Merry, late of Perrysburg, died in that city 
on the twenty-first day of February, 1896, in the eighty- 
eighth year of his age, leaving a vacant chair at home 
and a seat in church which he had regularly occupied lor 
so many long years. He is missed by many mourning 
friends as well as in the community in which he had spent 
the greater part of his life. Mr. Merry was an intelligent, 
upright, Christian gentlemen, the elements which so 
greatly contributed to his popularity which he so worthily 
deserved and so long retained. Mr. Merry was born on 
the twenty-first day of September, 1808, in Wheatland, 
Monroe County, in the State of New York, and was mar- 
ried on the 1 6th day of October, 1841, to Miss Araminta 
Karl who survives him. This worthy couple located in 
this valley in 1843, and in May, 1846, removed from the 
village ol Miami to Perrysburg, where he died, leaving his 
beloved wife, who still resides there. 

Six children were the fruits of this happy marriage, 
four of whom are living. They are Earl W. Merry, a 
Prominent business man of Bowling Green, Wood County; 
Charles C, and John W., who reside in Witchita, Kan- 
sas, and Mrs. Sarah Norton, in Lansing, Michigan. 

108 The Maumee Valley 

Mr. and Mrs. Merry, for many years were members 
of the Presbyterian church in Perrysburg, and he was an 
elder therein for thirty years, always leading a quiet Chris- 
tian life, whose daily walk and conversation were in accord 
with his religious professions, ever ready and willing to, 
and did perform acts of kindness, when and wherever 
necessity demanded. The example of this exemplary 
couple through life was a model one, and well worthy oi 
emulation. M r. Merry was appointed by the commis- 
sioners of Wood County to fill a vacancy which occurred 
in the office of County Recorder, and so well and faithfully 
did he perform its duties, that he was subsequently elect- 
ed to the same office for three successive terms, the last 
one of which expired in January, 1S74. After this he was 
elected a Justice of the Peace in Perrysburg township and 
held that office for several terms. He was deservedly a 
popular man, and in whatever position he was placed, 
promptness, honesty of purpose and reliability character- 
ized all his actions, and when he was called by his 
righteous Master, whom he had so well served, to leave 
his pilgrimage at the end of life's journey, the relatives 
and friends of the decedent who have faith and hope 
in the Divine Assurance, may confidently trust, that when 
he landed upon the other shore, his meeting with the 
Good Shepherd was greeted with the glad welcome, "well 
done good and faithful servant ; thou hast been faithful 
over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things, 
enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." 

J. H. Tyler, 
Member of Memorial Committee. 

Pioneer Association. 109 




The passing- away from earth of this distinguished 
lady has touched the heats of a very wide circle of ac- 
quaintances throughout this country with a sense of 
personal loss. It has filled with sorrow a host of closer 
friends who were fortunate in knowing and appreciating 
the strength of the finer elements of her character, which 
bound her to them in the bonds of unfaltering faith and 

While our departed friend was equipped with intel- 
lectual gifts ot a higher order, there never was any at- 
tempt at display of superiority, but in all the leading traits 
of womanly, loving kindness to the needy and those she 
loved. Mrs. Waite was queenly. I am thinking and 
writing of her long life on this river. A beautiful girl 
came to Maumee in 1840, the bride of a young attorney- 
at-law. Both at once seemed to know, or at once find 
the way to the hearts of all they met. From the com- 
mencement of his career, he assumed and maintained a 
leading and advancing position, of which the office of the 
United States Chief Justice was the glory and crown. 

The dear lady of whom I am writing, and whom "we 
have lost a while," was the wife, the mother, and close 
companion. She was full of the brightness of hope, loved 
all around her, and aided largely, even in the privations of 
early life, iri making the strong foundations of the future. 

110 . The Maumee Valley 

The personal characteristics of Mrs. Waite made a deep 
impression upon all who knew her well. 

Devotion to her family and to the church were lead 
ing and conspicuous traits in the history of her life. With 


settled religious convictions, she knew in whom she be- 
lieved, and her reliance upon an unchanging faith brought 
her peace at the last. But her family, close friends and 

Pioneer Association. Ill 

the church were by no means the sole objects of her de- 
votion. An open hospitality at home, help and loving 
sympathy to the poor, made her life a benediction. 

All these lines of her character were progressive, and 
were strengthened by the years. If our dear friend had 
not removed to a distant city of residence, if the final de- 
parture had been from the scene of her benefactions here, 
hundreds of the poor would have thronged her obsequies 
and call her blessed. But the record of her life in Wash- 
ington is brightened and sweetened with the same devo- 
tion to good deeds in the Master's name. Mrs. Amelia 
Warner Waite was a native of Lyme, Connecticut. 

She was a daughter of Samuel Selden Warner, of 
Lyme, who was a descendant of Colonel Selden of Revo- 
lutionary record. Mrs. Waite spent her early life in Con- 
necticut. In her native city in 1840, she was united in 
marriage to Morrison R. Waite, the late Chief Justice. 
Lyme was also the birthplace of Chief Justice Waite, who, 
alter graduating from Yale, studied law in his father's 
office in that place. Believing there was a wider field for 
him in the West, Morrison R. Waite, in October, 1838, 
left for the Maumee Valley and located at Maumee City. 
Here he continued reading law, and in 1839 was admitted 
to the bar. Forming a partnership with Samuel M. 
Young, under the firm name of Young & Waite, in 1840, 
lie returned East to claim his bride. September 21, 1840, 
was the date of their marriage. 

Mr. and Mrs. Waite resided in Maumee City from 
1840 until 1850. when they moved to Toledo. They re- 
sided in Toledo until 1874, when they moved to Washing- 

But I must close. It is rare that the close of a life 
so distinguished has sorrowed so many hearts, but our 
consolation is that "Blessed are they that die in the Lord, 
for they rest from their labors." 



The Mattmee Valley 


^^^S^fe M ^Si^-i^^& 1 

Pioneer Association, 



Vt the Old Court House, Mauitiee 

September 10th, 1898. 

ToLfOO, Ohio: 

Vrooman, Anderson a Bateman, pgiNTEfis. 



The Memorials herein presented have been 
wholly contributed by the friends or relatives of 
those memoralized. '1 here are many worthy 
and well known pioneers, a record of whose lives 
would be exceedingly interesting and valuable, 
and the friends of such should see to it that the 
Memorial Committee are furnished with a concise 
statement of their life work in the Maumee 
Valley on or before May ist of each year. Half 
toned cuts of such add much to the interest of 
the memorials given. These can be secured at 
very slight expense, and it is the only expense 
that the friends of the deceased pioneers incur 
in having memorials published in the Annual 

It should be remembered that the annual 
expenses of the Association cannot be met by 
the one dollar paid on joining the same. If the 
members will purchase two hundred of these 
pamphlets at 50 cents each, the current expenses 
can be met. If more are purchased it will (Mi- 
able the committee to procure and publish in- 
teresting views of valley scenery that all would 
very much like to possess. Each member should 
help to meet the expense account to the extent 
of their ability. 


The 33rd Annual Reunion of the Maumee Valley 
Pioneer Association was held on the grounds o( the Lucas 
County Court House at Maumee, September 10th, 1S97. 

At 10 130 A. M., owing to the absence of the Presi- 
dent, Mr. Paris H. Pray, oi Whitehouse, the meeting was 
called to order by the Vice-President, Justin H. Tyler, of 
Napoleon, O. 

The local singers being absent this ceremony was 
omitted, and Rev. N. B. C. Love invoked the , divine 
blessing. The minutes of the last meeting were read and 

Memorials of deceased members and early settlers 
were then presented and read by the Memorial Commit- 
tee, D. B. Smith, Chairman. 
The memorials were of 

Edward Pangman Basset, of Toledo. 

Mrs. Pamela Berdan, of Toledo. 
Deacon Mavor Brigham, of Toledo. 
Mrs. Christian Darst Dix, of Maumee. 
Hon. Alfred P. Edgerton, of Hicksville. 
Col. John A. Faskins, of Toledo. 
Capt, Calvin Herrick, of Toledo. 
Mr. Reuben B. Mitchell, of Maumee, 
Rev. Mark Richardson, of Maumee. 
Hon. John R. Osborn, of Toledo. 
Mr. Joseph Ralston, ol Defiance. 
Mr. Dudley G. Saltonstall, of Toledo. 
Mr. Alfred Thurston, of Bowling Green. 
Mr. Luther Whitmore, of East Toledo. 
Mr. Samuel M. Young, of 1 oledo. 
Mrs. Angeline N. Young, of Toledo. 
The noon hour having arrived the meeting" was ad- 
journed for one hour for a basket dinner — parties provid- 
ing themselves and grouping in social festal parties. 

At 1 P. M., business was resumed — a nominating 
committee presented the names for officials lor the en- 
suing year. 


by virtue of seniority, Paris H. Pray, of Whitehouse, O. 


From Fulton County, Wm. Ramsey, ol Delta. 

The Maumee Valley 

From Hancock County, John Blackford, of Findlay. 

From Henry County, Allen Scribner, of Napoleon. 

From Lucas County, Hon. C. Pratt, of Toledo. 

From Wood County, D. K. Hollenbeck, of Perrysburg. 


J. L. Pray, of Whitehouse, Ohio. 


J. E. Hall, of Waterville, 


From Defiance County, John Greenler, of Defiance. 

From Fulton County, Wm. Ramsey, of Delta. 

From Henry County, Allen Scribner, of Napoleon. 

From Lucas County, Wm. Corlett, of Toledo. 

From Wood County, I. N. VauTassel, Bowling Green. 


From Defiance County, J. P. Bu fifing ton, of Defiance. 

From Fulton County, Rev. N. B. C. Love, of Swanton. 

From Henry County, Hon. J. H. Tyler, of Napoleon. 

From Lucas County, Denison B. Smith, of Toledo, 

From Wood County, Frank Powell, of Perrysburg. 


From Henry County, C. C. Young, of Liberty Center. 

From Lucas County, J. K. Hamilton, of Toledo. 
From Wood County, Rev. G. A. Adams, of Perrysburg. 

After the election of officers, Hon. Charles Pratt 
was introduced to the Pioneer Association, to whom he 
delivered a most excellent address. 

Mr. Tyler then called Rev. N, B. C. Love to the 

Mr. Hollenbeck, of Perrysburg, then made an ex- 
planatory speech concerning the manner ot producing the 
memorials for the pamphlet, urging everyone to have an 
interest in the memorials ot their friends. 

Hon. James H. Southard was then introduced by the 
President, and made a short and interesting address, re- 
ferring chiefly to his work in Congress in the interest ol 
the monuments. 

The audience then sang " America," led by two 
young ladies of Maumee. 

Hon. Thomas Harbaucrh, of Kalida, Ohio, was then 

Pioneer Association 

called out, and made a patriotic and appropriate address, 
alter which the assembly was addressed by Rev. Shafer, 
ol Mail nice ; also by Mr. Y. Rakestraw, of Whitehouse. 

Mr. J. M. Wolcott, the Mayor of Maumee, presented 
a cordial invitation from the citizens of Maumee, request- 
ing the Association to hold the Reunion of 1898 on the 
same ground. Invitation was accepted for Saturday, 
September 10th, '98. After some further social inter- 
course, the assembly dispersed leeling that they had en- 
joyed a very profitable Reunion. 

The receipts of the day were : 
For 13 new memberships - ■ - - $13 00 

For 1 10 pamphlets of 1897 " " ~ 55 °° 

For 7 4l " 1806 - 1 75 

Total - - - - - 69 75 


To Vrooman, Anderson & Bateman, Toledo, O., 
for printing 100 circulars, contents of pam- 
phlets and envelopes - - - $ 3 25 
For 400 postal cards - - - - - 4 00 
For printing same and 100 papers - - 1 25 
For printing 500 copies oi '97 pamphlets - 79 80 

Total, - - - 88 30 

Balance paid by order on the Treasurer - - 18 55 
J. L. Pray, Secretary. Paris H. Pr \y, President. 

Treasurer's Report for September 10, 1898. 

Amount on hand Sept. 10, 1897, ~ ~ $ 2 & 2 7 

Collected by Secretary for Memberships - - 13 00 

For sale of pamphlets - - " - - 58 50 

Paid for postage 

f'or printing 500 Pamphlets 

For " postal cards and circulars 

balance on hand 





$ 5 




















r lhc Maumee Valley 


■ ~"^V\ 






P s I 



V- o 

Pioneer A Rsnrjnfinn, 





September 10th, 1897. 


Mr. President, Pioneers, Jjadies and Gentlemen : 

I have been invited by your committee to speak to 
you to-day by way of reminiscences of pioneer life. In 
order to do so and speak of the things which I saw and 
knew, would require that I speak in the first person — I 
cannot otherwise give reminiscences irom my own knowl- 
edge. Further than this it is proper that I should say 
that although a member of this Society by virtue of my 
residence in the city of Toledo — which commenced in the 
>ear 1850 — my earliest childhood and boyhood recollec- 
tions are not connected directly with the territory of this . 
Society as prescribed in your constitution — not being 
within the State of Ohio — but it was within what was 
commonly known as the Bean Creek country, which is 
intimately connected with and tributary to the Maumee 


Bean Creek, as commonly known, — but perhaps 
more properly called "Tiffin River," by which name it is 
known ypon the maps generally — has its rise in Devil's 
kake in the northwest corner ot Lenawee county, Mich- 
igan, and running southerly near the line between ITills- 
dale and Lenawee counties, Michigan, and Fulton and 
Williams counties, Ohio, empties into the Maumee river 
in Defiance county, just above the city oi Defiance. This 
Bean Creek country was, in the year 1833, an unbroken 


10 The Maumee VaVey 

wilderness inhabited only by the wild beasts and tin 
Indian. It was the home of a remnant of the Potawat- 
amie tribe of Indians, about one hundred in number, 
under two chiefs : Metea and Baubeese. In this region 
my father settled in the fall of 1833. To the east of this 
place the nearest settlement was at Adrain. To the north 
was a military road running north of Devil's Lake irom 
Detroit to Chicago, laid out about the years 1825 -to 1830 
and known as the "Detroit and Chicago Road." This 
road had been surveyed and opened by the United States 
government as a turnpike, and along "the line of it there 
was here and there a settler. To the west of it the near- 
est settlement was at Jonesville in the western part of 
Hillsdale county, and to the south of it such settlements 
as there were then here upon the Maumee River. In this 
unbroken wilderness, in the month of November, 1833 — 
with the nearest white settler twelve miles distant — three 
log cabins (one of which was my father's) were built ; and 
in these, twelve white persons in all — men, women and 
children, (of the latter ol whom I was one), passed the 
winter of 1833-4. At that time the territorial govern- 
ment of Michigan held possession and exercised jurisdic- 
tion down to the P'ulton line, so-called. By the Ordinance 
ol 1787 for the government of the territory ol the United 
States lying northwesterly of the Ohio River, it was pro- 
vided that Congress should have authority to form one or 
two states in that part of such territory lying north of an 
east and west line drawn through the southerly bend or 
extreme point of Lake Michigan ; and in accordance with 
this provision, the State of Ohio was organized with that 
line as its northern and the territory of Michigan as its 
southern boundary, and so remained until June 15th, 1836, 
when by the act of Congress admitting the State of Mich- 
igan, it was changed to the present or Harris line. The 
territory within these two lines embraced the city of 
Toledo and a large part of what is now Lucas, Fulton 

Pioneer Association 11 

and Williams counties, and it was during the period be- 
tween 1833 and 1836 the controversy between the Terri- 
torial government of Michigan and the State government 
oi Ohio was being carried on. Some of you remember, 
and all of you have heard of the heroic deeds of 


You have heard of the first session of the Lucas 
County Court, in the upper part of the City of Toledo, at 
the morning's early dawn (earlier than courts are opened 
in these latter days), oi it's brief session and of the pre- 
cipitate retreat of its officials at the first alarm caused by 
the apprehended approach of the Michigan invaders ! You 
have heard of the stealing of Major Stickney's apples, of 
the arrest of his sons, One and Two, and also of the arrest 
of the Major himself and his valiant and intrepid . conduct 
when he refused to be parolled ! I myself very well remem- 
ber the excitement when the Michigan troops, under Gen. 
J. W. Brown (afterwards for many years a peaceful citizen 
of Toledo and one of my neighbors) invaded the disputed 
territory, and how the people of Bean Creek, fifty miles 
away listened for the sound of the cannonading which was 
"supposed" to be taking place on the Maumee. I don't 
remember that any one, there or elsewhere, then or at any 
other time, ever heard any of this cannonading! 

This Bean Creek country had not been involved in 
the historic scenes of which we shall hear later during 
this meeting from my friend Gen. Hamilton, but it had re- 
mained peaceful and quiet — so far as I can learn — amid 
the warlike commotions at this and other points of the 
Maumee, and the little band of Potawatamies of which I 
have spoken seem to have been crowded back into this 
Bean Creek valley and to have lived there undisturbed 
and peaceful. It was an ideal home for the Indian. The 
forests were so dense and unbroken as greatly to moder- 
ate the temperature of the winter. Violent storms were 

12 The Mmimee V alien 

infrequent and far less to be feared than upon the open 
prairies. Wild game was abundant, and the numerous 
streams and lakes were filled with fish ; wild cranberries, 
blackberries and other wild berries abundant, and also 
wild honey plentiful, so that there was very little need lor 
that labor so foreign to the habits and instincts of the 

Prior to that time, in addition to the Detroit and 
Chicago Military Road of which I have spoken, an act of 
the Michigan Territorial Council had provided that com- 
missioners should lay out a road " from Port Lawrence 
(now 7 Toledo) and running on the most eligible route 
through Blissfield and Adrian" to intersect this Detroit 
and Chicago road. This Council had also established a 
a road to run from Vistula (also Toledo,) in Town nine 
south to the eastern boundary line of the State of Indiana. 
This road was afterwards known as the " Indiana Road," 
and that part of it within the City of Toledo is now Ban- 
croft street, near which some of us reside. The early ex- 
plorers, traders and land-lookers however, relied in 
addition to the compass, mainly upon the Indian trails — 
as w r ell known to them as are the thoroughfares of to-day 
to the white man. These trails connected this Bean 
Creek region with the rapids at Maumee, with Defiance 
and other points on the Maumee river, running through 
to Devil's Lake and the Indian villages in the valley of 
Bean Creek. Of these Indian villages, there were two 
principal ones : one, Squawfield, was within some two 
miles of my father's house ; another was a few miles fur- 
ther away and near Devil's Lake. Metea was the chiel 
of one of these villages, and Baubeese of the other. 



The advance of civilization, as I have already inti- 
mated, had crowned this remnant of the once powerful 
Potawatamies into this valley, It was their home, provid- 

Pioneer Association. 13 

ed for them all that they required for their life as it then 
was or that was hoped or anticipated by them in the 
future. It was as clear to them as the homes of civiliza- 
tion are to the white man. They were, in the main, peac- 
able and friendly to the settlers, and the early settlers were 
largely dependent upon them from the first, other supplies 
of food being- almost inaccessible, or only obtainable at 
iabulous prices when they could be obtained at all. 

I could not venture to give any deliberate judgment 
of the natural traits of Indian character as shown by this 
remnent of a tribe from what I saw of them in my boy- 
hood days, or what I learned of them lrom others. The 
character and traits of the natives, has been the theme of 
many able writers, There is too great diversity of opinion 
as to the justice of the treatment of the red man by our 
government, for me to give any judgment of my own ; but 
I confess, from what I saw of them during my early life or 
knew of their intercourse with the early settlers; what I 
have heard from others older than myself, created a sym- 
pathy for them in my own mind and a feeling that they 
were not fairly treated, which has followed me through 
life, and of which I am willing to speak on proper occas- 
ions. Washington Irving in his beautiful essay upon 
"Traits of Indian Character," among other things, says: 
'it has been the lot of the unfortunate aborigines ol 
America in the early periods of colonization to be doubly 
wronged by the white men. They have been dispossess- 
ed ot their hereditary possessions by mercenary and 
frequently wanton warfare and their characters have 
been traduced by bigoted and interested writers." 

This is strong language. I would not presume to 
use it myself, but it corned from a very high source and as 
die result of a very careful study of the early history of 
the country. In later years there has been a greater 
show of fairness in the dealings of our government with 
the Indians, but so tar as this band was concerned — 

14 The Maumee Valley 

speaking from my own knowledge of it — while it may not 
be easy to determine what ought to have been their treat- 
ment, it is difficult to reconcile that which they did receive! 
with justice and fairness, considering them as human 
beings with the passions, feelings and affections of our 
common humanity. 

These Indians were pure bloods, not mixed nor half- 
'breeds ; had not, at the time of these settlements, been 
corrupted and degraded by contact with the vicious classes 
of white men. Untaught and unsophisticated as they 
were, without any of the refinements of civilization, yet 
they are not to be judged by the degraded specimens that 
may be seen in later years around the haunts of vice and 
pollution in our towns or cities. The two Chiefs of whom 
I have spoken w T ere specimens of Indian manhood. I do 
not know which was the higher in authority — though I 
think Baubeese was the superior — but both were recog- 
nized as Chiefs. Baubeese was a large man, oi imposing 
appearance and great dignity, a born leader of men. 
Metea, a smaller man, was the orator of the tribe and a 
man of native natural ability. He was the spokesman of 
the Indians in their councils with the white man,' and his 
name, I think, is signed to some of the treaties. Both 
continued in friendly intercourse with the settlers until the 
removal of these Indians by the government in the year 
1840. There have been different statements as to this 
year, but I am quite certain that I state it correctly. 

Under the treaties made between the Indians and the 
United States by which they ceded their lands, it was 
provided that the Indians should enjoy the right of hunt- 
ing and fishing upon the grounds ceded so long as they 
should remain the property of 'the United States. After 
the first settlement had been made in this region there 
was a great flood of emigration into this part of the country, 
and the lands were rapidly entered at the land office, so 
that the hunting grounds of the Indians were soon very 

Pioneer Association. 15 

much restricted, but the Indians would not consent to 
remove west,, the country beyond the Mississippi being- 
unknown to them and they standing in great fear of the 
warlike Indians, who, they said would kill them as soon 
as they got within their country. I he ground upon which 
their villages were located was, by reason of apprehended 
trouble with them, (or some time not entered at the land 
office, until in the year 1840, an officer of the United 
States government, w : ith a company of soldiers, was sent 
to remove them forcibly. He surprised them when they 
were all assembled, engaged in some of their festivities, 
surrounded and captured them all and transported them 
beyond the Mississippi River. Nothing was heard from 
them, so far as I know, after that time. If any effort was 
at any time made to locate them upon any reservation, or 
to induce them to conform to the requirements of civiliza- 
tion, I never heard of it. Perhaps nothing of the kind 
would have succeeded if attempted, but it can hardly seem 
otherwise than cruel that they should have been thus sum- 
marily and forcibly compelled to leave their homes and 
the graves of their ancestors, all that was dear to them, 
and go to regions remote and to them unknown. That 
this fair land was to be the home of civilization, the place 
where there should be cultivated farms and populous vil-' 
lages and cities instead of the lair of wild beasts and the 
hunting ground of the savage, is, of course, true in the 
providence of God, but that its original possessors were 
treated by the superior race for which it was destined in 
accordance with the precepts of the Divine Master by 
whose name we are known, is not so evident. 


All this region of country, embracing Southeastern 
Michigan and Northwestern Ohio, was similar in character 
and natural surface and presented about the same diffi- 
culties and hardships to the early settlers. These were 

16 The Maumee Valley 

not such as now meet the Klondyke adventurers, nor such 
as met the California gold seekers of '49, but those which 
were necessarily met in establishing- homes in a dense 
wilderness remote from the conveniences or even the 
necessities of civilized life, such as many of you here now 
before me yourselves met and can remember and realize 
more fully than I can describe. Houses were to be con- 
structed out of the forest, and they were by the first set- 
tlers constructed in many instances wholly from materials 
so furnished, w T ith very little and in some instances no 
others. The houses of which I have spoken, constructed 
by my father and those with him, were built in that way, 
and were very like the picture upon the book which I have 
in my hand and those which appear upon your badges. 
And they were constructed not merely for summer holiday 
pleasure seekers ; not camps for loggers — men only — but 
homes for permanent residence of delicate women and 
young children during the storms of winter and all the 
vicissitudes of the chaneme seasons. These settlers were 
there not as mere seekers after sudden wealth, not for 
"jewels of the* mine," but to make for themselves and 
their children permanent homes. Men of limited means, 
they received no donation from the government. There 
were no free homestead laws in those days, but upon 
entering their lands at the land office and paying in ad- 
vance and in gold §1.25 per acre for lands for which the 
government had pretended to pay the Indians two and 
one-half cents (out of which he had been largely swindled 
by the Indian traders) they were given a government cer- 
tificate ^of purchase, and it was these lands that these 
great-hearted men and women — many of whom have since 
gone to their eternal home, and some of whom I see before 
me here at this time — by their toil converted into cultiva- 
ted fields and comfortable homes. Roads were construct- 
ed, streams bridged, swamps drained, school houses and 
churches built, and all done in the midst of difficulties and 

Pioneer Association - 1 

privations little realized by those who are now enjoying 
the benefits who did not participate in these labors. Not 
only were there dense heavily timbered forests to be 
cleared, but alter bein^ cleared the ground was not then 
ready for the plow, as were the prairies of the far west. 
An ax was necessary to make a place for the planting of 
the corn among the roots, and many a day have I myself 
followed the man with the ax and dropped the corn when 
he had made the hole. Wheat and other grains was har- 
rowed in among the stumps, and at first mainly harvested 
with the sickle. The first field of wheat that my father 
raised was wholly harvested in that way; and alterwards, 
lor want of room to swing the cradle among the stumps, 
it was frequently necessary to use the sickle in great 
measure in harvesting. Reaping or mowing machinery 
was then unknown and would have been useless if known. 
Oxen instead of horses only were used or useful on those 
rough farms, and generally upon the roads, for several 
years after the first settlement, and all this work was car- 
ried forward under such difficulties and with such labor 
under the shadow of an ever-present malaria that like a 
cloud over-shadowed and pursued the settler with fever 
and agues and rheumatism, that would hold the strongest 
helpless often for days or weeks. 

In addition to all this was the absence of means of 
transportation. The roads had to be blazed or cut through 
forests and were then, in great part, bottomless, except 
as they were provided with corduroy, so that before pro- 
duce could be raised in the settlement, the prices of every- 
thing brought in or attempted to be brought in, were fab- 
ulous and there was no market lor anything that could be 
raised after the land had been so cleared as to raise any- 
thing upon it, and it was only by barter among themselves 
or at the village store, that their products could be dis- 
posed of. Of money there was substantially none, and 
the price of everything the farmer had to sell was very 

The Maumee Valley 

low, and ol that which he had to buy correspondingly high. 
1 have heard my lather tell of taking his pork to market 
and disposing of it at $1.50 per hundred and taking home 
with him common salt at $4 00 per barrel. Other things 
that he had to purchase were proportinate to this, sub- 
stantially, in price. 

But many and severe as were the hardships of the 
early settlers (as many of you well know) their lives 
were not wholly barren. 1 believe it was ordered by God 
in His superior wisdom and mercy, that in no situation or 
circumstances under which man is engaged in lawfully 
carrying out His purposes, is he ever wholly left without 
some gleam of His smile. These men and women were 
like ourselves, mortals, with the faults and f ailties o( our 
common humanity, but they were God-fearing men and 
women. They did not forget nor neglect His worship, 
because they were without elegant churches, costly organs 
or trained musicians, but in their groves, their log cabins, 
their barns, or. wherever they could meet together, they 
worshiped the Most High as truly and devoutly as any of 
their more favored brethren. Their children did not need 
to wait for comfortable school-houses, or trained teachers, 
but received such instruction as their fathers and mothers 
were able to give them by the light of an open fire after 
the day's work was done, and at the earliest practicable 
time thev were crathered into their loo- school houses, or 
into any other shelter that was at hand, and were placed 
under the instruction of such teachers as could be found, 
and many a young man and many a young woman went 
into the battle of life with little if any education other than 
that thus obtained. 

There was among the settlers a comradship similar 
to that felt by the soldier, such in fact, as that usually 
existing between different persons sharing in common any 
special trial, danger or hanl>hip. The latch-string — 

(many of. the younger here may not know what that 

Pioneer Association. 1!) 

means, but the older people know very well) — the latch - 
string, I say, always hung outside the door. Locks, and 
bolts, and bars, were unknown. A sleeping-place at night 
upon the floor, was all that was asked, or expected, by 
the weary traveler, but that was freely given and no ques- 
tions asked. I remember my father saying that he had 
frequently got up in the morning from his bed where he 
slept, in the back of the room, and took observations to 
ascertain how he was to reach the fire at the other end, 
without treading upon any of the sleepers. 

The neighborhood was not bounded by city blocks, 
but we considered every settler within six miles as a 
neighbor, and at every raising and every gathering at any- 
time, all the neighbors within that distance were expected 
to be present, while in time of sickness or special need, 
or distress, each one received Samaritan aid and comfort. 
Many a field was planted and many a field was harvested 
by the settler's neighbors while the owner was held in the 
grip of the dreaded fever and ague, and many a sick and 
weary housewife was visited, nursed, cared lor and reliev- 
ed of household cares by unasked aid of her more fortunate 
sisters, and the quilting bee was a well known and favorite 


These earnest men and women who have gone, and 
those of them who are with us here to-day, laid the foun- 
dations of the state and society which it is our lot to 
f 'njoy, in the enduring principles of the Fatherhood of 
God and the Brotherhood o( man — principles which will 
endure when the earth shall melt with fervent heat. To 
them we owe a debt of gratitude which I fear those o( us 
who did not participate in their labors, toils and trials can 
hut faintly realize. Indeed, standing to-day in the midst 
ol our present surroundings, it is difficult for an)' one to 
realize the changes that have been here wrought in these 

20 The Maumee Valley 

few years oi the white man's dominion in this wilderness. 

Tennyson says in Locksley Mall : 

"Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay." 

Who can tell what cycles time had run while the wild 
beast and red man held their undisputed sway ? These 
fertile lands, these magnificent forests and beautiful 
streams — all this wealth of nature with all its possibilities, 
was here waiting development by human brain and 'power, 
and yet season followed season and year followed year in 
unvarying order, but the sun in his circuit in the heavens 
looked down upon the same unchanged field, forest and 
stream. The red man was nature's child, but had no 
power to control or shape its forces to do his bidding, or 
call lorth its energies for his advance or uplift. With no 
power but his to control, "the great world would spin for 
ever down the ringing grooves of Time," and still remain 
unchanged. But fifty years of the white man's sway and 
the wilderness has been redeemed. The waste places that 
were haunts only of the wild beast, have been converted 
into happy homes. The sighing of the winds through the 
forest has given place to the hum of busy industry. In- 
stead of the Indian village with its few rude tents or huts, 
we have towns and cities — centres of civilization and 
refinement. The Indian pony has given way on land to 
the lightning express train and the steamer has taken the 
place of the bark canoe upon the waiter. 

But these years have brought changes in the men and 
women who were laborers in this great work. The 
greater number of them have ceased thrir labors here. 
Those x h^re to-day show the whitening head as, evidence 
of the changing years, but the majority is on the other 
bank of the stream. Those of us who in our youth were 
in some measure witnesses of their toils and struggles are 
fast coming to the brink, and our feet must, in the order 
of nature, at no distant time, dip into its cold waters. As 
one of these 1 am glad of this opportunity to speak in 

Pioneer Association. 

memory of the pioneer passed away and in comforting 
reminiscence to those who still remain and who are here 
before me to-day. Very few indeed of those whom I 
knew in those early days of my boyhood of which I have 
spoken are now alive, and of those whom I knew after I 
came to this county very many have passed away. Your 
records — which I have here before me — and those which 
have been read in your hearing here to-day, speak in 
loving remembrance of many ot these who were promi- 
nent and active men and women — faithful laborers in lay- 
ing the foundations of civilization in this immediate vicin- 
ity, and I cannot too heartily commend the purpose of 
this society in making mention of, preserving and perpet- 
uating the memory of those early settlers as they have 
passed and are passing away. Standing here as I do 
now, under the shadow ot this old court house, you will 
pardon me for a personal reminiscence which comes very 
vividly to my mind. It is now forty-five years since court 
was held in this old court house in which I was admitted 
to the practice of the law, and the scenes that I witnessed 
in this court house during the time that I was in the habit 
ot visiting it — coming to it frequently from Toledo, not as 
I came to-day — on an electric car— but coming on horse- 
back on the tow-path of the canal — I remember vividly 
the forms and faces in the courts of that day — forms and 
laces no longer seen in the flesh. Judge Saddler, an 
early resident, of Erie county, was then judge of the court; 
dignified and courteous, a model presiding judge upon 
die bench ; and the bar had such leaders as John Fitch, 
at that time one of the foremost lawyers of this region, 
usually engaged on one side or the other of every import- 
ant case, and for fifteen years afterwards judge of the 
court; Morrison R. Watte, afterwards prominent not only 
throughout the nation, but known throughout the world, 
and Chief Justice of the United States ; Daniel O. Mor- 
ton, tall and commanding in figure, an able lawyer, long 

22 7 he Maumee Valley 

since dead ; John C. Spink, who lived just across the 
river, but who traveled the circuit and practiced in all this 
Northwest; C. XV. Hill, the polished advocate before a 
jury ; William Baker, who has so recently died, all these 
were among the leaders of the bar, all now gone, and of 
that bar, old and young, so far as I know or believe, only 
Judge Dunlap, who sits down here before me, and Daniel 
F. Cook, of this place, remain alive. But I desire here and 
now to pay tribute to these early leaders of this bar, and to 
say that they left the stamp of their influence in their in- 
tegrity and honor in the practice of their profession which 
I trust may long remain the standard of the practice of 
the profession at this bar. 

Pleasant however as it is to dwell upon these remin- 
iscences at this time, pleasant as it is for you to meet to- 
gether to renew old associations and old friendships of 
former years, I will not detain you longer by any of my 
weak words. It is desirable that you who are here pres- 
ent and have taken part in these early scenes should often 
meet together for the purpose of reviving these recollec- 
tions, and I trust that we all, by reason of them may be 
benefitted and profited in our lives hereafter. I bid you 
good day, and may God bless you all. 

Pioneer Association. 



24 The. Maitmee Valley 




AUGUST 14, 1890 

Venerable, Honored and Esteemed Pioneers of the Great Valley of the 
Maitmee : 

From the time the great God made our great 
world out of nothing, and hungf it on nothing", and 
created man out of the earth, and did set him over 
the works of hands, and made our world a stepping 
stone to the upper world ot glory, generation has suc- 
ceeded generation and we have the pleasure and benefit 
ol mingling with the latest generation yet on record. 

From this we infer we ought to know more than the 
preceding generations, for we have the history of their 
triumphs and success, and oi their blunders and failures to 
admonish and instruct us. We ought, as a generation, to 
be better than our predecessors, for we have their history 
ot good and bad, their bad to warn us and their good to 
invite us to be good. 

Pioneers, we ought to be among the very best of our 
generation ; we have lived longer, seen more and had a 
longer space to get good and do good if the average ol 
human life be ^o 1 ^ years, if i i years of childhood before 
the line of accountability is crossed, and if i i years is 
slept away, leaving 1 1 years for active responsible life. 
But most of us have lived more than twice 33*3 years, it 
our responsibility runs parallel with our privileges, how 
tremendous our responsibility to Him whose we are. 

I came to the Maumee in 1 S43 ; the houses in Toledo 
were few and scattering ; great banks of gray earth and 

Pioneer Association. 25 

rotf ponds, where now stands fine business blocks and 
,u" dwellings. It was then the days of tallow candles ; 
ihe mothers had just laid aside the rush light for tallow 
dipped candle light ; next mould candles ; next candle fac- 
tories ; next pewter lamps and lard oil; next glass lamps 
ami coal oil; then electric light flashing and dazzling; 
,;«'xt' natural gas for light and fuel ; from light to light, 
from less to greater. How wonderful fulfillment of 
scripture. Many shall run too and fro, and knowledge 

hall increase, and so we have increased. Moral light 
also. From log school houses, where the gospel was 

•reached, to fine churches in city and country, with pulpits 
filled with better preachers and better Sabbath schools. 

Pioneers you have leveled our mighty forests, drained 
the swamps, cultivated our soil and turned the howling 
wilderness into beautiful farms and garden lands, waving 
with rich harvests, and fruit blossoming and blooming as 
the rose. You have seen banished in you day the rattle- 
snake, the wolf, the bear, the hostile Indian and the red- 
coat Briton ; 'you have killed and burred old shaking 
i^ut — may he never have a resurrection — and now all 
*>ver this beautilul valley we see here and there on a beau- 
Mul larm by the highway in a fence corner or in the field, 
in old giant oak, standing, an answer to somebody's 
prayer, "Woodman spare that tree to shelter man and 
:; >cks in storm and from the sun's scorching rays." These 
'present you, Pioneers; you are the moral oaks here and 
1:; "re, dotting the great valley, towering up as monuments 

: God's grace and preserving mercy. The tornado that 

l proQts the strong, green trees, leaves standing here and 
*here an old, dry, leafless, sapless tree. Well, the hoary 

■''•id is a crown of glory if it be tound in the way ol right- 
r °usness. 

Ten thousand human beings start out together on 

u< - s journey at the age of twenty-one years, alter ten 
K'ars one-third have dropped out of the ranks; in ten 

26 The Maumee Valley 

years more, or middle age, but half the number are on 
the road ; at three-score years but six hundren are on the 
journey; at three-score and ten perhaps two hundred 
remain; at eighty years, from twelve to twenty; at ninety 
years, six tottering pilgrims remain; at one hundred years 
one lingers, a lonely marvel, like the last leaf of a tree in 
Autumn, shivering, fluttering in the breeze; we look 
again and all are gone. 

Pioneers, iellow pilgrims, where will we be twenty- 
years hence ? Not here, above or below ! O, where, 1 ask 
where? We are out on the mighty flowing River of 
Time; the stream bears us on, we cannot anchor or halt a 
moment, we may be ship- wrecked but we cannot be de- 
layed. The river hastens to its home and to-day the roar ot 
the ocean is in our ears, every beating pulse is a tap oi 
the muffled drum beating our luneral march to our tombs; 
we ride on the wings oi the wind and every swing of the 
pendulum a soul passes into eternity. 

It is said at a party of old and young the question 
was asked which season oi life is the most happy. It was 
referred to the host, a man of eighty years old. He 
asked if they had observed a grove of trees before the 
dwelling. He said in Spring's soft air the buds covered 
with blossoms ; I think how beautiful is Spring. Summer 
comes and covers the trees with foliage and singing birds 
in the branches, anel I think how beautiful is Summer ; and 
when Autumn loads the irees with golden fruit and the 
tint of frost paint the leaves, I think how beautiful is 
Autumn ; and when sear, bleak winter comes and neither 
foliage nor fruit, I look up through the leafless branches, 
as I couid never until now, and I see the stars shine 

Yes, Springtime of life, innocent youth, is beautiful, if 
they remember their Creator in the days of their youth, 
Summer of manhood, it you are men of God and your 
powers are employed to do good, is beautiful. Autumn 

Pioneer A ssoc in Hon, 

of life, if the fruit of righteousness appear, is beautiful. 

And when the winter of death comes and the good 
look up, having brought forth fruit in old age, and not a 
cloud obscure their moral heavens, and they see the bright 
and .morning star and are ready to soar away to dwell 
with Him and the good of all worlds, how beautiful is old 
age when the hoary head is a crown of glory. 

All along this great valley the earth has been made 
drunk with the blood of our fallen heroes whose bones 
have mouldered in the soil or bleached by the rays of the 
vertical sun whose dust has flowed in the water or floated 
in the winds that swept over our great valley. We re- 
joice that they died not in vain, that as the blood of the 
martyrs was the seed of the church, so the blood of our 
fallen heroes was the seed of liberty and right. 

We rejoice that in the three great wars within the 
last eighty years with Great Britain and with Mexico, and 
with the South that victory has perched on our banners 
in each and all of those bloody wars, and the old flag 
shines brighter and brighter in the firmament of our free- 
dom. You have seen a colony struggle into national ex- 
istence and her numbers multiplied into scores of millions, 
the great eagle of liberty soared above the war cloud and 
stretched her wings from the Atlantic to the Pacific and 
horn the eastern shores to the farthest point beyond the 
Rocky Mountains. In territory we dwarfing all Europe, 
and under the shadow- of her wings is an asylum for the 
poor and oppressed of all nations, and all nations are 
flowing to it ; a nation of the greatest wealth and most 
glorious freedom, where labor is dignified and universal, 
male suffrage and education elevates all classes and now 
we have our government one nation, one union, one flag 
waving over the land of the free and the home of the 

The union of lakes, the union of hinds, 

The union of-states none can sever ; 
The union of hearts, the union of hands, 

And the flag of our union forever. — Morris. 

Mark Richardson. 

28 The Maumee Valley 








Edward Pangman Bassett, an old time abolitioinst 
and early settler in Toledo, died at his home in Toledo 
March 2, 1897, aged 78 years, four months and eight 
days. Two sons and one daughter survive him, (Mrs. 
Bassett and one son, Edward, having died some years 
ago). Lewis Bassett and Mrs. Cornelia- Bassett- Barr re- 
side in Toledo, and Charles Bassett, the eminent tenor, 
who is with the Boston Ideals. 

While Mr. E. P. Bassett has not been so well known 
in recent years owing to his retirement, he was one of To 
ledo's most prominent citizens a few years ago. 

Mr. Bassett was an early abolitionist and a close 
friend of Governor Ashley. At the outbreak of the war 
Mr. Bassett, then a well-known attorney, was the first to 
raise his voice for the preservation o( the Union. In the 
memorable rally at the old Union Depot, Monday eve- 
ning, April 15th, 1 861, just after the firing on Fort Sum- 
ter, Mr. Bassett was one of the speakers ot the occasion. 
* Mr. Bassett was well-known as a business man. He 
was one of the directors of the Toledo Street Railway 
company organized in September, 1865. He was also a 
director in the Toledo Bridge Company, which company, 
in 1864, built the first bridge across the Maumee. He 
served from 1 86 1 to 1865 as postmaster ol Toledo. He 
was a practitioner of law for 40 years. The record of his 

Pioneer Association. 20 

life and his services to his fellow men are a creditable 
heritage and should be cherished as worthy of example. 

Capt. Dowling, in speaking of Mr. Bassett, said : 
M Me was a man of sterling worth. He had a positive 
character and had warm friends and a few enemies, as 
all men ol a positive stamp must have. He was a law 
partner of Charles Kent and was prominent in Republican 

30 The Mavmee Valley 




Mrs. Pamela Berdan, widow of the late John Berdan, 
Sr., died October 9th, 1896, at the residence of Mrs., Peter 
Berdan at the advanced age of 94 years. Notwithstand- 
ing her many years, Mrs. Berdan was vigorous in both 
mind and body until a little over a year previous to her 

Mrs. Berdan was one of the oldest residents in the 
city of Toledo. In fact she came to where Toledo is 
located before the corporation was in existence, having 
located on its site with her husband in 1836, which was a 
little over a year before Toledo was incorporated. 

Mr. John Berdan, Sr., was the first mayor of the new 
town, and was a prominent citizen up to the time of his 
death, which occurred in 1841. 

Mrs. Pamela Berdan was a native of Massachusetts 
With her husband she came to Ohio from New York 
State, making the journey in a carriage, as it was before 
the days of railroads. After a short residence at Bruns- 
wick, near Cleveland, Mr. and Mrs. Berdan and their five 
children came to this part of the State. 

The children mentioned were Mr. John Berdan, Mrs. 
V. 11. Kelcham, Mr. Peter Berdan, Mrs. Buckingham, of 
Springfield, O., and Mr. George Berdan. Of the children 
only the two first mentioned survive. 

Mrs. Berdan has for many years made her home 
at the Peter Berdan residence, No. 729 Superior St. 
Mrs. Berdan was one of the charter members of the First 
Congregational church. The Rev. Dr. \V. W. Williams, 
a life-long friend of the deceased, conducted the funeral 

Pioneer Association. 31 





The limited mention of the life of Mavor Brigham, 
permissible here, could not be more properly introduced 
than by the succinct sketch found in the "Weekly Calen- 
dar of Work and Worship o( the First Congregational 
Church of Toledo," of date of December n, 1892, which 
is as follows : 




* : " l % 

' / 







/ - 



■ A 



W r ith hearty congratulations and the fraternal love 

32 7 he Maumee Vol 'ley 

of the Church, we greet our Venerable Deacon of nearly 
a hall-century, our Church Clerk for forty-six years, and 
our Heaven-kept and honored Brother ever." 

"Mavor Brig-ham — Born May 16, 1806, in West- 
moreland, Oneida County, New York." 

"Converted and united with the church (Vienna, N. 
Y.) November, 1834." 

"Removed to Toledo, May, 1835. Has been identi- 
fied with this Zion from it birth. Has been elected 46 
times as Church Clerk, and was long its Choir Master. 
Our brother has been honored by his iellow citizens as 
well as by the Church. He has been Mayor of Toledo, 
Collector ol Tolls of Ohio canals (appointment of Gov. S. 
P. Chase), member of first Board of Police Commissioners 
(appointment of Gov. Cox), member of City Council, etc., 
etc. He superintended the building of this church, and 

the high school of Toledo. He has a record of a brave 

& ■> 

and philanthropic man in anti-slavery times, and amidst 
the three cholera visitations of the city." 

Mr. Brigham's father was a native ol Fitz-William, 
Cheshire County, New Hampshire, born in 1781, whence, 
in J 789. the family removed to Westmoreland, Oneida 
County, New York. He married Amanda Spaulding in 
1803, and settled on a farm covered with forest in that 
town, which he cleared and reduced to cultivation. In 
that home, a log house roofed with bark peeled from elm 
trees, and having a single room, ihe subject of this sketch 
was born, being second of eight children, four sons and 
four daughters. School privileges there were very limited, 
the only school being one and one half miles distant, with 
bad roads intervening. As the oldest son he was charged 
with tarm work, largely to exclusion of school attendance. 
Compelled by financial embarrassment to leave the farm, 
the family removed to Vienna, same county, in 1819, on a 
farm also wholly of woods, where another log house was 
built, without window, and with blanket as substitute for 

Pioneer Association. 33 

door. In 1823 they removed to another log house seven 
miles distant. The lather's poor health soon demanded 
the entire time of the son, to the total exclusion ol school 
privileges, for three years. When 20 years old the son 
attended school for three months. 

Arriving at 2 1 years, Mr. Brigham set out in active 
life in employ of a carpenter, at $to per month; continuing 
the same for two years. In 1829 he went to Watertown, 
Jefferson County, New York, following his trade there for 
a year. In September, 1830, he was married with Miss 
Clarissa Bill, daughter of Deacon Oliver Bill, and cousin 
of Earl Bill, late Clerk of the United States Court for 
Northern Ohio. He remained in Watertown, working 
at his trade and teaching school a short time until the 
Spring of 1835, when, with his family, consisting of wife 
and one child (now Mrs. Harriet E. Beach, of Toledo), he 
started for " the West." Taking a canal-boat, he came 
to Buffalo, where he boarded the historical steamer Com- 
modore Perry, Captain David Wilkinson, for the locality 
since known as Toledo. Here he worked at his trade 
until the spring of 1838, when he contracted to build a 
church at Dundee, Mich., taking his family. While there, 
with Judge Ingersoll and Samuel Barber as partners, he 
built four and one-quarter miles of the Southern Michigan 
railroad, a branch to Dundee, which never was used. In 
the Spring ol 1840 he returned to Toledo, which he had 
regarded as his residence during his absence, continuing 
his trade here. In 1841 he engaged as repairing agent 
a * $2 per day, lor the Erie & Kalamazoo railroad, opened 
from Toledo to Adrian in 1836. 

In March, 1842, Mr. Brigham was called to his first 
S(, rious affliction, in the death of his wife, who left three 
S| nall childred, (Harriet E., Charles O., and Franklin S.,) 
the youngest but one month old. Returning with his 
children to Vienna, he remained there until Fall, the in- 
tent son meantime dying. He then returned to Toledo, 

34 The Maumee Valley 

where he remained until April, 1843. At a special elec- 
tion in January he had been elected as Justice of the 
Peace, which office he held for six years. 

In June, 1843, ^ e went to Vienna, New York, re- 
maining there until September, meantime (July 27), being 
married with Miss Malinda P. Merrell, of Westmoreland. 
Returning to Toledo he located on Huron street, and 
when not engaged in his Justice office he was busy 'at his 
trade as carpenter. In 1846 he purchased the lot now 
No. 820 Superior street, living there until 1848, when he 
purchased the location (No. 719 Walnut street), where 
for nearly fifty years was what he so justly called his 
"dear, happy home," as it was of his dear, happy family, 
from which his children successively passed to the respon- 
sibilities of active, honorable lives. 

- In 1852 Mr. Brigham was laid up in health with 
sciatica, so severe as to largely to deprive him of physical 
strength, which, with loss of his shop and tools by fire, 
compelled him to suspend his life-work and turn his atten- 
tion to other lines of business, including the Canal Collec- 
torship, hardware and stove trade and book-keeping. 
From about 1S76 until his death he was unable to pursue 
regular business o! any sort, being largely confined to his 
home, but throughout that time he greatly enjoyed the 
blessings of home life, as he did those of church and social 
relations. As so justly set forth by the church of his con- 
nection, his interest in its service never relaxed, but was 
abiding in extent of time very rarely known, thus furnish- 
ing an example worthy of emulation in coming years. 

Of his anti-slavery action it may be stated that, with 
four others, he organized, in 1833, one of the very earliest 
societies in the country for resisting the aggressions ot 
the slave-power. Being denied the use of the school- 
house in Vienna, N. Y., for such purpose, they met in a 
wagon shop. His interest in that connection never 
[lagged, he being permitted to \{\<z 32 years atter the lall 

Pioneer Association, 

of the slave-power in rebellion. As an active friend of 
temperance he was no less prominent, his interest never 
abating in that behalf, as it never did in whatever con- 
cerned the welfare of his fellow men. 

Mr. Brigham largely, and no doubt justly, attributed 
his early and life-long religious interest and activity to his 
ancestors, who for generations were devoted members of 
the church of his choice. His grandfather held the office 
of Deacon in the same for fifty years, and until his death 
in 1849, at the age of 96 years. His father held the same 
for the period of 46 years, and until his death in 1867. As 
already shown, he held that relation to the Toledo church 
(or the longer period of 51 years, making an aggregate 
service of grandfather, father and son of 147 years, the 
average being 49 years, a record probably without equal, 
and eminently worthy the high appreciation of descendants 
of such ancestry. Noticeable in this connection is the 
fact, that for the period of three years (1846- 1849) the 
representatives of the three generations were all in such 

When Mr. Brigham arrived in Toledo he united with 
the Presbyterian church, the only church organization 
there. In 1840 it was changed to the Congregational 
form, and in 1842 about one-half its membership withdrew 
and organized a Presbyterian church. Two years later 
the two were united in the First Congregational church, 
since so successfully maintained. 

Mr. Brigham closed his extended life of activity and 
usefulness January 8, 1897, leaving the partner of 54 years 
of loving association and their five children, (Stanley F. ? 
George M., William A., Frederick M. and Harry C) 
with Mrs. Beach and C. O. Brigham, already mentioned,' 
all of whom, in the providence of God, were permitted 
personally to pay parting honors to the one so largely the 
source of their welfare. The expression o( respect lor the 
memory of the deceased, both by the church of his con- 

oG - The Maumee Valley 

nection and devoted service, and the community so fami- 
liar with his personal worth, left no room lor doubt as to 
the appreciation in which he was held. While many lives 
have been made more conspicuous than was his, it is 
deemed safe to state, that comparatively few were marked 
by more uniform consideration for the welfare of others. 

Pioneer Association. 




After passing through the four-score-and-five circles 
of this life, Mrs. C. D. Dicks entered the imperceptible 
circle ol life beyond, July 27th, 1897. 

This refined and cultured lady was perhaps better 
known in Northwestern Ohio than any old resident. 
For fifty years her home has been the one place of all 
places for old-time residents ot the Maumee Valley to 
visit. Her associations with such families as the Waites, 
Youngs, Backus, Hunts, Forsyths, Hulls, Commagers, 
Champions, Moores, Spencers, Ranneys, Bostwicks, St. 
Claires, Reynolds and others, names that are familiar in 
all Northern Ohio, was kept up until one by one the 
heads of these families were claimed by the Great Reaper; 
she being privileged to be one of the very last remaining 
of that band of noble pioneer men and women. The 
younger members of these families deemed it a privilege 
to keep up the acquaintance of this lovely old lady, and, 
until her death, her correspondents were many, and at 
this advanced age her letters were spoken of as being re- 
markable for their beauty of expression, cleverness and 

Mrs Christina Darst Dicks was born November 25th, 
18 1 2, in Green County, near Dayton, O. Her parents 
were one of those fine old Southern families who came to 
Ohio in its early days. She was married to William B. 
Dicks in May, 1833, anc ^ sne » w * tn her estimable husband, 
came to Maumee in 1847. $ ne was tne mother o( three 
children, William B. Dicks, Jr., who died in 1882 at St. 
Paul, Minn., and two daughters, Mrs. Julia A. Johnson, of 

38 The Maumee Valley 

Dayton, and Mrs. Phebe C. Bachelder, of Maumee. She 
was a kind mother to her children, and received from 
them the most extravagant devotion in return for her 
years of unselfish care. Her husband, a man of wealth, 
was remarkable for his unostentatious charity and benev- 
olence. He preceded her home 22 years ago. 

She came to Maumee in its prime. She enjoyed 
social life, and was a most delightful and gracious'hostess, 
and invitations to her home were eagerly sought after. 
During the vicissitudes of the many years that have in- 
tervened, she had been very zealous in the welfare of any- 
thing pertaining to the interests of her chosen town. 


Pioneer Association. 30 




Although not a member of this Association, he was 
a prominent man in the Maurnee Valley, who had many 
warm personal friends, and whose public as well as his 
private life was a model for us all to imitate. For nearly 
or quite sixty years he made Hicksville, in Defiance 
County, his home, and died there on the 14th day of 
May, 1897. 

The following is a short sketch of his life which I re- 
ceived from him during his lifetime, and for that reason 
deem it authentic : 


12th Congressional District, Fort Wayne, Page 44. 

Alfred P. Edgerton, of Fort Wayne, Indiana, was 
born in Pittsburgh, Clinton County, New York, on the 
1 ith of January, 1813, and is the eldest son o( Bela Ed- 
gerton and Phebe Ketchum, who were married on the 24th 
of March, 181 1. His father was born in Norwich, Con- 
necticut, September 28, 1787, and was descended from 
Richard Edgerton, one of the original proprietors of Nor- 
wich. Bela Edgerton graduated at Middleburg College, 
Vermont, and early moved to Plattsburgh, Clinton County, 
New York. He was a lawyer by profession, and after 
taking up his residence at Plattsburgh was elected a mem- 
ber of the Assembly 18267-8. He died at Fort Wayne 
September 10, 1874, aged Sj years. Mrs. Edgerton was 
born on the Livingston Manor, Dutchess County, New 
York, March 27, 1790, and died at Hicksville, Ohio, 

40 . The Maumcf Valley 

August 24, 1844, and was buried at Fort Wayne. Alfred 
P. Edgerton, the son, was a graduate o( the academy at 
Plattsburgh, and became the editor of a newspaper in his 
native county in 1833 ; but in the fall of that year remov- 
ed to the city ol New York, where he engaged in com- 
mercial pursuits. In the Spring of 1837 he came to Ohio, 
and assumed the management of the extensive landed in- 
terests of the American Land Company, and of the Micks 
Land Company. At this office over 140,000 acres of land 
were sold. In 1852 Mr. Edgerton was the owner of near- 
ly 40,000 acres in Northwest Ohio, a large part since dis- 
posed of to actual settlers, towards whom a liberal policy 
was shown. All of this land, 140,000 acres, was sold 
under duplicate contracts ; the form was drawn by Benja- 
min F. Butler, who was Attorney General under President 
Van Buren, and the brother of Charles Butler, the Presi- 
dent of the American Land Company. There never was 
any change made in the form of these contracts. Deeds 
were given only when payments were made in full. Dur- 
ing Mr. Edgerton's residence at Hicksville he was actively 
engaged in developing and improving the town and its 
neighborhood In 1S45 he was elected to the State 
Senate, then comprising many able men, where he took 
an active part. Mr. Edgerton being a new member, little. 
was known or expected of him, but when Alfred Kelly, 
then the leader of the Whig party in the Senate, intro- 
duced the financial policy then favored by them, with 
kindred issues, he was opposed by Mr. Edgerton with 
force and ability. His speeches electrified the Senate by 
their accurate knowledge of the finances of the state. Mr. 
Kelly met a redoutable foeman, and the Democrats were 
all delighted with the success that their speaker had 
gained in the debate, and thenceforth he was recognized 
as their leader. The next year he was proposed and 
strongly supported by many leading Democrats as their 
candidate for Governor, In 1S50, after the close of a 

Pioneer Association. 41 

brilliant career in the State Senate, he was elected to the 
House of Representatives of the United States, and 
reelected in 1852. During his first term he was the 
second on the Committee on Claims, but in the next 
Congress was chairman. This was a very important 
committee, and involved much arduous labor. His ser- 
vices in the committee-room were of great value to the 
country, but he did not neglect his position on the floor of 
the House. In debate he was forcible, logical, pungent, 
and refined, his speeches showing great research, and be- 
ing filled with information, practical good sense and dis- 

In 1853 he was selected by the Board of Fund Com- 
missioners o( Ohio to represent the state as its financial 
agent in New York City. This was the inauguration oi 
a new policy by Ohio, of having its funds kept by its own 
agents and within its own control. In 1856 he was chair- 
man of the Committee of Organization of the National 
Democratic Convention, held that year in Cincinnati. In 
1^59 he was one of a committee appointed by the Legis- 
lature of Ohio to investigate the frauds in the state treasury. 
He made an elaborate report, which was accepted by the. 
public as a full exposition of the frauds and their authors. 
In 1857 he removed to Fort Wayne, but retained his citi- 
zenship in Ohio till 1862. In 1859 in conjunction with 
Hugh McCulloch, since Secretary of the Treasury, and 
"liny Hoagland, he became a lessee of the Indiana Canal, 
from the Ohio state line to Terre Haute, assuming the 
position of general manager, and controlled the business 
until 1868. In 1868 he was nominated by the Democratic 
Mate Convention as their candidate for Lieutenant-gover- 
nor, on the same ticket as Thomas A. Hendricks as Gov- 
ernor, but the ticket was defeated by less than a thousand 
Vn tes. In 1S72 he was nominated for Governor by the 

onor Democrats, but declined in an able and dignified 

I y r 


; tter addressed to the chairman of the convention. He 

42 The Mmtmee Valley 

concluded by saying ; "I therefore shall vote the ticket 
with Mr Hendricks at its head, and I earnestly hope that 
all Democrats in the state will do likewise." He has been 
called by his friends to fill many minor positions. He 
was a delegate from Ohio to the Baltimore Convention in 
1848, and from Indiana to the Chicago Convention in 
1864. He has been an active and efficient member and 
president of the school board in Fort Wayne for 'many 
years, and whatever places he has occupied he has filled 
with complete satisfaction to those who have conferred 
them upon him and with honor to himself. In private life 
he is an excellent, accomplished and genial gentleman. 
He is one of the best and most successful business men 
of the state, and is a prominent favorite, and respected 
citizen. He was married to Charlotte Dixon February 9, 
1 84 1 at Columbus, Ohio. She was the daughter of 
Charles Dixon and was born near Middletown, Connecti- 
cut, June 1, 1 Si 8, and they have six children — three sons 
and three daughters — all married, Their present resi- 
dence in Hicksville, built by Mr. Edgerton, is the first 
frame residence built in the township. Mr. Edgerton's 
legal residence is in Fort Wayne, Indiana, where he has 
resided since 1859. — occupying at times both homes. In 
November, 18S5. Mr. Edgerton was appointed one of the 
United States Civil Service Commissioners and became 
president of the Commission. After his retirement from 
the Civil Service Commission he removed to Hicksville, 
to his old home where his wife died a few years ago. 

At a Lincoln Banquet held at Hicksville on Lincoln's 
birthday, February 12th, 1894, Mr. Edgerton w r as present 
and responded to the toast "Lincoln as President." Mr. 
L. E. Griffin in his introduction of Mr. Edgerton, voiced- 
the feelings of the people of Hicksville, which I quote. 
After announcing ihe above toast he says: 

11 To respond to this toast I have the pleasure of an- 
nouncing to you our own townsman. For more than half 

Pioneer Association. 43 

a century almost the same roof that now shelters him, has 
sheltered him, and during that time a generation has come 
and gone. Let it be said of him and in honor ot him, 
publicly and in his own hearing, that his life, his example, 
his integrity, his honor and h's citizenship have been a 
boon to this community and this people. 

"' Whether 'he was in private life, or whether he was 
in the highest causes of the nation, or whether he was the 
umpire between the spoilsmen of his own party, the peace 
keeper of the opposition party, or the mugwump astride 
of the fence, or whether he held his voting place in an- 
other state, Hicksville has persistently claimed him as her 
foremost citizen, unwilling" to share that honor with 
others. He needs no introduction. " 

His funeral was largely attended at Hicksville, Sun- 
day the 1 6th, the proceedings of which are too lengthy for 
this sketch. The last funeral rites were held in the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church at P'ort Wayne, Indiana, and his 
mortal remains found a resting place in Lindenwood cem- 
etery with his father and mother, and wite and two broth- 
ers, Lycurgus and Joseph K., both ot whom died suddenly 
away from home and were brought to Fort Wayne lor 


1'he Maumee Valley 

■''■ ' i 

Pioneer Association. 45 




Col. John Faskin died at his home at 106 Melrose 
avenue, Sunday night, Ma)' 9th, 1897, at I2 o'clock. He 
had been confined to his bed but a week, and only for a 
few days had his condition been regarded as serious. 

Deceased left a wiie and six grown children. 

The funeral services were held Wednesday at 2 130 
P. M. 

Col. Faskin, besides being known as a most highly 
esteemed citizen, had a brilliant military record. 

He was born in i\berclee$shire, Scotland, September 
20, 1821. On reaching manhood he became a member 
of the 93d Highland Regiment, where he served for nine 
years as drill sergeant. Being assigned to Quebec he 
there met Miss Mary McMillan, and on September 25, 
1846 they were united in marriage. 

Purchasing his discharge, he came to the United 
States, and, in 1854, settled in Toledo. For 35 years he 
was well known here as clerk for Whittaker & Phillips, 
hardware dealers. 

-At the outbreak of the civil war, he volunteered as 
adjutant of the 67th Ohio Regiment. His former military 
service came in good turn, and his ability was soon recog- 
nized. He resigned from the 67th Regiment, May 26, 
'862, and in June of the same year accepted a position as 
lieutenant colonel of the 87th Ohio. 

Later in the war he served as lieutenant colonel ol 
the 130th Ohio Regiment. He was an excellent decip- 
linarian, and did valiant service in the numerous battles 
in which his command was engaged. 

46 The Maumce Valley 

As a citizen he was most highly esteemed. He was 
a member of the Toledo Post G. A. R. and of Command- 
ery No. 7, Knights Templar. Being a Scotchman, he 
was naturally interested in sports of Scotland. He was 
at one time an enthusiastic curler, and was known as the 
father ol the Burns Curling Club, of which organization 
he was an honorary member at the time of his death. 

Col. Faskin had not been well for a number of years. 
Chronic malaria and other diseases contracted in the 
service told on his system. About one week previous to 
his death he took to his bed, and the end came not 

His wife, five daughters and one son were at his bed 
side. The children are Mrs. George W. Fague, Mrs. 
William Midlam, Mrs. J. C. Harlin, Miss Maggie Faskin, 
Mrs. N. Craig and James A. F"askin. 

Mr. and Mrs. Faskin celebrated their golden wedding 
in September, 1896. 

Dr. S. F. Forbes, who was associated with Colonel. 
Faskin during the war, has paid this glowing tribute to 
him as a soldier and citizen: "He was a splendid drill- 
master and organizer, and his ability was recognized by 
the adjutant general. He had unflinching courage in the 
field, and while a strict disciplinarian, no one lelt that he 
was unjust or was asking any hardship of "his men that he 
would not endure himsell. His knowledge, judgment 
and discretion when under fire, secured for him the high- 
est confidence of his men and other officers. 

"As a citizen, his life has been most exemplary. No 
man w T as better known in Toledo 25 years ago, and none 
were more highly respected." 

Pioneer Association. 47 



This old, long-experienced and very capable lake 
mariner died at his home 3368 Cherry street, on Saturday 
evening August 14th, 1897, at 6 150 o'clock. 

Calvin Herrick, one of the oldest living lake cap- 
tains in this section, was a son of James S., and Martha 
(Sharpsteen) Herrick, and was born in Richmond, On- 
tario County, New York, January 19th, 1819. In 1823 
his parents came to Ohio and settled at Maumee. .His 
father carried on his trade, (blacksmithing). Shortly 
after they moved to Waterville, but while the subject of 
this sketch was quite a lad his parents returned to New 
York and settled in Livingston County. Here young 
Herrick remained until 16 years of age when he came to 
Perrysburg and assisted his brother Elijah in transporting 
merchandise by team from that place to Providence. In 
1837 ne commenced his career in lake navigation by en- 
tering the employ of Capt. Curtice Perry, on the schooner 
Caroline, with whom he sailed until 1845 — tne ^ ast two 
years as mate. In 1845 he was made captain of the 
schooner Kentucky, owned by Mr. D. B. Smith, (now 
secretary of the Toledo Produce Exchange), a position 
he held for a year and a half. For two years following 
he was mate of the propeller Clobe, commanded by Capt. 
Henry Whitmore. 

He was again selected by Mr. D. B. Smith to com-, 
mand the schooner Alvin Bronson, owned by him, in 
which position he remained two years. In 1S52 he be- 
came captain of the propeller Henry A. Kent, which he 
successfully commanded until she was destroyed by fire 

48 The Maumee Valley 

May 1 8, 1854. Following this date he commanded the 
propeller Scioto for two years. He brought out the pro- 
peller Potomac and commanded her lor a length of time. 
In 1856 the marine insurance companies along the lakes 
formed a board of lake underwriters for mutual protec- 
tion, and employed men in the different divisions of their 
territory to inspect vessels and report their condition. 
Capt. Herrick was employed by this board as marine in- 
spector, his district extending irom Toledo to Cleveland. 
This position he held for several years, and subsequently 
acted in a similar capacity for the fire and marine and To- 
ledo insurance companies. For many successive years 
appointed harbormaster by the city council, a position he 
filled most acceptably. 

Capt. Herrick was married December 3, 1846, to 
Margaret Van Fleet, daughter of Jared Van Fleet, an 
early settler in Lucas county. Seven children have been 
born to them, (our of whom are now living, the others 
having died in infancy. The living children are Thomas 
C, Mattie E., now the wile of Elmer Shields; Clara, 
wife of Charles Beard; and Anna, wife of John Svvigart. 

Capt, Herrick retired from business about 25 years 

He lived an honorable, conscientious life, and in all 
his relations with his fellow-men proved worthy o( trust 
and confidence. 

The funeral services were conducted at the family 
residence by Rev. Mr. Bethards, of St. John's M. E. 
church. The remains were laid to rest in Forest cemetery. 

'Pioneer Association. 49 

- 1 



50 The Maumee Valley 




This Association desires to put on record the ex- 
pression of its sincere sorrow at the passing- away from 
earth, May ioth, 1897, of one of its leading associate 
members. Reuben B. Mitchell, of Maumee City, a long- 
time member of our Association, has been suddenly called 
from his earthly cares and duties to a higher life. Our 
friend was the most genial of gentlemen, and popular in 
all his relations with us and all with whom he came in 
contact. His business career has been long and varied, 
but always a successful and honorable one. First a large 
foundry and next milling and banking. A milling and 
grain business occupied his chief attention. His inter- 
course with all men has been marked by integrity and 
fidelity to his engagements. Under present estimates ot 
the length of human life, he had not attained to a very 
ripe age, and left us at the age of 67. It is the close of 
an upright and honorable life, and one worthy our imita- 
tion, and most heartily do we deplore his loss from our 
Association. A long residence on this river has endeared 
him to a wide circle of friends, who will equally mourn 
with us. His wife and four children survive him. 

Pioneer Association. 51 



Joseph Ralston was born in Hanover, Dauphin 
County, Pa., June 20th, 181 8. His parents were both 
Pennsylvanians by birth. He was the oldest ot a family 
ol ten children. In 1824 his parents moved to Lebanon, 
Lebanon County, in the same state, where he attended 
the Lebanon academy, graduating from that institution in 
1 83 1 . In March, 1832, he, with his parents, started for 
Ohio, and alter 17 days' travel overland arrived at Mas- 
silon, Ohio, on the 10th day of April and soon alter set- 
tled on a farm near by, where his parents died — his father 
August 10th, 1858, his mother May 30th, 1868. Joseph 
assisted on the farm until the age of 18, when he com- 
menced teaching school, and continued at that vocation 
six years June 23rd, 1839, he was married to Anna E. 
Shorb, of Stark County, Ohio, whose parents were born 
in Maryland, and immigrated to Stark County in 1820. 
Mrs. Ralston was also one of a family of ten children. 
Mr. Ralston remained in Stark County about three years 
after his marriage, when he concluded to seek his fortune 
in the West. Accordingly in October, 1843, ^ e and his 
family, consisting of his wife and son, took passage on a 
canal boat on the Ohio canal at Massilon, for Cleveland, 
and there embarked on the old steamer Superior for To- 
ledo. Here they took passage on the canal boat Red 
Lion ior Defiance, arriving there October 10, 1843. Here 
he met an old acquaintance, S. P. Cameron, who induced 
him to settle in Washington township, where Georgetown 
is now located, and occupied a small log cabin on the land 
ot Mr. Cameron until he could secure a place for his 

The Maumee Valley 

future home, which he did by selecting 80 acres of land in 
Tiffin township, on the bank of Mud Creek, being the 
first settler on that stream, fie commenced the clearing 
of the forest preparatory to putting up a house, which in 
those days was quite an undertaking, owing to the scarcity 
of help which had to come irom two to six miles. The 
season was an exceedingly wet one which proved quite a 
hindrance, as he had to gather his help five times, but 
after a time he succeeded and moved into it, and was 
*' monarch of all he surveyed." for his neighbors were 
neither near nor plenty, the nearest being two miles on 
the North, four on the South, lour miles on the East, and 
on the West the forest was unbroken for twenty miles. 
After clearing part ol this farm, putting up a hewed log 
house, (which is in good condition yet), setting out an or- 
chard, carrying the trees on his back six miles, and making 
several improvements, he sold out in 1850, and in 1851 
moved to Defiance and purchased the place which is still 
the family residence. Here he engaged in a general 
merchandising and produce business. Mr. Ralston filled 
several public offices during his time. In i860 he was 
elected Justice of the Peace. In 1863 appointed by the 
government Assistant Assessor of Internal Revenue for 
the Tenth Collection District, and Deputy Collector of 
Revenue thereafter. 

Mr. Ralston made a success of life, accumulating 
many acres of land, owning about a section of land at the 
time of his death, which occurred October 22nd, 1895. 
Of a family of seven children, Mrs. Ralston and three 
children survive him. 

Pioneer Association. 53 




BY N. B. C. LOVE, D. D. 

Only a few pioneers were found in the Maiimee Val- 
ley at the commencement of the 19th century. Those 
who came during the first half of this century were from 
homes of intelligence and morality, either in the Father- 
land or the Eastern States. Mark Richardson was one 
of this number, bringing with him refinement, knowle'dge 
and morality. He" was naturally an extraordinary man 
with profound convictions. He was born in the Emerald 
Isle and came in his early manhood to America and set- 
tled in Perrysburg, Ohio, in 1843, and from thence to 
Maumee City in 1849, where he lived respected by his 
fellow citizens to his death, February 22nd, 1897. 

He was a tanner by trade, and for many years he con- 
ducted an extensive business, and during all this time he 
unproved his spare moments in reading and study, and 
on the Sabbath Day preaching the gospel. During the 
last twenty-five years the most of his time was given to 
the work of the ministry, sustaining to the M. E. church 
the relation of local elder, and serving in the regular pas- 
torate under the supervision of the presiding elder. 

He preached first in Wood County in 1846, and in 
Miami in 1847. His last church was at Detroit Avenue 
church, Toledo, a most difficult charge to serve, yet he, of 
«ill who served it, was the most successful. He was 82 
> f -ars of age, and last January he and his excellent 
wile celebrated the 59th anniversary of their wedding. 

54 ■ The Maumee Valley 

Eleven children came to their home, two of whom 
died in infancy, and the nine surviving were with him in 
the hours of his departure. 

Mark Richardson's demeanor and appearance carried 
the conviction of his dignity and superiority, and yet such 
were benignity of his countenance and the kindness of his 
manner that the humblest found him a friend. He was 
reliable. His word could be depended on and his friend- 
ship had the God-like element of continuity. He despised 
all shams. Time servers in church or state were in abomi 
nation. He was not ashamed to own that he had a con- 
science, nor did he hesitate to act up to his convictions ot 
duty. He was, however, broad and had great-charity for 
those who honestly, in any way, differed from him. The 
welfare of others delighted him and any promotions or 
successes of his brothers seemed to give him pleasure. 

He was familiar with distress and often was found in 
the homes of the suffering. 

In the days of his physical vigor he was not surpassed 
in the Maumee Valley as a pulpit orator. His voice was 
reasonant and far reaching, his articulation distinct and 
his language ready and appropriate. His illustrations 
were original and happily selected and effective, his doc- 
trine sound and his views of life hopeful and far reaching, 
orthodox yet liberal. For half a century he took an act- 
ive part in the affairs of the church and the county. 

His knowledge of the Bible and of the best literature 
of the day was remarkable. His memory was compre- 
hensive and accurate. He was a patriot. During the 
war of the rebellion his voice was often heard in favor ol 
union and liberty. He was the friend of the poor and 

But the end came. Life dropped the distaff quickly 
and the silver chord was loosed ; then as the light of the 
morning shone upon his stricken form, an angel escort 
conducted him into the light of the eternal day. 

Pioneer Association. 55 

His funeral was largely attended and was in charge 
of his pastor, Rev. A. Hopkins, who preached an appro- 
priate sermon, 2 Samuel 3 ; 38, " Know ye not that there 
is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel. " 
The singing was led by Rev. Mr. Casey. Dr. P. P. Pope 
pronounced an eloquent eulogy, and the closing prayer 
by Dr. J. M. Avann. 

The following ministers were present: Revs. J. R. 
Colgan, J. H. Bethards, F. L. Wharton, D. H. Bailey, J. 
W. Donnan, T. J. Pope and O. Wagner. 

The preachers meeting of Toledo, Ohio, took action 
upon his death, appointing as a committee Dr. N. B. C. 
Love and Rev. J. W. Donnan, who reported as follows : 

" We recognize the fact that in the death of Rev. 
Mark Richardson the church has lost one of its ablest 
men, and the memory of him shall not perish. 

'■ Resolved, That an expression of the sympathy of 
the ministers of this association be extended to the be- 
reaved wife and children in this, their said bereavement. 

" Resolved, That this report and action of the asso- 
ciation be recorded in the minutes of the association. " 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

fifi The Maumee Valley 




Alfred Thurstin, Bowling Green's aged first settler, 
died at 8 o'clock on the morning of April 2 rst, 1897, at 
the age of 91 years, after a residence of over 60 years on 
the land now occupied by the eastern half ot the city. It 
has been granted to but few men to witness the changes 
that came to Thurstin's vision through these long 63 
years. In 1834 he entered the 80 acres now comprised 
within a portion of Bowling Green. In 1834 he built his 
cabin on the spot now occupied by the Sentinel building. 
He then returned to the East to get his bride. During 
the winter the two or three families living in this vicinity 
pre-empted the vacant cabin for the first school held in 
Bowling Green. In the spring Mr. Thurstin returned 
and has ever since resided here, an honored citizen and a 
venerated pioneer. He was born April 20th, 1806, in 
Chenango County, New York, and was married February. 


Alfred Thurstin's pioneer life in Wood County was 
beset by all the difficulties and hardships which life in the 
wilderness usually presents. From early life he quietly, 
yet persistently proceeded to conquer all obstacles which 
hard work could conquer. No man possessed in greater 
degree, the virtue of patient persistence. He opened two 
farms in central Wood county, and except the help of his 
growing family, did it without aid. Whatever he has 
accumulated is the result of his conquest over nature's 
opposing forces. 

He belonged to a race of pioneers, long-lived, inde- 

Pioneer Association. 57 

pendent, resourceful and above and beyond all, persistent. 
With him, display provoked contempt. He loved to live 
near to nature in an unostentatious, patient, honest man- 
ner. He has a record of a very protracted and useful 
life.. January nth, 1888, he was married to Mrs. Martha 
S. Van Tassel, who survives him. 


7 h e M a u m ee Valley 




Wednesday, just as the sun had passed its .zenith, 
and with the balm of soft spring- air coming in at the win- 
dows, a long and weary illness terminated, and a life 


Pioneer Association. 

which had been filled with love and affection and gentle- 
ness for all within its touch, came to an earthly end, when 
Mrs. V. \V. Granger fell asleep. 

Born among the hills of Vermont four and sixty years 
ago, Emeline Frances Dodge wedded with her husband, 
who today mourns her departure, when nineteen, and the 
young couple set up their household at that early day in 
Toledo, where they have passed the nearly half century 
intervening. To them three children were born, one, Mrs. 
John B. Ketcham, 2d, passing on some years since, while 
two remain, Mrs. Rowland Starr and Mr. V.W. Granger, Jr. 

Quiet and unostentatious, Mrs. Granger held her 
friends close to her in the details of a pure and loving life. 
In church work she was always among the foremost while 
health remained, and Trinity knew no more faithful or 
conscientious communicant. Not given to self-advance- 
ment, but ever willing to yield her service in all good and 
helpful endeavors, she filled the measure of her life with 
kindly acts and tender, aidful deeds, and leaves behind a 
memory fragrant with all that makes life worth living, and 
which having lived, death has no terrors for those called 
away. Within the past year Mrs. Granger has suffered 
the attacks of an insidious disease, whose assaults all skill 
and wisdom and care of loving, devoted family and friends, 
could not withstand. Enduring a severe surgical opera- 
tion the past winter, it was fondly hoped that the inevitable 
for mortals might be postponed, and the devoted wile and 
mother spared yet for many goodly years. But her feeble 
strength was insufficient to withstand the ordeal, and her 
decline has since been continuous, until she was involved 
in the common fate of her race. The obsequies were held 
at the family residence FYiday, and then the wife and- 
mother was laid away in Forest cemetery, mourned most 
by those who knew her. 

CO The Valley 




Mr. Luther Whitmore, of East Toledo, died at his 
residence at seven o'clock on the evening of July 12th, 
1897, after a long- illness. He was one of the early mem- 
bers of our Association, and one ol the oldest residents on 
this river. His age, at his passing away was a little more 
than 87. 

Mr. Whitmore was born in Millbury-, Mass., May 18, 
1 8 10, and came to Wood County when he was but 15 
years of age. He located at Waterville, and later moved 
to Perrysburg. In 1834 he purchased a tarm of 123 acres 
located in Wood County. The Wood County line was 
changed, thus leaving 23 acres of his land in Lucas 
County. The line was changed in 1836, and he has re- 
sided in the same place since that date. 

He left five children : Mrs. Henry Wood, who re- 
sides in Michigan; Mrs. Robert Chamberlain, Elijah, 
Chester and Warren, all of whom reside in this city. His 
wile died several years ago. 

Deceased was a man of ambition and energy, and 
watched with interest the growth of the East Side since 
his residence there. In the early days he built a large 
dock on the river bank, and engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness. He was fond of relating his business experiences 
of the days of old, and was very proud of the advance of 
civilization. His counsel and advice was much sought 
after by the younger residents, and he commanded the 
largest respect from all. 

Our friend was well known to the old residents as a 
man of spotless character and a genial, pleasant disposi- 

Pioneer Association. 61 

tion. He has not been an attendant on our meetings of 
late years, and generally on account of failing health. 

He was buried from the Memorial Baptist Church oi 
which he had been an active member. 

62 The Maumee Valley 




On Monday, July 5, 1897, at tne residence of his 
daughter, Mrs. B, E. Bullock, the Hon. John R. Osborne 
passed away, ripe in years and with a record for goodly 
deeds that will long survive his taking off. For a score o( 
years, before bodily ailments compelled his retirement to 
a life of quiet, he had been prominent as a lawyer and an 
active participant in the work of advancing and upbuild- 
ing the interests of Toledo, He was ever earnest in the 
advocacy of a cause that commened itself to him. There 
survive him six children, as follows: Major Hartwell Os- 
borne, of Evanston, 111.; J. R. Osborne, of Buffalo; Mrs. 
J. L. Beach, of Brooklyn; Mrs. \V. \V. Ainsworth, Mrs. 
L. Cralts and Mrs. B. E. Bullock, of Toledo. 

Mr. Osborne was born in Columbus, O., April 1st, 1813. 
He went' to the Ohio University, at Athens, O., in 1827, 
and graduated therefrom in 1 83 r . He studied law in Cir- 
cleville and Columbus, and in the fall of 1832 went to Lex- 
ington, Ky., entering the law department of Transylvania 
University. Upon completing his course he settled at 
Norwalk and formed a law partnership with a gentleman 
named Parrish. 

He came to Toledo in October, 1837, anc ^ formed a 
partnership with Judge Myron Tilden, late of Cincinnati. 
Their first office was located on the corner of Laoran^e 
and Superior streets, where now stands the residence of 
Dr. Samuel Thorn. 

In 1839 Mr. Osborne married Elizabeth Phinney Hart- 
well, of Circleville, following which he returned to Nor- 

Pioneer Association. 


walk, and was treasurer of the Wabash railroad until 1858, 
when he came again to Toledo to resume the practice of 
law. He associated himself with General Wager Swayne, 
now ol New York, and upon General Swayne's removal 
from, Toledo, entered into a partnership with his nephew, 


Mr. Alex. L. Smith. His sight began to fail about four- 
teen years ago, which forced him to give up active work, 
hut he continued in the harness. About seven years ago 
he was stricken with paralysis and retired from the scenes 
diat had known him so long. He was earnest and ac- 

64 The Maumee Valley 

tive — so long- as strength permitted — in the work of 
Christian advancement, both at home and abroad. He 
was one of the organizers of the Adams Street Mission 
and of Westminster Presbyterian church — of this latter he 
was an active member up to the time that his physical in- 
firmities debarred him. His services as elder and as a 
prominent attendant at all the stated meetings of his 
church are a sacred memory. He at times represented 
the Maumee Presbytery in the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian church, in which he was always assigned and 
performed honored work — and his character as a Christian 
gentleman and a Christian worker in the city of Toledo 
was one of the noblest. His time, his talents and his 
money were always freely given in behalf of every good 
work, no matter whether under the auspices of his own 
well loved church or not. He was active in the organiza- 
tion and was the first president of the Soldiers' Memorial 
Association of Toledo. He was an esteemed citizen, 
whose taking off will occasion a feeling of deep regret in 
the hearts of all who knew him and his works. To 
quote the words of Rev. S. G. Anderson, who conducted 
the funeral service : "No words of mine can pay the tribute 
the world owes the example left by this man. His life is 
an eulogy in itself, and nothing I could say would half 
express what such a life, as this friend lived each day 
means to those who knew him. He left to us all a mem- 
ory never to be forgo-tten as the years go by, and a beau- 
tiful example oi Christian character." 

Pioneer Association. 05 



Another of the comparatively early residents of the 
Valley has exchanged the earthly for the life eternal. 
Samuel M. Young-, Esq., passed away on the first of Jan- 
uary, 1807, at the ripe age of 90 years. He was born at 
Lebanon, New Hampshire, December 29th, 1806. I have 
said above that he was a comparatively early pioneer, and 
that expression is used to denote the contrast between the 
immigrants hither from 181 5 to the period of the greatly 
increased population beginning about 1830. 

Mr. Young arrived at the shore of the Maumee river 
in 1834. He was ferried across to Miami in the horse 
boat where he met Mr. Hubbell, who was then a hotel 
keeper in a brick residence on the bank of the river a lit- 
tle above Fort Miami. The result of that acquaintance 
was an en°;ao-ement as school teacher, for his intellectual 
capabilities and preparation for the law represented all 
the capital of the youthful New Englander. Mr. Young's 
immigration to the West was one of thousands, and illus- 
trated a simple problem, that the young men of New Eng- 
land were increasing more rapidly, at that period, than 
could find profitable employment in the slow growth of its 
commerce and traffic. No railways had been projected 
* ( > develop resources, enhance values and increase the 
elements for popular support. The West is greatly in- 
debted to New England for great numbers of brio-fit 
1? k1 capable young men like Mr. Young, who have 
damped their home characteristics of enterprise, industry, 
economy and thrift upon their newly chosen vicinities. 

60 The Maumee Valley 

But few of these immigrants equaled the subject of this 
memoir in the equipments of intellectual and physical 
capability. His was a tall, athletic and manly form, with 
a mind far exceeding the average, and thoroughly trained 
by education and the study ol his profession. It was a 
bright and important accession to the population of his 
adopted city. He was soon chosen County Auditor at 
the organization of this county. At the same time he 
opened a law office where he began the practice of his 
profession. In 1S38 Morrison R. Waite also came to 
Maumee, and after the study of law with Mr. Young, the 
firm of Youncr & Waite was organized, and at once the 
firm became one of the leading law firms on the river. In 
1852 the firm opened an office in Toledo, as the county 
seat had been removed thence. In 1855 ^ ir - Young em- 
barked in the banking business in Toledo, and soon after 
retired from his law practice. In i860 he purchased the 
square between 13th and 14th streets, with its residence, 
to which he made important additions and where his lite 
was closed. 

Our friend was largely identified with the organiza- 
tion of the Cleveland & Toledo and the Columbus cc 
Toledo Railways. In connection with Mr. A. L. Backus 
he built a lar^e orain elevator and was connected with the 
grain commission business (or years. He was associated 
with others in the building of the.Boody House hotel, and 
was the president of the company. He had large and 
important interests in the Toledo Gas Company and was 
its president for years. During most of this period and 
until a lew years belore his death he continued the bank- 
ing business here. The grasp of his mind was illustrated 
by his ordaining success in all these enterprises. Under 
the outward signs of a quiet unci unostentatious manner 
our friend developed capacities of mind of the highest 

xA long life like that of Mr. Young in one community 

Pioneer Association. 67 

leaves upon it an index and impression of character. It is 
a source of satisfaction to recall some of these elements 
developed by him. He was a reticent but thoughtful man, 
and capable of originating and studying out his own plans 
of life. His patience and charity for those with whom he 
differed was a marked trait. While endowed with the 
New England habit of investigating the charities that ap- 
pealed to him, his gifts to them and the church were gen- 
erous. No meanness characterized him. He was a noble 
and worthy son of an eminent and influential New Hamp- 
shire family. Of late years he had retired from the ac- 
tivity which had signalized his life on the river, and while 
the world's affairs move on uninterruptedly without him, 
great numbers who knew and marked well his life and 
worth are now sorrowing at his passing away. 

GS The Maumee Valley 


Mrs. Young came to Maumee as a child in 1825 and 
grew up there to womanhood. She was married at an 
early age to Samuel M. Young, Esq., a young attorney oi 
that village, who had immigrated there from New Hamp- 
shire. The family resided at Maumee until i860 when 
they removed to Toledo, and into the residence where her 
earthly life was ended. She was the mother ot six child- 
ren, but the discipline of great sorrow was hers in the loss 
of lour of them, two in early life and two in a matured and 
splendid manhood, and again in the death of her husband, 
with whom she had lived nearly 56 years. For a long 
period Mrs. Young has been a social leader in Toledo. 
and her gracious and cordial hospitality was a charm to all 
who were privileged to participate in it. Her influence 
was of a quiet nature but was always ranged on the side 
of what was purest and best in our social and religious 
life, and the close of her career is a distinct and positive 
loss. How well and faithfully and lovingly she has ful- 
filled the duties of wife, mother and devoted Christian. 

Mrs. Young passed away on the 8th of June, 1897, a 
little more than five months after the death of her hus- 
band. One by one the early residents are removed from 
our earthly sight. The ranks have been largely depleted 
in the present year. 

Pioneer Association. 09 



Dudley G. Saltonstall died at his residence, 809 
Washington street, Toledo, at 4 o'clock Monday morn- 
ing, August 9. 1897. The cause of death was old age. 


Mr. Saltonstall was born in Philadelphia 89 years 
a go, but, at an early age, went to Litchfield, Conn. He 

70 The Manmee Valley 

came as far west as Cleveland with T. P. Handy, a banker, 
and in '42 moved to this city, where he engaged in the 
grain business. He built the first elevator in Toledo, and 
owned one of the first line of canal boats, as a member o( 
the firm of E. Haskell & Co. 

Mr. Saltonstall was the father of Victor Saltonstall, 
who was accidentally drowned a lew weeks ago while on 
his way to Put-in-Bay. The surviving children are' Dud- 
ley E., Gurdon Winthrop, William Herbert and Richard. 
The funeral occurred Wednesday, August 11, at 2 o'clock, 
from the Church of Our Father, Rev. A. G. Jennings offi- 

Toledo business men keenly lelt the loss of Mr. Sal- 
tonstall. He was closely identified with the commercial 
life of Toledo for over half a century. In the 50s he was 
a member oi the dry goods firm of William Bowles & Co., 
remaining with them until 187 1, when he and O. S. Bond 
established the Merchants and Clerks' Savings Bank. He 
continued with the bank for twenty years, and Mr. O. S. 
Bond, who was intimately associated with him, pays the 
deceased a high tribute for his sterling integrity, upright 
life and conscientious business methods. Mr. Saltonstall 
was an example of the rare truth that one may live beyond 
the allotted span, but need never grow old. His hair was 
white a score ot years ago; his step grew feeble in these 
later days, but the one trait of his personality that was 
prominent was the perennial youthfulness of his heart. 

Pioneer Association. 





David S. Wilder was born in 1S13 in Winchendon, 
Worcester County, Mass., and was the son of Abel Wil- 
der, Mr. D., and Fanny Richardson, his wife, both ol Wor- 


tester County. He married Chloe H Verry, of the same 

72 The Maxnnee Valley 

County, in March, 1837, and their golden wedding eleven 
years ago was an. event very pleasantly remembered by 
their large circle of friends both at home and abroad. Dr. 
Wilder, his father, was a prominent man in his day — a 
staunch Abolitionist when such men were in a small mi- 
nority and needed all the courage of their convictions — an 
associate of Garrison and Phillips and a whole-souled phil- 
anthropist. His eldest son, David, inherited many of his 
sterling qualities. Whole-souled and liberal and interested 
in the early growth of Toledo, he has helped by his efforts 
and with his means to make our city what it is to-day. 

He came to Toledo in June, 1851, and was an active 
business man for many years, retiring from business more 
than twenty years ago, but has kept an interest in all pub- 
lic affairs, and with his wonderful memory and his clear, 
well stored mind, has been one of the few left to this gen- 
eration who could recall the early history of this century, 
so wonderful in its progress and development. 

Pioneer Association. 





Chloe Holbrook Verry Wilder was born in March, 
1 8 1 6, in Mendon, (now Blackstone) Worcester County, 


Her parents, Foster Verry and Rachael Holbrook, 

74 The Jlfaumee Valley 

belonged to old and staunch New England families, whose 
descendants have helped to make our glorious state of 
Ohio one of the foremost in the Union in everything re- 
lating to the progress and elevation of mankind. A de- 
voted member ot Trinity church in its early history, promi- 
nently identified with all its charities and its social life, 
and unselfish in her devotion to everything that could 
promote the happiness of her family and the welfare of 
those who looked to her for assistance — the few old friends 
who are now left will recognize that this is but a feeble 
tribute to her sterling character and helpful life. Calm 
and unselfish when the hand of affliction has been laid 
heavily upon her — a devoted wile, mother, grandmother, 
and now a great-grandmother — her love goes out to all 
with the same unselfishness, and all those bound to her 
by the ties of blood or friendship feel that her life is an 
example and an inspiration. 

In the calm enjoyment ot their more than four score 
years, she and her worthy husband, surrounded by " Ev- 
erything that should accompany old age, " a connecting 
link between " the world that hardly seems our own " 
to-day, so wonderful have been its changes, and a re- 
minder that a life spent in the fulfillment of life's duties 
brings a blessing to all and influence for all time. 

Pioneer Association. 75 




Since our last annual meeting at Antwerp, one of our 
oldest and most worthy members has been called to his 
final rest. 

Judge Socrates C. Cately was born in the town of 
New Haven, in Oswego County, N. Y,, about So years 
ago. His father was a very poor man, with a large fam- 
ily of children, and young Socrates was " bound out " 
when about 12 years old to a Col. Heust, a forehanded 
farmer for those times, till he would be 21 years of age. 

He was a faithful and trusty boy, and a change in his 
wearing apparel was plainly seen soon after he entered 
upon his apprenticeship with his new master. He worked 
his. time out with Col. Heust, and in 1836 came into the 
Maumee Valley, where he has since lived, near or quite 
58 years. He followed teaming till the Wabash canal 
was completed, when he followed canal-boating for sev- 
eral seasons. He was prudent, industrious and economi- 
cal, and in a few years had money to, and he did, buy a 
tract of wild land in Fulton county. Over 50 years ago 
he married a Miss Nearing, whose lather at one time lived 
in Texas, Henry county. Soon after his marriage he set- 
tled on his land, near Delta, and made a notable farm of 
*t. Mr. Cately was the first probate judge of Fulton 
county, I believe, and held the office one term only, as the 
political sentiment of the people was on the wrong side 
for his re-election. 

Something over a year ago he celebrated his golden 
wedding. He died a few months ago, leaving- a widow and 
children. He was an honored and worthy man and re- 
spected by all who knew him. 

76 The Maumee Valley 




Capt. W. H. Wetrriore was born in Lewis county, in 
the state of New York, in 1819, He was the son of Ste- 
phen and Hannah Wetmore. 

Lewis county is situated in the northeast portion 
of the state of New York, in a cold, snowy region, and 
enterprising young men there would naturally feel in- 
clined when they arrived at their majority to seek more 
congenial climes. 

Our departed friend and brother did not wait till he 
was twenty-one, but at the age of eighteen years he left 
his native heath for the west, as Ohio was thought to^be 
in those days — 56 years ago. 

Capt. Wetmore for a number of seasons, so he told 
me, was the master of and sailed a vessel on Lake Erie, 
and in that way raised the means to buy him a home in 
Wood county, where he was a prominent, respected and 
very popular citizen tor 56 years. He was an honest, up- 
right, prudent, thrifty, social and an uncommonly active 
man, with an extensive acquaintance and well liked 
wherever known. 

He came to Wood county in 1837, anc ^ m ! ^4 2 P ur " 
chased his farm of John Corvvin. 

In 1879 he was elected a representative to the Gen- 
eral Assembly o( this state from Wood county, and re- 
elected in 1 88 1. During these two terms — the 64th and 
65th — he was diligent and watchful of the interests of his 
constituents, and understood their wants, was untiring to 
secure them,- and did good service. He was one of the 

Pioneer Association. 77 

best representatives Wood county ever had in the Ohio 
Legislature— -an honest worker for her good. 

In 1883 he retired to his farm, with the intention to 
lead a quiet life for the remainder of his days, but in 1889 
his persistent and many friends induced him to be a can- 
didate for state senator, with William Guyser as his col- 
league. They were both defeated by John Ryan, of Lu- 
cas county, and W. W. Sutton, of Putnam, by small ma- 

Capt. Wetmore's wife died a number of years ago, 
leaving three children, Mrs. T. B. Oblinger, of Toledo ; 
Mrs. A. A, Cobley, of Haskins, and James R. Wetmore, 
of Toledo, all of whom are living. Capt. Wetmore be- 
longed to Pheonix Lodge, F. and A. M., of Perrysburg, 
and was a valued member thereof. 

I have not the date of his death, as the notice sent 
me had no date, but it says " Capt. W. H. Wetmore died 
suddenly yesterday afternoon at his home, about one mile 
east of Haskins, in Middleton township. Death is sup- 
posed to have resulted from heart trouble. He had been 
in about his usual health up to the time of his demise. 
Some of the family heard him make an unusual noise, 
and on going to him found him unconscious, and he im- 
mediately expired. 

Since his wife's death he has made it his home with 
A. A. Cobley, his son-in-law, where he died. In the death 
of Capt. Wetmore Wood county has met with an irrepar- 
able loss and Maumee Valley Pioneer Association with 
one of its most genial and worthy members. 

I hope this, as well as future obituary notices of de- 
ceased members, will be published in ail newspapers of 
this valley. 

78 The Maumee Valley 




Isaac Karsner, a pioneer of the Maumee Valley and 
a member of this Association, died at Florida, Henry 
County, November i, 1891. He was 'born February 10, 
1821, in Harrison county, Va, and in 1830, when Isaac 
was nine yeas old, he came to Ohio with his father, who 
settled on a farm in Columbiana county. In 1840 the de 
cedent came to Henry county and located at Florida, 
where he resided continuously up to the time of his death; 
and for over fifty-one years he was one of the leading and 
prominent men of that village. He came to Henry county 
a poor boy, when it was a vast wilderness, had his trials, 
tribulations, disappointments and struggles incident to a 
new country, heavily timbered as this was. But by his 
energy, "good common sense, firmness and perseverence,he 
succeeded in life far above the average pioneer. His early 
life was spent in hard labor. Some thirty years or more 
ago he practiced medicine. After this he embarked in 
the mercantile trade, and lor several years carried the 
largest and best stock of goods in Florida, till he sold out, 
built himself a splendid residence on his large farm of over 
200 acres at Florida, moved into it, and therein resided at 
the time of his death. Mr. Karsner was three times mar- 
ried. In the death of Isaac Karsner Henry county has 
lost a good citizen and the Maumee Valley Pioneer As- 
sociation a valued member. 

Pioneer Association. 79 




Charles Horning was born in Bavaria, Germany, 
about 72 years ago, and died in the spring of 1894. He 
came to Henry county with his father in the year 1837, 
and settled in Pleasant township, on the land where he 
recently died. When Charles Horning came to Henry 
county, 57 years ago, there were few neighbors, less com- 
forts and conveniences of life and no well improved farms 
in Henry county. He settled in a dense lorest, but lived 
to see the change in his township irom an almost track- 
less wilderness to richly cultivated fields, owned by thrifty 
and prosperous farmers. 

Mr. Horning was an active, good, safe business man, 
and for many years was engaged in merchandizing and 
" tavern keeping, " and he accumulated a large property. 
I have not been furnished with a sketch of his life, and do 
not know when, where or whom he married or the num- 
ber of children he left. He has a son who for many years 
has been a professor ol Heidelburg College, at Tiffin; Ja- 
cob Horning, a manufacturer and farmer; John H. Horn- 
ing, a merchant, and Peter Horning, a business man at 
New Bavaria, where he was born. There were also sev- 
eral girls, but how many I am not advised. 

He leit his entire estate to his worthy widow, who 
survives him. Charles Horning was one of the Henry 
county commissioners 43 years ago, and has held the 
same office within the last 20 years. He was postmaster 
^ or 39 years, for many years a justice of the peace of his 
township, and has held various other offices of trust, and 
in all of them discharged the duties thereof with an intel- 

80 The Maumee Valley 

ligent fidelity and the entire satisfaction of the people 
whom he served. 

He was also a land surveyor, and was well acquaint- 
ed with nearly every tract of land in his county. In an 
early day he was frequently called upon by strangers who 
wished to purchase, and went with them into the dark and 
dense forest to show them lands in the market. 

Every one who put up at his "tavern," as we' used to 
call it, was well and hospitably treated. 

Mr. Horning" was a man of commanding influence in 
his community, and lived long enough to see his sons 
grow up to be honorable and prosperous men, and his 
death leaves a missing link in business circles not easily 

Pioneer Association. 81 


Capt. Charles A. Rowsey, a well-known pioneer resi- 
dent of Toledo celebrated his eighty-sixth birthday on Fri- 
day, August loth. Capt. Rowsey settled in Toledo 
when he was in his young manhood — being 37 years of 
age — that was in 1852. His birthplace is located in the 
celebrated Shenandoah Valley, at Staunton, Augusta 
County. In 1S62 he responded to his country's call for 
defenders and was largely instrumental in raising and or- 
ganizing Co. D, of the 67th O. V. I., and entered the field 
as captain of that company, and took part in the battle of 
Winchester, Va., March 23rd, 1862, and in the valley 
campaign of that year. 

No one of the citizens of Toledo holds a higher place 
in the esteem of their neighbors for honest worth and 
sturdy manhood than does Capt. Rowsey. Of him it can 
be truly said that his word is as good as his bond. 

Mrs. Rowsey, to whom he was married in 1838, died 
in 1889. One year previous to her death, with her hus- 
band she celebrated their golden wedding. Two sons, 
both deceased, and seven daughters have, blessed their 
union. One of the sons was the well-known and well-be- 
loved physician, W. F. Rowsey, whose skill in healing 
was so generously exercised among the needy poor, and 
was sought by a very large bodv of the more favored 

Capt. Rowsey's declining days are crowded with 
memories of the most blessed character, and his face and 
bearing reflects the source and cause of most of them. 

The Maumee Valley 


J. E. Hall, one of the old and respected residents of 
Waterville, Lucas County, where he has made his home 
for over three score years. For a quarter of a r century oi 



: V 


V, 6 

^^/vG^f; . 

. -'"''i^" /' 

•' 'ft 

1 ■"•■• . t 







J. E. HALL. 

this time he conducted a tailoring establishment, after 
which for twenty years he was engaged in general mer- 
chandising, In i860 he erected a two-story building on 
the canal, where he carried on his trade. For one year 
he served as Mayor of Waterville, when he first came to 

Pioneer Association. 83 

the place, and under Pierce's administration was appoint- 
ed Postmaster, and served as such for twenty-one years. 
He has also been Township Clerk and Member of School 
Hoard. . « 

Our subject is a native of Portage County, Ohio, 
having been born April 1 8th, 1816. His Parents were 
|oel and Betsy (Smith) Hall. His father was born in 
Tolland, Mass., and died in 1828. aged 52 years. „ His 
early days were spent on a iarm in his native state, but in 
181 5 he emigrated to Ohio, settling in Charlestown, Port- 
age County, having, in partnership with his brother, 
traded his Massachusetts land for property in the Buckeye 

Twelve children were born to Joel and Betsy Hall, 
but of the number two are living. In order of birth they 
are as follows: Clareson, Smith, Lucindai Judson, Min- 
erva, Joel, Pamelia, Chauncey, Edwin, Joseph E., Julia, 
wife of H. A. Moulton, of Vermont ; and Hewell C, late 
of Whitehouse. Joseph E , and his sister Julia are the 
only survivors of the family. 

Our subject spent his early days in farming during 
the summer season, and attended the district schools of 
the neighborhood in the winter terms until he reached his 
13th year. Going then to Ashtabula, Ohio, he began 
serving an apprenticeship at the tailor's trade, and gave 
his time thereto for the next five years. In 1836 he came 
to Lucas County, and opened a tailor shop at Waterville. 
About 1SS0 he sold out his business interests, and has 
since passed his time quietly in his pleasant home, which 
has sheltered him for many years. He has held the office 
of Treasurer of our Association for many years. He has 
been a Republican since the breaking out of the civil war. 
Religiously, he has long been identified with, and a lib- 
eral contributer to the Methodist Episcopal Church for 
over 40 years. The lady who has for over 50 years 
shared the joys and sorrows of Mr. Hall's career was be- 

84 The Maumee Valley 

fore her marriage Miss Jane Dee, a daughter of James 
and Abagail (Bogue) Dee. The ceremony which united 
the lives of our subject and wife was performed Septem- 
ber 1 2th, 1837. They had born to them two daughters, 
Pamelia C , August 13th, 1841, and Temperance L., June 
27th, 1850. The elder daughter tjecame the wife of J. L. 
Pray, and died April 4th, 1881, leaving three children. 
The younger daughter is still living with her father. Mrs. 
Hall departed this life September 17th, 1889, deeply 
mourned by the family and the friends she had made dur- 
ing a long and unselfish life. 

Mr. Hall's activity is somewhat impaired, but he is still 
looking after his business which he has narrowed to an 
easy and concise management. M. D. P. 

Pioneer Association. 85 


Phillip Boyer was born in Greencastle, Franklin 
County, Pa., in 1815, came to Tuscarawas County, Ohio, 
in 1835, his trade being that of a miller. He remained 
there three years and went to Zanesville, and after follow- 
ing- his trade for a short time went to Akron. In 1846 he 
came to Toledo, and from there he removed to Waterville 
in 1 85 i and took charge of the Pekin Mills, which were 
owned by L. L. Morehouse, where he has spent the 
greater portion ol his active life. The mills have changed 
hands a number of times, Mr. Boyer being always trans- 
ferred with the property, and it may be said to his credit 
that much of the high reputation borne by the Pekin Mills 
can very properly be ascribed to his efficient work. 

He has retired Irom active business and enjoys the 
fruits of a well spent life. 

86 The Maumee Valley 


John G. Isham was born in Schoharil County, New 
York, December 9th, 1815, came to Toledo in 1837 and 
after visiting several surrounding towns, among them be- 
ing Ft. Wayne and Monroe, he engaged in the dry goods 
business at the latter place with J. C. Miller, and soon 
after disposed of his stock and joined the engineer corps 
of the Michigan Southern Railroad. 

In February, 1840, he came to Waterville where he 
met McCagie Barker, an old acquaintance from the then 
far East, who had the contract for completing Section 29 
ot the Miami and Erie canal. This section lay between 
the Hutchinson larm and Maumee. Mr. Isham became 
foreman. From this on he became identified with the 
canal interest, holding many positions of trust, the last be- 
ing that of Superintendant of the Northern Division of the 
Miami and Erie canal. 

Pioneer Association. 


Orson Gilbert Ballon was born in Waterville, Ohio, 
September 15th, 1835. 

His boyhood was spent upon the farm. In July, 1862, 
he enlisted in the service of his country becoming - a mem- 
ber of Co. F, 100th Regt., O.jV. I., and soon after was made 
a lieutenant. On September 8th of 1863 a part of the regi- 
ment was sent to Limestone Station where he was cap- 
tured by the confederates and hurriedly sent to Richmond, 
Va., and was placed in Libby Prison. He died the 6th of 
February, 1864, from exposure and starvation. 

His is one of the many cases of unwritten history of 
the horrors of Southern military prisons. 

88 . The Valley 


Sarah Hall was born in Coxsakie, Green County, 
New York, August 22nd, 1 8 1 7 ; removed with her parents 
to Waterville in the fall of 1836, where she has since 

She was never married, but has given her services to 
the relief of suffering humanity for miles around. The 
cognomen, " Aunt Sarah, " by which she is familiarly 
called, is a household phrase, and while the infirmities in- 
cident to old age are struggling for the mastery, still Aunt 
Sarah's noble deeds are not forgotten. 

Pioneer Association. 



The Association is very much pleased to present in 
this issue the genial and well-known features of a Mau- 
■mee Valley pioneer octogenarian in the person of r Mr. 





, 1 : M 


jtfhn A. Conway, who was born at Poughkeepsie, New 
Vork, December 25th, 18 16. This will make him 82 

90 The Maumee Valley 

years oi age the 25th of December next. His father, 
John Conway, came to this country from Ireland and set- 
tled near Utica, N. Y., in 181 2 and established the first 
woollen factory in that section. He died in 1824 when 
the subject of this sketch was but eight years of age. 
Young Conway came to Ohio in 1837 and was engaged 
in the carriage business for a time at both Dayton and 
Columbus. He came to Toledo in i860 and established 
himself in the carriage manufacturing business in a build- 
ing which stood on Summit street where the Meilink Fur- 
niture Co's store is now located. In 1864 he went into 
the restaurant business and in the manufacture ol tonics. 
He has been twice married — first to Miss Judith Wil- 
liams in 1849 — she died in 1873. His second wife was 
Harriet Dowd, of Cleveland. Mr. and Mrs. Conway live 
a quiet life respected and loved by all who know them. 
They have no children. Mr. Conway is a devoted Odd 
Fellow and has been a member of Columbus Lodge No. 
9, ol Columbus, Ohio, since 1849. He is also a member 
of Columbus Encampment No, 6. " May he live long 
and prosper " is the wish of his many lriends. 

Pioneer Association. 91 


Mrs. Mary Ann Bonny White was born at Palermo, 
Waldo County, Mass., September 22nd, 1805. Her 
father's name was Andrew Bonny and her mother's name 
was Mary Balcom. Mary Ann Bonny was married to 
Joseph White in Palermo, now a part of Maine, in 1822. 
They moved to Ohio in 1S42, settled in Richland County 
in the Fall of the same year, and at a cost of $101 they 
moved to Lucas County ; arrived at Maumee October 1st, 
Sunday, moved to the neighborhood in which they now 
live and moved in with Mr. Dyer. 

Mr. White's father was a soldier in the war of the Revo- 
lution and defended the flag at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
Joseph served in the war- of 181 2 in Capt. Moses Bur- 
leigh Company and Lt. Col. John Cummings' Regiment 
raised at Palermo and served at Belfast, Maine. Joseph 
and Mary Ann White had one son and six daughters. 
The son, Andrew, went to sea and was not heard from 
afterwards. The daughters Nancy (Knapp), Milley, 
Mary Ann (Colburn), Olive (Cox), Elvira, Francis 
(Russel). Mary Bonny White belonged to Calvinist 
Baptist Church in Maine, there being no church of her 
choice in Ohio she had no membership here. 

Mr. White was a brick mason by trade. He cleared 
the farm and brought it to its present state of cultivation 
where Mrs. Bonny White now resides. 

92 The Maumee Valley 


Mary Ann (Demuth) Keeler was born in the year 
1816, May 1st in the Mohawk Valley in the state of New 
York, about 30 miles from Albany on a farm. v 

Her father, Ranatus Demuth was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, and was a cabinet maker by occupation. He was a 
member ol the New York militia, and defended the United 
States flag at Sackett's Harbor against the British. They 
moved from the Mohawk Valley to Lockport, There she 
married Mr. David Keeler January 1st, 1836 from whence 
they moved to Richland County, Ohio, where ten children 
were born to them. About 50 years ago they moved 
trom Richland County to Providence Township, Lucas 
County, where Mr. Keeler followed farming and threshing. 
He died in 1870. 

There are two sons and five daughters now living. Her 
son, Samuel, died November 7th, 1862, at Jackson, Term., 
of disease, and was buried at Chattanooga. Mrs. Keeler 
has been a resident of Whitehouse for about 18 years, and 
is enjoying good health at the age of 82. 

Pioneer Association. 9B 


Among- the actual surviving pioneers of the Maumee 
Valley we are pleased to refer to Mr. Adam Black, of 
Monclova, Lucas County. He was born April ,23rd, 
181 1, in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Lie came with 
his parents, William and Anna (Bails) Black to Wayne 
County in 1826. Mr. William Black, his lather, was a 
soldier and served with Gen. Wm. H. Harrison at Fort 
Meigs. He died at the age of 52 and was buried in 
Holmes County. Mr. Adam Black came to Lucas Coun- 
ty in 1827 and later settled on the land now comprising 
his homestead, on which he has lived since 1836. He 
married Miss Anna Bails in Monclova May 26th, 1836, 
and has raised a family ot nine children — six sons and 
three daughters — Catherine, Sarah, John, William, James, 
Madison, Emanuel. Died in infancy: George B., Adam 
M. and Lydia A. 

Mr. Black has been diligent and useful in his nei^h- 
borhood, has helped to subdue a wild country, and, like 
so many others, has made, a beautiful homestead out of 
the natural forest. He has held positions of trust and 
responsibility — has served his neighbors as well as his 
family, and is enjoying the peace of a well spent life. He 
has usually voted the democratic ticket, and his church 
associations are with the Djsciples. He is enjoying ex- 
cellent health at the age of Sy. 

9-i 7 he Maumee Valley 



About April ist, 1831, my father, Joseph Cow&rick, 
and wife with four children, of which I was the oldest, left 
Cedar Creek, Ocean County, New Jersey, for the Maumee, 
then the far west. With their household effects loaded 
onto a two horse covered wagon, traveling as was the 
custom then, bunking on the floor at the taverns along 
the road, doing our own cooking, etc. The journey oc- 
cupied about one month's time. We emerged from the 
Black Swamp, landing at Perrysburg, May 5th, 1 83 1 . 
The appearance was most beautiful. We crossed the 
Maumee over to Maumee City and proceeded down the 
river to Presque Isle and got permission to stay a short 
time with an old man by the name ol Parsons, who was 
living alone. The streets of Maumee seemed alive with 
Indians, in every conceivable style of attire, some extreme- 
ly gay and rich, others just the opposite. The flats along 
the river were dotted with fish shanties, the fishermen 
spreading their seines to dry; the piles of undressed fish 
shining in the sun on one hand, and the young corn with 
background of forest on the other, formed a scene on that 
beautiful May morning that was very picturesque, if not 
enchanting, and which made a lasting impression on the 
memory. In a short time we moved up to Waterville 
where my father worked at wagon making with Mr. 
Eberly, who is now living at Portage, Wood County, 
this State. 

About three years since at a meeting of the pioneers 
at the P'allen Timbers battle ground, a man said that he 
rode a horse .through the river along in the thirties and 

Piojieer Association. 95 

that the fish were so numerous in these ripples that his 
horse stepped on and killed many, the fish being so 
crowded in the shallow water that they could not get 
away. This was referred to a few days later in Napoleon 
as a capital fish story. Another citizen present, well 
known, averred that along about 1S40 he was a passenger 
on a side wheel steamer, and that near the mouth of the 
river she encountered a school of fish so thick as to stop 
the action ot the paddle wheels, and the steamer could 
not move until the fish had scattered. The gentleman no 
doubt is ready to verify it if called to do so. 

The Indians were quite an interesting study for the 
" new comer," and an important factor in the fur trade. 
The Ottawas had a village about ten miles up the river 
from Maumee City on their twelve miles square reserva- 
tion, where they staid in the summer and early fall, rais- 
ing corn and drying sufficient for their winter's hunting 
expedition. With fishing, selling baskets, berries and 
honey to the white settlers, some on the trail to and from 
Maumee, they all seemed to be full of business. 

They would always, either going or returning, stop 
at Turkeyfoot Rock on w r hat is known as Wayne's Battle 
Ground, and offer their homage to the Indian Chief 
Turkeyfoot, who was shot in the battle with Mad Anthony 
Wayne, and expired while leaning on this reck cheering 
his braves to the last. They would put whiskey and to- 
bacco around the rock, and cry the most freely when the 
most drunken. 

When at their villages during the summer the In- 
dians would bring to trade with the whites, huckleberries, 
strawberries, plums, apples, honey, baskets (of small 
size) painted in gay colors, of their own make from roots 
and bark, done by the squaws, whose ingenuity was won- 
derful, especially so in the making of moccasins trimmed 
with braided porcupine quills. The berries were carried 
m a mocock made of bark shaped like a handbox, holding 

The Maumee Valley 

nearly a half bushel, two of these, one on either side of 
the pony, the squaw on her pack saddle (astride) with her 
papoose tied with its back to a board, pinioned fast on her 
own back, while the motion of the pony gave the child a 
perpendicular •• jig-it-a-jig," which was amusing. The 
mother would stand the papoose board against the side 
ol a house or room while trading, seeming not concerned 
about the baby, who seldom cried or laughed. They were 
pretty little things, and as Mrs. Parthington would say 
" Humane Beings." The Indians would often bring to 
sell a pair of venison hams, lying across his pony, not 
caring that his bare thighs were in contact with the meat; 
the trader would take them all the same. 

The Indians would quickly discover a stranger, and 
when meeting one would ride up squarely before him and 
say in broken tongue, 44 where you go?" mention name of 
any place ahead of you, and they would let you go on your 
way, perhaps to meet with the same kind of annoyance 
again. They usually carried in their belt tomahawk and 
knife. They always traveled single file, one after another, 
and the trails about the villages were worn down deep 
along the hillsides, one-half or two feet in depth. When 
leaving a temporary camp they would leave some dried 
meat and parched corn for a hungry Indian when one or 
more came that way, which would show that they had had 
good luck in hunting while there. The Indians would 
walk right in among the goods when trading, and the 
trader must not object or they would be Scottish (mad). 
They w T ould not steal unless very hungry, and then would 
take no more than they would eat at the time. When 
coming into a house in cold weather they would turn their 
feet away from the fire so as not to warm their moccasins, 
as they would keep them cold or frozen, or they would 
have wet feet. When the Indian became hungry he would 
tighten his belt, if more hungry, would button up another 
hole. Sometimes he would become very slim. 

Pioneer Association. 97 

When after deer they would by this means with little 
to eat run all day. They did not hunt much on horse- 
back; they hampered their ponies by tying the fore legs 
together with a bark braided rope, leaving a space be- 
tween so they could stand easily, and they would hop 
about with ease and were in no danger of becoming 

About the first of October the Indians would leave 
their villages alone the river for the hunting grounds — the 
o-reat unbroken forest westward along the banks of the 
Turkeyfoots, and now comprising the greatest part of 
Henry and Fulton Counties. They took nothing along 
for horse feed, as the ponies could well subsist on the rich 
i^rass growing in the swales ; as lor the Indians them- 
selves, the dried corn was their bread and the wild game 
their meat. 

In the spring the Indians would come from their 
hunting grounds to their sugar camps along the river and 
creeks. Here they would make maple sugar, using bark 
peeled from the trees for troughs ; they would also con- 
struct some very beautiful canoes from the same kind of 
material, each family occupying one canoe when traveling. 
In the larger boats cargoes of fur and sugar were taken 
as far north as Detroit, where they found a ready market. 
Indian syrup was supposed to be well cleansed, as they 
boiled their game in the sap, and small bones were fre- 
quently found in the sugar. At one time a land-seeker at 
a tavern while at the table removed the skull of a chip- 
munk from the sugar bowl with his spoon. In the spring- 
time these Meets oi bark canoes would run the rapids safe- 
ly with their rich cargoes and happy occupants, returning 
to their villages about the different rapids with their apple 
trees (these trees were supposed to have been planted by 
Johnnie Appleseed, as well as the groves o^ wild plum), 
l ^e season of fish and berries, and honey and basket-mak- 

08 The Maumee Valley 

ing, for barter with the whites. With the Indian the ap- 
ple was considered marketable as soon as the seeds were 

- Spring- and summer were the times of festivities with 
the Tawas. Their dances were to them great events. On 
these occasions some of their fleetest ponies were used to 
go to Maumee for whiskey, and i( the case was very ur- 
gent two Indians would occupy one pony, one to navigate 
the horse, the other to carry the skins containing the whis- 
key. The animals were urged through the ten miles and 
return at a rate of speed which proved them to have both 
speed and endurance. At this time the Indians, all mem- 
bers of the several families, including dogs, went about the 
ist of June of each year to Maiden, Canada, and received 
an annuity or pension, granted them as allies ot the Cana- 
dians in the war of 1812, between the United States and 
Great Britain, consisting of camp equipments, guns, blank- 
ets and silver trinkets of various kinds. One thing among 
these, very conspicious, was a plug hat with many silver 
bands around it ; this was worn exclusively by the aristo- 
cratic squaws. One never saw an Indian with a plug hat on. 
The Indians were generally friendly to the whites, 
but sometimes troublesome when drunk. Have heard an 
old squaw boast of having carried fagots to burn General 
Crawford. But if you would talk to them of Mad An- 
thony Wayne, they would at once become serious and 
peaceable, for they feared he would rise from the dead and 
punish them. In this summer of 1831, at Waterville, an 
Indian tried to get into the house to kill my mother, Wil- 
liam Pray helped to hold the door, the Indian meanwhile 
stabbing it with his long knife. My father came to the 
rescue. The Indian thought my father had whipped and 
abused him previous to this, but when the Indian chief ex- 
plained to him that he was mistaken, that another man 
had whipped him and not my father, he was all right, and 

Pioneer Association. 99 

afterwards came to our cabin in the woods, where he got 
some food and slept by the fire until morning, with a knife 
and tomahawk by him, and showed no inclination to do 
harm. Generally when there was trouble with the Indian 
the white man was equally to blame. 

It was the custom with the Indians before leaving the 
village to go to Maumee, or Acabaugwak (Ft. Meigs), to 
appoint one of their number to remain sober until their re- 
turn, as they anticipated a high time. 

On this occasion the lot fell upon a young squaw. 
Upon their return homeward they (a dozen or more) 
stopped under a shade tree near Waterville to have a pow- 
wow and more whiskey. Other boys and myself followed 
up for sightseeing, and soon discovered that they were 
mad and showed signs of fight. The young Indian wo- 
man, being the only sober one among them, quickly 
twitched the knife from the belt of each Indian and put 
them in her blanket or bosom; they soon grasped for their 
knives, but found them not. They seemed greatly en- 
raged, but made no attempt to attack the squaw, who 
stood with arms folded, faithful to the trust reposed in her. 
They soon calmed down and moved on toward the village. 

In the fall the newcomers, as they called us, began to 
shake every day, every alternate day and sometimes every 
third day, the latter being the worst form of ague and the 
hardest to break. Not one of the family was able to help 
the other to a drink of water. The two physicians, White 
and Conot, could not visit their patients very often, their 
territory extending over such a broad area. It seemed 
little use to take calomel or quinine while the atmosphere 
was full of malaria, the rank vegetation almost checking the 
flow of low water in the river. The diet of the sick too 
often consisted of fish and corn-bread, drinking spring or 
river water with the wrigglers strained out — oh, the suffer- 
ing, from want of suitable nourishment! — no lemons, no 

100 The Maumee Valley 

fruit. One old man declared that he shook so with ague 
that he grasped the rungs of the chair, and, holding up 
his feet, the chair would hop all over the room with him. 
But it was soon too serious a matter to joke over. My 
mother baked bread from flour broirght from Monroe, 
Mich., and carried a loaf four miles to Mr. Hedge's fam- 
ily. (They afterwards lived in the stone house on Wolf 
Rapids, now erroneously called by some the Old Mission 
Building.) The family were all sick, and needed proper 
nourishment more than medicine. It cost 25 cents post- 
age on a letter, and if the postage was not prepaid it was 
often difficult to raise the amount. A man now well 
known in Napoleon (John Wilson), who came here later 
on, was compelled to leave a letter in the office a long 
time for want of 45 cents to pay postage — and the letter 
was from home, in the old country. 

Pioneer Association. 101 


Wm. Henry Shepherd (every one calls him "Harry" 
Shepherd) is past 85 years old. Born February nth, 
1 Si 3 in Marietta, Ohio. 

His father, Daniel Shepherd, came from New Eng- 
land. His mother, Comfort Webb Shepherd was born in 
Clarksburg, Va. He is one of a family of 14 children, 
eight of whom lived to be very old. 

Matilda died at the age of 87, Elizabeth at ^, Martin 
at 89, Nutter at yy, Daniel at 84, Stephen at 72 and Syl- 
vester at 66. 

All these were buried in Henry County, near Grand 
Rapids, Ohio. Harry is the only one of the family living. 
The other brothers and sister died at various places and 
ages. W. H. Shepherd, our subject, was married at Mar- 
ietta, O., March 25th, 1835, to Ellen Conner. To them 
were born five children while living in Athens County. 
He came to Wood County with his family in 1854. His 
daughters, Cynthia and Katherine are still living at home 
with their lather. 

His sons, who were the support of the parents, never 
returned from the war o( the rebellion. Ben was in the 
68th O. V. I., and was killed in battle. Dan and Ed 
were in the 100th O. V. I. 

Dan took sick and died at Knoxville, and Ed was 
killed by very poor grub at Andersonville. Mr. Shep- 
herd draws a "dependent pension " to support him in his 
old days. His eyesight is failing and he is beginning to 
show his age. 

He always was a Whig and Republican and voted 
lor W. H. Harrison and for his grandson, Ben Harrison. 

102 The Maumee Valley 


• James Wheland is 80 years old. Born in Oxford 
Township, Tuscarawas County, Ohio, on the bank of the 
Tuscarawas river. He had five brothers and five sis- 
ters. He is the iourth one of the family of 1 1 and 
only two of his brothers are now living, both in Tuscar- 
awas County, where they were born, and both younger 
than himself. 

On February 24th, 1842, Mr. Wheland married Miss 
Mary Stocker. They have four children, all living. 
Sophia Sheffield, born May, 1844; Benjamin, born 1847; 
Joseph B., born December 12th, 1850; and Elizabeth 
Bortle, born July 31st, 1854, all living at Grand Rapids, 

He never lost any of his family. He has five grand- 
children and three great-grandchildren. He tells many 
stories of wolves, deer and almost unbroken forest as he 
first remembers Tuscarawas County. Plows with wood 
mouldboards and flails have improved into the steel riding 
plow and the seperators and clover hullers. He; saw 'the 
first boat ever run on the Ohio canal, they called it " Hen- 
ry Clay." He also saw them build the Pan Handle 

Mr. Wheland takes great interest in all the new im- 
provements and developments. He has never been out 
of the great state of Ohio and perhaps will remain here 
until he is called away to "that beautiful land. " 

He enjoys good health for his age and is good com- 
pany. He lives two miles south of Grand Rapids and is 
very highly respected by all who know him. He has al- 
ways voted Democratic and has been a member of the 
United Brethren church for many years. 

Pioneer Association. 103 


Mr. Lewis Eastwood, of Waterville, is an active wit- 
ness of the healthful atmosphere of the Maumee Valley. 
For sixty-six years he has enjoyed the vigorous and rigor- 
ous seasons of this locality. He was a son of John and 
Polly (White) Eastwood, and first saw light in Rensselaer 
County, State of New York, Jan. 26th, 1809. His father 
spent his early life at sea. After " A life on the ocean 
wave V often years, his father married, then at the age of 
21, and took up his shipbuilders' trade and earned enough 
money to purchase a farm, and became a farmer. Lewis' 
mother died while he was an infant. 

He- came to Waterville, Lucas County, in 1832, and 
in 1834 and 1835 he was constable of Waterville. Hewas 
married to Miss Amanda M. Hall in 1838. Mr. Eastwood 
was engaged in teaching school in the village among the 
very early teachers. He was also engaged in gardening 
on the grounds now occupied by cottage homes, and was 
a good mechanic, having built the first gothic residence in 
the community. He also built the Union Hotel, where 
he kept hotel for 29 years ; a portion of the time also kept 
groceries. During the active canal times, when "Doyle 
& Dickey's " Packet line was the " rapid transit, " his 
patronage was quite brisk, and an air of activity prevailed 
that has not been since the cruel interposition of the Wa- 
bash railroad. Mr. Eastwood was quite prominent in bee 
culture and wrote numerous articles on apiary. 

He was blessed with five children, two sons and three 
daughters. His eldest daughter, Ellen, married Mr. Geo. 
Lattcham, and is living near the homestead, near Water- 
ville. John became a soldier in the war of the rebellion 

104 . The Maumee Valley 

and served in the Fourteenth O, V. I. from April to Au- 
gust, in i86i,and through the service of the One Hun- 
dreth O. V. I. After the war he took up the jewelry bus 
iness, lost his health and died at Hillsdale a few years 
since. Ancreline married Mr. Oscar W. Ballou, and is liv- 
ing on a fine fruit farm at Waterville, Asa also became a 
soldier, and served in a New York Battery of Light Ar- 
tillery in the war of the rebellion, and now is on the nome- 
stead, making the home of the venerable subject of our 
sketch. Mrs. Eastwood died at this home several years 

Mr. Eastwood was a promoter ol patriotism and en- 
couraged integrity. In politics he was a Whig, and later 
a Republican. 

Mr. and Mrs. Eastwood were among the earliest com- 
municants of the Presbyterian Church, and Mr. E. keeps 
up his faithful attendance when health and circumstances 

But few men have lived to see the development of a 
wild country to a greater degree than Mr. Eastwood. The 
following communication was received by our former sec- 
retary about three years ago: 

Waterville, O., May 22, 1896. 

Mr. Denison B. Smith. Toledo, O: 

Dear Sir — With regard to reminiscences of early pi- 
oneer life in the Maumee Valley, I will relate the following 
from actual experience, not hearsay. At the time ot the 
dispute about the boundary between Michigan and Ohio. 
a company was raised in Waterville to go and fight the 
Michiganders. A meeting was held on the public square, 
then occupied as a mill yard. Col. Van Fleet, who was in 
command, mounted a saw log and made a speech, in which 
he hoped to see patriotism enough by volunteers so he 
would not have to resort to the draft. 

Pioneer Association. 105 

The greatest valor displayed by that company was 
said to be the storming of a warehouse and capturing a 
barrel of whiskey, with which some of the volunteers cov- 
ered themselves with glory. I was one of those that stayed 
at home, subject to the draft, which happily was not need- 
ed, as the war was very short. 

But Ohio thought her rights had been invaded, and 
she ought to show proper resentment, so at the next term 
of court, held at Perrysburg, the grand jury was instructed 
to find bills of indictment against a number of Michigan 
people who had invaded the disputed territory. I was a 
member of that grand jury, the only one left. I was the 
youngest one, and just 60 years ago. I came to this place 
in 1832, with not much but honest intentions and what 
Alexander Pope called " A dangerous thing. " I know of 
no man who was active at the time now living. 

In my case I have exhibited a weak and puny child, a 
blind boy from 9 to 14, a sickly youth, a weakened man- 
hood and a vigorous old age. 

Now what is left for me but to — 

Hope humbly, then with trembling pinions soar, 
Wait the great teacher, Death, and God adore. 

I thank you very much for your kind expressions and 
patience with me. Most truly yours, 

Louis Eastwood. 

10G The Maumee Valley 


Was born in Orleans County, New York, December 
17, 18 1 8, and came to Toledo in 1842. Engaged in canal 
boating. Came to Grand Rapids and married Charlotte 
Gruber in 1848. Their golden wedding, celebrated last 
winter, was the greatest social event ever enjoyed in the 
vicinity. Mr. Fisher has been engaged in merchandizing, 
lumbering and farming, and now lives on his beautiful 
farm adjoining town. His father, Peter Fisher, and his 
mother, both lived to be 90. His maternal grandmother 
was 102. One brother, Christopher, lived to be 82. His 
parents and brother died near Battle Breek, Mich. 

Mr. Fisher tells of hunting rabbits and ducks where 
Toledo now is and saw a deer shot where the Burnett 
House now stands. 

They have one daughter, Mrs. Lillian Williamson, ot 
Bowling Green. 

Mr. Fisher delights to tell that he has taken "The 
Toledo Blade" for 46 years. You don't need to ask his 
politics. He is a member ol the Presbyterian church. 
Prospects are good for many years of life yet, as he is very 
active, doing his share of farm work with any ot them, and 
his hair is scarcely turning gray yet. 

Pioneer Association. 10' 


Samuel Shaffner makes his home at his daughter's, 
Mrs. W. A. Kinney, near Grand Rapids, O. Mr. Shaff- 
ner was born in Dauphin County, Pa., December 1 1 , - 1 8 1 1 . 
Came to Ohio in 1S29, to Crawford County, one mile east 
of Bucyrus. In September, 1834, he moved to Holmes 
township, three miles north of Bucyrus, and lived and 
voted there 50 years. His father was S3 when he died. 
One uncle and other relatives lived to be 93. His 
father was married three times. First family nine chil- 
dren, seven living, of which Samuel is one. Four o( 
the seven are in their eighties. The second family was 
three children, of whom two are living. The third family 
consisted oi nine children, of whom seven are living. So 
you see out of a family of twenty-one children, sixteen 
are still living and four of them past 80 years old. 

Mr. Shaffner has one brother in Tiffin, O., one in 
Bloomville, O., one sister in Van Wert and one in Craw- 
ford County, at Wingert's Corners. 

Mr. Shaffner has spent most of his time near Grand 
Rapids for the past twenty years with his son, Martin, and 
later with his daughter, Mrs. Kinney. 

He cast his first vote in 1832 for Jackson. How 
many now living voted for Jackson? Raise your hands. 

Mr. Shaffner is strictly temperate and sometimes votes 
the prohibition ticket. He never uses tobacco, is well, 
active and can walk farther and faster than most men of 

He joined the Methodist Episcopal Church when 21 
years old and is a pillar in the church to this day. 

108 The Maumee Valley 


Mrs. Nancy Sparling has been living near Grand 
Rapids for 26 years. Her father, William Smith, for 
many years lived near Loudonville, O., and was well 
known and very highly respected by all who knew him, 

Her grandfather came from Germany and served for 
seven years in the Revolutionary war. 

Mrs. Sparling was born December 1, 181 5, near 
Loudonville, in Holmes county, and married Daniel Spar- 
ling. They remained in the same vicinity until 1S72 when 
they came to Grand Rapids. Mr. Sparling died several 
years ago, but Mrs. Sparling is hale and hearty, always 
has good health and now weighs over 200 pounds. One 
daughter, Mrs. Stump, now deceased, weighed 330 
pounds, another daughter, Mrs. Stocker, deceased, was 
only medium or rather under the common size and 

She has one son living, Basil (Bez.) Sparling, who is 
a very successful farmer, and delights in raising the 
finest stock in the country. 

Mrs. Sparling delights in telling of her father, who 
never went in debt. He never bought anything until he 
could pay for it. No wonder he was so highly spoken of 
by every one. 

Pioneer Association, 109 


Isaac Brock Snively is S4 years old. 

Was born near St. Catherines, Canada, in 18 14, and 
was married October 29, 1836. 

Came to Canton, Ohio, in 183s. His second marriage 
occurred on October 18, 1842. He came to Grand Rap- 
ids, Ohio, in August, 1851. 

Was a chair and cabinetmaker, and was elected sev- 
eral times justice of the peace. He served three years in 
Company D,, 111th O. V. I. He has a good memory,' 
and can tell many thrilling war stories. He was wounded 
at the battle of Franklin. He is lame from injury by an 
army mule falling on him in 1864. Republican in politics. 
He has been a member of the Presbyterian church for 23 

He has three grandchildren living. He is now living 
with friends near Grand Rapids and draws a pension. 

110 The Maumee Valley 


Frederick Saltz is nearly 83 years old and has lived 
at Grand Rapids 26 years. He was born in Fairfield 
County, Ohio, where New Baltimore now stands. 

When 16 years old, his folks moved to Licking Coun- 
ty. At the age of 21 he left home and went to Indiana, 
and after remaining there two years he came to Adams 
County and married Katie Nefl They lived in Adams 

County three years, then went to Fairfield County, where 
they remained until 1872, when he came to Wood County. 

Mrs. Frederick Saltz was born in Fairfield County in 
1 8 19 and is nearly 80 years old. 

Fred Saltz and Katie Neff were married in 1839 and 
they raised five children, all still living. Mrs. Bowers, the 
oldest, born in 1840, lives in Petoskey, O., Minerva Right- 
ley, born in 1842, lives in Morris County, Kansas ; Royal 
B. Saltz, born 1844, lives in Grand Rapids, O.; Clara 
Mosier, born 1847 lives in Grand Rapids, O,, Nora, born 
1849, at home with her parents mostly. Mr. and Mrs. 
Saltz united with the United Brethren Church in 1842 and 
have always been faithful members and true Christians in 
every respect. Kind and generous to everybody, no 
tramp or hungry traveler ever was refused a meal of 
victuals at their door. Hozv many can say that? 

Mrs. Saltz is still able to look after her cows and 
chickens, but Mr. Saltz is getting slow and uncertain of 
step, and only waiting to get fully ripe before being gath- 
ered in. He is a faithful Democrat, only missing one 
election, the day he was on the road to Wood County. 
He could not go Greely so he moved that day instead of 
going to election. 

Pioneer Association. , 111 


David Hockman came to Grand Rapids, O., in 1830 
with his brother Joseph and each one entered 160 acres 
in Henry County. They got something to eat at the 
" Howard House, " still standing just east of the town. 

Not a tree was cut where the town now stands, un- 
less it was a coon tree. James Donaldson and Emanuel 
Arnold were the only families on Reaver Creek at that 

Mr, Hockman was born on a farm where Lancaster 
now stands, in Fairfield County, Ohio, January 9th, 18 13, 
and is now past 85 years old. 

His father, Henry Hockman, lived to be 70 years old 
and his mother, Rebekah (Dellinger) Hockman, yS or 80. 
His brothers Henry and Jacob died at the age of 70 and 
Joseph y6. 

His sister, Katie Hite, lived to be 82 and Lydia Bab- 
bitt lived to be 70. Elizabeth, the wife of Jacob Fall, is 
still living in Missouri, aged 80. 

Mr. Hockman married Frances Huber at Lancaster, 
O., in 1835 and came to Henry County with his family in 
1841. His son, Isaac, died when 23 years old, leaving 
three children, David, Washington and Frances, now liv- 
ing in the oil fields of Wood County. His daughter, 
Elizabeth, now lives at McClure, Ohio, the widow of Am- 
brose Cook, who was killed by a train on the railroad 
track, David Hockman's second wife was Margaret 
Erven, and they have one daughter, Sadie, now living at 
Lancaster, Ohio, with her two boys, David and Ray Ar- 
nold. Sadie is the widow of the late Prof. D. C. Arnold. 
David Hackman was a successful farmer and a very good, 
kind neighbor ; too kind to others for his own good. He 
was a Republican in politics and Presbyterian in religion. 

112 The Maumee Valley 


Is now 82 years old and lives in Grand Rapids, O. 
He was born in Wurtumburg, South Germany, October 
9th, 1 8 16 and came to America in 1848. He lived in Erie 
county, Pa., three years; lived in Sandusky county, Ohio, 
ten years and came to Wood county in the spring of 1862 
where he has lived ever since. 

His wife died April 6th, 1897. They raised a family 
of seven children, four of whom are now living. Mrs. 
Mary Daniel lives in Bowling Green, and has seven 
children; Mrs. Effle Morris lives in Ottawa, Kansas, and 
has three children; Mrs, Lizzie Steininger lives in Weston, 
Ohio, with four children; Mrs. Rebekah Yarnell lives in 
Steubenville, Ohio. 

Mr. Rinkenberger is in fair health for one of his age, 
reads German without spectacles, 'but uses them when 
reading English. He is well educated and is an excellent 
Bible scholar. He has been a member of the Evangelical 
Church since 1850 and is a Republican in politics, 

Pioneer Association. 113 


The subject of this sketch was born in Wheeloek, Vt , May 5, 
1818. His ancestors resided at Stonyhurst, in the north of England, 
and came to America about the year 1700, landing at Portsmouth, 
N. H. A great-uncle lost his life in the French and Indian war, and 
his grandfather, James Sherburne, was a soldier of the Revolution, 
removing to Vermont in 1786. His father, Henry Sherburne, was 
married to Hannah Dunbar, to whom was born fourteen childreu, ten 
of whom reached maturity. His boyhood days were spent among 
the hills and snowdrifts of Vermont, chopping wood in winter, with 
only a barley biscuit for lunch, and making maple sugar in spring, 
and in his twentieth year, in company with his father, came to Ohio, 
driving four horses attached to a sled the entire distance, the only 
difficulty being not bare roads, but too much snow. His father bought 
the farm where the village of Wellington, Lorain County, now 
stands, where he lived till his death. Zelotes was married in 1848 to 
Mary R. Brown, and began housekeeping in LaGrange. In 1851 he 
bought a farm in Pittstield township, two miles south of Oberlin, and 
lived there two years, when he moved to Oberlin and lived there a 
year, working at the carpenters trade. In 1851 he again moved to 
Pittsfield, where he lived, farming and making brick till 1861, when 
he sold out and bought a farm near Rochester depot, where he lived 
five years, being elected at one time as Justice of the Peace and serv- 
ing as Assessor. In 1866 he sold his farm in Rochester and removed 
to Hillsdale, Mich., where he staid three years, removing thence to 
Ottawa Lake, but, driven from there by ague at the end of nine 
months, he traded his farm for property in Centerton, Huron Co., 
O., where, after a three months stay, he removed to Randolph Co., 
Ind. living there one year and in Jay County two years, and in 1873 
again removing to Ohio, landing in Milton Center, Wood Co., where 
he lived ten years, farming and working at carpentry, also running 
a sorghum molasses mill in its season. In 1883 he moved to Lucas 
County, one and one-quarter miles west of Whitehouse, where he 
still resides. In this county he has served his township (Swanton) 
as Trustee and Justice ot the Peace. He was converted at the age 
of seventeen, and united with the Free Will Baptist Church, to the 
principles of which church he still adheres, though being a member 
of the Methodist Protectant Church at this writing. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Sherburne were born six children, five of whom are still living: 
Henry Zelotes, Hattie May. George Wayland, Ransom Brown and 
John Colbv. 

114 The Alaumee Valley 

The MauQiee Valley Pioneer Association has for its fundimental 
purpose the cultivation of a more intimate knowledge of and an 
interest in the great events which are of such varied character, that 
have made the Valley historical, and to more especially perpetuate 
the memories of the hardy pioneers by whose labors and sacrifices 
the greater part of our present success in agricultural and commer- 
cial pursuits, aud of our intellectual, religious and social development 
have been largely attained. No citizen of the Maumee Valley whose 
life work has been bounded by the number of years necessary to 
class him or her as a pioneer but has had some part in making our 
history what it is. The many quiet, painstaking and faithful lives 
who have here and there dropped a kind word, or done an unre- 
corded good deed, have in the aggregate of such, supplied the real 
substance of the true success we have secured. 

During the past year the death record has been enlarged by the 
names of many of whom this can be said with much emphasis — 
Many of them were born, reared and died in our Valley and have 
left sweet memories in the hearts of surviving children and friends 
that it would not be violating the sanctity of the home to place such 
memories on record with this neighbor association, many members 
of which would thereby be enabled to cary with them to the privacy 
of their homes the written record of lives, from whom the}' have 
been long separated by many social changes, so inevitable, as we 
can all fully testify, in the life of man. 

While looking over this records of such, attention has been 
called to a number of our pioneers who have passed the four-score 
year life mark and are still with us, whose presence and smile is a 
benediction to all with whom they come in contact. 

The names of those mentioned in this pamphlet are only of such 
as have come to mind during the few weeks that the matter of men- 
tioning such names has been under consideration and therefore is 
necessarily very incomplete. It is hoped that before next year we 
may be supplied with the records of many others. 

Anna Jones Lillelund was born in Newport, Mo n moth shire, South 

Pioneer Association. 115 

Wales, December 12th, 1809. She came to America with he parents 
in 1832, settling for a time in New York City where she met and 
was married to Nelson M. Lillelund, in 1836. With her husband 
bho removed to near Dayton in this state in 1841 and to Toledo in 
1850 where she has resided continuously since. Her husband died 
in 1880. Two sons and four daughters, all of whom are living, will 
perpetuate her memory. An interesting photograph is shown b}' 
her of four generations, viz: herself, her daughter, granddaughter 
and great-granddaughter. Mrs. Lillelund has been from early life 
an active member of the Methodist Episcopal church, but the eatho- 
licy of her Christian spirit is such that the neighborhoods in which 
she has resided have felt that they had a warm supporter of every 
Christian work no matter by what denomination it was fostered. 
Her whole life work has been a benediction to all with whom she 
has came in contact with. This is particularly marked in her con- 
nection with the younger classes with whom she will be as long as 
life shall last a prime favorite. 

Nicholas iNeuhausel, Sr., was born January 1st, 1810, in Ober 
Koden, Hesse Darmstadt, Germany. In the thickly settled portions 
of Europe many of the tillers of the soil also follow other pursuits. 
Mr. Neuhausei's father besides being a farmer was a tailor, and he 
duly instructed and brought up his son to follow that occupation, 
which he did. There were four brothers and two sisters in the 
family, three of the brothers in seeking a locality in which to settle 
for life removed to the south of France, while the subject of our 
sketch in July 1852, came to America, first settling in Baltimore, 
Maryland. He had been married previously to Miss Anna Mary 
Becker in 1S33. He came to Toledo in 1858 and has since resided 
in that city an honored citizen, practicing industry, frugality and 
all those virtues that help so much to secure obedience to law by the 
community and love and honor among men. 

Five sons and two daughters who are all living and are alt 
residents of Toledo, cheer his old age with their care and attention. 
Four of the sons constitute the pioneer dry goods firm of Neuhausel 
Bros. Mrs. Xeuhausel, with whom he walked in life for 51 years 
and with whom he celebrated their golden wedding in 1883, passed 

116 i The Maumee Valley 

from life to the rewards of the hereafter in 1884. The family is at 
present one of the largest ia this section, consisting, besides the aged 
parent, of seven children, twenty-two grandchildren and six great- 
grandchildren, a total of thirty-six. May the aged father be blessed 
with freedom from pain and have the comforts of a contented mind 
resulting from a well spent life as long as his days on earth shall be 

The names of Mrs. Sarah Chambers Southard, Mrs. -Khoda 
Southard Dixon, H. J. Hayes, Chas. H. Parsons, Doria Tracy. F. C. 
Nichols, Joel Kelsey, C. Woodruff, S. F. Dyer, Mrs. Dr. Chase and 
Nicholas Gilsdorf, all of whom we think are over eighty years of 
age, came to mind while writing, whose life experiences in the 
Maumee Valley it would be interesting to read and wo hope that 
tbeir friends will favor the Association with a brief statement of the 



Alexander, W. G Toledo, Ohio 

Andrews, Samuel " " 

Atkins, Bosantha '• " 

Abbott, Eunice . . . . . " u 

Bianchard, Samuel ... " 

Hell, Robert II 

Boos, Wm, II " - " 

Btinn, N. D kt 

Bashare, Milo 

Berdan, John " " 

Bloorafield, Robert " " 

Brigbam, CO 

Boice, R. V. . " 

Brigbam, Mrs. ALP . " 

Brigbam, Stanley F " 

Blodgett, Mrs. Eliz.i . . . , 

Bradley, A. B 

Baldwin, Mrs Maria . 

Bartlett, Nathaniel . 

Burdiek, Leander 

Brumbaugh, H " u 

Bond, O. S " " 

Brown lee, A. B, Jr .- 

Baker, Mary G " 

Brainard, W. S " " 

Chase, Galusha , 

Colton, Abram W " " 

Clark, Albert G " " 

Callahan, M . ." . . 

Collins, D. A 

Crafts, J A , . " " 

Corlett, Wm .......... •« ."." 

Conway, John A 7 '* m " 

Coghlin, Dennis ■" " 

Gbapin, Edward " " 

Cowdrick, Yien Auburndale, " " 

Contuse, E. C " " " 

Carter, S S -" " 

Dun lap Thomas " " 

Draper, James " " 

I>yer, Stephen F u " 

Dowling, P. II ; . " " 

Kuglehardt, Jacob " " 

Knsigu, W. O .- . " " 

Eddy, Chas. H " 

Kggleston, Mrs. II . . " '" 

Ivli^ar, John 600 Piatt St. u 


Gloyd, Mary E Toledo, Ohio 

Goddard, Alonzo " " 

Granger, V. W 

GleasoD, AW 

Gardner, Natb; . ... East Side, •« " 

Bart man, Abraham " " 

Hertzler, Horace " " 

Howard, Mrs. KM J . 

Howell, A.I) " " 

Hall, Cecil A 

Hubbard, Franklin " " 

Heime, Jacob E " •' 

Jones, A delaine " ' " 

Kelsey, Joel \f " 

Ketchara, Mrs. Rachel Ann " i l 

King, Frank J " " 

Kountz, John S " « 

Kenyon, Henry " " 

Kellogg, Joseph G u " 

Kslsey, Joel H " " 

Lane, Frank T " " 

Lindsay, Mrs. S. B • " " 

Lemmon, Reuben C " " 

Myers, Jas. W " " 

Marksheffel, C. A. . .' " 

Moore, John A " " 

Marx, Guido ... " " 

Merikel, KM " 

McXally, Jas 

Morehouse, VVm.'H " u 

Mott, Miss Anna C " " 

Norton, C. W " 

Norton, Mrs. M. J) ", 

Neubert, H. G 

Nay, Eccler : . . " " 

Nopper, Christ " " 

Pelton, A. D " 

Parmelee, W. E. Jr. . . " " 

Pratt, Charles . " " 

Pike, Louis H T ' u " 

Pheatt, Z. C 

Plant, A. H 

Raymond, E. P " " 

Raymond, Paul .- " " 

Rowland, W. L k « " 

Romeis, Jacob . . . " " 

Raymer, James ..." " 

Richardson, I. A. . . . . . . . ■ " " 

Robinson, James B. . . . . . . '• it 

Romeis, John . ........ u " 

Smith, Denison B. ........ " •' 

Seaman. Ira K. . . . . , " " 

Smith, W. II. II. 

Foster,. O. W Lamoine, Wood Comity, Ohio 

Hard j, James Texas, Henry " " 

Hardesty, A. F Payne* Wood, 

Uollington, Rev. A Delaware, " 

Jones, L. J . Digby, Wood County, " 

Mathews, C W Lancaster, " 

McCabe, Alex . . . . . Morenci, Mich. 

McDowell, Mrs. C. E Prairie Depot, Ohio 

McMahon, R. W Portage, Wood County, " 

Moore, J. P Fremont, " 

Myers, J. K Ayersville, Defiance County, " 

Peters, B. L North Baltimore, " 

Peters, Mrs. Fannie "- u u 

Phillips, Charles B Blissfield, Mich. 

Rodgers, O. D New Haven, Ind. 

Rowe, John P Vienna, Mich, 

Tubbs,W.B . . Tubbsville, Ohio 

Wilson, Wm. H Richfield Center, Lucas County, " 

Williamson, C. W Wapakaneta, " 

Willson, Geo. H Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Whittaker, Wm Wauseou, Ohio 

Watkins, George Chicago, 111. 

Whitney, Jos. S Jackson, Mich. 

White, J. W Washington, D. C. 

Ballou, Oscar W Waterville, Lucas County, Ohio 

Ballon, Mrs. O. W 

Dodd, Mrs. Mary " " " 

Eastwood, Lewis " u " u 

Farnsworth, John P c; " u 

Hall, Joseph E 

Hoobler, Geo. W 

Pray, Thomas " " 

Knaggs, Miss Maria " '. " M " 

Shertzer, Joseph '• . " - " *." 

Yan Fleet, William u 

Van Fleet, Mrs. Jane R " " 

Van Fleet, H Frank " '< " " 

Watts, Thomas •' " " " . 

Edgar, John Weston, Wood '• '• 

Huber, Henry " . " '* u 

McDonald, C. W 

Shephard, W. H. . 

Atkinson, William Whitehouse, Lucas ' ; ' ; 

Atkinson, Mrs Louisa " " " " 

Burnett, Geo. C " " ' " 

Butler, Fred A "... " " " 

Doren, John ^ « " 

Dojan, William " ■ ~ u " " 

Goodman, Michael ........ '' " " " 

Goodman, MrR. Caroline " " " t: 

Pray, Paris II. " " '• 

Pray, M. W 

Pray, J. L " " " 


pray, Mary E Whitehouse, Lucas County, Ohio 

Poalafon, J*. II " " . " " " 

Uakustfaw, Yarnel 

Sly, Mrs. Martha " " ; " 

Andrews, James Sylvania, Lucas " 

Cone, Ambrose " " " " 

Hnrroun, Clara 

llarroun, Mrs. E.J.P " " " 

Warren, W. B 

Curtis, Nelson Swanton Fulton " " 

Fairchilds, Alonzo 

Love, Rev. X. B. C " " " ; " 

Scott, Dr. W. A 

White, J. 8 

White, Mrs. Ellen " " " " 

Watkins, Wells 

Foster, Joel Tontogany, Wood " " 

Mawer, Mrs. Thos . / 

Mawer, Thos " 

Warner, Martin .....:.... 

Bowers, George ...... ... Napoleon, Henry County, Ohio 

Brooks, William . " " ' 

Bowers, James R, . ........ " u " 

Bowers, W. R '. " " " - " 

Bowers, Mrs. A. C. . 

Cadwallader, Mrs. May . ..... " " " " 

Curtis, S. L. . . . 

Davidson, J. S «• " " " 

Gunn, Edwin . 

Gilson, David 

Furquson, Mary " " " '' 

Hudson, D. P. . . . '. 

Hill, Matilda M . « :.« ' • " 

Hateley, Daniel . . . " "- 

Hudson, Harrison - . . . " " " " 

Hufning, Julius " " 

Huddle, John . . . " " " " 

Hague, S.M 

Mory, J. D . ' " " " " 

Kalriek, George " " " " 

Raiser, Mathias ' ■ " 

Scribner, Allen B 

Shelt, John " " 

Stevens, John W " " 

Scott, Robert K 

Centre, H " " " " 

Tyler, Justin H 

Vanllynig, Julius 

Wheeler, Caleb 

Wibon, D " " " " 

Williams/ L. B 

Brown, James K 

Leatherman, J. .......... . " " . " " 

u u a u 

u I< (< u 

a it u m 


Pontius, B. F Napoleon, Henry County, Ohio 

Shelt, Sabina " " " 

Britton, O. J Neopolis, Lucas County, Ohio 

Keeler, W. H. " " •« ' " 

Crosby, Darwin 

Baird, C. C Perrysburg, Wood County, Ohio 

Barlow, Martha " " " " 

Campbell, G. W 

Cing, Rudolph " "• " 

Hoflenbeck, Francis 

Hoilenbeek, B. K " " " " 

McKnight, George " " " " 

Pratt, B. F 

Peck, Henrv E " " 

Powell, Frank " " " " 

Powers, C. A 

Perrin, Mrs. Amelia ... ... " " " " 

Drummond, Calvin M " " " " 

Boss, J. W . 

Boss, Mrs. J. W " « 

Rumler, Estella " " " " 

Spafford, Mrs. Mariah 

Stubbe. James F " u 

Tuller, E 

Thornton. S. B " 

Warner. H " ' 

Weddel, George " " " 

Ross, Mr. and Mrs Hull Prairie, Wood County, Ohio 

Tunison, Mrs. John " " " " " 

Robertson, Ameleus " " " " 

Croninger, George Liberty Center, Henry County, Ohio 

Foot, Fred " " " " " " 

Turnev, Michael " " " u 

Gunn, Mrs. A. B " ." ,f . " 

Hudson, Isaac " " " " 

Leist, A. C " - ; ' " " 

Lamphier, John " " " " 

Pen nock, Edward " . u " " 

Russell, W. H 

West, John T 

Young. C. C 

Young, Mrs. C. C " 

Williams, W. F 

Bales, William Maumee, Lucas County, Ohio 

Brown, Mrs Thomas '• " " " 

Blaker, Mrs. Amanda " " " " 

Baker, Mary G " ■ " " " 

Drummond. CM " " " * 

Gunn, Mrs. W. B 

Hull, W. R 

Kiser. Laura B "'* " " ; ' 

Mitchell, Mrs. R. B 

Gunn, O. X " " " " 


a a u a 

c< (( u a 


(,'unn, Mrs. O. N Maumee, Lucas County, Ohio 

Knaggs, Malinda . 

Walcott, J. M 

Wilcox, J. B 

Bateheldor, Mrs. William 

Durbin, Thos. W McClure, Henry Count}-, Ohio 

Sheppard, D. S 

Kerr, John \V Monclova, Lucas County, Ohio 

Learning, Hulda 

Lose, William . . . " 

Van Fleet, Cornelius > .".. " " " 

Carter, S. S ♦ Delta, Fulton County, -Ohio 

Cam, M. " 

Holt, John ..." 

Merrell, Osias " 

Sargent, A. L " 

Culberson, Eli Grand Bapids, Fulton County, Ohio 

Jiulson, A. C " " " 

McLain, J. C " " " 

Reynolds, James 

Sterling, Thomas , 

Bucklin, Osman Grelton, Wood County, Ohio 

Johnson, W. C " " " " 

Yeager, A " A " " 

Andrews, II. E Florida, Henry County, Ohio 

Berdner, Mrs: Harvey " . " " " 

Berdner, Henry " " «'■ . " 

Brubacker, David " " " " 

Bruback, F. X ' ; " " " 

Bruback, Emily B. . . . u " " 

Bowen, Jerry . " " " " 

Kothenberger, G. F " " 

Scofield, Catherine E .. . . " " " 

Sister, Peter " . u " " 

Lowry, Samantha A. ., . ... 

Weaver, H. S 

Weaver, David " " " 

BernthistU-, II. P ... Haskins, Wood County, Ohio 

Garrett, P. F " " " " 

Garrett, Mrs. Kate < ; ' ; u 

Ainsworth, J.N Hicksville, Defiance County, Ohio 

Fast, H. 11 . . Holgate, Henry County, Ohio 

Gunn, A. 1) Holland, Lucas County, Ohio 

Tucker, Albert C " " " " 

Hollo way, C. B " " " " 

Holloway, Mrs, Mary A .. . " " " " 

Conley, Michael . Colton, Henry County, Ohio 

Gram ling, Adam " ' ; c: ' : 

Hardy, Sanies W " 

Uve, W. K . 

Panott, William lt " 

Wuler, Aaron " " " ; - 

Waggoner, John B " " 

u a a 


Waggoner, Simon N. . . Cotton, Henry County, Ohio 

"XXi'.i-l ■ T . v ,- « cc a a 

Arrowsmith, Miller Defiance, Defiance County, Ohio 

Brawn, Mrs. W. A " " " " " 

Brown, Kate " '• " 

Brown, F. G , . " ' " » 

Corwin, Isaac " " " "' 

Deamer, B. F « " " 

Grecnler, J. S " " 

Gurwell, Martin " " " " 

Gurwell, Jacob " " " " 

Hardy, Henry * " " " 

Hudson, S. P .' " " 

Hooker, Arabella II . " " " 

Howard, E. A " " " " 

Hall, H. B 

Hapenbiuson, W. C. '■ " ■ '• " 

Jarvis, Mary B. ......... 

Kirk, J. I) « " . 

Kintner, George " " " " 

Laugdon, Lyman " " " i£ 

Marcellus, I). H 

Malley, J. J 

Miller, Jobn 

Marcellus, Hugh J " " " . " 

Mix, E. B 

Parry, Gibbons " " " . " 

Perky, Martin ".•'-." " 

Eohn, James . " " " " 

Ealston, J. B 

Sessioas, Horace ........ " . " " " 

Stubbs. Wm. M 

Scott, Helen Brown. ...... " :< 

Saylor, Jacob " " " " 

Simpson, A. E " . " 

Smith, Wm. M. ........ . u " - 

Thornton, M. E. Stephens . . •. " •' •' 

Tittle, Charles P ^ 

Wilhelm, Adam . . . ' ■■• ■ ■ • v . . " •• " <• 

Woodcox, B. B " . " " " 

Myers, L. E . . " " " •« 

Hilton, Brice (: " " •< 

Evans, Pichard " " ' " - " 

Wood, Alonzo H 

Van"l)usel, N " «• M " 

Crofts, Mrs. Hannah 712 Kussell Ave , Cleveland, Ohio 

Pobinson, James B . . . . Air Line Junction, Lucas County, Ohio 

Bissell, C. A Antwerp, Paulding County, Ohio 

Bisber, Henry . " " " 

Poering, P. P " " " " 

Swing Wm " " « " 

Fleck, W. F 

Furguson, H. R " " 


Graves, F. A . Antwerp, Paulding County, Ohio 

Harris, Henry " " «< ' ,'" 

Harris, Jane E... 

Hughes, I). S 

McCann, A. C 

Oswalt, Jacob. 

Pocock, D. A. " " " " 

Pocoek, Clara " " " 

Pocock, J. L 

Pocock, E. E 

Snooks, W. A 

Saylor, Jacob " " " - v " 

Stukey, W. W. . . 

Woodcox, C. B 

7,uber, John B ~. . " " "" - 

Zuber, J. H 

Dilgert, J. C Auburndale, Lucas County, Ohio 

Conture, E. C ." " " 4 " \. " 

Cowdrick, Yien " " :' " 

Black, Luther Bowling Green, Wood County, Ohio 

Caldwell. Geo. D '< " 

Dodge, H. H 

La Farree, Jas. H. . . . '. . " " 

Newton, Daniel ■ " " 

Newton, Mrs. Eveline .... ..->', '• 

Perry, Thomas • xz "• 

Phillippi, Aaron " 

Ralston, Jas. B. ....... . 

Siraonds, Alice : . ; ' " 

Thurston. Mrs. M. L. .... •' - " 

Thomas, S. H • " 

Tan Tassel, S. N •' " 

Lattimore, Jas. F .- Cecil, Paulding County, 

Lattimore, Mrs. Jas. F. ....... " "•." " 

Simpson, A. N " •' '' 

Colby, Dr. L " 

Downs, Geo. W Custar. Wood County, 





Tlie Pioneer Dry Goods and Carpet House 

Of Toledo, 

/ v 



fell 1 

fill p^l'. 

5 frj^j !j 

— ■_- i .\, -:—/;. 

1 ill 


7= - — ft^t— 


r%n^^ -V 


-C>K^X& feVOr J;; 

52 rea#\«* 

Of the public's confidence to guard makes our motto, 

Best Goads at Lowest Prices, 

Stronger than ever. If you have Pry Goods, Carpets and 
MHlinery to buy, you're always gate in trading at the old 
reliable store. 

Neuliausei Bros., $&&■* » *■-■»'•. • 

W6 Fit you out From 

Head to Foot 

with the best Standard Made Clothing 
in the country, and at the Guaranteed 
Lowest Prices in the city. Every suit 
of clothes we sell is up to date— we 
carry over no old goods — you know 
that when you buy clothing here that 
it is correct in every particular of 
fabric, fit and finish. We sell splendid 
j!f Suits, guaranteed all wool, 




£ J. J, ,4. ^ J. J, ,4, 


and from that figure, prices range from 
$JO and $12 to $15 and $18 for the 
finest fabrics. The standard made 
goods we sell are equal to the best cus- 
tom tailor work, and we save you at 
least 50 per cent, on the custom tailor's 
prices..** J^ J <*J> J •***<*<*<*<* ****<*<* 



And save you money on all shoes for men, women and child- 
ren. Our shoe prices are 25 per cent, lower than all other 
stores. Remember also that if you are dissatisfied with any- 
thing you buy here you can always get you money back. 

¥x n—*>Tn>-m?CT 213to2I9 


k^J Summit St. 

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f mm 



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Pianos and Organs, 

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Lowest Prices. 

Best Terms to Purchasers. 

Don't Fail to Examine our Goods before Purchasing. 
Goods Fully Guaranteed. 

J. W. GREENE 4 CO.. ?fi,"o c h ?„: le - 



-- ■ -i 


ses f Memorials an 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Jaw' < 


be [JJaumee {J alky S hneer 



<*** dissociation, * * ■*• ■ 

Co fo delivered at the 

Reunion at Delta, Ohio, 

Wednesday, JIugust 30, 


Toledo, Ohio: 

Vrooman, Anderson * Bateman, Printers 



The Memorials, Obituaries, Biographies and Pioneer 
Reminiscences herein presented have been contributed by 
friends who are personally interested in the various sub- 
jects each has written of. It is the desire of the Maumee 
Valley Pioneer Association that this interest should ex- 
tend, and to this end persons possessing- knowledge of 
any personal event or fact connected with pioneer^history 
is not only invited, but earnestly urged, to put the same 
in writing and hand or mail the matter to the Secretary 
of the Association, on or before the first day of June of 
each year. 

No charges are made for publishing in these Annuals 
any such communications. Half-tone cuts appearing, 
which add very much to the interest of the printed mat- 
ter, are furnished by friends, and become their property 
after being used by the Association. 

Every person who has resided in any part of the 
Maumee Valley for the period of twenty -five years is 
eligible for membership in the Association, and can be- 
come a member by the payment of one dollar. // should 
be reinembered that the annual expenses ca?mot be met by the 
o?ie dollar paid on joining the Association. It costs about 
one hundred and twenty-five dollars each year to publish 
the Annual and to meet the other necessary expenses. 
A charge is therefore made of 25 cents a copy for each 
issue of the Annual, and the members must take a suf- 
ficient number to supply the above sum, or else the pub- 
lication cannot continue. Each. member should therefore 
assist in disposing of the yearly issues to the extent of 
his ability. 

Features of especial interest to the people of our 
State, and particularly to those of this section, are set 
forth in this issue, and will be continued in each issue in 
the following Centennial years. No class of people are or 
can be as interested in our forthcoming Centennial cele- 
bration as are the pioneers, and it is confidently expected 
that a united effort will be made that their good work 
may be stimulated so that the Association may grow and 
maintain its proper sphere of usefulness in this com- 


The 34th Annual Reunion of the Maumee Valley 
Pioneer Association was held at the Old Court House at 
Maumee, on Saturday, September 10th, 1898. 

Owing to the absen< e of the president, Mr: Paris H. 
Pray, Rev. N. B. C. Love was called to preside and the 
meeting was opened by singing "America" by the audi- 
ence, led by Col. Wm. Corlett, of Toledo. 

The regular program was then taken up and Rev. 
Sheridan, of the Oliver street Baptist Church, of Toledo, 
led in an invocation of divine grace. Owing to the 
absence of an organ the singers were unable to fill their 
part of the program and it was omitted. 

The minutes of the former meeting were read and 
approved, together with the treasurer's report which 
showed a balance on hand of $9.47. 

A very able, interesting and patriotic paper was then 
read by Mr. Denison B. Smith on "Evolution of Trans- 
portation." This was iollowed by a carefully prepared 
paper on "The Surrender of Gen. Hull at Detroit," by 
Rev. Adams, of Perrysburg. 

The noon hour having arrived refreshments were 
mutually discussed in an "up to date" manner and the 
pioneers again broke bread together. 

The opening ol the afternoon meeting was solemniz- 
ed by an invocation by Rev. Adams, of Perrysburg. We 
were then favored with a very well worded, hearty pio- 
neer welcome by the Hon. James M, VVolcott, a home 
pioneer of Maumee. He spoke feelingly of the pioneer 
surroundings of Maumee together with the famous 
pioneer people*, including one of Maumee's meritorious 
sons now in command ot the U. S. forces at Santiago, 
Cuba, and at the conclusion of his welcome address mov- 

The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

ed that Gen. Lawton, a former citizen of Maumee, be 
elected an honorary member of the Association. 

An original letter dated at Washington, D. C, 
October 9th, 1845, written by Gen'l George Croghan to 
Mr. George B. Knaggs, of Maumee City, was then pre- 
sented to the Association and the secretary was instructed 
to reproduce the matter of the letter in the pamphlet of 
1899. A vote of thanks was extended by the Association 
to Mrs. Knaggs ior her generous contribution of the letter. 

A nominating committee consisting of Mr. D. K. 
Hollenbeck, of Wood County; Mr. O. B. Merril, of 
Fulton County, and Hon. J. H. Tyler, oi Henry County, 
then reported by the chairman, and the following recom- 
mendations were made: 


Mr. Paris H. Pray, of Whitehouse. 


J. L. Pray, of Whitehouse. 


J. E. Hall, of Waterville. 


Fulton County, Dr. Win. Ramsey, 
Hancock County, Mr. Blackford, 
Henry County, Hon. Justin H. Tyler, 
Lucas Count), Judge Chas. Pratt, 
Wood County, D. K. Hollenbeck, 
Defiance County, Adam Wilhelm, 


Defiance County, John Greenler, 

Fulton County, A. B. Thompson, 

Henry County, C. C. Young, 

Lucas County, Wm. Corlett, 

Wood County, J. O. Troup v . 


Defiance County, J. P. Buffington, 

Minutes 7 

Fulton County, Rev. N. 13. C Love, 
Henry County, Allen Scribner, 

Lucas County, D. B. Smith, 

Wood County, F. A. Baldwin, 

Hancock County, H. F. Burbet. 


Henry County, George Patrick, 

Lucas County, Hon, J. K. Hamilton 

Wood County, Rev. G. A. Adams. 

At the close of the election Mr. Corlett, of Toledo, 
made an explanation concerning the memorials that all 
persons should make themselves responsible for omissions, 
etc. The chairman of the Memorial committee then 
came forward and read memorials on the life and charac- 
ter of Mr. Thomas Daniels. Marquis Baldwin, J. C. Dilgert 
and J. E. Bailey. Mr. J. T. Greer of Toledo, then present- 
ed a very fine tribute on the very serviceable life ot Rev. 
W. W. Williams, of Toledo. Dr. N B. C. Love next 
presented a memorial on the pioneer life of Mr. John 
Cowdrick, of Napoleon. Mr. Clark Waggoner then 
presented a very graphic account of the noble and praise- 
worthy deeds ot William Oliver, a former citizen and 
property owner in Toledo. 

The meeting then broke away from the regular 
program long enough to hear a recitation by Mr. Shafer, 
after which reminiscences were called for and Mr. Worden 
of Toledo, and Mr. Young of Liberty Center, and others 
made brief remarks. 


Received for Pamphlets sold . . . $38 65 

Received for Advertising 40 00 

Received for five Memberships at Maumee 5 00 

Total Paid Treasury $83 65 

& The Mauraee Valley Pioneer Associatien. 

Cost of Postage — Circulars and Cards $ 6 oo 

Cost of Printing 84 20 

Cost of Typewriting and Addressing 2 65 

• Total $92 85 

J. L. Pray, Secretary. P. H. Pray, President. 


Balance on hand from 1897 $ 9 47 

Received of Secretary up to December 30, 1898 . 83 65 

Total $93 1 2 

Paid Expense Orders 92 85 

Balance in Treasury 27 

J. E. Hall, Treasurer. 

The meeting closed with the singing of a familiar 
song, all feeling that the 34th Annual Reunion was a social 

N. B. C. Love, 

Acting President. 
J. L. Pray, 


The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 



Two of the most momentous events in the history of 
Ohio, and indeed of the whole Northwest, *vere the 
Battle of Fallen Timbers and the Siege of Fort Meigs. 
At the former the great Indian confederacy, organized 
and armed by the British, was overthrown upon the banks 
of the Maumee by the impetuous charge of "Mad 
Anthony" with his irresistible legion of infantry and 
mounted dragoons. At Fort Meigs, near the same spot 
eighteen years later, where the old earthworks are still 
visible, a brave garrison of Americans under William 
Henry Harrison hurled back an invading host of British 
regulars and Canadian militia under Proctor, and a horde 
of eighteen hundred yelping Indians under the lead of the 
great Tecumseh. By the first victory a peace was secur- 
ed with the crushed and humbled Indians which permitted 
an uninterrupted tide of white settlers to flow into the 
Ohio wilderness and possess, clear and cultivate the fertile 
lands, secure from the merciless tomahawk, firebrand and 
scalping knife which for fifty years had made the frontier 
a scene of danger, desolation and horror. By the second 
victory at Fort Meigs the British and their savage allies 
were driven back upon Canada, and the British hopes of 
annexing our Northwest territory to England's dominions 
were frustrated forever. 

To understand aright the significance of the great 
victory of the Fallen Timbers, it is necessary to go back 
a little way in history and notice briefly some of the pre- 
liminary events. The Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended, or 
vas supposed to end, the War of the Revolution. That 
treaty fixed the northern boundary of the United States 

10 The Man nice Valley Pioneer Association. 

at the middle line of the Great Lakes, and. the westerr 
boundary at the Mississippi river. But notwithstanding 
the terms ot the treaty, the British did not relinquish t< 
the Americans the fortified posts along the chain of th< 
lakes from Niagara to Mackinac. They continued t< 
hold with strong garrisons the forts at Niagara, Sandusky 
Detroit and Mackinac, and our weak nation, then bu 
loosely knit together, glad ot peace and anxious to recove 
from the effects ol the long and desolating War of th< 
Revolution, bided its time, endured insult and did not in 
sist upon its rights. For full fifteen years after the Treat; 
of Paris the British thus held on to their fortified post 
along the lakes and all the territory adjacent to them, am 
made these posts rallying points for the Indians of th< 
Northwest, whom they supplied with arms and incited t< 
terrible outrages upon the feeble white settlements i; 
Kentucky and along the northern shore of the Ohio rivei 
Even then a great body of the Eastern people were op 
posed to what we now call "the policy of expansion," an< 
were averse to a war with the Indians or another wa 
with England. They asserted that the Ohio . wildernes 
and the great jungle of the Northwest were not worth th 
blood and treasure it would cost to redeem them from th 
Indians and the British. 

England knew this feeling among the Americans 
and secretly cherished the intention of repossessing th 
vast region north of the Ohio and east of the Mississipp 
But at that time they gave as their pretext lor holdin 
the forts and lands along the lakes, that the American 
had not kept the treaty of 1783 by making good th 
losses of certain British creditors who had suffered becaus 
of the Revolutionary War. So for about fifteen years 
whatever may have been the real motive, the British cor 
tinued to hold the forts along the northern lakes, furnisr 
ed the Indians with weapons and supplies, and encourage 
them to murderous attacks upon the white frontier settler 

The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 11 

ol Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, (then a county ol 
Virginia,) and the few cabins and settlements along the 
northern banks of the Ohio river. 

In 1788 the Northwest Territory was formally organ- 
ized at Marietta, with Arthur St. Clair as governor. 
Cincinnati was founded, and other isolated log villages 
sprang up along the Ohio. Lands were purchased, and a 
strong tide ol immigration set in from the Eastern States. 
The Ohio river was thronged with rafts, flat-boats and 
arks carrying settlers and their household goods down to 
the new lands in the western wilderness. The sight of 
these things enraged the Indians who beheld their hunt- 
ing grounds thus invaded by the hated axe, plow and 
cabin ol the pale face. Prowling bands ol savages burst 
suddenly upon defenceless cabins in the night time, mur- 
dered the inhabitants or bore them away into a wretched 
captivity on the Wabash or the Maumee. 

Groups of savage warriors lurked constantly along 
the wooded shores of the Ohio and waylaid the immigrant 
boats, plundering the goods and murdering whole families. 
At times hundreds of the fierce warriors would flock to- 
gether and make a raid against the palisaded villages of 
Kentucky or southern Ohio. On these occasions they 
would kill all the stock, murder the men in the fields, 
apply the torch to the dwellings, and carry off the women 
and children as captives. These savage raids did not go 
unavenged, especially on the part of the Kentuckians. 
They frequently organized retaliatory raids, and pursued 
the fleeing Indians to their villages on the Miami and the 
Wabash. There they laid waste the corn fields and towns 
( >f the savages, but the Indians themselves usually escaped 
destruction by fleeing into the tangled wilds of the forest 
where the mounted white men could not penetrate. The 
atrocities and outrages of the Indians became so persistent 
and frequent that St. Clair, witli the approval of Congress, 

12 The Naumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

determined to send a formidable expedition against their 

In the Fall of 1790, a force of Pennsylvanians and 
Kentuckians, consisting of mounted militia and regular in- 
fantry with artillery, fourteen hundred and fifty-three men 
in all, under command of Gen. Harmar, marched against 
the villages at the head waters o{ the Miami The 
Indians as usual abandoned their towns and fled before 
the advancing army. Harmar laid waste their fields and 
burned their villages, and had he been content with this 
he would have accomplished all he was ordered to do. 
But his militia were eager for a fight with the Indians. So 
two or three detachments that were permitted to go oft 
from the main body in quest of the warriors, were prompt- 
ly surrounded by the Indians under command of Little 
Turtle, an able chief, and cut to pieces. Harmar was 
compelled to gather his little army together and retreat to 
Fort Washington, at Cincinnati, harassed by Indians 
most of the way. Harmar's campaign was practically a 
failure, and another was called for, as the Indians were 
only the more enraged by the destruction of their homes 
and fields, and were not in the least subdued. The 
Indian attacks on the settlers immediately became bolder. 
Every blockhouse in southern Ohio was soon in a state oi 
siege. All work in field and clearing was abandoned. 
The Indians attacked the station at Big Bottom near 
Marietta, and murdered and scalped fourteen whites. 
Settlers fled to the blockhouses or forts for refuge. 
Some hastened across the river into Virginia, abandoning 
all their possessions in the hope o( escaping the prowling 
warriors. Washington was authorized by Congress to 
raise and equip an army of three thousand men. The 
command was given to St. Clair who was a friend of 
Washington and who had rendered valuable service as an 
officer in the war of the Revolution. The army was 
made up of the little regular army of two regiments, and 

The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 13 

the. rest was composed of drafted militia and about four 
hundred Kentucky volunteers. A more poorly disciplined 
and equipped army probably never marched out to meet 
a foe. Many of the troops were enlisted ior only six 
months and their time expired before they got into battle. 
This fact was the cause oi many desertions before there 
was a chance of conflict with the Indians. The troops 
were equipped by the agents of the government in the 
most shameless manner. Many of the muskets were 
utterly useless. It has been said that some of them even 
had no locks on them. A great deal of the powder would 
scarcely burn and the food and clothing furnished were 
wretchedly poor. St. Clair himself was well along in 
years, was suffering with the gout and had to be helped 
on his horse. Knox, the Secretary of War, kept urging 
St. Clair to proceed at once against the Indians, and the 
settlers were petitioning and clamoring for the army to 
march against the troublesome foe that was pillaging and 
burning their homes. This army, thus equipped and 
officered and urged off to battle without preparation, 
marched from Cincinnati, September seventeenth, 1791. 
A month was lost on the northward march in the building 
of F'orts Hamilton and Jefferson. Desertions began to be 
frequent, and as there was no comissary the army was 
soon without bread 

After he had reached the Indian neighborhood St. 
Clair sent back his best regiment of regulars to g-ather 
up deserters and provide supplies. Little Turtle who was 
hovering near with one thousand and fifty painted braves 
now saw his opportunity. On the night of November 
third St. Clair encamped on the banks of a stream which, 
as he had no guide, he did not know was the Wabash. 
At dawn the Indians began the attack with deadly vol- 
leys and frightful yells which were terrifying to the raw 
a nd undrilled militia. St. Clair displayed great bravery 
and determination and rallied his faltering troops again 

14 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

and again, and by means of successful bayonet charges 
drove the savages several times from the field. But the 
Indians quickly returned to the attack and with horrible 
yells surrounded the now panic stricken soldiers and 
mowed them down on all sides. By nine o'clock six hun- 
dred of St. Clair's men lay dead upon the field, over three 
hundred were wounded and nearly all the officers were 
killed. The artillery was useless as there were no men 
to serve it. St. Clair saw that all was lost and grave the 
order to retreat. The troops that were still alive rushed 
pell mell from the bloody field, leaving dead and. wound- 
ed, camp equipage, and artillery all behind them in their 
frenzied flight. Some threw away their muskets and even 
tore their clothing from their bodies that they might run 
the faster. St. Clair was helped upon an old pack horse, 
and thus made his escape from the bloody scene. An 
official investigation relieved St. Clair of all responsibility 
for the disaster and placed all the blame upon the miser- 
able discipline and equipment of the army. 

When Washington heard the news of the awful 
calamity it is said that he tore his hair in rage and grief, 
and walked the floor alternately cursing St. Clair and 
bemoaning the fate of the slaughtered Americans. It is 
impossible to depict the gloom and despair that filled the 
breasts of the Ohio settlers when they heard the terrible 
tidings of the defeat and massacre of St. Clair's army. It 
was the most ghastly defeat that American arms had ever 
suffered. All immigration was immediately stopped and 
not a boat was seen upon the Ohio, save that of some 
hapless refugee fleeing for shelter from Indian wrath. 
The government dreaded a war with the Indians and 
weakly began to negotiate for peace. But the arrogance 
and insolence of the Indians, backed by the British, knew 
no bounds. All the peace envoys of the Americans were 
murdered or insulted and driven out of the Indian en- 
campments. Col. Hardin and Major Trueman were sent 


The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 15 

to arrange some sort of a peace treaty with the Indians, 
but they were both treacherously assassinated, a deed for 
which the savages in subsequent peace negotiations ex- 
pressed no regret. The Congress at last reluctantly 
resolved upon war and provided ample funds to raise and 
equip an army of five thousand men. Washington cast 
about him for a commander who could carry the American 
[lag to victory in the wilds of the Northwest and -teach 
the savages and their British allies that the United States, 
though young, had a strong arm with which to strike their 
treacherous and uncompromising ioes. It is said that 
Washington hesitated between Anthony Wayne and 
George Rogers Clarke. There can be no doubt that 
had he chosen Clarke the result would have been the 
same, for he was a most valiant fighter, and as able and 
prudent in peace as in war. But Washington remember- 
ed the dash and daring of "Mad Anthony" in the war of 
the Revolution and how, at Stony Point on the Hudson 
in 1779, he had coolly pulled the abattis from the fortress 
walls and charged over the ramparts with the bayonet 
upon the astounded British foe and captured them all. 
So the choice fell upon Wayne. He accepted the com- 
mand under the stipulation that he should have ample 
time for hardening and drilling his forces and should not 
be hurried into battle, as St. Clair had been, with a rabble 
ot disobedient and undisciplined militia. Wayne's terms 
were acceded to and he reached the Ohio in June of 1792 
and began the reorganization of the army. His camp 
was situated on the river about twenty-seven miles below 
Pittsburgh. Here about twenty-five hundred men assem- 
bled and among them the remnant of St. Clair's beaten 
army. It can readily be seen what a gigantic task 
Wayne had before him when it came to making an 
efficient fighting force out of St. Clair's beaten remnant, 
and from the raw recruits sent him by the war depart- 
ment of the government. 

16 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association, 

Nearly all the officers were new and could render 
Wayne but little assistance, but he went about the task of 
constructing a compact and flexible fighting machine with 
his accustomed dash and energy. He drilled both officers 
and men until such a time as the officers themselves were 
capable of drilling the men. It was found that but few 
of the men realized the necessity for prompt obedience to 
orders, desertions were frequent and on the slightest 
alarm the sentries would flee from their posts. But 
Wayne kept up the ceaseless daily round ot drill, sternly 
enforcing all orders and duties of the camp, teaching the 
men to form rapidly and charge, to change from line 
formation to the hollow square, and to perform all the 
military evolutions with ease and dexterity. By the Spring 
of 1793 he had made out of his unpromising material a 
body of twenty-five hundred regulars, who were already 
worthy to be trusted in a conflict with the foe. 

In May, 1793, Wayne brought his little army, horse, 
foot and artillery, down the river to Cincinnati, and the 
infantry and artillery went into camp at "Hobson's 
Choice." The four companies of cavalry went across the 
river to a camp in Kentucky, where all summer they prac- 
ticed bushwhacking and charging through brush and 
wood and over logs and broken ground along the Licking. 
On the Ohio side the infantry and artillery kept up a 
ceaseless drill in tactics and target practice. While 
Wayne was thus diligently sharpening his knife for the 
fight, the government, in deference to the "mugwump" 
element of the country, was weakly endeavoring to ne- 
gotiate a peace, and urging Wayne to avoid hostilities. 
Three commissioners, Benjamin Lincoln, Beverly Ran- 
dolph and Timothy Pickering, had been appointed, and 
had set out in May to meet the Indian council. The 
commissioners went by way of Niagara, and after long 
and tedious delay reached the mouth of the Detroit river 
where they found McKee and Elliott, the chief British 

The Battle, of Fallen Timbers. 17 

mischief-makers, already in counsel with the Indians 
The negotiation proved utterly fruitless. The Indians 
were elated and insolent because of their easy victories 
over the whites, and were rich in the spoils and plunder 
of Harmar's and St. Clair's armies. The commissioners 
were only put in the humiliating attitude of trying to beg 
or buy peace. The Indians remained firm in their de- 
mand that the Ohio river should be the boundary between 
the Americans and the red men. The commissioners re- 
tired and hastened to Erie, and immediately sent off ex- 
presses to warn Wayne and President Washington of 
their failure. Wayne now consolidated his forces, and in 
October marched northward eighty miles, where he en- 
camped for the winter, building a strong post which he 
named Fort Greenville. Wayne's object in building this 
strongly fortified camp was to assume a menacing posi- 
tion near the headquarters of the savage tribes, and at the 
same time school his men to the woods and swamps of the 
Indian country. In December Wayne sent forward a 
strong detachment to the scene of St. Clair's battle- 
ground, gathered up and buried the bleaching bones of the 
six hundred soldiers who had been slaughtered there, and 
erected a stockade on the spot, which was named Fort 
Recovery. Wayne's " Legion," as he loved to call his 
efficient and well drilled little army, was kept busy 
through the long winter and following spring in unceasing 
military exercises, in bringing up supplies and in-strength- 
ening the forts. The Legion constantly increased in dis- 
cipline, and in all that constitutes an effective military 

In June of 1794, while Wayne was getting up sup- 
plies for the march against the Indian towns, and waiting 
for the ground to dry, Fort Recovery, garrisoned by two 
hundred men under Captain Gibson, was suddenly atta< k- 
ed one morning at dawn by two thousand Indians under 
command of Little Turtle. The garrison was taken by 

18 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

surprise, but made a valorous defense, mowing down the 
Indians, who attempted to take the place by storm. After 
the first assault, the Indians retired and kept up a desul- 
tory firing at a distance for two days, and then disappear- 
ed, carrying with them a large number of their dead and 
wounded. They had anticipated an easy victory, but met 
with a discouraging and humiliating repulse which they 
long deplored as one of their worst defeats, x^bout three 
weeks after the repulse of the Indians at Fort Recovery, 
Wayne's Legion was joined by a thousand mounted rifle- 
men from Kentucky under command of Gen. Scott, and 
he then began his march against the hostile villages on 
the Maumee, but he kept the destination of the expedition 
a secret, so that not even his own troops knew where he 
would strike the first blow. He further mystified the In- 
dians by sending out squads of axemen in advance to cut 
roads in different directions The result was that until 
Wayne suddenly appeared at the confluence of the Aug- 
laize and Maumee, the Indians were in uncertainty as to 
where he meant to strike, and were unable to concentrate 
their warriors for attack or defense. Unlike St Clair, 
Wayne kept in his employ during the whole of his north- 
ward march, a body of about forty trained spies and scouts 
whom he had selected from the wild white Indi in fighters. 
These men had been cradled in frontier cabins and had 
grown to manhood on the very hunting grounds of the 
Indians. Some ol them had been captives from childhood 
among the savages and knew well the speech, customs 
and habits of the Indians. These men were the athletes 
of the woods, tall, strong, long limbed, fleet footed, keen 
eyed, skilled marksmen, and absolutely without fear. To 
them the yell of a savage, that was meant to be so terry- 
fying, was empty bluster and vain bravado. Prominent 
among them were such men as Simon Kenton, the Poes, 
the Wetzels, the Miller brothers, fiphraim Kibbie, Robert 
McClellan and William Wells. The latter was the chief 

The Battle of Fallen Timbers. Ul 

of the scouts, and was a man of great intelligence and un- 
faltering courage. He had been captured when twelve 
years old, and had grown up among the Miamis, and had 
married a sister of the great chief, Little Turtle. He 
fought with the Indians against Harmar and St. Clair, 
hut when Wayne organized his Legion, Wells suddenly 
left the Indians, presented himself before Wayne and en- 
listed as a scout for the Americans, and rendered invalu- 
able service during the whole of the campaign. 

The historical account that is always given of Wells' 
leaving: the Indians is, that after the battles with Harmar 
and St. Clair, dim memories of his childhood began to 
come back to him, and he was haunted by the tear that 
in some ot the bloody battles against the whites in which 
he had taken part he might have killed some of his white 
kindred ; so one day he went to Little Turtle and said : 
" We have long been friends ; we are friends yet, until 
the sun stands so high (indicating . the place) in the 
heavens ; from that time we are enemies, and may kill 
one another." And history relates that after this speech 
he went and joined Wayne's army. Some of Wells' des- 
cendants, through his Indian wife, still compose some of 
the best families in the Maumee valley, and these des- 
cendants now relate a secret family tradition which has 
been guarded for over a hundred years, setting forth the 
true reasons why Wells suddenly left his Indian kindred 
and joined Wayne's forces as spy and scout. This ac- 
count is that the astute and far seeing mind of Little 
Turtle realized that at last the strong arm of the United 
States was raised to strike a crushing blow against the 
confederated tribes ; he wished to have a friend at court 
when the final and certain defeat came, so he called 
Wells to him and said : " You are a white man. You 
have been fighting against your own flesh and blood. Go 
to Wayne and serve him loyally. If he conquers us in 
the great battle coming on, you can do your Indian friends 

20 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

much good. If we conquer him, I will take care of you." 
This is no doubt the true story as to why Wells allied 
himself to the American cause and rendered such signal 
service, for it is well known that after the battle he was 
joined by his Indian wife and children, and he and Little 
Turtle received special favors at the hands of the United 
States government. Wells finally lost his life at the 
Chicago Massacre in the war of 1812. 

On his northward march from Fort Greenville, Wayne 
kept his daring scouts and spies threading the forest 
wilds far in advance and on either side. They harried 
hostile bands of savages in the woods, and lurked along 
the streams and rivers watching every movement of the 
foe, reporting full information to Wayne. They even 
penetrated to the distant encampments of the savages and 
seized, bound and carried off Indian men and women that 
Wayne might interview the captives as to the plans and 
movements of the enemy. Wayne himself was determin- 
ed to avoid the fates of Braddock and St. Clair. He 
marched through the forest with bis ranks in open order, 
his advance and rear guards out, and flankers scouring 
the woods on either side. He was at all times ready for 
instant battle. He halted at the middle of each afternoon 
and encamped his troops in the form of a hollow square, 
with the cavalry in the centre. He then had the divisions 
on each side of the square cut down trees and throw up 
earthworks as a protection during the night. How this 
caution of the hero of Stony Point contrasts with the folly 
of Braddock and St. Clair, whose troops had been help- 
lessly huddled in unprotected masses to be mowed down 
by the pitiless hail of Indian bullets. 

Guarding his army with this ceaseless vigilance 
Wayne marched without opposition and suddenly ap- 
peared at the forks of the Auglaize and Maumee, the 
Indians fleeing for their lives down the river. The 
Indians of the. Maumee Valley had long associated with 

The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 21 

the French and from them had acquired considerable 
agricultural skill and many of the arts of civilization. 
Along the Maumee for about fifty miles there were num- 
erous Indian villages containing well built log homes; 
there were deep fruited orchards of apple and peach and 
vast fields of corn and vegetables. The corn was just in 
the stage of the roasting ear and Wayne's soldiers revell- 
ed in the abundance of fresh food. The army .rested 
here for a week and constructed a strong post which 
Wayne called F'ort Defiance, It was built in the point 
where the rivers met in the form of a square, with strong 
palisades, bastions and a block house at each corner. It 
was further protected by a deep moat and a high embank- 
ment outside of the palisades. Wayne garrisoned this 
strong fort with two hundred men and then sent out his 
cavalry who for miles up and down the river burned the 
villages and laid utterly waste the orchards and cornfields. 
What had been but a little while before a scene of peace 
and plenty, the ravening hand of war left an area of 
smoking ruin and desolation. Wayne now deemed it 
fitting to send one last formal offer of peace to the two 
thousand Indian warriors that were assembled with their 
British allies around the British Fort Miami, about forty 
miles below at the toot of the rapids. This fort had just 
been built the preceding spring, April, 1794, by Governor 
Simcoe of Canada, and it stood far within American 
territory granted by the treaty of 1783 at Paris. If there 
had been any doubt about the attitude of the British 
toward the Americans and their encouragement of the 
Indians, ail such doubt vanished when Simcoe sent tour 
companies of British regulars and built this strong for- 
tress far within the acknowledged limits of the United 
States. Fort Miami was garrisoned with four hundred 
and fifty British regulars, was strongly built and mounted 
t<_n heavy guns besides mortars and swivels. It was, as 
it was meant to be, a strong rallying place and a depot of 

22 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Associatien. 

arms and provisions for the hostile Indian confederacy of 
the Northwest. The ruins of the old fort are still plainly- 
visible on the west bank of the river about a mile below 
the village of Maumee. In a time of peace between the 
two nations the parliament ol England permitted its 
agents in the Northwest to dispense Irom Fort Miami the 
weapons, ammunition and provisions which enabled the 
savage tribes to harry the struggling settlers of Ohio and 
wage their battle against the Legion ol Wayne. While 
this perfidy and bad faith on the part of the British must 
ever tend to excite the contempt and animosity of Amer- 
icans, we should also remember that the generation of 
Englishmen defeated in the War of the Revolution were 
still alive at that time, and all the jealousies and hatreds 
enkindled by that great struggle were still fresh and 
vigorous and continued so until after the War of 1812. 
Indeed almost a century of peace, with the added force 
of kindred ties and interests, has scarcely extinguished 
all traces of the hostile feeling between England and the 
United States engendered by their early struggles for the 
control of the western continent. 

Not waiting for an answer to his offer of peace 
Wayne marched from Fort Defiance on August fifteenth 
and reached Roche de Boeuf on the eighteenth. Roche 
de Boeuf was a celebrated landmark among the savage 
tribes. This massive, frowning rock still rises from the 
western edge of the river about a mile above the present 
village of Waterville, and about it still clusters a sanguin- 
ary Indian legend. On the way to the Rock, Wayne met 
his returning peace messenger with a shuffling evasive 
answer from the Indians to the effect that if Wayne would 
wait ten days longer the tribes would treat with him for 
peace. Wayne knew this was only a device to secure 
delay for the assembling of all the confederated warriors, 
so he resolved to press on. He had now under his com- 
mand a .force of about three thousand men. Two 

The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 23 

thousand of these composed the Legion of regulars, 
infantry and cavalry, the other thousand were the mounted 
Kentucky riflemen under Scott. Through his spies and 
Indian captives Wayne learned that two thousand braves 
from the tribes of the Shawnees, Delawares, Wyandots, 
Ottawas, Miamas, Pottawatomies, Chippewas and Iroquois 
were encamped near the British Fort Miami with their 
right resting on Swan Creek. 

Among them were the infamous trio, McKee, Girty 
and Elliott, declaiming against peace and urging them to 
battle. There were also among the Indians seventy 
white rangers from Detroit dressed in Indian costume 
under the lead of Captain Caldwell. The Indian forces 
were commanded by Blue Jacket, a Shawnee chieftain, 
and Little Turtle, chief of the Miamis. On the evening 
before the battle the Indians held a council to determine 
what course to pursue as they knew Wayne was rapidly 
approaching their encampment. Little Turtle was averse 
to battle and in the council said; "We have beaten the 
enemy twice under separate commanders. We cannot 
expect the same good fortune always to attend us. The 
Americans are now led by a chief who never sleeps. The 
night and the day are alike to him. During all the time 
that he has been marching upon our villages, notwith- 
standing the watchfulness of our young men, we have 
never been able to surprise him. Think well of it. There 
is something whispers me it would be well to listen to his 
offers of peace." But Blue Jacket leaped up in the coun- 
cil and silenced Little Turtle by accusing him oi coward- 
ice. Little Turtle replied : ''Follow me to battle." 

The Indians then swept up through the woods in 
long columns and took up what they deemed an impreg- 
nable position on and around Presque Isle Hill where a 
tornado of a year or two before had thrown down the 
forest trees, interlacing them in such a manner as to form 
a covert for the savages and rendering it very difficult for 

24 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

cavalry to operate among the fallen timbers. The Indians 
formed in three long" lines at supporting distances apart, 
their left resting on the river and their right extending 
some two miles into the forest at ripdit anodes to the 

o o 

river. Wayne halted at the Roche de Boeuf on the 
nineteenth and hastily constructed light works for the 
protection of his supplies and baggage which he named 
Fort Deposit. On the morning of August twentieth he 
marched on down the river knowing that the Indians 
were near and that battle was imminent. Wayne sent 
forward a battalion of the mounted Kentuckians with in- 
structions upon discovering the savages, to retreat in 
feigned confusion in order to draw the Indians out of their 
covert and increase their confidence. The Kentuckians 
went far enough in advance to give Wayne time to iorm 
his troops in perfect order after the firing should begin. 
Major Price led the advance guard of mounted militia 
and after an hour's march he received such a hot fire from 
the Indians hidden in the tall grass and trees as to compel 
him to retreat upon the main body. Wayne immediately 
drew up his infantry in two lines, placed the legionary 
cavalry on the right next the Maumee to assail the left 
flank of the savages and sent the volunteer cavalry under 
Scott, Todd and Barbee to the left to turn the right 
flank of the Indians and prevent them from performing a 
like service for the Americans. Wayne then gave orders 
for the front line to advance and charge with trailed arms, 
rouse the Indians from their covert and pour a well 
directed fire upon their backs, charging briskly with the 
bayonet and not giving the Indians time to reload their 
pieces or reform their lines. The first line of the Legion 
obeyed the order with great promptitude and impetuosity. 
In the face of a deadly fire they rushed upon the savages 
among the fallen trees and prodded them from their 
hiding places with the cold steel. The first line followed 
up the fleeing, painted horde with such swiftness and fury, 

The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 25 

pouring- in a destructive fire upon their backs, that 
but few of the second line caught up in time to par- 
ticipate in the action. Many of the Indians tried to 
(lee across the river but were cut down in the midst of 
the stream by the cavalry. The woods were strewn for 
miles with dead and wounded savages and with white 
Canadian militia painted and dressed in Indian costume. 
In the course of one hour the whole force of the enemy 
was driven more than two miles through the thick woods. 

Says Wayne in his official report of the battle : "From 
every account the enemy amounted to two thousand com- 
batants. The troops actually engaged against them were 
short of nine hundred. This horde of savages, with their 
allies, abandoned themselves to flight, and dispersed with 
terror and dismay, leaving our victorious army in full and 
quiet possession of the field of battle, which terminated 
under the influence of the guns of the British garrison." 

Owing to the impetuosity of Wayne's first charge, 
the battle was too brief to be very sanguinary in its re- 
sults, though the Americans lost thirty-three killed and 
about one hundred wounded. This loss occurred mainly 
at the first fire of the savages, when they lay hidden in 
their covert, taking deadly aim as the first line of the 
Legion swept down upon them. The legionary cavalry 
next the river suffered severely at the first fire of the In- 
dians. The dragoons galloped boldly among the Indians, 
their horses leaping over the fallen logs and dodging in 
and out among the trees. The troopers swung their long 
sabres with terrible effect among the dismayed and yelling 
savages, but a dozen saddles were emptied at the first fire 
of the Indians, Captain Campbell, who led one squadron, 
being instantly killed, and Captain Van Rensslaer, one of 
the old Knickerbocker family of New York, who led 
another, being severely wounded. The loss of the In- 
dians was far more serious than that of the Americans, 
though the number of killed and wounded was never defi- 

26 The Maumcc Valley Pioneer Association. 

nitely known, as many of them were dragged or carried 
off the field and rescued by their fleeing- friends. The In- 
dian dead numbered at least one hundred, and were found 
strewn along all the way to the British fort. The victori- 
ous Americans pursued the flying savages to the very- 
walls of Fort Miami. The Indians confidently expected 
the British to throw open the gates of the fort and admit 
them to its protection, but to their surprise and .indigna- 
tion the British basely abandoned them in the hour of 
their defeat, and they were obliged to scatter in the forest 
for safety from the American bayonets, the British looking 
on with apparent unconcern at this humiliation and defeat 
of their late allies. Wayne seriously contemplated storm- 
ing the British fort, and rode up with his aides to within 
a few hundred feet, and surveyed it through his glasses 
from all sides. After this a spirited correspondence en- 
sued between him and Captain Campbell, the British 
commandant. Campbell demanded to know why he ap- 
proached the fort in this threatening manner under the 
very muzzles of his guns. Wayne replied by demanding 
that Campbell withraw his garrison from American terri- 
tory to the nearest British post. Campbell replied that 
he was there by order of his superiors, and that only the 
fortunes of war would compel him to remove. Wayne's 
inspection of the fort had shown him that it was very 
strong, mounting many heavy guns and having a large 
garrison of regular troops. Moreover, the fort was pro- 
tected by a deep ditch in front of a lofty earthen parapet, 
surmounted by strong abattis. He saw that it would 
cost the lives of many of his soldiers, so he wisely con- 
cluded not to sacrifice his troops, and precipitate war be- 
tween the two countries by making the attack. The 
Americans contented themselves with proceeding imme- 
diately to burn and destroy all the supplies and buildings 
without the walls of the fort, McKee's residence among 
the number. While this ravaging and burning was going 

The Battle of Fallen Timbers. 21 

on, the British stood sullenly by their guns, it is said with 
lighted torches, but not daring to fire, well knowing what 
the result would be. After razing and burning everything 
within the vicinity of the fort, Wayne sent out his cavalry 
and destroyed the Indian villages, and laid waste the corn 
fields for miles up and down the river. After staying in 
the vicinity of the fort for three days, Wayne marched 
slowly back to Fort Defiance. 

Measured by its duration, and by the numbers en- 
gaged, this conflict was not one of the great struggles of 
the world ; but estimated by the issues involved, the in- 
terests at stake, it was one oi the most important battles 
in the history of the race. The peopling of a vast empire, 
the development of untold riches, the spread of a benefi- 
cent civilization, all awaited the result of that cautious 
march of Wayne's little Legion, and their valorous and 
irresistible charge among the fallen timbers of the Maumee. 

28 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 



There is no more clear and forceful evidence of the 
rapid growth of our country in all lines of trade, popula- 
tion and wealth, than in the evolution of transportation, of 
its inland commerce by land and water, and in the great 
expansion in the size and capacity of its commercial 
methods and instrumentalities. Very few men are living 
whose active connection with transportation began in 
1834, sixty-four years ago, and whose business life for so 
long a period has been steadily engaged in pursuits close- 
ly grouped with it. This is a part of my history, and 
when the old members oi this Association begin to talk 
of early dates, they are mighty sure to talk of "what runs 
in their head" — that is, the?nselves. Some people grow 
old and loquacious. I rather admire the man who said he 
was 8 1 years young. 

But if my friends will indulge me in a brief relation of 
personal experience, I will state that in the Autumn of 
1834. I entered the counting office of Messrs. Joseph 
Sloann & Co., of Syracuse, N. Y. It was a grain and 
transportation firm on the banks of the Erie Canal. In 
March, 1836, I left Syracuse for Perrysburg, on this river, 
and entered the office of Messrs. John Hollister & Co., 
which was composed of John Hollister and my older 
brother. This firm was engraved in receiving merchandise 
from New York and forwarding it to the. owners at De- 
fiance, Fort Wayne and interior from thence, to points on 
the Wabash river. For that early period this firm were 
large builders and owners of steam and sail vessels. The 

The Evolution of Transportation. 29 

passenger steamers Commodore Perry, General Wayne 
and Superior, ran between Perrysburg and Buffalo. The 
Cincinnati, between Perrysburg and Cleveland, and the 
Gov. Vance to Detroit. In the steamers Commodore 
Perry and Superior, Captain David Wilkinson and his 
brother James were largely interested. 

In 1838 I embarked for my own account in the same 
line of receiving and forwarding business at lower Maumee, 
under the walls of old Fort Miami, and later, in addition, 
furnishing provisions to the contractors who were con- 
structing the Wabash and Erie Canal. Do all of you 
now, within the sound of my voice, know what an inter- 
esting spot is this old Fort Miami ? The form of the for- 
tification and its embankments are well preserved. It can 
be reached from Toledo, Maumee and Perrysburg for ten 
cents, and will well repay a visit of an hour. 

It was only twenty-five years after its occupation by 
General Proctor and Tecumseh, when I commenced busi- 
ness under it. The river front of the Fort had been 
previously destroyed by excavation to build a dock, and I 
suppose by an illegal desecration. 

The canal was completed in 1843. ^ was very clear 
to me that its commerce could not be terminated at 
Maumee, and in the spring of 1844 I commenced the 
same line of business at Toledo, where I have since resid- 
ed, and where I have constantly been connected with 
business cognate with transportation. A feeling of lone- 
someness sometimes creeps over me when I remember, 
that of the thirty gentlemen engaged in this business in 
Toledo in 1844, only two besides myself are living, Mr. 
Alonzo Godard. of Toledo, and Gen. Eebert B. Brown, of 
Missouri, and the end is not far distant for the remaining 
three. And this feeling of lonliness is emphasized when 
I pass along Water street and find no vestige of the old 
forwarding and transportation business remaining. 

While the range and scope of my paper is intended 

30 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

to present contrasts during my life on the river, it may be 
interesting to relate a little transportation history at the 
beginning of this century. 

In 1802, Col. Thomas Hunt was in command of the 
First Regiment of the United States army, and was sta- 
tioned, with a part of his command, at Fort Mackinaw. 
He was ordered to Vincennes, at the mouth of the Wa- 
bash river. The only means of transportation for his 
troops, baggage and supplies, were the large canoes, or 
peroques made from the long trunks of trees, and keel 
boats, all propelled by poles. With these rude instru- 
mentalities, they carefully skirted the shores of Lakes 
Huron, St. Clair and Erie, and arriving at the mouth of 
Swan Creek, now Toledo, encamped in Fort Industry, 
located at what is now the corner of Summit and Monroe 
streets, and twenty feet above the present level of that 
locality. The late Gen. John E. Hunt stated that he was 
then four years of age, and remembered the arrival of the 
troops in the river, by an accident that probably shocked 
his senses and freshened his memory. A soldier fired 
at a duck, and his piece exploding, blew off his thumb 
with a sharp spurt of blood. The chances are that Col. 
Hunt's troops found the tramping part of the way from 
Toledo to the forks of the Wabash, 25 miles below Fort 
Wayne, through a dense and almost trackless forest, quite 
as toilsome and difficult as the propelling of peroques. 

I presume that was the method of locomotion. I was 
not present, and have not had access to the records of the 
War Department. But another item of the history of 
that movement has come to me, and it is this : Arriving 
at the forks of the Wabash river, now called Huntington, 
Ind., Col. Hunt built a covered flat boat for his suite and 
family, and floated down the river to his destination. 
When too near the banks ot the river, £Ood management 
was necessary to prevent the water snakes, which were 
sunning themselves on the low branches on the river side, 

The Evolution of Transportation. 31 

from falling into the boat. What an enchanting remin- 
iscence for those who love snakes. Upon arriving at 
Vincennes, Col. Hunt relieved Gen. William Henry Har- 
rison, the uncle of our late President, from that command. 
The relation of this little bit of history with the topic of 
my paper is, its lessons of crude and inadequate facilities, 
and heroic endurance of hardships in early transportation 
compared with present advance on all lines. 

About 1832, passenger steamers began to be earnest- 
ly needed on Lake Erie by the increase of travel west- 
ward. These boats were also freight boats to the limited 
extent of transporting the merchandise received at Buffalo 
from the Erie canal and the house furniture of emigrants. 
There was no east-bound commerce. Ohio was a frontier 
western state, and the products of the farms that had been 
opened to agriculture were consumed within her borders. 
The building of passenger steamers rapidly increased, and 
in 1836 at my connection with lake transportation, there 
were ten of them in commission, each of about 350 tons 

I will not attempt to review the conditions ot trans- 
portation before the completion of the New York and 
Pennsylvania canals, when the limited commerce of the 
State of New York was conducted on the Hudson and 
Mohawk rivers in primitive boats, and in Pennsylvania by 
six-horse teams over the Alleghany mountains, and from 
Pittsburgh down the Ohio river in Bat boats, but let me 
return to transportation facilities and rates of freight in 
1836. As I have said the merchandise and emigrants' 
furniture was transported to Perrysburg by steamers and 
an occasional sail vessel. From thence by wagons to the 
head of the Maumee rapids, which was then Providence. 
Thence by keel boats and peroques propelled by setting 
poles, up the Maumee to Fort Wayne From Fort 
Wayne another portage to the forks of the Wabash was 
necessary, and from thence down the river. 

32 ' The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

Mr. Elijah Herrick and Mr. S. H. Cately. both since 
members of our association and residents of Fulton 
County, were then the owners of the teams that lormecl 
the transportation line extending from Perrysburg to 
Providence, and two most worthy gentlemen they were. 
The late Capt. Calvin Herrick was an employee of his 
brother. The rate of freight on sugar, molasses, liquors 
and other heavy commodities from New York frequently 
cost 3c. to 4c. per pound, and the native sugar was used 
whenever possible. Light goods cost 5c. to -10c. per lb. 
But even these exorbitant rates were the beginning of the 
decli7ie that has culminated in the present low cost of 
freight on similar commodities. 

Let us indulge ourselves in an inventory of contrasts. 
Compared with the rates I have named of from 3c. to 10c. 
per pound in 1836, we now have rates of 12c. to 50c. per 
100 pounds or }£c. to ]/ 2 Q. per pound. The maximum 
freight cargo of vessels was then 6,000 bushels of wheat. 
Now it is 300,000 bushels. The passenger steamer of 
that day, of an average speed of ten miles an hour, has 
been succeeded by the palaces of to-day with a speed of 
twenty miles. Rates of fare, with sumptuous living, are 
now almost cheaper than remaining at home. Our rail- 
ways have annihilated distances. Instead of a Winter 
trip by stage to New York, occupying a week we are 
now transported thither in nineteen hours. And yet we 
are not happy, but are constantly striving for something 
better and something faster. 

The completion of the Wabash canal in the Autumn 
of 1843, an d of the canal to Cincinnati in 184.5 were great 
events in Western transportation — Western commerce 
and the commercial history of Toledo. The qnly then 
known method of transportation was by water, and the 
Maumee river and Toledo were on a line with the water 
route to the seaboard. Her canals were expected to 
increase the commerce, population and importance of 

The Evolution of Transportation. 33 

Toledo, and those natural results were realized until the 
railways began to be instrumentalities of commerce. The 
canal could only be maintained by the collection of tolls, 
which, added to the necessary carrying charge soon gave 
the railways the advantage. 

The building of railways in all directions has greatly 
increased, solidity of track, capacity of cars and power oi 
locomotion have proved to be a great diffusive element of 
commerce. They have changed the natural currents of 
commerce and trade. Traffic that we once claimed as 
legitimately tending hence, has been divided and deplet- 
ed. But Toledo is the center of a large commercial 
traffic which her enterprising merchants will, I believe, 
forever maintain. Toledo is not an experiment. What 
is now required for the support of increased population is 
increased manufacturing, which is the twin sister of com- 
merce, and we can depend upon it, that this increase of 
growth will, in the future, prove to be in the ratio of this 
increase of manufacturing industry. There is a natural 
and positive limit to the support of population by commer- 
cial traffic, and to-day our expectation of increased future 
growth must depend upon this supporting element. 

The growth and prosperity of Toledo is closely 
grouped with and concerns the people of the Valley. 
Great improvements radiate, on all lines, from any com- 
mercial and manufacturing center, and similar results may 
confidently be anticipated from the growth of the leading 
city of the Maumee. 

I want to offer my warm congratulations, not only to 
the agricultural element of our membership, but to all 
who are present, old and young, upon a year of prosper- 
ity, and the fair prospects for the future. The crops of 
J $97 have been disposed of at fairly remunerative prices, 
and above the averages of late years. When the interests 
of agriculture prosper, the country at large shares it. 
I he products of the soil, the labor of the farmer, the 

34 The Valley Pioneer Association. 

manufacturer and the mechanic, are the basis of the 
wealth of any nation. As compared with all other 
countries, ours is a system of educated labor. We arc 
thought to be boasters by some of our European critics, 
but the fairest judgment, at home and abroad must 
acknowledge, that the sources of general information to 
the laborers on the soil and all other industries, are more 
widely diffused in America than in any other country. 
We are all laborers. / toil as many hours at eighty-one 
years of age, as any one. No one loves labor, but its 
habit is a cultivation. It is a Divine command — "With 
the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread," and, as I have 
said, the results of labor are a benediction upon all man- 

But, dear friends, these contributions to our intelli- 
gence, which I have just now commented on, entail great 

This intelligence equips us with a knowledge of the 
theory of our Government, and we are challenged by it to 
uphold and preserve our rights and liberties upon the 
basis of virtue, morality, justice and devotion to the 
constitution under which we live. I think I can discover 
around us a weakness of partisan ties. Less of cast iron 
obediance to party obligations, and I hail it as a blessed 
signal from a virtue and liberty loving people. An 
evidence of an enlightened and devoted i\mericanism 
may be found in him who ignores the claims of party 
when he finds the best and purest man on the other side. 

In closing, I want to refer to the short, brilliant, 
sharp and decisive contest we have recently closed with 
Spain. I am not going to worry you with details. You 
all know as much about it as I, thanks to the diffusion oi 
information I have talked about. It has cost threat loss 
of life, intense suffering of our men, and a great many 
millions of dollars. But as to its glorious results, no war 
of its duration can be compared to it. It has silenced the 

The Evolution of Transportation. 35 

sneers and contemptible comments of Europeans on our 
inability to conduct a campaign commenced upon purely 
humanitarian causes, — upon our love of liberty and hatred 
of oppression. 

The procession of human rights — a love of liberty — 
of a government by the people, moves very slowly. 
Sometimes its pathways are through suffering and streams 
of blood, and sometimes by a natural and peaceful growth, 
but in either direction it is the inspiration from above, and 
its final triumph is as sure as are His immutable plans. 
The life of Gladstone illustrates a large but peaceful 
movement oi suffrage by the people of England. In con- 
trast to this, the same government is now offering its 
treasure and the blood of its people in a war to redeem 
Egypt from the bonds of despotism, ignorance and super- 
stition. The result of our contest with Spain has spread 
out before us a new field for our beneficent influences, 
by enlarging the happiness of a new people in the teach- 
ing and practice of enlightened free government, equal 
rights and a higher education and standard of morality. 
It is a heritage from our fathers which we are bound to 

It has elevated the standard of the power and influ- 
ence of this great Republic all over the w r orld. It has 
closely cemented the bonds of sympathy between England 
and ourselves, in readiness for an Anglo-American instead 
of Anglo-Saxon alliance. But what of its immediate 
results to us ? That is the burning question at home. 
I am not a young man, but also I am not a moss-back. I 
believe in holding such possession ol every foot of soil 
that our brave troops and ships have conquered, as will 
redeem its people from the barbarism of oppression, 
ignorance and brutality. Our people will stop to count 
the cost, but the expansion of our commerce and market 
for the products of our manufactures will compensate four 
for one for all it costs, i conceive these opportunities to 
offer us a glorious mission, and worthy of a glorious 

36 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


BY REV. G. A. A. 

A Chicago paper of last week had a cartoon, headed : 
A Few Wants. — Wanted Immediately, A Scapegoat. 
One who will Admit that he is Responsible for 
Unsanitary Military Camps. — One who will Say 
that He is to Blame for Lack of Medicines, 
Nurses, Surgeons, Hospital Cots and Food for 
Sick and Wounded Soldiers. — Wanted Also, At 
Once, Good Reasons for Courtmartialing Gener- 
als and Others who are Offensive to the Secre- 
tary of War. 

This cartoon would have admirably described the con- 
dition of things at the close of the war of 1812. Mr. 
Eustis was Secretary of War, and Gen. Dearborn had 
command of the armies by which it was expected to wrest 
Canada from the hands oi England. 

As the management of the war fell upon these, and 
the administration, their mistakes had made a necessity 
for a scapegoat, upon whom could be laid all the sins of 
omissions and of commission of that disastrous time. 

This want arose from the fact that the impossible 
had been attempted, without any previous preparation. 
That impossibility was the wresting oi Canada from the 
British. For this purpose, Gen. William Hull, who had 
been governor of Michigan, was placed in command of 
the army in the West, composed ot about 2,000 men. 
This army was to make the assault upon Canada from 
the West, while others attempted to defeat the British 
forces in the East. This expedition started from southern 

General William Hull. 3Y 

Ohio, and cutting its way through the woods, camping on 
the prairie which received his name, crossing the Maumee 
and the Raisin, finally reaching Detroit, and there cross- 
ing the river into Canada, began the preparation of his 
artillery in order to make an assault on Fort Maiden. 
While waiting here some of his officers were impatient 
arid anxious to be permitted to assault the fort at Maiden, 
even without artillery. 

It is reported by one who was present in the officer's 
quarters, that one officer who had received orders to make 
a reconnoisance of Maiden, declared that if God let him 
live, he would not return until he had taken the fort. But 
his courage seemed to have passed away as he drew near 
the fort, for stopping there and sending back for reinforce- 
ments, he received orders to return to camp, which he 
did, but ever after regretted he had not disobeyed orders 
and made the assault on the fort. 

In the commanding general's opinion, the circumstances 
did not warrant an assault or an advance, and so ordered 
a return to Detroit, where he occupied his force in efforts 
to keep open his communication with his base of supplies, 
a matter of considerable difficulty, with the woods full of 
Indians. One fight for this purpose under Col. Miller, 
occasioned the loss of 62 men, who were either killed or 

Word had reached Detroit through an intercepted 
letter of Mr. McKenzie, at F'ort Mackinac, which had 
fallen into the hands -of the British, that 1,500 or 1,600 
men, voyageurs and traders of the Fur Company, were on 
their way Irom Mackinaw to aid the British at Maiden. 

While things were in this condition, Gen. Hull, on 
the 14th of September, sent out a detachment of 360 men, 
who were all chosen men, under the command of Colonel 
Mcx^rthur, to the Raisin, in order to convoy Capt. Brush, 
wno was there with a hundred head of cattle, and needed 
help to reach Detroit. Col. Cass accompanied this expe- 

38 The Maumec Valley Pioneer Association. 

dition, which seems to have been sent out in the expecta- 
tion of a speedy return, the men going without supplies. 

This was the condition of things when General Brock, 
who had water communication by vessel, appeared at 
Maiden, and on the 15th demanded the surrender of Fort 
Detroit. This demand was answered in the negative. 
At the time the demand was made, the expectation was 
that at any hour the 360 men who were gone to the aid of 
Brush, would report at the fort. 

It seems from the histories of that time that this ap- 
pearance of Gen. Brock with ships and men was unlooked 
for, and only made possible by an arrangement made be- 
tween Sir George Provost and Gen. Dearborn, by which 
all fighting at the eastern end of the field should cease, 
while the western end was left to take care of itself, a 
singular fact to say the least. 

This armistice at the East operated to liberate the 
troops at the East, and permit their concentration and 
operation at the West. 

Of this advantage Gen. Brock at once availed him- 
self by embarking his troops on the vessels which he had 
concealed off Long Point, and proceeded at once to Mai- 
den, from whence he sent, on the 15th, his demand for the 
surrender, a demand which was peremptorily refused. 

As Gen. Hull had at that hour 360 men out in the 
woods, who knew nothing of the presence of Gen. Brock, 
he became naturally solicitations for their safety, and for 
their speedy return to the fort. According to ordinary 
calculation, the detachment should appear before morning. 
But in point of fact, it did not return until after Brock had 
prepared for his assault by cannonading the fort, and was 
actually on the march to make the assault before it ap- 
peared, when it was too late to change the fate ot the day. 

One historian, who seems to be anxious to prove 
that Gen. Hull was a traitor and a coward, lays it down 
as a fact that Gen. Hull, when he sent Mc Arthur and his 

General William Hull. 39 

360 men out of the fort, knew that Gen, Brock was at 
Maiden, and had been secretly visited, and had made the 
arrangements for his surrender, and that Mc Arthur and 
Cass were sent from the fort to have them out of the way, 
when the bargain would be completed by the surrender. 

In order to make this point, the historian found it 
necessary to challenge the truth of Gen. Brock's report, 
that he made his demand upon Gen. Hull for the- surren- 
der of the fort at Detroit on the 15th. Gen. Brock was 
dead when this historian charged him with putting a false- 
hood in his report. Gen. Brock died at Lundy's Lane, 
or this historian would not have ventured to charge him 
with publishing a lie, in order to shield the man who had 
surrendered the fort to him. 

It must be supposed that Gen. Brock told the truth 
when he wrote his report and fixed the date of his demand 
for the surrender on the 15th. 

This date must then be considered as the true one, 
and the account of the secret meeting as entirely fabulous, 
as well as the malicious interpretation given as to the 
motives of Gen. Hull, for sending out of the fort on the 
night of the 14th, his most reliable Colonel, and the hero 
of the reconnoisance of Fort Maiden. 

On the next day, the 16th of September, Gen. Brock, 
having received notice from his scouts of the absence from 
the fort of a large body of men, appeared before the fort 
at the head of 800 regulars and 700 Indians to finish the 
assault which had been begun by the artillery, which was 
concealed and protected by a house opposite the fort, a 
ball from which, according to the account written by Gen. 
Hill, killed three officers almost in the very presence of 
Gen. Hull. The historians all say that Gen Hull was at 
this time a crood deal agitated. 

There was reason enough for his agitation without 
thinking him a coward. The women were screaming and 
running to cover. One of his surgeons was killed before 

40 The Moumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

his eyes. An enemy who 36 hours before, he supposed, 
was at the eastern end of Lake Erie, was before him at 
the head of a solid body of troops, together with the war- 
riors of Tecumseh and their allies, ready to complete the 
work of slaughter as soon as a breach had been made 
through the stockade. And his best troops were some- 
where in the woods coming towards certain destruction, 
unconscious of their danger. Under such circumstances, 
most any man would have been agitated. 

The responsibility for deciding whether the fight 
should go on, and the lives, not only of the soldiers in the 
fort, but of the people of Detroit and those in the woods 
be put in peril, and exposed to the massacre which usual- 
ly followed a contest in which the Indians were successful. 
That responsibility if decided one way might bring in per- 
sonal glory, no matter what it cost in life, but if decided 
another way, might save all the lives and deprive himself 
of his standing as a military man. He chose the latter, 
His aide, Wallace, says he chose deliberately. He could 
have done it all under the exigency of a military ne- 
cessity, which demanded that he yield to the man who 
had command of both land and water. 

He decided that under the circumstances it was best 
to save all the lives of the people at the fort at Detroit, 
and of those who had gone for supplies. And so he made 
the surrender, which included those in and those out of 
the fort. 

Such a surrender has been made in our day, one 
which included a whole province, and several stations, 
and the officers and men in them. The Spanish General 
Toral has not yet been tried before a court of enquiry and 
we do not yet know what Spain may think of the matter. 
But it is quite certain that the American people think the 
surrender was the act of a man who could see that further 
strife on his part would be a crime against humanity. 

The surrender of Detroit and the force under Col. 

General William Hull. 41 

Mcx^rthur, naturally angered the people, who knew that 
somebody was to blame, and were helped to fix the blame 
on the man who made the surrender, while those who, by- 
bad generalship, had made the surrender a military 
necessity, were wholly overlooked. 

The occasion, however, furnished its Pando, as the 
surrender of Santiago and all the posts included in the 
Province, has given a Pando to Spain to excuse Toral or 
Sagasta. Our Pando, who had his life saved by being 
included in the surrender, hastened to Washington with 
his mouth full of charges against his late commander. 

He was the discoverer ol the scapegoat for the Sec- 
retary of War and his Major General. A scapegoat who 
could be held in reserve for the final sacrifice which a 
court martial could easily prepare, and in due form offer, 
and, who could carry the sins of the Secretary and his 
associate in war, into the wilderness and so appease a dis- 
appointed and angry people. All that was necessary to 
do to complete the sacrifice, was to make sure of the 
right organization of the Court. As this was in the hands 
of the Secretary of War it was easily done by making the 
organizer of the fatal armistice its president, and securing 
as an assistant to the judge advocate, one of the most 
able lawyers and accomplished politicians, Martin Van 
Buren, and then calling on the Pando of the occasion for 
his opinion of the case. 

At this day it seems almost like a travesty of justice 
that a court thus organized should have power to declare 
that a man's life and reputation were forfeited, and that 
on no other ground than the opinion of his accusers. 

The accusers caused their charge to be sufficiently 
broad to secure a capital sentence. He was accused of 
both treason and cowardice. Such an accusation partook 
of the character of those suits for damages which specu- 
lative lawyers induce people who have met with accidents 
to bring against a city whose walks are so irregular as to 

42 The Maumee Fallen Pioneer Association. 

cause an occasional fall. They must be large enough to 
allow for a fall in judgment. The charges of the accusers 
were large enough to allow a good deal of shrinkage and 
still reach the desired object, which was the ruin of the 
man who was to bear the curse of the failure in the man- 
agement of the war, which ended without having added a 
foot of territory to the United States, after all our battles 
on the Thames, and Erie, and Chippewa, and Lundy's 

The judge advocate's assistant, Mr. Van Buren, 
according to Mr. Wallace, who should have been a wit- 
ness on that trial, set that charge aside with the remark : 
''That the charge of treason was not only unsupported, 
but unsupportable." This was said on the trial which only 
toolc place after a full year of waiting. The testimony of 
Mr. Wallace, which would have been most worthy of 
being heard, was not before the court, owing to the inabil- 
ity of Mr. Wallace to reach the place of trial in time, 
coming in as Mr. Van Buren was making his speech. This 
was unfortunate for Gen'l Hull, since Mr. Wallace had 
acted as his adjutant and was better qualified by his close 
relations with the General to give an opinion on the real 
question which came before the court, viz ; whether 
General Hull was a coward ? 

The court without taking the adjutant's opinion, de- 
cided the case according to the opinion of the Pando of 
the occasion, whose life, it is altogether probable, the 
General saved by including him in the surrender, and so 
taking him out of the hands of the Indians, who, as sub- 
sequent events showed, were capable of ambushing and 
desirous of having the barbaric pleasure of shedding the 
blood of the ambushed. 

The decision was "That General William Hull was 
a coward," and condemned him to death. 

The President, as commander-in-chiet o( the army, in 
view of his distinguished services in the war of the Revo- 

General William J lull. 43 

lution, changed the sentence to a dishonorable discharge 
from the army. 

And thus the public men furnished the scapegoat for 
the occasion and gave the historians, who saw no incon- 
sistency in calling a man brave under one set of circum- 
stances, and a paltroon, when the eyes of a whole nation 
were upon him, an opportunity to lay the disgrace of the 
failure to conquer the British in Canada upon the general 
whom they had sent through the wilderness, with un- 
mounted guns, to destroy forts and meet the combined 
forces of the British and Indians. 

A more critical view of what was taking place would 
have resulted in laying the failure upon those who had 
made the bad and foolish moves on the chess board, by 
which they had checkmated themselves. The game was 
badly played by those who were directing the moves. 
A good many men were sacrificed at Fort Erie, at 
Chippewa, at Lundy's Lane and other places, and not a 
foot of land could be shown as the trophy of the war. 
The army under Hull was pushed into Canada without a 
single mounted cannon, causing a delay of weeks while 
the artillery was being mounted. It was pushed up into 
a wilderness 250 miles from its base of supplies without a 
single vessel by which supplies oi men and food and 
ammunition could be forwarded. 

The enemy had ships. The armistice which existed 
at the eastern end of Lake Erie and which left out the 
western end, was made exceedingly useful by means of 
these ships, which General Brock used to convey his un- 
occupied troops to Maiden. 

It took Perry a whole year to construct vessels with 
which to fight the battle which destroyed the fleet of 
Proctor. But when Perry had fought his battle and de- 
stroyed or captured the British fleet, the recovery of 
Detroit was at once secured. Proctor without a fleet 
dare not hold Detroit. And as some unthinking histor- 


44 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

ians might say, " he disgracefully evacuated it." And 
yet he was not tried for cowardice and condemned on the 
opinion of novices in war. 

The evacuation of Detroit, as the result of Perry's 
victory, was the justification of Hull for its surrender the 
year before, 

General Hull knew more about war than all his 
young men, who in their morning gowns, were criticising 
the conduct of their commander, an offence, for which, in 
our day they would have been liable to a courtmartial 
and severe punishment, and he knew that with water 
communication cut off from his fort, and with a fleet in 
the hands of the enemy, and with his own force weakened 
by the absence at that critical juncture, of 360 of his best 
men and his most reliable commander, that the surrender 
of the fort was a military necessity to save alive those 
under his care. 

He is no coward, whatever the Falstafs may say, 
who dares to act according to his convictions, and from 
what can be gathered from those who were with him on 
that occasion, to whom he opened his heart, it is certain 
that he had the moral courage to decide the case against 
himself and in favor of those whose lives had been en- 
trusted to his care. The odium of the surrender should 
have rested on those who lelt him out of the armistice, 
and thus enabled the commander of the British force to 
concentrate a sufficient force at Maiden to warrant him to 
demand an immediate surrender, and on the refusal o( 
Gen. Hull, to attempt to take him by force. With the 
fleet Brock was strong • and without it Hull was weak. 
When Perry had put a fleet into the hands of General 
Harrison, and taken away the one on w r hich Proctor re- 
lied, then he was strong enough to make his march into 
Canada, and fight the battle of the Thames. 

When General Toral, at Santiago, found himself 
without a fleet, and unable to get away, it became a mili- 

General William Hull. 45 

tary necessity to surrender to General Shafter a force of 
23,000 men, an army over twice as large as the force to 
which the surrender was made. 

It is, in these days, considered a crime against 
humanity to fight and destroy, when, from a military point 
of view, the case seems hopeless. This was the view 
taken by the great generals of the war for the liberation 
of the slaves. General Lee and General Johnston each 
had a large number of troops when they surrendered and 
abandoned the cause. This law required Gen. Hull to 
surrender when he found his case hopeless, and there was 
no one on the ground whose opinion was worth a cent 
against the judgment of an old and experienced warrior, 
who had once been invited to become an aide to General 
Washington, and declined the flattering invitation, be- 
cause Baron Steuben wanted him to remain with him in 
order to drill and handle the troops. 

This military history saved his life, but the opinions 
of those novices in war, destroyed his military character. 
Such a work nothing but the most unequivocal overt acts 
would justify. Character should always be a shield 
against calumny. And that character which has been 
gained in one war and recognized by his contemporaries, 
who had placed him in positions of great trust, should not 
only have saved him from death, but also from official de- 
gradation. But when a scapegoat is needed, the opinions 
of novices and ambitious young men are sufficient, it 
would seem, to warrant the blackening of an honorable 

But history, sooner or later, takes up the case, and 
then it often happens that the scapegoat of one age be- 
comes the man to be honored in the next. The fathers 
kill the prophets, but the children build their monuments. 

The people generally desire that justice be done, and 
that the wronged should be righted. And it is not at all 
a thing which can be considered impossible, that, when 
the history of that surrender comes to be written by one 
who cares only for Tacts and not for opinions, it may be 
found to have been a surrender for which General William 
Hall shall be held in high honor, as the best possible 
move which could be made under the circumstances. 

46> The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


Whitehouse, O., Sept. 20, '98. 
Gen. Lawton, Santiago, Cuba. 

Dear Sir: — At the reunion of the Maumee Valley 
Pioneer Association, held Sept. 10th, at the Old Court 
House at Maumee, Ohio, upon motion of Hon. James M. 
Wolcott, Mayor of Maumee, you were elected to be an 
honorary member of the Association. It was there re- 
ported that you were, in an early day, a citizen of 
Maumee. The members of the Association take great 
pleasure in your preferment and success and hope you 
may live to serve your country many years. 

Yours, etc., 

J. L. Pray, Sec'y. 


Washington, Nov. 16th, 1898. 
Secretary Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

Dear Sir; — Your favor dated Sept. 20th, from To- 
ledo, Ohio, and postmarked Whitehouse, Ohio, Oct. 15th, 
has been forwarded to me and was received to-day. 

I desire to express to the Maumee Valley Pioneer 
Association my high appreciation of the honor they have 
conferred upon me by electing me a member of their 
Association. It is very gratifying indeed to feel that in 
the simple' performance of plain duty, my conduct has 
been so heartily approved and appreciated by my friends. 

Communication with General Laicton. 47 

I have observed that there has been some controversy 
among some of my friends relative to the place of my 
birth, and that there may be no misapprehension on that 
point with the Maumee Valley Pioneer Association, I 
desire to state that I was born in Manhattan, (near 
Toledo, Ohio,) March 17th, 1843, although my parents 
removed almost immediately to Maumee City, Ohio, 
where I spent my boyhood. 

Very respectfully, 

H. W. Lawtqn, 

Maj. Gen U. S. V. 

48 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


An original autograph letter was presented to the 
Association by Mrs. George B, Knaggs, of Miami. The 
letter is held by the secretary. It explains itself; 

Washington, 9th October, 1845. 

My Dear Sir:— -Not having received an answer to 
my letter written about the 20th of last month, I take for 
granted either that it miscarried or that you remained 
longer from home than you proposed when we parted. 
Be this, however, as it may, you are now, I trust, with 
Mrs. Knaggs by your own fireside and in the full enjoy- 
ment of health. I am detained here by official duty but 
hope to get away in the course of a fortnight as I have 
not as yet seen my iamily who are now on the North 
River with my father-in-law, Mr. Livingston. My resi- 
dence is Philadelphia, but we are not due there before 
the middle of November. 

I will visit Baltimore next week for the purpose of 
effecting a life insurance which will be inclosed to you 
together with my note, agreeably to the understanding 
between us. Should I not hear from you in the mean- 
time, I shall at all events take it for granted that you 
will be informed by the 15th of November. 

Should you write please direct your letters to this 
place. Make my kindest regards to your wife and 
believe me, Your friend, 

G. Croghan. 

To George B. Knaggs, 

Maumee City. 

Memorial. 49 




BY D. B. S. 

Mr. John E. Bailey passed away at his residence, 
corner of Collingwood avenue and Bancroft street,. Sunday 
a. m., August 21st, at 5:30 o'clock. 

He was taken seriously ill some three months ago, 
and has since been confined to his bed. Recently the 
disease developed into pneumonia, and for several days 
the family have realized that there was no hope. A 
wife and two daughters — Mrs. H. E. Marvin, of this city, 
and Mrs. John G. Croxton, of Philadelphia, survive him. 

John Emery Bailey was born in Burk, Vermont, 
September 30th, 18 17. When he was two years of age 
his parents moved to Ohio, settling at Madison. Young 
Bailey's early life was uneventful, and he finally married 
and located at Painesville. While there he and his two 
brothers constructed a ship building plant at Fairport. 

In 1868 he and his brother, D. E. Bailey, established 
a ship yard at the foot of Ash street, this city. They 
gained a great reputation along the lakes, and turned out 
some of the largest and best modern vessels ever built, 
among them being the David Dows (the only five masted 
vessel on the lakes when it was built,) the Adams, City 
of Painesville, Wilcox and Halloran. They employed a 
large number of men, and had as many as ^ve ships on 
the stocks at one time. In 1877 iron and steel ships came 
into general use, and the Baileys gave up the business. 
Meanwhile, in 1875, they bought a controlling interest in 
the Summit street railroad, and the subject of this sketch 

50 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

took active charge of the line. At that time it was what 
might be termed a "one-horse" road. The various lines 
were extended and improved. He remained at the head 
of this system up to the time he sold out his interests to 
Messrs. Ream and Hale. 

When the city water works plant was constructed, Mr. 
Bailey took the contract to build the stand pipe, and with 
his characteristic energy accomplished the work without 

Mr. Bailey always took a deep interest in municipal 
affairs, and in the late 7<d's was a member of the city 
council. As an official he was a hard worker, and a con- 
servative, conscientious public servant. Anything that 
would advance Toledo gained his support, and no man 
had greater faith in her future. 

He won and deservedly held the high esteem of all 
business men with whom he came in contact, for his fidel- 
ity and uprightness of character. 

Deceased was a member of the Congregational 
church, and for ten years a trustee. He supported the 
church liberally, and was active in many charities. 




BY D. B. S. 

We are indebted to the History of Lucas County by 
Hon. Clark Waggoner, for some of the details of this 
brief history. 

Mr. Marquise Baldwin was born in Palmyra, Portage 
County, Ohio, January 2 2d, 1809. He came to Toledo 
in 1823 at the age of 14 and entered business life with 
his brother John in 1828. During this engagement the 
Baldwins built the first warehouse on the river. It was a 
log structure and of course of very moderate dimensions. 
It was located at what is now the foot of Monroe street. 
When the roof and the punchion floor was completed, an 
invitation was sent to all the residents of the valley to 
attend a dance there. I have heard old settlers repeatedly 
comment on it as an enjoyable meeting. Events of suffi- 
cient import to call the people together were rare in those 
days and of course they enjoyed it. Some of those 
present have told me that the French fiddler was asleep 
half the time towards morning, but the fiddle unfailingly 
responded to "Money Musk" and the "Virginia Reel" 
all the same. 

In 1845 Mr. Baldwin removed to a farm in Washing- 
ton Township, where he remained 16 years, since which 
he resided in Toledo until his death in 1896. For a 
while he was engaged in the grocery and provision trade, 
but the latter years of his life were [free from business 
cares and devoted to the charge of his property. 

Mr. Baldwin was married to the widow of his brother, 

53 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

to whom two children were born, both of whom died at 
the age of five years. He was a democrat until the 
organization of the republican party with which he was 
subsequently allied. He was often solicited to stand for 
office, but always declined. Throughout a long life of 
Sy years he retained the respect and esteem of a large 
circle of friends. 







Robert H. Bell, a pioneer business man and citizen 
of Toledo, died at the Toledo Hospital on April 24th, 
1898. He was taken seriously ill about two weeks before 



his death and gradually sank to his final rest. He was 
nearly 80 years of age and his advanced years were the 
real cause of his inability to overcome the attack oi his 

54 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

last disease. A large concourse of sympathizing friends 
attended his funeral services which were held at the First 
Congregational Church in Toledo. 

Mr. Bell was born in Youngstown, Westmoreland 
County, Pa., December 16th, 1823. In 1825, the family 
removed to Middlebury, now Akron, O. When 21 years 
of age, he went to St. Joseph, Mich., where he formed 
the firm of Bell & Kent, merchants. In 1845' they re ~ 
moved to Chicago, where they engaged in like business. 
As a result of the loss of what was known as the M Wabash 
trade," through the opening of the Wabash canal to 
Toledo, Chicago soon was brought to a crisis, which 
largely prostrated its business and reduced its population. 
After two years ol waiting for its revival, Mr. Bell decided 
to follow the lost trade, and he came to Toledo in 1847. 
Here, with the late James Deveau, he organized the firm 
of Bell & Deveau, the first exclusive wholesale house in 
the city. The firm dealt in pretty much of everything, 
save hardware, drugs and medicines. During the first 
year a trade aggregating $55,000 was built up, and in 
those days that was considered immense. In 1853 the 
firm was enlarged, and was known as Bell, Deveau & 
Co., W. S. B. Hubbell being made a partner. In 1856 
another change was made, the firm name being Bolles, 
Bell & Hubbell. The business grew to such an extent 
that a division was made in 1858, Bell, Holcomb & Co. 
conducting the wholesale grocery business, and Bolles & 
Co. going on with the dry goods business. In 1864 
George Emerson purchased Horace Holcomb's interest 
in the grocery business, and the firm was known as Bell, 
Emerson & Co. until 1871, when Mr. Bell retired. 

The deceased then operated to some extent in real 
estate, the result of which, in consequence of the financial 
disaster following the panic of 1873, was unfortunate. 

His active life was always identified with the public 
welfare in different ways. Commencing as a member of 

Memorial. 55 

the Chicago Engine company, No. 3, of which he was 
foreman, he resumed such service on coming to Toledo, 
and maintained the same for a period of eighteen years, 
during most of which time he served as assistant and 
foreman of Engine No. 1, and as assistant and chief 
engineer of the department, withdrawing in 1866. 

"It is safe to say," says a history of the city, "that 
to no other citizen is Toledo more deeply indebted for 
the efficiency of its volunteer fire department than to Mr. 
Bell, whose long and active devotion in that connection 
was without interruption." 

He also placed the people of Toledo under special 
obligation to him for courageous and effective service 
rendered during the different visitations of cholera in 1849, 
1852 and 1854. "Regardless of personal ease and safety," 
says the same authority, "and with the open hand of 
liberality, he sought out and ministered to the needs of 
victims of that dread scourge, regardless of age, sex, con- 
dition or nativity. Like liberality and enterprise have 
distinguished him in connection with other matters of 
public concern as occasion offered." 

In July 1852, Mr. Bell was a member of Toledo's vol- 
unteer police, serving with the following named persons : 
Gen. Joseph W. Brown, Col C. B. Phillipps, Joel W. 
Kelsey, Peter F. Berdan, John R. Bond, William Kraus, 
Andrew Schurtz, I. N. Hathaway, Henry Ketcham, I. R. 
Nelson, Jacob Landman, W. W. Howe, Egbert B. Brown. 

He will be especially remembered for his generosity 
and patriotism. During the years of his prosperity no 
citizen of Toledo gave more freely to the needy and des- 
titute, but his kindly heart was always quick to tender 
sympathy and comfort by word and act to those in sorrow 
or distress. During the years of the civil war Robert H. 
Bell was always in the front in every act of patriotic 
endeavor ; and no one was more zealous and earnest in 
upholding the hands of the government. He was always 

56 The Mdumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

on committees to assist in raising recruits and his name 
as a rule headed the list of those contributing means to 
promote the success oi the war. His liberality to the 
widow and orphan or those deprived of their natural sup- 
port and protection, who had fallen in battle or who were 
at the front risking their lives for their country, was 
proverbial. No one will ever know the number who 
were sought out and assisted by the kindness and gener- 
osity of Robert H. Bell. 

Though never holding an office of profit he gratuit- 
ously served his fellow citizens in different public positions 
including those of councilman and alderman. During the 
past two years he has been bailiff in Judge Morris' court, 
and he served in that capacity until attacked by his last 

Politically, he started life as a Whig, acting with that 
party until it was merged into the Republican party, with 
which he has since acted, and of which he was the nom- 
inee for sheriff in 1885, though not elected. 

Mr. Bell was married to Miss Delia A. Chittenden, 
of Akron, February 22d, 1844. They had four children, 
John M,, of Chicago ; Nettie T., wife of Alex. Backus, 
of this city; Roberta, of Toledo, all of whom are dead, 
and one dying in infancy. His wife preceded him to the 
grave two years ago. 

Memorial. 57 



BY S. C. 

Morgan Lewis Collins was born February 25th, 1807, 
in Brownsville, Jefferson County, N, Y., the youngest son 
of J. W. and M. L. Collins. His father dying in 18 10, 
the family soon after removed to Summer Hill, Cauga 
County. At the age of fourteen, M. L. went to a sister's 
in Gaines, Orleans County, where he made his home, 
and remained in that vicinity until 1834, being some years 
in business in Lockport. On June 19, 1833, he was mar- 
ried to Lucinda Lewis, at Batavia, Genessee County, N. 
Y., her grand parents being among the early settlers of 
western New York. In February, 1834, Mr. and Mrs. 
Collins came to the then new city of Toledo. As there 
were no railroads west of Buffalo at that time, they pack- 
ed their small outfit on a wagon, and with a good pair of 
horses and two men, started to seek a home in what their 
friends thought the far west. Driving to Lewiston, they 
crossed the Niagara river and journeyed through the wil- 
derness ol Canada, stopping at night at such country 
taverns as they could find. On reaching the Detroit 
river, they found the ice so thin that they were obliged to 
divide their load as much as possible, and each man chose 
a different place to cross. Mrs. Collins was placed on a 
hand-sled and drawn across to Detroit, and I have heard 
her say she did not think she breathed while crossing, for 
as the men tried the ice to find safe footing, the water 
would iollow the withdrawal of the pole, and they found 
great difficulty in landing the horses, the ice giving way 

58 The Maumee, Valley Pioneer Assdciation. 

under their weight. On arriving at Toledo, Mr. and Mrs. 
Collins settled at Tremainesville, where there were a few 
houses, a store and post office, on land through which 
Detroit avenue and the Toledo & Detroit and Michigan 
k Central railroads now run. 

In the spring of 1836 they removed to Adrian, Mich- 
igan, where Mr. Collins engaged in the dry goods busi- 
ness, remaining there until the summer of 1841, when 
they returned to Toledo, where for many years Mr. Col- 
lins was engaged in the forwarding and commission busi- 
ness, and later in the lumber trade. He was for several 
years a member of the Board ol Education, and during 
that time worked earnestly to secure a high school, and 
was a member of the Board which purchased the site of 
the present high school, and erected the building which 
was burned in 1895. When the First Congregational 
Church was organized, Mrs. Collins was one of the first 
members, and in July, 1844., Mr. Collins united with it, 
which memberships they maintained throughout their 
lives. Of a kindly, cheerful disposition, Mr. Collins was 
the friend of old and young, his home a place where all 
who knew him knew they would be welcomed by both 
himself and wife. He died April 6, 1865, his wife surviv- 
ing him until called to her rest August 20, 1897, at tne 
age of Sy years. 

Memorial. 59 




BY N. B. C. LOVE. 

John E. Cowdrick was born in Dayton, Ohio, Janu- 
ary 19th, 182 1. When about two years old his parents 
removed to New Jersey, the former home of his father, 
where they remained eight years. The family then came 
to the Maumee, living in and near Waterville for three 
years, after which they settled five miles below Napoleon, 
on a larm now owned by Joseph Rodgers, where Mr. 
Cowdrick's youth and early manhood were spent. He 
was the oldest of a family of eleven children, three of 
whom are now living. 

Mr. Cowdrick was one of the oldest pioneers of the 
Maumee valley, being familiar during his boyhood with 
Indian life, and the hardships of early pioneer days. 
Later he witnessed the building of the canal. 


In September, 1850, he was married to Miss Sarah 
A. Clapp. In 1857 he was elected Auditor of Henry 
County, after which he removed with his family to Na- 
poleon. He occupied the office of Auditor for four years. 

After a residence in Napoleon of fourteen years he 
removed to the present home of his family, on the south 
side of the river. 


On January 12th, 1898, he was thrown from his 
bu'ggy, receiving injuries which were, at first, not consid- 
ered serious, but which proved fatal Sabbath noon, Janu- 
ary 23rd. 

60 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


"Born January 19th, 1821, 
Died January 23rd, 1898." 

Between these two lines lie the story of a noble life, 
a life of action and purpose. Coming to the woods of 
the Maumee river at the age ot ten, he was able to share 
and remember the hardships, privations and joys of the 
pioneer — for there was a joy in that wild free life that the 
earlier pioneers never forgot, and that still binds the few 
that are left with a strong tie. Hunting the deer by 
torch light in bark canoes, spearing fish at the rapids, 
shooting wild turkey, were enjoyable. Eating corn bread 
regularly, no fruit, no newspapers nor schools, snow blow- 
ing through the roof in winter, were hardships and priva- 
tions. His first serious work in life was cleaning his 
father's farm from bail debt, incurred by being on the 
bond of a defaulting county treasurer. He bid the farm 
in at public sale. The commissioners gave him time, and 
he paid the amount claimed by raising corn in summer 
and hauling saw logs in winter. 


At 37 he was elected auditor of Henry county, mov- 
ing from his farm to Napoleon. This was over 40 years 
ago. He was elected to a second term, filling the office 
with credit to himself and satisfaction of the people of the 
county, irrespective of party. He was next appointed 
administrator of the estate of T. S. C. Morrison, the first 
editor of the Democratic Northwest. To illustrate the 
confidence then existing among business men, he often 
told of how, hearing that Mr. Morrison had money de- 
posited with A. Pilliod, county treasurer, he went to the 
treasurer's office and asked Mr. P. about the matter. Mr. 
Pilliod made no reply, but opening the door of the sale 
and getting down on his knees in front of it, clawed out 
with his hands a collection of silver and gold coin and 

Memorial. 61 

notes, and placing it on a table in front of father, said : 
"There, that belonged to Tom/' "What is the amount?" 
was asked. "Oh," replied Pilliod, "I don't know. Tom 
had that shelf, and he just put his money in and took it 
out as he pleased." I don't know if the money and notes 
were counted then or not, but it made no difference as 
both were honest men. 


About 1868 to '70 he engaged in business in Napo- 
leon, buying the grocery store of D. Harley. , This not 
proving suited to his tastes he bought the farm near Na- 
poleon, where he has since lived, moving there in 1873. 
He was secretary of the Union school board in Napoleon 
lor twelve or fourteen years, and had as much concern 
and worked as hard to secure the building now in use as 
any other man. In 1880 he was appointed by Judge 
Owen as one of the three men to divide the Yeager estate 
among the heirs, serving with Mr. Barber and Col. Brig- 
ham, of Fulton County. None but men of good and 
sound judgment could have apportioned this large estate, 
and no trouble ensued. He also served with John Wil- 
son and D. Welsted as appraisers on the same estate. 
He was one of the three men chosen to appraise and di- 
vide the Patrick estate These two estates were the 
largest in area, if not in value, ever settled in this county. 

The last fifteen years he led a peaceful retired life. 
Not obliged to work hard, he enjoyed the society of his 
children and friends. Loved to attend the annual meet- 
ings of old settlers, enjoyed his fire-side in winter, and his 
shade of maple and peach trees in summer. Was active 
for a man of his age, liked to drive a lively horse, read 
current literature, kept up with the times, being ever 
cheerful and hopeful. . 

He died at 12 o'clock noon on Sunday, after linger- 
ing for a few weeks suffering from the injuries received by 

62 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

being thrown from his buggy. Mr. Cowdrick was more 
seriously hurt in the accident than was at first supposed. 
Before discovered he lay unconscious on the cold earth 
for half an hour, which helped to end his earthly work. 


At the time of death deceased was yy years and four 
days of age, having been a resident of this county for 64 
years, 40 years of which time was spent in Napoleon and 
Harrison township. He came to Wood county, this state, 
with his parents from New Jersey in the year 1831, and 
three years later moved to this county. He was married 
in September, 1850, to Miss Sarah A. Clapp, to which 
union was born four children, three sons and one daughter, 
all of whom are living, and who together with the stricken 
wife, are left to mourn the departure of a kind husband 
and indulgent father. 

Mr. Cowdrick was a prominent and useful citizen of 
the county, whose death cast a deep gloom over the com- 
munity. He was honest and upright, and his character 
was above reproach. He was among the few old original 
pioneers of Henry county who are living at this time, and 
his reminiscences of the early history of the Maumee Val- 
ley were varied and instructive. Some of these are pub- 
lished in the Pioneer Manual of 1898. The funeral took 
place from the family residence in Harrison Township on 
Tuesday afternoon, Rev. Donahey of the Presbyterian 
Church conducting the services. 


Mr. Cowdrick has lived in the Christian faith for 
more than fifty years. Those who knew him best in the 
home and in the community testify to the integrity and 
the consistency of his faith, while a member of the 
Baptist church, yet he fellowshiped all Christians. He 
worshiped mostly with the Presbyterian congregation. 
No self interest ever blinded him to the rigrht. The man 

Memorial. 63 

over whom he had an advautage was sure to get the best 
of the bargain. When told he must use the liquor in- 
fluence in order to be elected Auditor, his reply was, 
•'Then I will be defeated." His judgment in all the 
affairs of life was most excellent and his opinion was 
sought and valued. He was a man of fine sensibilities 
and posessed a quick, poetic sense of the beautiful, while 
a quaint fund of humor relieved what might have been 
otherwise the too great seriousness of his character. But 
above all, beneath all, permeating all was the develop- 
ment of deep, steadily strengthing spiritual life. A friend 
writes, "As we stood beside all that was mortal of our friend 
we saw, nay felt, the smile ineffible that transfigured a 
face which had been lined by care and pain and time. 
Death had touched it with mysterious fingers, and lo, the 
lines were smoothed away, the face had grown young 
again and strangely beautiful, with a look as though the 
departing spirit, seeing beyond the gates into the holy 
city, had left its imprint — a something for which nothing 
in the natural world will account It sheds light upon bible 
mysteries, yet is itself a mystery — a glorious one ! Even 
'Death swallowed up in victory 

Said another who stood beside his coffin: "I would 
an Ineersoll could stand here. I think I could ask him a 
few questions that he would find it hard to answer." 
"And he was not; for God took him." 

The day before his death he was heard to say : 
"Swept and garnished and ready for the Master." 

It was even so. The sheaf of ripened grain laid on 
his coffin by loving hands was typical of the sheaf he has 
'ere this laid at the Master's feet. 

"And I heard a voice from heaven saying, write, 
blessed are the dead which die in the. Lord, from hence- 
forth; yea, saith the spirit, that they may rest from their 
labors, and their works do follow them." 

64 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 



BY D. B. S. 

I am indebted to the Lucas County History by Hon. 
Clark Waggoner for many facts concerning Mr. Daniels. 

Mr. Thomas Daniels was born in Wales in 1822, and 
came to Toledo with his father's family in 1837. He was 
first engaged as a clerk by Doctor Charles McLean, a 
druggist at 313 Summit street. Doctor McLean soon 
removed to Washington City and not long afterwards Mr. 
Daniels established himself in the same line of business 
and continued it to the end of his life, July 14th, 1898. 

At the date of his advent here, the late Hiram Wal- 
bridge was a teacher of a private school, and the late 
Edward Bissell, senior, was the president and manager of 
the Erie and Kalamazoo railway bank and resided at the 
corner of Summit and Vine streets. The house is yet 
standing. The stumps had not yet been removed from 
Cherry street, now a compactly built and paved thorough- 
fare. Skating from Adams street on the flats to Monroe 
street was an easy accomplishment. 

The author of this memorial desires to add to the 
universal sentiment of respect and esteem for the char- 
acter of Mr. Daniels, his own high estimate of his 
character during a period of fifty years. His unsullied 
reputation for integrity in business, the kindly spirit that 
characterized his intercourse with ail people, the affection 
for his family and devotion to the church were leading 
elements of his nature which endeared him to a wide 
circle of friends. The lot falls to only a few to live so 
long and blameless a life, and great numbers are sorrow- 
ing for his loss. 

Memorial. 65 





John C. Dilgart was born June 24th, 1823, in Buck 
County, Pa. His parents moved to this county when he 
was ten years of age. They traveled overland by wagon. 
They were twelve or fourteen days passing through the 
Black Swamp. Reaching Perrysburg 'they crossed the' 
river on a scow and settled three miles west of Maurnee, 
at that time a wilderness, where they erected a log house. 
The location was inhabited mostly by Indians, further 
west of them being an Indian settlement, and they were 
obliged to pass their house every three months on their 
way to Maurnee for their quarterly pension, oftentimes 
stopping on their return to seek lodging, and were always 
friendly and generous with gifts of venison and honey. 

His father, Henry Dilgart, sat on the first jury trial 
ever held in Lucas County, the county seat then being at 
Maurnee. At the age of 26 the subject of this memorial 
was married to Miss Adelma Thompson, daughter of the 
late R. C. Thompson, of Sylvania. The surviving mem- 
bers are his wife, two sons and families. The deceased, 
with his family, moved to Toledo, O., in the spring of 
1S65, taking up their residence in East Toledo, where 
they lived until the death of R. C. Thompson. They 
then moved to the old homestead near Sylvania and 
remained there two years. They returned' to their present 
home in Auburndale where the deceased has lived until 
die time of his death which occurred Saturday, June 25th, 
1898, in his 75th year. 

66 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 



Benoni T. Geer was born in Chittenden County, 
Vermont, in 1825 ; moved to Avon, Lorain County, Ohio, 
in 1832; at the age of sixteen went to Norwalk, €)., to 
attend normal school, graduated, and immediately began 
the study of law; went to Cincinnati in 1852 to complete 
law studies, and was admitted to the bar in 1853. In the 
same year he removed to Swaiiton, Lucas County, Ohio, 
and commenced the practice of law, which he continued 
during life, 

He married Louisa Jones at Norwalk in 1842, irom 
which union one son, Frank B., was born. After her 
death he married Velina L. Marsh, of Swanton, in i860, 
who died in 1871 and was interred at East Swanton. 
From this union were born Wakely W., Els worth W., 
Louella V., Ernest B. and Edith L. In T872 he married 
Sarah E. Dixon (who survives him), at Wauseon, O ., and 
to them were born Otis A., Grace B. and Ray P. 

The funeral services were conducted by the Rev. N. 
B. C. Love, of Elmore, O., who had been sent for the 
occasion. The text chosen was St. John 10, 10th verse: 
"I came that they may have life, and may have it more 

Dr. Love's sermon was eloquent and at times touch- 
ing. Referring to the deceased, he said he had known 
him for a quarter of a century as a true friend, a loyal 
citizen and a man of irreproachable integrity. In closing, 
Dr. Love read a brief sketch of Mr. Geer's life as given 

Memorial. G7 

Judge H. H. Ham, of Wauseon, representing the 
Fulton County Bar Association, was present and spoke 
eloquently and well of his deceased brother lawyer, after 
which he read the resolutions of respect unanimously 
adopted by that association as follows : 

We, the bar of Fulton County assembled at the 
Court House on this 6th day of June, 1899, to pass such 
resolutions of respect to the memory and fidelity'' of our 
deceased brother as should be a just tribute of respect to 
his memory and fidelity to his chosen profession. The 
following resolutions were offered, and unanimously 
adopted by the bar there assembled : 

Be it Remembered, That Benoni T. Geer has been 
an active, practicing attorney at the bar of Ohio for the 
half century last passed, and has borne the enviable 
reputation of having stood manfully by the multitude of 
clients that he has represented, not only in the State, but 
in the Federal Courts of Ohio. That he was not only 
courageous to the Court, but convincing in argument to 
his juries, manly and dignified to the opposing counsel, 
firmly and unflinchingly upholding his case when seem- 
ingly it was imperiled, fighting to the finish and resisting, 
with a power which he peculiarly possessed, all inroads 
upon his side of the case, sought to be made by the op- 
posing counsel. He never has been accused of bribery 
or infidelity to the interest that he represented. He was 
always on time, and never seemed to take his mind from 
a case while it was in progress, even though the same 
continued for days at a time. He was honest; his 
accounts with his clients were kept with the strictest 
fidelity. He was never known to oppress the poor or 
needy, but on the contrary his giving hand was always 
out-held to many in distress, and from his purse many 
dollars have been passed over to the needy, who in turn 
have showered their prayers and blessings upon the de- 
ceased brother. 


The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

He was a man fearless in litigation, yet he carried 
the tender heart of a child in his bosom. 

He is dead. He has gone to that bourne from which 
no traveler ever returns. Therefore, be it again remem- 
bered, that in his loss we, the bar of Fulton County, lose 
a high-minded lawyer, a companionable and social friend, 
a successful jurist and amiable gentleman, and the people 
surrounding, a good and noble citizen. 

Mr. Geer was spending last Sunday at the home of 
his son Otis, and said he felt unusually well and happy. 
At about 4:45 o'clock he walked about the room and bade 
those present good-bye and gave a parting hand-shake. 
He then went to the home of his eldest daughter, Mrs. 
Charles Trumbull, was taken suddenly ill and died at 5 p. 
m. Interment took place at East Swanton. 


Memorial. 69 




BY I. N. V. T. 

Among the staunch and highly respected pioneers 
who have been called from among us within the past two 
years, is Warren B. Gunn. 

He was born in what is now Waterville Township 
September 5, 1820. He was the third of eight children 
born to Willard and Elizabeth (Grant) Gunn. The father 
of Warren R. Gunn was a native of Massachusetts, being 
reared on a farm, where he remained until 18 16, when he 
removed to Ohio and entered land near where the town 
of Waterville is situated. At this time there were very 
few settlers in the region, there being only two other 
families in the vicinity. 

Willard set to work industriously and soon had a 
comfortable log cabin erected, into which he moved his 
family. He brought a supply of seed and grain from his 
eastern home with which to plant his new farm, and soon 
had several acres cleared and under cultivation. He en- 
listed as a private in the war of 18 12, in which he saw 
active service. The grandfather of our sketch was Martin 
Gunn. He was also a native of Massachusetts, and came 
with his son to the Maumee Valley, where he remained 
until his death. His ancestors were from Scotland. 

Warren B. Gunn, the subject of this sketch, was 
reared on a farm, where he remained until he was nine- 
teen. At this time he bought his time of his father, and 
began attending school at Waterville, where he secured a 
very fair education. During his earlier years he attended 

70 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

school in the little log school houses of the vicinity for only 
a few months during the winter of each year. 

In 1837 ne was m charge of a force of men who were 
building the canal, and was a member of the engineering 
department for about a year. For a time after the com- 
pletion of the canal he, with a brother, was engaged in 
the saw milling business. This business was successful. 
Warren sold out to his brother, and rented a part of his 
father's farm. 

About this time the canal lands were placed upon the 
market, and Warren purchased two hundred acres in what 
is now Monclova Township, and for which he paid $2 an 
acre. This land was all in the woods and swamps, and 
he went to work zealously to clear and subdue the land. 
He built a log cabin and did most of the work himself. 

In 1844, January 4, he was united in marriage to 
Miss Eliza Jane Martindale, daughter oi Elisha and Clara 
(Conant) Martindale. She was born on a farm where 
Maumee now stands, October 26, 1826. The father of 
Mrs. Gunn was a native of Massachusetts, where he was 
reared and received his education. He came to Ohio in 
18 18, and settled first in what is now Lucas County, but 
later removed to Wood County, purchasing two hundred 
acres of land which is now included in the corporate limits 
of Bowling Green. 

In politics our worthy subject was a staunch Repub- 
lican, and always took an active interest in the various 
campaigns in which the party was concerned. He held 
the office of clerk for six years after the township was or- 
ganized. He served the same number of years as Justice 
of the Peace. He was public spirited and took a deep 
interest in whatever promised to advance the interests ot 
his township, city or country. 

In 1892 the subject of our sketch removed from his 
farm to Maumee, purchasing a pleasant home on Broad- 
way, where he and his estimable wife enjoyed for a num- 

Memorial. 71 

ber of years a well earned retirement from the harder ser- 
vice of the farm. 

He was stricken with cancer which resulted fatally on 
January 22, 1898. At the time of his death his age was 
77 years, 4 months and 17 days. He was an honored 
member of the Carver and Gunn Reunion Association, 
and was the first to die after its organization in 1896. 
Socially h'e was a Mason, being at the time of his death a 
member of Northern Light Lodge No. 40, of Maumee. 
Fie was appointed by the Grand Master of the State to 
organize Wakeman Lodge at Waterville, where he served 
two years as Grand Master. He was for five years Mas- 
ter of the lod^e at Maumee. 

From 1886 to 1891 he was President of the Lucas 
County Pioneer Association, there being but one older 
settler born in the county. He never united with a 
church, but believed in and practiced the Golden Rule. 
In business life he was prompt and capable. In private 
and social life he was regarded with affection and respect 
for his many genial and honorable qualities. 

The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 





Colonel Nathaniel Haughton, founder of the Haugh- 
ton Machine and Foundry company, ex-soldier and well 
known politician, died at St. Vincent's hospital, January 
30th, 1S99 of pneumonia. He was 65 years of age and 
leaves a family of a wife and five children. 

The first illness of Colonel Haughton was announced 
a week ago. He was suffering at that time from the 
effects of a severe fall on an icy pavement. Later he was 
taken to the hospital, having developed pneumonia, and 
died this morning. The funeral will take place on Thurs- 
day from his residence at the corner of Missouri street 
and Collingwood avenue. 

Colonel Haughton was probably one of the best 
known men in Toledo, having lived in the city all his life. 
He was born on a farm in Washington township, located 
on what is now Central avenue, on February 12th, 1834. 
At the age of 16 years he joined one of the first overland 
expeditions to California in search of gold. He pros- 
pected in the west tor four years, and then returned to 
Toledo. After a short residence here he went to 
Ypsilanti, where he took a course at college, and return- 
ing again to this city, entered the grocery aud dry goods 
business at the corner of St. Clair and Monroe streets. 
He was successful in business and conducted the store 
until the breaking out of the civil war, when he enlisted 
in Company K, of the Twenty-fifth O. V. I. He was 
elected first lieutenant of the company and served 

Memorial. 73 

throughout the war, being mustered out as colonel of the 
regiment, and breveted brigadier general. The regiment 
was mustered out on June 18, 1866, and for some time 
after the close of the war was stationed at Charleston on 
garrison duty. He was at the battle of Chancellorsville, 
Body's Ford, the capture of Charleston, and was severely 
wounded at the battle of Gettysburg. 

After being mustered out, Colonel Haughton return- 
ed to Toledo where he entered the foundry and machine 
business, the firm beine Hauo-hton & Kniesser. About 
three years ago the firm was reorganized as the Haughton 
Foundry and Machine Company, and Colonel Haughton 
retired from the business. He has been connected with 
the waterworks department as inspector, and retired from 
that position at the first of the year. 

In politics, Colonel Haughton has always been quite 
prominent. He was a staunch Republican, and active in 
party affairs. He has never held office, and was only 
once a candidate, that time for the position of county 
treasurer. In the days of the old-time torchlight proces- 
sions, Colonel Haughton was always the moving spirit in 
the parades and always took charge of the marchers. He 
was well known in. Grand Army circles, and was a mem- 
ber of Toledo Post, holding the office of junior vice com- 
mander. He was also a member of the Union Veterans' 

The news o( his death will come as a shock to many 
of his old comrades, few of whom realized that his sick- 
ness was of such a serious nature. His death will be 
mourned by many who knew him as the kind, whole- 
souled old gentlemen who always had a kind word and 
pleasant smile for his acquaintances. 

The funeral was held from the residence, the mem- 
bers of the Grand Army acting as escort and pall- 

The Maumee Volley Pioneer Association. 




BY N. B. C. LOVE. 

Dresden W. H. Howard, the subject of this sketch, 
needs no prefix nor suffix to his name to add lustre to it. 
His name for half a century has been a household word 
in the homes of the great Maumee Valley. No one o( 
the pioneers, living or dead, had a larger personal 
acquaintance. He had the happy faculty, unknown to 
himself, of awaking self-respect in the minds of all with 
whom he came in contact. 

He was one of the connecting links uniting the first 
settlers of the Maumee Valley at the beginning of this 
century, with their worthy decendents, now its happy 
occupants. Space in our Annual forbids that this remem- 
brance of one so prominent in pioneer life should be more 
than a brief memorial. 

Dresden \V. H. Howard was born November 3, 1817; 
came to this valley with his father on June 17, 1821, 
landing at Fort Meigs. The family moved to Grand 
Rapids, on the Maumee, eighteen miles above, in May, 
1823. On the opposite side was an Indian village, called 
Kinjoino or Apatowajowin. The only schooling he 
received in childhood was at an Indian mission maintain- 
ed by the Presbyterian denomination, some ten miles 
above Fort Meigs He attended this school some four 
years and graduated when he was about ten years of age. 
He tells us that Rev. VanTassel and Elder Coe were his 
principal instructors. This was indeed the only school 

Memorial. 75 

for white children as well as Indian at this early period in 
the Maumee Valley. 

He was a quick, lively boy, and learned language 
easily, and while yet in his boyhood was in continual 
demand as interpreter. For a number of years he was 
engaged in this life, traveling on foot or with Indian 
ponies the wild territory west of us, then uninhabited only 
by the Indians. In bark canoes he traveled the- long 
coast line of the great lakes of the interior ; up beyond 
Mackinaw, through Lake Huron and Lake Superior and 
the rivers tributary, and all that vast region where the 
only commerce was bartering with the Indians and half- 
breeds for furs, skins and pelts. 

In 1832 and again in 1838 he aided the government 
in removing the Indians from the Maumee country and 
portions of Michigan to their homes west of the Miss- 


In 1840 he was sent by a fur company to establish 
trading posts on the waters of the Upper Missouri and 
the branches of the Yellowstone, and while enofaeed in 
that work in 1842, at the death of his father, he returned 
to this Maumee country, he relinquished what he deemed 
his life's business, and commenced the more, quiet and 
domestic life which he led till the time of his death. Mr. 
Howard was in the convention which nominated Abraham 
Lincoln to the presidency in i860; was a presidential 
elector in the fifth district, and a delegate to the Baltimore 
convention that nominated Lincoln for a second term in 
1S64. He was a member of the Board of Equalization in 
Ohio in 1870, and a member of the State Senate for 1872 
and 1873; was appointed a trustee of Toledo asylum for 
the insane April 1, 1887, under appointment of Governor 
P oraker. 


He was a continuous resident of the Maumee Valley, 

7C The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

and ever had for it an increasing- love. It could hardly 
be otherwise with Col. Howard, for in him was an ardent 
love of all that is beautiful in nature ; and did not Lake 
Erie with its island at the mouth of the Matimee, and the 
river, with its long expanse of calm scenery, up to Maumee 
City, and then up the Rapids ior eighteen miles, and up- 
ward to its source, meandering among primal overhang- 
ing forests, gratify this love? He never wearied discribing 
the picturesque scenery of this garden of the continent. 


He rejoiced in the advancement made by the pio- 
neers and their descendents in all the arts of civilization 
and with the heart of the optimist rejoiced in the good 
achieved as a prophecy of still better things to come. 


He loved his country both geographically and politi- 
cally. His father, Edward Howard, impressed upon him 
the value of freedom. He was a soldier in the war of 
1 812, and his grandfather, Thomas Howard, a soldier of 
the war of the Revolution, He even wished that the 
benefits of this free government should be extended to all 
living under the stars and stripes. He was not only, 
therefore, the friend of the Indians, seeking their civiliza- 
tion, but of the black man whom he did not disdain as a 

Each public act of his life, whether at home feeding 
the fugitive from oppression, or in the lawmaking body o{ 
the state, was on the side of right and liberty. During 
the civil war he was the staunch friend of the Union and 
its martyred executive, Abraham Lincoln. 


The prosperity of his friend was to him a source of 
happiness. In one respect he differed from many o( his 
early co-adjutors. His sympathy was largely with the 
red men, who, while at the beginning of the century were 

Memorial. 77 

cruel and committed many acts of hostility, would have 
been friends instead of foes if by our government they 
had been cared for then as now, and not as barbarians. 
The Indians were his trusted friends, and they never 
wronged him. He was a man of [peace and a peace- 
maker equally loved by the red and white men. 


The life in the country was his preference, and' while 
he was well prepared to act his part in society, having all 
the politeness of the old gentleman, yet he enjoyed the 
toil and recreations of rural life. 

He was a promoter of intelligence among farmers by 
the aid of organized educational efforts. 

The golden grain, waving in the summer sunlight, 
and the grazing herds upon the green pastures, were an 
inspiration, while the domestic joys of the intelligent farm 
home were highly prized. 


Those who differed with him in judgment believed 
him honest. His purpose was to do right, and few have 
succeeded as well as he. He was true in his friendship, 
and even suffering inconvenience he did not falter. He 
was temperate in all things and strictly moral in his pri- 
vate life. He could be trusted. He had all the virtues 
ol the noblest among the red men and none of their vices, 
and the early training in the mission school of the staunch 
Presbyterian church bore fruit in after life. Four years 
of faithful instruction given a boy with the native nobility 
of nature of D. W. H. Howard would prove a lasting 
benefit. Perhaps this had more to do with his alter life 
than many imagine. 


His memory was reliable. His perception was clear 
and comprehensive. Nothing escaped his attention, so 
that in his old age he possessed a wonderful fund of 

78 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

knowledge. But he also was a careful and extensive 
reader. What he narrated could be relied on as true. 
He dealt in facts and his hearers around the fireside, or 
the many at the pioneer meetings could rely upon his 
statements. His descriptions did not lack in interest, for 
as he talked once again the Indian chieftains seemed to 
be seated in council, or the whole companies of the In- 
dians surrounding, alter the day's journey or chase, the 
roaring camp-fires. The pioneers in social gatherings 
again appeared upon the scene as they did in reality sixty 
or seventy years ago. His discriptions of pioneer life, if 
reported as given, would have added wonderfully to our 
pioneer historical data. His extempore narrations as well 
as his written newspaper articles evinced a polish seldom 
found in the productions of men who have been denied 
college training. This is not surprising to those who 
personally knew Col. Howard. We fear there cannot be 
found among his co-adjutors any who by voice or pen can 
so well delineate the old time people and their social, bus- 
iness and intellectual life. 


How great the change and how wonderful the pro- 
gress of the Maumee Valley during the sojourn of Col. 
Howard, in it ! 

A vast wilderness, battle-scarred by the tribes of red 
men contending together for the mastery, and afterward, 
by the remaining tribes of reel men and the aggressive 
back- woodsman. When he and his parents, in 1821, 
came to Fort Meigs, there were remaining in the soil the 
footprints of the stately-headed elk which had only a (ew 
years before been sought by the soft-footed hunters. And 
still in large herds were the beautiful red deer and cun- 
ning American cougar. The valley was then the 
wonderful source of supply for the hardy pioneers. 

These pioneers were Puritans from New England, 
caviliers from Virginia, Scotch-Irish from Pennsylvania, 

Memorial. 79 

trappers and hunters from France, Many of these were 
intelligent and religious, but many more were adventurers, 
men who delighted in war and the chase. They had 
fought in the Revolution, had met defeat under St. Clair 
on the Wabash, or victory under Mad Anthony Wayne 
on the Maumee. The women who came when Howard 
came were lion-hearted and were use to hardships and 
could when necessary engage in war or chase. 


A transition was in the air. Those white people 
were coming and the red men were going. With them 
were vanishing the bear, panther, wolf, lynx and other 
animals, also the varied wild fowls which frequented 
forest, prairies, lakes and rivers. The wigwams were 
surplanted by the pioneers cabin. The warrior had little 
use for his war paint, and the war dance had lost its 
inspiration. When engaged in, it simply gratified the 
love of excitement. The cruel "fire water" of the traders 
was doing its work of demoralization. The nobility ot 
the red men, by its potent power, was distroyed. The 
real pioneers lamented the selling of liquor to the red 
men, but were powerless to prevent it. They protected 
their own cabins as a rule from rum's fearful ravages, yet 
using it, as most did, it was as medicine and with moder- 
ation. Enshrouded here and there in the wilderness of 
the Maumee Valley they were rich, having over their 
heads their own roof and warmed by their own fuel and 
fed from their own fields and forests. 

All the pioneer conditions were changed in the life- 
time of Col. Howard. Now the Maumee Valley is a 
garden of fruits and flowers, free from the dangers and 
hardships of the wiMerness. The canoe and peroque 
have been superceded by the beautiful naptha launch and 
swiit steamer, and the wagon train by the locomotive and 
cars on the net-work of rail roads that bind together the 

80 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

whole land and fine villages and cities with modern 
improvements and conveniences. 

The churches and factories, the school houses and 
places of trade stand together while our Christian civil- 
ization, like the sunlight ot heaven, sheds its blessing on 
the rich and poor. In all this the aged patriarch rejoiced, 
knowing well that he had done his part in securing such 
grand results. 


He was a kind, unselfish husband and father, and his 
aged partner waits for a blessed reunion, while his child- 
ren, emulating his example, arise and call him blessed. 
His home life was beautiful. 


His religious views were not drawn from any creed, 
but were broad, embracing the fatherhood of God and 
the brotherhood of man. Whatever revealed to him 
anything of the all-wise Father he received, and whatever 
was narrow and savored of human selfishness he rejected. 
Having the thought of God correctly formulated accord- 
ing to the teachings of nature, as well as of the Divine 
Spirit, he had a conscience that held him to the paths ol 
rectitude and kindness. 

He was ready to die when the summons came, and 
died in hope, we believe, of immortality. 


We cannot give in this memoir all that should be 
known and remembered of this noble man's last days of 
pain and anguish and preparation for death. He antici- 
pated it and made ample arrangements for it, selecting 
the minister to officiate and the friend to deliver his funer- 
al oration, the pall-bearers, and the place of his burial. 
The minister was Rev. T. W '. Lily, of Hicksville ; the 
orator, Gen. J. Kent Hamilton, and pall -bearers, Dr. 
Ramsey, Grant Williams, H. T. Brigham, Thomas Mike- 

Memorial. 81 

sail, Col. E. L, Barber and Alfred Schaffer. His resting- 
place was to be at Winnemeg Hill. 

Mrs. Howard, who survives him, was united in mar- 
riage with him in 1843. She is now in her 79th year and 
is bright and hopeful, and a helpful companion for so 
many years of this worthy man. 

We close this with a sonnet dedicated to his memory : 

Men and boys and white covered train 

Men defiant, boys active and brave, 

Women as fair as Maumee's rippling wave — 

All moving forward in sunshine and rain. 

Through primal woods these pioneers came. 

One fair lad, saw, heard, felt much that was good 

Among the tribes of Indian brotherhood ; 

He of all was to achieve the greatest name. 

He into manhood grew, great in thought and love ; 

None sought his favor too early or late — 

In men he saw the Father from above, 

AneLwelcomed all to his heart's open gate. 

The pioneer train rests beneath the hillside green, 

The boy, the man, sleeps at Winnemeg serene. 

The Xlnumec Valley Pioneer Association. 




Brice Hilton is dead. 

The sure and unfaltering hand of death this morning 
affixed the period to the life of the grand old man, and the 
volume of a noble career is closed. 

Venerable Brice Hilton, honored and respected by 
the entire community of which he was its oldest citizen and 





earliest settler, has passed from the trials and troubles 6.1 
this world to reap his reward in the next. 

To pause and reilect over such a life as led by the 

Memorial. 83 

subject of this obituary, cannot help but cause one to feel 
that his was a life truly well spent, and in the minds of all 
who had the pleasure of an acquaintance with him, a 
thought of the pure and honorable years he passed 
through will ever remain. 

The sturdy old pioneer ventured into this part of Ohio 
when it was almost an unbroken forest, when the Indians 
were still roaming about in tribes, and but small settle- 
ments of white people were here and there scattered 
about, and he remained here since, and not only witnessed 
but helped to develop this part of the State. 

It is difficult for people living at this date and enjoy- 
ing the pleasures of the advanced civilization to realize the 
condition this city and territory surrounding it was in, and 
the view that presented itself to Mr. Hilton, when in 182? 
he came here and built the first log cabin in the vast wil- 
derness between this place and Fort Wayne. 

Mr. Hilton was an interesting" relator of reminiscence s 
of the early days, and many of the tales of the hardships 
and adventures through which the early settlers passed 
were thrilling. 

On the ninety-first anniversary of the birth of Mr. 
Hilton, which occurred March 19th of this year, a party of 
citizens called on him at his home in Brunersburgf and 
spent several pleasant hours in his presence, which the 
old gentleman enjoyed greatly. He was then able to be 
about. His health has been failing rapidly for the past 
two months, and for six weeks has been unable to leave 
his bed. This morning at fifteen minutes to six, the grim 
reaper beckoned his soul to leave its earthly domain, and 
as one passing into a peaceful sleep, did his life pass out. 
He remained conscious until he closed his eyes for the 
last time on earthly surroundings. 

His death was, as had been his life, beautiful, for he 
died surrounded by those he loved, and beneath the roof 
he had passed so many useful years. 

84 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

No character ever lived in Defiance county who was 
held in higher esteem or more greatly loved by those who 
w r ere acquainted with him than the grand old pioneer, 
Brice Hilton. 

The funeral services took place Wednesday afternoon 
at two o'clock at his late home in Brunersburg, and the 
body was laid to repose in the pretty cemetery on the 
bank of the Tiffin river opposite the village in which he so 
long resided. 

Dr. E. L. Rexford, of Columbus, who for a number 
of years was a warm personal friend of Mr. Hilton, con- 
ducted the services. 

The history of Defiance county contains the follow- 
ing sketch of his life : 

Brice Hilton, one of the few remaining pioneers of 
Defiance county, was born March 13, 1808, the son of 
Joshua and Hepzibah (Hilton) Hilton, both of whom 
were born in Stark, Somerset county, Maine, the former 
June 17, 1780, the later July 2, 1785. His grandfather, 
Benjamin Hilton, was a resident of the same county and 
a miller by trade and occupation. Joshua and Hepzibah 
Hilton were married in Somerset county, Maine, October 
10, 1805. Joshua was a miller, like his father, and made 
milling his life pursuit. His children were Mary, born 
August 2, 1806, married Clark Philbrick, March 15, 1827, 
and the same spring moved with her husband to Geauga 
county, Ohio. Brice, the subject of this sketch, born 
March 13, 1808; Thomas H., born June 25, 18 10, died 
September 6, 1826; John, born October 14, 1811, died 
February 9, 1838; Ezra, born June 4, 1S13, died Septem- 
ber 28, 1846; Horace, born August 31, 1815, died in 
Osborne county, Kansas, December 28, 1874; Eben, born 
August 24, 18 iS, died September i"6, 1S4S; Benjamin and 
an infant daughter, deceased, born September 10, 1S20; 
Benjamin died November 5, 1865; Richard, born Septem- 
ber 18, 1823 died August 18, 1848. 


In September, 1817, Joshua Hilton with his family 
emigrated in a three-horse wagon from Maine to Ohio, 
reaching the town oi Reading, Hamilton county, Decem- 
ber 2. The following April he moved to a farm in Butler 
county, paying a cash rental of $100 for one year, at the 
expiration of which he removed to Carthage, and in the 
fall of the same year (18 19) moved to Miami county, 
where he remained until the fall ol 1822. In January, 
1822, he made a journey aloot to Defiance and vicinity, 
having with him maps of the surrounding townships, for 
the purpose of selecting a larm. While here he stopped 
at the tavern of Robert Shirlev. Mr. Hilton returned 
home, then went to Piqua, where the land office was locat- 
ed, and entered 140 acres on the south side of the Mau- 
mee immediately above the plat of West Defiance, where 
he removed with his family, December 3, 1822. 

In the spring of that year, he had come with his son 
Thomas to plant a crop of corn, but having no land 
cleared, Judge Shirley permitted him to put out as much 
corn as he wished on the land opposite the old fair ground 
on an old Indian improvement. With his ox team he 
broke the blue grass sod and planted six acres, which 
yielded enough corn to last the family one year. Mr. 
Hilton erected the first loo- cabin between Defiance and 
Fort Wayne on the Maumee, except one, built by a Mr. 
Rodger, five miles below Fort Wayne. Mr. Hilton also 
built the first brick house in the county, except two at 
Defiance. He was a Whig, and died August 15, 1830. 
His wife died September 24, 1850. 

Brice Hilton spent his youth in working for his father 
and attending what schools were then available. Durino 
the winter of 1S20, he attended school in Cincinnati, 
remaining about nine months. After he reached Williams 
county with his father, his educational advantages were 
indeed meager, but he had already mastered Stephen 
Pitts' Arithmetic, Bonnicastle's Algebra and Greenleaf 's 

86 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

Grammar. He studied surveying and practiced it to some 
extent. From 1825 to 1830, he cleared land, boated on 
the river, split rails, hunted and worked on the farm. He 
then went to live with Dr. John Evans, reading medicine 
with him, and after practicing it six months, abandoned 
the profession. In May, 1S34, he went to Brunersburg 
with a stock of goods, having lormed a partnership with 
Foreman Evans. At the end of twelve years, he sold out 
to his brother, Benjamin Hilton, and bought a farm ad- 
joining Brunersburg. He has ever since followed farming, 
but in connection with it has been engaged in other 
pursuits, among them stock dealing, taking contracts for 
building bridges/ building embankments, etc. In 1850 he 
purchased the Brunersburg Mill property and in 1854 
erected a grist mill, which he still operates. In 1855, he 
built a saw mill just opposite, which he ran till recently. 
In 1844, he bought the Brunersburg Tannery and operat- 
ed it for thirty years in connection with a shoe shop. 
About 1863, he built, on lot 182, Brunersburg, mostly 
with his own means, a Universalist church, which now has 
a membership of sixty-two. 

Mr. Hilton was married, December 4, 1836, to Sophia 
Umbenhaur, who was born near Winchester, Virginia, 
July 29, 1 82 1, and emigrated with her father's family to 
Williams county in 1835. Of" their two daughters and 
ten sons, but five sons]survive — Walter, born February 12, 
1845, a merchant of Defiance ; Ezra, born January 7, 
1847, now a merchant at Pioneer, Williams county; 
Gilmore, born August 9, 1850, now living at Brunersburg; 
Lyman, born January 29, i860, at home ; John, born 
September 2, 1862, at home, teaching school. Mr. Hilton 
in early liie was a Clay Whig and is now a Republican. 

Memorial. 87 

He is Visited by a Number of his Friends. 


This afternoon two 'bus loads of gentlemen drove to 
Brunersburg and paid their respects to the venerable 
Brice Hilton, who was celebrating his 91st birthday. 

The visitors took a handsome chair alone as a gift to 
their friend. Mr. Hilton was rejoiced to see his friends, 
and gave them a hearty welcome. After a general pass- 
ing of compliments, L. E. Beardsley, who accompanied 
the party, took two negatives of the old gentleman. 
There are only two other pictures of Mr, Hilton extant. 
One was taken when he was 50, and the other when he 
was 70 years old. 

After this had been done, the visitors and Mrs. 
Lyman Hilton and daughter Hazel gathered in the front 
yard, and Mr. Beardsley took a snap shot at all of them. 

Mr. Hilton is at the home of his son Lyman, and the 
company received a gracious welcome from him and his 
wife and Fiimore Hilton. 

The party was made up of the following gentlemen, 
who came to Defiance in the years noted : Rev. B. W. 
Slag!c\ 1862; Adam Wilhelm, 1839; E P. Hooker, 
1859; K V. Haymaker, ' 1856 ; L. E. Beardsley, 1865; 
Dr. C. E. Slocum. 1871 ; Charles B. Squire, 1S58; Rev. 
A. E. Smith, 1895; U E. Myers, 1852; L. G. Richard- 
son, 1848; H. B. Harris, 1853; Edward Squire, 1858; E. 
E. Carter, 1856; \V. A. Kehnast, 1 86 1 ; John VV. Slough, 
1847; George Bechel, i860; J. P. Burlington, [853. 

The press was represented by Charles Sampson, N. 
R. Webster, John Ury and W. H. McClintock. 

Mr. Hilton looks quite feeble, but he stated to the 

Daily Express man as he bid him good bye; "When I 

am dead and gone, don't say that Brice Hilton died of old 

SS The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

Of Brunersburg, will be 91 Years Old Next Monday. 


On Monday, March 13, 1899, the venerable Brice 
Hilton, of Brunersburg, will celebrate the 91st anniver- 
sary of his birth. He was born at Stark, Somerset 
county, Maine, March 13, 1808. He came into the Mau- 
mee Valley in the spring of 182 1, and was married to 
Sophia Umbenhaur, at Brunersburg, December 4, 1836. 
Mrs. Hilton died September 27, 1897. There were born 
to this worthy couple 12 children. Of this number the 
following are living : Walter, Ezra, Filmore, Lyman L. 
and John C. Hilton. 

Brice Hilton was the son of Joshua and Hepzibah 
Hilton. They were married October 10, 1805. The 
father died in Defiance, August 15, 1835, and the mother 
August 15, 1850. 

The Hilton family in America sprung from three 
brothers, Benjamin, Ebenezer,and Isaac, who sailed from 
England and landed near Philadelphia about the year 
1600. Brice Hilton was a descendant of Benjamin, and is 
of the 7th generation down the line. 

Brice Hilton is too well known to need any introduc- 
tion to the readers of the Daily Express. Columns of 
matter have been published touching his life in the Mau- 
mee valley, while a comprehensive story of his life is pub- 
lished in a history of the county and valley, and is open to 
everybody. He has been a giant physically and mentally, 
and now, upon the eve of his ninety-first birthday, his 
mind is as clear as a bell. He is a faithful reader of the 
daily and weekly press, and there is not a man in North- 
western Ohio who has kept hi closer touch with the march 
of events than Brice Hilton. The old gentleman has been 
in fairly good health during the winter, and still possesses 
vigor enough to warrant the thought that he will climb the 


Memorial. 89 

ladder for many years to come. He is making his home 
with his son Lyman L. Hilton, at Brunersburg. 

In this connection we give the story of the moving of 
the Hiitons from Maine to Ohio, which was recently dic- 
tated by Brice Hilton himself, and related by Mr. K. V. 

''Brice Hilton says that in 1817 his father, Joshua 
Hilton, moved from Maine to Ohio with his family, which 
then consisted of his wife, Hepzibah, and the following 
children : Mary, Brice, Thomas, Ezra and John. At 
that time Joshua and his brother Edgar, lived in what had 
been their father's old homestead at Stark Mills, Somerset 
county, Maine. This old homestead was a large double 
house, and each brother with his family, lived in either 
part. Joshua and his brother Edgar, were owners of the 
grist mill, and Joshua and his oldest brother, Richard, 
owned the saw mill. These mills were located on a small 
mill stream, which emptied into the Sandy River about a 
mile below, which river in turn emptied into the Kenebec 
a mile further down. Brice says he remembers seeing 
the mill dam and the mill destroyed by flood. My mother 
has often told me the story, which she learned from 
Hepzibah, that it was on account of the loss of these 
mills, and being too much discouraged on account thereof 
to attempt to again rebuild them, that Joshua resolved to 
remove to the west. These mills had only been rebuilt a 
lew years before, possibly within a year, prior to the time 
the flood swept them out. It was in the spring of 18 17 
that this loss occurred, and they spent the summer in 
preparing for the journey to Ohio. 

Brice states as another reason why his father desired 
to leave Maine, was that every winter he was afflicted 
with ulcerated sore throat, the same disease of which 
Joshua's father had died. The hope of finding a milder 
climate, was one of the strong incentives which induced 
him to come to Ohio. 

90 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

"The trip was commenced in September. In addi- 
tion to Joshua and his wife and five children above named, 
they were also accompanied by Rachel Milton, Hepzibah's 
sister, then a young woman of 18 or 19 years; and also 
by a young man named Hilton, who was a second cousin 
of Hepzibah, and whose first name Brice cannot recall. 
He states that this young man was a brother of Jesse 
Hilton, who had come to Ohio before that time,' and who 
then lived at Hillsboro, in Highland county, Ohio. After 
their arrival in Ohio, this young man, who furnished one 
of the three horses with which they made the trip, left 
Joshua and his family, to join his brother Jesse at Hills- 
boro, and Brice cannot now recall that he ever saw or 
heard of him thereafter. Jesse Hilton, some years after, 
perhaps in 1824 or 1825, came to northern Ohio, and 
settled near Defiance, and was the first man to raise a 
crop of wheat in the Maumee Valley. 

"The trip from Maine was made in a wagon drawn 
by three horses. Aside from the living freight, the load 
consisted of but little save the wearing apparel of the 
r/ioving party. The trip was made in a remarkably short 
, time, and without any serious mishaps. The final halting 

place was at Reading, near Cincinnati, Ohio, where they 
parted company with the young man who had accompani- 
ed them. Brice related to me a number of incidents 
which deeply impressed themselves on his childish mind 
during that trip. Among them was the fact that on one 
occasion as their wagon was going down a rather steep 
hill, one o( his brothers, Thomas, I believe, fell from the 
wagon and the hind wheel passed over his arm, but from 
the soft condition of the road, or by reason of a rock or 
other obstruction catching the weight of the wheel, his 
arm was not broken or seriously bruised. They passed 
within sight of the city of Boston, but not through it. In 
Pennsylvania they crossed the Juniata River on a bridge, 
which to his boyish eyes seemed little short of a miracle. 

Memorial. 91 

It was a chain bridge, suspended from and upheld by 
immense chains, the ends of which were securely anchor- 
ed in the lofty hill on either side, and which suspended 
the bridge at a considerable height above the bed of the 
stream. The floor of the bridge was not solid like that of 
our modern suspension bridges, but sank under the load 
and raised up before and behind as the team moved along. 
It made a deep impression on his mind to look over the 
side of the bridge and see men working at quarrying stone 
and loading it into wagons in the bed of the stream far 
below him. 

"He also related another incident of that trip, which 
was his first contact with political contests. The party 
stopped over for a day in a thickly settled part of Penn- 
sylvania, to do necessary washing. This was election day, 
and the excitement of the men going by the polling place, 
was a revelation to the lad who saw such things for the 
first time. Two rival candidates were supported by 
enthusiastic partizans who rode by on bare back horses, 
at full speed, first one crowd cheering at top of voice for 
their candidate, "Hurrah for William Finley," to be im- 
mediately answered by the partizans of the opposing 
candidate with cheers, "Hurrah for Joseph Easter." As 
Brice remembers it, these were candidates for governor. 

"At the place where they crossed the Little Miami 
River, as they approached the end of their journey, they 
bought some oats for their horses. The expenses of their 
trip that far had exhausted their stock of silver coin, and 
there for the first time they began to spend their gold. 
The coin which was offered by them to pay for the oats 
was gold of foreign mintage, and the farmer had never 
seen any like it, and had no idea of its equivalent value 
in American money. Neither could Joshua say what it 
was worth. After discussing the matter for some time, 
the farmer settled the matter by saying that rather than 
run any chance of either being cheated, by fixing a wrong 

92 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

value, they should take the oats without pay, as he had 
an abundant stock, which was of very little value to him 
any way. On this trip they were not required to camp 
out of doors at night, as they found accommodations for 
shelter every night at farm houses or village taverns along 
the way. 

"Joshua and his family lived for four years in Hamil- 
ton county and in Miami county near Piqua, on 'rented 
farms, and for one season Joshua run a large saw mill 
located near the city of Cincinnati in the valley of Mill 
Creek. The desirable farming lands in that locality had 
been mostly taken up, and were of such value that they 
were beyond the slender means of ]oshua to purchase. 
So in the spring of 1S21, Joshua and his two oldest sons, 
Brice and Thomas, with two horses, Joshua riding one 
and the two boys the other, rode from Miami county to 
Fort Defiance. 

"This point was then a frontier post, with garrison, 
and with but few white families located here. Joshua 
looked over the public lands which were then open for 
entry, and selected about 130 acres just above the fort. 
A family named Shirley was then here, and Joshua rented 
some cleared bottom land of Robert Shirley, and with the 
assistance of his boys, constructed a fence of logs and 
brush around it, plowed and planted to corn and potatoes. 
They also chopped trees for raii cuts, on the land which 
he had selected for entry. After this was done, Joshua 
and Thomas mounted one of the horses and returned to 
Miami county, leaving Brice, then thirteen years old, to 
cultivate the crops, and split the rail cuts. Brice tended 
the crops until the corn was so far along as to need no 
further cultivation, and in his leisure time split rails suffi- 
cient to enclose eighty acres of the land his father had 
selected. This work being completed he bestrode the 
horse and rode back to Miami county, to help harvest the 
wheat and other crops. The distance from Piqua to 

Memorial, 93 

Defiance is about ioo miles. That fall, the family moved 
to Defiance and settled on the land which Joshua had 
selected, and on which he filed a certificate of entry on 
this return to Piqua in the spring. The lederal land office 
for this district being then located at Piqua. 

''The log house which Joshua built for his family on 
his arrival, was considered a marvel of size and preten- 
tiousness. It was a double log house, two stones in 
height with an open passage between the wings, and 
for a considerable time the highest type of architecture in 
the Maumee Valley. Some years later Joshua burned 
brick and erected a two story brick house, which is still 
occupied as a residence by the present owners of the 

The brick house referred to in the above is on the 
Smith farm, west of the city near the water works. 


The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 



Benjamin F. Kerr, of Grand Rapids, Ohio, died 
March 24th, 1S99, in his 57th year. He was for 33 years 
one of the most prominent business men of Grand Rapids. 
Before coming to Grand Rapids he was in the army, serv- 
ing in Jim Steadman's Regiment, the 14th O. Y. I , and 


later in commissary department in 111th O. V. I. Mr. 
Kerr was of Scotch origin, tracing his ancestors back to 
1708, when they first came to New Jersey. 

His parents were Jesse and Eliza (Evans) Kerr, ot 
Monclova township, Lucas county. His brother, Captain 
John W. Kerr, now owns the old homestead. 

Memorial. 95 

Mr. Kerr was born February 7th, 1843, * n Richland 
county, Ohio; was educated in Maumee City; served 
through the war, and returning in 1866, he bought the 
o-eneral store of Laskey & Bro., and remained in that 
business until his death. 

In 1 85 1 George Laskey succeeded Frank Hinsdale, 
who in 1838 succeeded Nicholas Gee, who was the first 
general merchant of the community. Hence Mr. Kerr's 
business was a continuation of the pioneer trade. 

On October 24, 1867, Mr. Kerr married Ann S. 
Pratt, and their family are Mrs. Carrie P. Williams, of 
Delphos, Clifton C. Kerr, of Grand Rapids, (also mar- 
ried,) and Jessie May, Frank and Glenn, the latter three 
still at home. 

During his short life time, Mr. Kerr saw the wilder- 
ness of Wood and Lucas counties transformed into the 
beautiful garden it now is, from cow paths or Indian trails 
into level stone roads, railroads, electric street car lines, etc. 

His brother John W. now lives in Toledo, Thomas 
B., also of the 14th O. V. I., is at Dayton, Ohio, William 
E. is a merchant at Grand Rapids, Ohio, J. Charles F. is 
in San Antonio, Texas. His only sister is Mrs. N. A. 
Walters, of Swanton, Ohio. , W . . . 

96 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 




How he Saved Fort Wayne and Fort Meigs. 

BY C. \v, 

The brave and timely act of Lieut. Hobson, in sink- 
ing the Merrimac in the harbor of Santiago, will constitute 
a specially prominent part in the history of the Cuban 
war. For daring bravery and skill it could hardly be ex- 
celled, and may justly be recognized. 

Heroism has often found notable ways and means for 
manifestation, and it is due to the memories of those who 
opened the way for what we are now permitted to behold 
in the Maumee Valley, to say, that they were not without 
such quality. In prool ol this, it will suffice here to cite 
the case ol William Oliver, known to very few of the 
present generation, though so prominent in earlier days. 

Fort Wayne bears conspicuous part in the events oi 
pioneer life. A structure wholly of wood, built in 1794, it 
had come ^dilapidated condition when the war of 1812-15 
with England occurred. Encouraged by the inexcusable 
surrender of General Hull in August, 1812, a force of 500 
Indians laid siege to that fortress. The garrison, amount- 
ing to less than 100 men, was under Captain Rhea, an 
old man not in mental or physical condition fitted to his 
charge. The entire country was wilderness, with no pos- 
sible means for defense from attack. 

Oliver was a resident of Fort Wayne, but at the 
time in question went to Cincinnati. On his return he 
learned that the Indians had appeared before the fort, and 
he returned to that city to urge the troops to hasten for 

Memorial. 97 

its relief. This accomplished, he set out with all possible 
speed for the fort, hoping- to reach it with word both of 
warning- and encouragement to its imperriled inmates. On 
his way he found at St. Mary's river an encampment of 
Ohio militia, with whom was Thomas Worthington, then 
Indian Commissioner, and afterwards Governor of Ohio. 
To him Oliver communicated his purpose to enter the fort 
or perish in the attempt. The result of the interview was 
an agreement under which the two were to co-operate, 
though different frontiersmen would dissuade them from 
the perilous attempt. They secured 6S militia and 16 
Shawanee Indians to accompany them. They had been 
but one day on the march, when $6 of the party secretly 
deserted and returned. The remainder continued the 
march, and from their camp heard the evening gun of the 
fort, 2\ miles distant. In view of the reduced condition 
of the force, Worthington was not willing to continue the 
march. When Oliver, with three Indians, pushed ahead 
with great caution, five miles from the fort they found 
holes dug on each side of the road by the Indians for con- 
cealment, to cut off approach. Thus warned, they aban- 
doned the road, and crossing the country, reached the 
Maumee river one and one-half miles from the fort. Here, 
tying their horses, they cautiously passed through the 
forest to learn whether or not the Indians were already in 
possession. With feelings of relief and joy, they found 
the stars and stripes waving at the fort. Not deeming 
this even as conclusive as to the condition, Oliver ap- 
proached the east side until he discerned the blue uniform 
of a sentinel, and recognized the wearer as an acquaint- 
ance. They then returned, and remounting their horses, 
proceeded onward. Finding the gate locked, they were 
compelled to pass dewn the river bank and ascend at the 
northern gate. In this way they were favored by the 
withdrawal of the savage enemy in carrying out their plan 
for taking the fort by strategy. 

98 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

It seems that the hostile chiefs, with true Indian 
methods, had been employing a flag of truce for inter- 
course with the garrison, a result of which was such devel- 
opment of Capt. Rhea's weakness as much to encourage 
them in their movements They had arranged in a semi- 
circle on the west and north sides of the fort, and at a 
short distance from it. Under pretense of treating with 
the garrison, five chiefs were to pass into the fort and 
council room, with scalping knives and pistols secreted in 
their blankets. They then were to assassinate two subal- 
tern officers, seize Capt. Rhea, with expectation that he 
would order the gates thrown open to the attacking force. 

Such well laid plan was being carried out when Oliver 
reached the gate. An hour sooner or an hour later would 
probably have been fatal to him and his party, and to the 
inmates o{ the fort. Parties of Indians for eight days up- 
on the roads in different directions, at that time had been 
called to aid in the proposed attack. Winnemack, Five 
Medals and three other hostile chiefs, with their treacher- 
ous flag of truce, were greatly surprised at meeting Oliver 
and associates at the gate. Coming from different direc- 
tions and screened by the fort, they were not visible until 
that moment. Winnemack, with expressions of surprise 
and disappointment, hastily returned to the Indian camp 
with information that their stratagem had failed. 

Oliver at once dispatched a note to Worthington, 
stating the situation, sending the same by his Indian as- 
sociates, who dashed off at full speed. They were soon 
pursued by hostiles The race was perilous, but they es- 
caped, their shout of triumph rising high and falling grate- 
fully on the beleaguered garrison. The message was duly 
delivered to General Harrison, who in a short time arriv- 
ed with ample reinforcements. The enemy had continued 
the siege until within a few hours of his arrival, and with 
such perseverance that nothing but the hope of relief 
could have kept the garrison from surrender, amid the 
burning arrows of the savages. 

Memorial 99 

But Fort Wayne was not the only object of young- 
Oliver's brave ventures. The next year, (1813,) his hero- 
ism was shown in connection with the two sieges of Fort 
Meigs, involving no less of sagacity and peril. At the 
first siege, General Harrison desired some one to bear a 
message of warning to Gen/ Greene Clay, then approach- 
ing with a body of Kentucky volunteers. The selection 
fell on Oliver. The service was specially dangerous, as 
the Indians were already in strong force about the fort. 
Oliver decided to make the attempt, notwithstanding Gen. 
Clay warned him of the special danger of any effort to 
penetrate the enemy's lines. Oliver, in reply, spoke oi 
his knowledge of the country and Indian stratagem, urg- 
ing the special importance o[ Harrison's knowing of the 
approach of relief, and informed his commander of his pur- 
pose to go at all hazards, unless positively borbidden to 
do so. 

With 15 picked men of Ohio militia, Oliver boarded 
his boat, and upon leaving, Clay grasped his hand, say- 
ing: "Farewell, Oliver. We shall never see you again." 
Approaching the fort at midnight, Oliver found everything 
in darkness, the cannonading of the enemy across the 
river, constituting the chief indication of the condition. In- 
iormed the day before by two British deserters of the 
purpose to attack the fort that night, Harrison had extin- 
guished the lights, the garrison being on their arms await- 
ing the enemy's approach. Mistaking Oliver's party for 
the British advance, these were fired upon by the senti- 
nels, but without injury. The result of Harrison's inter- 
view with Oliver, was prompt arrangements for the ensuing 
day, so memorable for the landing of Clay, the defense of 
the fort and the defeat and death of Dudley across the 

It was but two months later, when some 5,000 British 
^nd Indians again invested Fort Meigs. Gen. Clay, then 
in command, called Oliver to his quarters, and implored 

100 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

him, if possible, to make his way through the Indians to 
Harrison, supposed to be at Upper Sandusky, 70 miles 
away. "I will reward you liberally, if you succeed," said 
Gen. Clay. Oliver's reply was, "I shall not put my life 
in the scale against money or promotion. My country 
has higher calls upon me than these, and from sense of 
duty to her, I will make the trial." Col. John Miller, 
afterward Governor of Missouri, was second in command 
to Clay. Learning of Oliver's purpose, he inquired if the 
report was true. " Yes," said Oliver. " Well," rejoined 
the General, much excited, "You are a fool. Why is it 
that you are always called for these perilous services ? " 
Clay having requested Oliver to take with him any desir- 
ed men, he applied to a regular officer, who begged to be 
excused. Finally he secured as companion Captain Mc- 
Cune, of Ohio militia, and a Petersburg volunteer. 

About nine o'clock that nigh, Oliver and party left 
the fort, just as the British band struck up the tatto across 
the Maumee. Within 80 rods they came suddenly upon 
a camp of Indians, who, disturbed by the noise of the ap- 
proach, sprang up and ran at them, when they reined up 
and awaited the movements of the enemy, apprehending 
serious results. Fortunately, their animals, as if aware of 
the situation, stood perfectly still, and the Indians passed 
around without discovery of their presence. Oliver and 
his party, going in different directions, clashed into the al- 
most impenetrable forest of the "Blank Swamp." Mc- 
Cune, unaccostumed to the woods, separated from the 
others, who continued in the proper direction, the Indians 
being in full pursuit on horseback. At nine o'clock the 
next night, Oliver reached Upper Sandusky, his body 
covered with bruises from contusions against trees, and 
nearly naked as a result of briers and brambles tearing 
his clothes. There Oliver learned that Harrison was in 
the vicinity of Fort Stephenson, and notwithstanding his 
extreme fatigue, he continued on, reaching the General's 

Memorial. 101 

camp near Seneca at 1 1 o'clock the next day, after a cir- 
cuitous trip of more than one day and two nights, cover- 
ing a distance of over 100 miles. McCune finally reached 
the camp the next day. Wishing to retain Oliver for 
other service, Harrison sent McCune back to Gen. Clay 
with verbal message as to his intentions. He safely made 
the trip, though pursued for several miles by a party of 
mounted Indians. 

By the opportune arrival of McCune, the fort was 
saved from the ingeniously devised stratagem of the wily 
Indian Chief Tecumseh. Toward evening a body of 
British infantry were secreted in a ravine below the fort, 
and the cavalry in the wood above, the Indians and part 
oi the British being stationed in a forest. A severe battle 
ensued just before dark, resulting in complete success of 
the American forces. 

Such recognition of Major Oliver's effective heroism 
and sagacity, becomes specially fitting here, from the fact 
that it is made within sight of the spot where stood Fort 
Meigs, whose two deliverences were so largely due to his 
patriotic devotion and unsurpassed courage. In his case 
are features rarely found in such service. More noble 
sentiment could not guide a man to heroic acts, than was 
that so considerately stated by him to Gen. Clay, and we 
may well honor and recognize it here. Would that more 
of public action were controlled by the same unselfish 

It becomes fitting here to state that Major Oliver's 
connection with this region was by no means limited to 
his distinguished army service. As a member of what 
was known as the "Baum Company" of Cincinnati, he 
was identified with the very start of what is now ''Toledo," 
in connection with the projected town of Port Lawrence, 
in 1S17, which movement then proved premature, was 
renewed in 1832, contemporaneous with that of its rival, 
Vistula, which two soon were merged and became Toledo. 

102 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

Major Oliver continued prominently identified in thai 
connection until his death in 1851. Under management 
of a son-in-law, James C. Hall, the Oliver House was 
subsequently projected, constituting, as it did, the most 
of an advance in hostelry ever made in Toledo, being 
opened with special demonstration in 1859. 

As a citizen, Major Oliver ever held a standing for 
integrity and usefulness consistent with the rule which 
directed his unselfish devotion in militarv service, an ex- 
ample well worthy to be followed in all lines of action. 

Memorial. 103 





Mrs. Amelia Perrin, of Perrysburg, died at the age 
of 88 years, at the family residence in that city. She was 
the widow of the late Jonathan Perrin. 

This death was rather a departure, a euthanasia, of 
one who has lived through a long earthly life, in full 
activity to the last hour, when, her earthly education being 
completed, she, in the full possession of all her powers, 
graduated into that other life for which preparation had 
been made for her by Him who left the promise: "I go 
to prepare a place for you/' Her education, which began 
a hundred or more years before she was born, in the lives 
of martyr ancestors, and ministers of the gospel, was con- 
tinued by diligent labors in the church, and by reading 
the best books till the end. 

Descended from Richard Wightman, who was burned 
at the stake for his religious opinions, and of a long line 
of ministers of the gospel of that name, who wrought 
effectually for religious liberty in Connecticut and Rhode 
Island and, she naturally, when uniting with the Methodist 
church in 1830, followed in their steps, and was ever 
true and loyal to the church with which she had connect- 
ed herself; and also when the society of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution was organized, in honor of her 
revolutionary ancestors, she became a member. 

She was born, in the ■flesh, November 15, 1S10, in 
Cleveland, Ohio, and with her parents came to Orleans in 
the valley of the Miami of the Lakes, in 1811, 

104 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

She was married to Jonathan Perrin in April, 1830, 
and the same year was enrolled upon the records of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, on which her mother's name 
stands first. 

For nearly seventy years her home has been the one 
place for old time residents to visit, and the place she 
loved and from which she desired to depart when her 
earthly pilgrimage should end. . This desire of her heart 
was happily gratified. 

She was the mother of seven children, three of whom 
are living. She leaves seven grand children and eleven 
great grand children, to all of whom the memory of this 
faithful Christian, and cultivated and patriotic lady must 
ever be a blessing. 

Her funeral services were conducted at the M. E. 
church by Rev. J. C. Shaw of Upper Sandusky, and the 
remains placed at rest in Fort Meigs cemetery. 

Memorial. 105 





One by one the hardy pioneers who emigrated from 
the Eastern States to form new homes for themselves in 
the great West are passing away, until only now and 
then one, like the sturdy oaks of the forest that have 
breasted many storms, are left, awaiting the call of the 

It commands our admiration as we review the lives 
of the heroic men and women who opened up to civiliza- 
tion the beautiful valley of the Maumee, who spent the 
best years of their lives in hewing out from the trackless 
forests homes for themselves and families. It is difficult 
for us of the present day to realize the great privations 
they had to endure from savage foes and wild beasts that 
surrounded them on every side, and worse than either, 
the want of needful food and shelter from inclement 

In clearing up this beautiful valley many fell by the 
wayside, the result of climatic influences incident to a new 
country, and need of proper medical attention. But 
nothing daunted, the survivors closed up the ranks and 
bravely marched to final success. With them there was 
no such word as fail, and they stamped upon the minds of 
their sons and daughters an unconquerable spirit of loy- 
alty and love of country that has borne rich fruits in our 
mighty efforts to maintain a united country. 

To review the lives of the noble men and women who 
opened up the pathways of civilization in the great forests 


106 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

of the northwestern portion of Ohio, is a duty we owe to 
the living as well as the dead. 

The subject of my sketch, the Hon. Edwin Phelps, 
was a man richly endowed with every element necessary 
to make an energetic and successful pioneer. He was 
born December 30th, 18 15, at Richville, St. Lawrence 
county, New York, and at an early age he removed to the 
village of Defiance, long before Defiance county was es- 
tablished, and died September 28th, 1897. ^ n tne even- 
ing of the day of his death, he retired to his room in his 
usual health, and in the morning when his family called 
him to breakfast, he did not answer. Going up to his 
room they found him resting upon his bed apparently 
asleep. The angel of death had called during the night 
and bore his spirit away to its eternal home. Mr. Phelps 
was a man imbued with a loving Christian spirit that 
commanded the respect and love of all his friends and 
neighbors, which comprised the whole community in 
which he lived and labored for more than sixty years. 

Throughout his long and busy life, he was intimately 
connected with many of the best interests of Defiance, 
and his official life, of many years, was without a blemish. 
He came to the county when it was a wilderness, and 
bravely bore his full part in the hard work of developing 
Northwestern Ohio, until it has become one of the most 
productive portions of our great State. He studied law, 
was admitted to the bar and was elected prosecuting 
attorney of Paulding county, which then comprised a 
portion of Defiance. In 1838 he was elected the first 
clerk of the county of Defiance, and served in that capa- 
city or as deputy for thirty-three years. The work that 
he performed in this office will ever remain a lasting 
monument of his untiring industry and correct business 
habits. In 1S62 Mr. Phelps was the Democratic candi- 
date for congress in this district, in a tri-ancrular contest 
between J. M. Ashley and Morrison Waite, late chief 

Memorial. 107 

justice of the United States. Alter a spirited contest he 
was defeated, and Ashley was elected for his fourth term. 

As a citizen, husband and father, he was universally 
honored and respected by the entire community, who had 
perfect confidence in his honesty and ability to discharge 
every trust confided to his keeping. Mr. Phelps was 
twice married. In 1841 he was married to Emily R. 
Eaton, of Cecil, Paulding county ; of this union three 
daughters were born, Adelaid V., who is dead ; Emily G, 
who married Charles Seymour, and died in February, 
1874, and Ida R., who married John W. Gensheimer, and 
now lives at Erie, Pennsylvania, 

His first wife having died, he was married again in 
1862, to Evaline Richardson, who, with four children, 
survives him; Mary Alice, now Mrs. J. W. Ackley, now 
living in Granville, Ohio; Abbie, now Mrs. F, P. Wisen- 
berger, living in this city, and Helen D. and Edwin J., 
who live at home with their mother; worthy representa- 
tives of a noble husband and father, who has left them 
the precious legacy oi an honorable and well spent life. 

He was a Mason and Odd Fellow, and in point of 
years, was the oldest member of either local lodge. In 
life he was honorable, patriotic and just, and in his death 
he left a memory that will long be remembered and cher- 
ished, not only by his many personal friends, but by all 
who enjoyed the pleasure of his acquaintance. 

108 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 




Henry S. Laskey, a pioneer of the Maumee Valley, 
who lived in this vicinity more than 65 years, was born 
near Newton Abbot, Dovenshire, England, March 29, 
1833, died at his home in Toledo, May 23, 1899. 

When he was four months old his parents made the 
long move, that so many people were then making, to far 
off America, at which time a voyage across the Atlantic 
meant six to eicrht weeks of sailing". 

They landed at New York ; thence by canal to 
Buffalo, from Buffalo to Detroit, and on to Toledo, which 
then consisted of two small ports, Port Lawrence and 

I Vistula, with forest trees on the banks of the Maumee 


between the two towns or settlements. 

Older members of the Southard family, brothers ot 
Mr. Laskey's mother, had preceded them here and locat- 
ed in Washington township, where this family joined 
them and settled on a farm of eighty acres, part of which 
is located in Michigan. 

On this farm his childhood days were spent. When 
Henry was ten years old his father died, leaving the 
mother with a large family to care for and the farm to 

On May 1, 1856, Mr. Laskey was married to Miss 
Nancy Phelps, of Monroe county, Michigan, and located 
on a farm in Bedford township, Monroe count}', Michigan, 
where they lived but a short time, because of the fact that 
his younger brothers had left the old home to which he 



returned, and cared for his mother until her death in Feb- 
ruary, 1878. 

In 1880 he "moved with his family to Grand Rapids, 
Wood county, Ohio, where he resided about thirteen 


years; moved to Toledo six years ago. He served his 
country in the war of the Rebellion as a member of the 
130th O. V. I., enlisting in 1863 and remained with the 

110 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

regiment as long- as it was in the service. In his army 
life he became a Christian. 

Nature had given him noble traits of character, and 
he at all times aimed to be a moral, upright man in his 
young manhood, but Christianity enriched him and broad- 
ened his ability for usefulness. His life was not one of 
wide influence and greatness as viewed from the stand- 
point of a public man, but it was replete with deeds of 
kindness and a good influence that was effective upon ail 
who knew him. He was always found in the fore-front of 
movements for reform and good works in the community 
in which he lived; was firm in his convictions, ready to so 
give expression to his opinions, and he did this in such a 
manner as to retain the respect of those who differed from 
him. His character was such that at times ot community 
suffering" and sorrow, all turned to him for wise counsel 
and sympathy because of the confidence reposed in him. 

The example of his life of constant, even disposition 
and temper, continued self-sacrifice, his steadfast faith 
and trust in God, his hopefulness in adversity as well as 
in prosperity will be an inspiration to many who knew 
and loved him, as long as memory shall last to the end 
that we may perpetuate that influence among our asso- 
ciates that was so clearly exerted by his brotherly, manly 
and upright life. 

He leaves to mourn his departure and at the same 
time rejoice over the fond memories attending his life, a 
wife and six children, all of whom reside in Toledo : 
'Effie L. Bertholf, Elmer W . Laskey, Arthur B. Laskey, 
Myrta M. Walters, Carrie E. Wright and Walden L. 

Memorial. Ill 




BY N. B. C. L. 

Sarah Force Walter was born in Bloomsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1S09. Her father, William Love, was born 
in Ireland, and was of Scotch-Irish parentage. Her mother 
was Susanna Force, o( New Jersey parents. Both her 
father and mother were members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. She was the oldest of a family of nine 
children, while the youngest is Rev. Dr. N. B. C. Love, 
of the Central Ohio Conference. Her parents, when she 
was about ten years old, removed to Cadiz, Ohio, where 
for several years her father taught school, as he had done 
in Pennsylvania. In the school in Cadiz she was in the 
same class with Matthew Simpson, afterward Bishop 
Simpson, for two school years — the school he last attend- 
ed before his uncle, Judge Simpson, sent him away to an 
academy. When only a little girl she was converted, so 
that now for more than eighty years she has been a mem- 
ber ol the Methodist Episcopal church. In her twenty- 
first year she married Mr. James Walter, of Rushville, 
Ohio, and in Defiance, Ohio, and in Circleville, Ohio, the 
most of her life has been spent. The past twenty- five 
years she has mostly lived in Defiance, Ohio, and was 
there well and kindly known as "Grandma Walter." A 
part of her family are residents of that city — Mr. Coulson 
Walter. Mrs. Arl Smith, Mrs. Oleon Try, Miss Emma 
Walter and Miss Caroline Walter. 

She was the mother of eleven children ; two of these, 
with her husband, have irone on before her to the better 
land. Mrs. Walter had a good English education, and 

112 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

was a wide reader and able writer, and even her last years 
were strong and clear in intellect, During the loneliness 
and deprivations incident to very old age, she always kept 
cheerful ; she had for all kind words, and often evinced 
her wit and humor by her apt sayings. She made the 
most of life. She had implicit trust in her Heavenly 
Father, and said in her last sickness she was ready to go. 
She spoke of those gone before as really existing as those 
she was leaving behind. Said she: "I have lived a lone 
while and am so tired, but there cometh rest." She was 
intelligently religious ; death to her was but a gate into 

Memorial 113 




BY I. N. V. 

Isaac Van Tassel was born at East Durham, Greene 
county, New York, June 28, 1S10. His ancestors were of 
that hardy Dutch stock that came from Holland and settled 
the New Netherlands during the stirring colonial period 
of this country's history. These people were noted for 
thrift, contentiment and loyalty to their government. 
Many of the family took an active part in the Revolution- 
ary War. Settlements of the family are yet found at 
Tarrytown and at other points in the vicinity of the 
Hudson River. 

The immediate ancestors of the subject of our sketch 
took up their abode in the region of the Catskill Moun- 
tains, when that portion of the state was new to the 
civilizing hand of the white settler. Many families of the 
name still reside in this favored portion of the Empire 
State, satisfied to make their permanent abode in a region 
so favored as to climate and picturesque scenery. 

Isaac's father was Theodorus, a humble farmer who 
raised a family of fifteen children of which our subject was 
the eldest. The family was made up of ten brothers and 
five sisters, all reaching the age of maturity, and all mar- 
rying except one sister who died at the age of twenty-two. 
It is said that the family were never all assembled at one 
time, the older children having left the parental roof beiore 
the younger members had made their appearance upon 
the stage of action. 

Our subject early determined to procure all the edu- 


The Maumec Valley Pioneer Association. 

cation within his grasp, and attended the district school 
making the best possible use of his time. At the age oi 
seventeen he was asked to teach the home district school. 
This he consented to do with some reluctance, but after 
having procured a permission to teach he took up the 
work and successfully carried it. 

\ - x v 


i,W .J-...-J:i«i ; ,,--4.,t-.U., ...':VJv, i.-j ^L'4-i^c. -.■..;.;.»'"■■•" 


After two or three years teaching in his own neighbor- 
hood he decided to try his fortunes in the Maumee Valley, 
where he came about 1S29, at the request of his uncle, 
the Rev. Isaac Van Tassel, who had been placed in 
charge of the Indian Mission station a few miles above 

ATemorial. 115 

the town of Waterville on the river. At this mission the 
subject of this sketch served as teacher of the school, 
which was made up of the children of the Indians with 
quite a per cent, of white children that came in from the 
families scattered up and down the valley for several 
miles. Of this school he remained in charge for about 
two years. One of the pupils in the school was a girl of 
about nine years who, thirteen years later, became his 
life partner. 

After leaving this school he entered Western Reserve, 
College at Hudson, Ohio, where he studied two or three 
years. He paid his expenses in part by teaching select 
school at Warren, Wadsworth and other points in eastern 
Ohio. Owing to ill health he was compelled to abandon 
his studies and engaged in the work of teaching in Wood 
and Lucas counties, having had charge of schools at 
Waterville, Miltonville, Weston and other points. 

In 1843, June 9, he was united in marriage to Miss 
Martha Louisa Martindale, daughter of Elisha and Clara 
(Conant) Martindale. The marriage was solemnized by 
Rev. Benjamin Woodbury, a minister of the Presbyterian 
church. To this union were born eight children : Mrs. 
John P. Barton, of Leipsic, Putnam county; E. H. Van 
Tassel, of Monroe county, Michigan; Prof. I. N. Van 
Tassel, of Bowling Green; Mrs. Robert Dunn and C. S. 
Van Tassel of same place, are the surviving children. 

Isaac Van Tassel, our subject, was an ordained elder 
in the Presbyterian church and helped in the organization 
of a number of the society's churches in this part of the 
country. His purpose in early life was to enter the work 
of the ministry, which plan was abandoned only after the 
fact was manifest that his health would not permit it. 

He purchased a farm of the government in Milton 
township, Wood county, where he removed with his 
family in 1845. Here he labored industriously in sub- 
duing his new farm and succeeded in making it a most 

116 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

pleasant and attractive home. Here he reared his family 
and the most pleasant years of his life were enjoyed. I lis 
neighbors honored him with various local offices. He 
served fifteen successive years as justice of the peace, 
was ever active in works of charity and philanthropy and 
was universally known as a man of unusual integrity and 
upright character, and his industry was remarkable. 

His was a most cheerful, boyant, hopeful temper- 
ament and in the darkest hour yielded not to discouraee- 
ment. He was ever self-forgetful and ready to sacrifice 
personal comfort and health for those dependent upon 
him. He was a noble, upright Christian man and ready 
to all good work. In December, 1876, he removed with 
his remaining family to Bowling Green, his health having 
given away under his too arduous labor on the farm. His 
death occurred June 12, 1877. 

Memorial. 117 





The subject of this sketch was born in Mt. Vernon, 
New York, on the 25th day of October, 182 1, and after 
receiving thorough collegiate and theological training in 
Eastern colleges, and devoting five years to the ministry 
as pastor of a church in New York State, he came to 
Toledo, and was settled as pastor in September, 1853, 
over the First Congregational Church, and continued his 
relation with this church until the time of his death, which 
occurred at his residence in Toledo on the 7th day of 
July, 1898. 

Too much cannot be said about the great work he 
accomplished as pastor of this church, how he commenced 
work with a small, but heroic band of worshippers, at a 
time when Toledo was only a small, struggling village, 
and that through his wise, untiring and courageous lead- 
ership, he lived to see the church, to which he devoted 
his life-work, one of the largest and most influential in the 

Others have paid fitting tribute to Dr. Williams as a 
minister of the gospel, and it is not the design of this 
brief article to review his great work in the church, so 
much, as to consider his life as a man and citizen. Al- 
though unswervingly loyal to the principles which he 
espoused and advocated, his life work was not confined to 
the lines of denominationalism, but extended to the 
broader lines of the common weal of society. 

He was broad minded, and always took an active 

118 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

interest and part in- all things tending to the uplift; of 
humanity and the betterment of society. He had clear 

• perceptions on all questions of duty, and always discharg- 

ed his duties as a citizen fearlessly and conscientiously, 
and for the best interests of the public. Notwithstanding 
the fact that Toledo was a small, unhealthy and unattrac- 
tive village when he first became one of its inhabitants, he 
was not daunted or discouraged by any of these untoward 
circumstances, but went bravely to work to contribute his 
part in making it better, and he had an unshaken confi- 
dence in the growth and prosperity ol the city from the 
beginning of his residence in it, and watched with eager 
interest the inception and enlargement of the varied in- 
dustries that have wielded such an influence in building 
up the city to its present proportions. In the later years 
of his life he took a just pride in looking at and comment- 
ing upon the multiplied industries that formed so import- 
ant part of the life of the city. During the last ten years 
of his life, Dr. Williams officiated at the laying away in 
the city of the dead, many of the early settlers of Toledo, 
those with whom he had been intimately and pleasantly 
associated by the strongest ties of friendship for many long 
years, and while he never indulged in fulsome praise of 
any one on such occasions, he always had some tender 
and consoling words to offer to grief stricken ones. He 
was naturally of a cheerful disposition, and was blessed 
with excellent health for full forty years of his ministry, 
and no more familiar figure was seen upon our streets and 
in the places of public assembly, than his, during the 
forty-five years residence in Toledo, and now that he has 
been called to his heavenly home to enjoy the rewards of 
a just, upright and righteous life, hosts of admiring friends 
remember him with tenderest affection, and his ennobling 
influence is still potent in leading others in the paths of 
duty and unselfish usefulness. 

j In the hurry and bustle of life, it is well that we 

should pause and consider our own mortality, and in 
emulation of the radiant example of our departed friend. 
each strive to live as he lived, so that when we come to 
die, we may die as he died, in the triumphant hope of life 

Centennicl Appeal. 119 


The pioneer element of Ohio will certainly hail with 
delight the consideration of the Centennial celebration, 
marking the 100th anniversary of the incoming -of our 
great State of Ohio into the Union. It seems very fitting 
that our Pamphlet should carry to the people of the 
Maumee Valley the very urgent appeal for all, and espec- 
ially the pioneers, to further the best interests of the 

Ohio Centennial Association. 


Toledo, Ohio, June 5th, 1899. 

To the Sons and Daughters of Ohio and Northwest 
Territory ; 

The Ohio Centennial Association, organized to pro- 
mote the educational interests of the Ohio Centennial 
Exposition, 1902, send you greeting. We invite your 
co operation, in helping us to make the first Centennial 
celebration of the admission of Ohio into the Union, 
memorable in the history of such historical events. Our 
purposes are to unite the men and women of Ohio and 
other states, formed from the Northwest Territory — 
Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota — 
in an effort to place Centennial programs in every school, 
club, association and organization, that we may widen our 
knowledge of the events of the fruitful century passing 
away. Also to unite in raising a fund for the erection of 
a Monumental Building on the exposition grounds, conse- 
crated to history and the fine arts, and dedicated to the 

120 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

memory of the men and women whose achievements have 
been unequalled in the history ot the human race. 

We also invite the co-operation of the Colonial 
states which founded pioneer settlements in Ohio, or fur- 
nished troops in the war which wrested the Northwest 
Territory from foreign domination and a savage foe ; al 


of the states o( the great West, to the founding of which 
Ohio brawn and brain have contributed so much. We in 
vite the formation of divisions from states and counties; 
and branches from cities and towns, and state and nation- 
al organizations. We invite contributions from individ- 
uals, in sums great and small. All names of donors will 
be preserved for record in the Monumental Building, and 
the sums received will be added to the funds provided by 
the State, the building to be erected to be under the care 
of the State. 

Ohio, the first fruits of the Ordinance of 1787, which 
guaranteed liberty throughout the great Northwest and 
founded free schools within our western borders; which 
made successful statehood in a hostile wild ; which crave 
the Republic one-tenth of all the soldiers enlisted for the 
preservation of the Union, and which rallied her volun- 
teers as effectively to free Cuba ; which is foremost in 
science, invention, literature, art, mining, manufacturing 
and industries ; should command the best offering her 
sons and daughters have to give. We would particularly 
invite the children of the public, parochial and private 
schools the Sunday-schools, and benevolent schools, under 
the care of the state and counties, to contribute their part. 
We want every man, woman and child, Ohio born or 01 
Ohio parentage, wherever found, at home or abroad, from 
Atlantic to the Pacific, the wide world over, to have a part 
in the grand structure to be erected on the Exposition 
grounds, at Bayvi *.w Park, on the borders of Lake Erie, 
within the boundaries memorable alike for victories on 
land and water, in the development of Ohio and the great 

Centennial Appeal. 121 

For information address the Secretary of the Ohio 
Centennial Association. Donations and contributions 
may be forwarded to the Treasurer, who is under bonds 
for the faithful discharge of his duties. Every one con- 
tributing the sum of twenty-five cents, or upwards, will 
receive the Ohio Centennial emblem free. This emblem 
will be a pin in the form ol a circle with rims of red, white 
and blue ; in the center a buckeye clustre, and the Asso- 
ciation motto words, "I am a Buckeye" and O. C. A., 

Kate Brownlee Sherwood, President. 

Robinson Locke, \ 

Elizabeth Mansfield Irving, V Vice-Presidents 

D. J. O'Hara, ) * 

Emma Sibley Pease, Secretary. 

George B. Orwig, Corresponding Secretary. 

H. C. Adams, Treasurer. 

f Hon. Asa S. Bushnell, Governor of Ohio. 
Mrs. Asa Bushnell. 
Col. and Mrs. James Kilbourne. 

Honorary I t_t Tdttv F Kttmtfr Vice-President Ohio Cen- 

PatrOnS I JOHN r. 1VUMLLR, termiu i commission. 

Mrs. John F. Kumler. 

Mr. C. M, SPITZER, Pre^entOhio Centennial 

Mrs. C. M. Spitzer. 

122 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 




BY REV. O. J. B. 

The incidents of pioneer life are such, that when the 
biography of one is recorded, you have largely the ex- 
periences of all. The things common to one country and 
age are the every-day occurrences of all the people, and of 
greater interest to unborn generation than to those of the 
age an which they were wrought. There being many 
biographies of persons along the Moumee Valley, whose 
experiences for hardships and misfortunes, have already 
found a place among the records of the Maumee Valley 
Pioneer Association, that we do not think it necessary to 
enter very much into detail concerning the subject of this 

Rensaleer Crosby and his wife, Lucinda Crosby, 
whose original home was in Chautauqua county, State of 
New York, and where there were born to them eight 
children, six ' sons and two daughters, among them the 
subject of this sketch. 

Rensaleer Crosby with his family emigrated to what 
was then thought to be the "Far West," in the year A. 
D., 1830, and settled lor a time at Waterville on the 
Maumee River. At this time Alonzo Crosby was sixteen 
years old, having been born in Chautauqua county, New 
York, January -16, A. D , 18 14. His new home and sur- 
roundings had but few attractions for one who was nearing 
the life of general activities, and hence among the tangled 
forests and among the Indians who roamed the Maumee 
Valley at the time, he became early in life inured to the 
hardships of- pioneer life. Among his new found pleas- 

Biography. 123 

ures, he became an expert in the use of the rifle, which 
served him faithfully in many a close engagement with 
ferocious animals that infested the: "wild wood," his 
experiences thereby endowed him with the name of 
"Nimrod, the mighty hunter." 

His father's family resided at Waterville about two 
years, when he, the father, purchased a tract of land near 
the center of Providence township, Lucas county, and 
moved thereon, A. D., 1832. This farm is still known as 
the Crosby Farm, a part of which is now owned and 
occupied by a grandson. Here Alonzo Crosby spent the 
next twelve years of his life, dividing his time between 
working thereon and roaming through the forests in 
search of wild game. The forests at this time were 
infested with bear, wolves, deer, wild hogs, wild cats and 
smaller game in abundance. From this source the family 
larder was supplied with meat from time to time. He 
killed over one hundred deer annually and other game in 
proportion. The skins of deer, bear and all furs were a 
legal tender for all debts, and in great demand as a source 
of traffic. 

He had now attained the age of thirty years, which 
he considered a marriageable age, and that without dis- 
cussing the question as 10 whether marriage was a failure 
or not, selected for himself a companion and was married 
to Rachel Tipton, A. D., 1846, March 12, who still lives 
to bless his home. They went to housekeeping on what 
is now known as the Samuel Roach farm, he, Alonzo 
Crosby, being the owner in fee simple at the time. 

The morals of the country may be judged by its 
amusements, dancing, frolicking and drinking whiskey, 
were the principal attractions for both old and young. At 
this time, A. D., 1846, he heard the first Gospel sermon 
preached with but one single exception, since leaving 
their home in the State of New York, and at this time 
became a ChVistian and was, for some years, the leader 

124 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

of the Little Class, organized by Elder Tipton, a brother 
of Mrs. Crosby. 

He sold the farm after remaining thereon many years 
and went in search of a more congenial home, but after 
traveling over Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin, he 
found nothing that filled his wants so perfectly as he could 
find in the country he had left; therefore returned and 
purchased the farm on which he now resides. 

To them have been born six children, who have 
grown to man and womanhood, and have married and 
settled around him, which is a great blessing to him in 
his declining years. He has now passed his eighty-fifth 
mile stone, yet is well preserved, both physically and 
mentally, and as eager to learn the news from Cuba and 
Manilla as though but forty. 

This sketch would be doubly impaired were I to fain 
in giving one incident of his life which he loves to relate. 
Not long after the parent family were settled in their new 
home at Providence Center, the time arrived for the pay- 
ment of taxes, which were then payable at Perrysburg. 
His father suggested that some one should go and pay 
them. The lot fell upon Alonzo, and he therefore pro- 
ceeded to prepare lor the journey which must be made on 
foot (and without the foot on the pedal of a wheel, either) 
through an almost trackless forest. He donned his better 
garments over which he put his hunting frock, shouldered 
his rifle and is gone. On nearing Waterville he saw at a 
distance a herd of deer, and on approaching cautiously 
near, selected a bouncing buck as a target, takes aim and 
fires. The deer drops in his tracks. With knife in hand 
he rushes to the spot, but when within a rod or two the 
deer springs to its feet and makes a plunge for his captor, 
when the would-be captor took to his heels and ran as 
fast as a scared hero could. In running he caught his 
foot in the fork of a dead limb lying in his path, which 
threw him to* the ground. This accident gave Mr. Deer 

Biography. 125 

the right of way, the deer being up and the tax payer 
clown. The deer thinking this an innovation in the art of 
hunting, stops short to see what trick of the trade would 
follow. Standing quietly for some time he finally retires 
a few rods and lays down to watch his victim. Mr. Crosby 
not daring to move while his foe was so near, now attempt- 
ed to load his rifle, (Winchesters were not popular at that 
time), when he found that in arranging for his journey he 
had overlooked a very important item, that of bullets. 
He now had the opportunity of his life to become famous 
as an inventor, as necessity is its mother, and that time 
had come. Therefore with the genius he possessed in 
his dilemma, he carved from a hickory sprout a missile 
which, when "rammed home" proved an extra substitute. 
Taking good aim at poor deer's optic, he fired, and there- 
by ends what otherwise might have been a tragedy. 

12G The Maumee Valley Pioneer Assoeiation. 



Widow of James Cooper, Sr., of Waterville, O., Aged 87 Years. 

BY G. 

The subject of this sketch, while not a pioneer in the 
sense of one who explores a new country, or leads in its 
earliest development, is certainly entitled to a place in the 
society of that noble band, and can take rank with those 
who have seen and taken part in the great struggle of 
making this part of our great Northwest to "bloom and 
blossom as the rose." To have lived fifty-five years in 
one locality is to see, in this age of progress, wonderful 
changes both in the face of the country and socially. 

Eighty-seven years ago in the little village ol 
Champion, N. Y., was born to Joseph and Thais Brooks, 
a dark-eyed little daughter, the youngest o( ten children. 
The parents were truly pioneers of Western New York, 
going there from Massachusetts, when what is now the 
beautiful city of Utica, was a wilderness, known as the 
Whitestown Country. Four other young men and their 
brides went with them, and each took up land adjoining 
the others, and built log cabins as near together as their 
farms would permit. 

As the Indians were still hostile and troublesome, 
they all worked together in one field till it was ready lor 
crops, and then all removed to the next farm to perform 
the same friendly office, till each one was in order, and 
none grumbled or complained that he suffered inconven- 
ience by thus managing. Those were days when one 
house was not onlv "large enough (or two families," but 
five wives welcomed home five husbands each night to one 

Biography,, 12' 

small cabin, and all rejoiced that they could share each 
other's company and protection, the only difference being, 
that by common consent, the courtesy of the one bedstead 
was accorded to the family with whom all for the time 
tarried. The rest slept on the rough floor, keeping their 
guns, axes and other weapons of defense by their sides. 
At one time the savages sent them word that they were 
sharpening their knives to kill them all, but these fearless 
young men returned the answer, "Come on, we have 
plenty of grindstones here to sharpen your knives." From 
such stock came the strong willed and sturdy daughters 
who were not afraid to face the inconvenience, if not the 
absolute suffering of early days in the Western Reserve. 

Joseph Brooks, the father of Almira, was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier during the last year of the war for inde- 
pendence, and 1812 found him again in the ranks, giving 
the strength of middle life, as he had of his young man- 
hood, to the service of his country. During this war he 
contracted a fever from which he died, leaving a large 
family, Almira being but nine months old. 

Her early life was all spent in Western New York, 
where she married James Cooper, who was also of Revo- 
lutionary stock, in the year of 1S41. The fame of the fer- 
tile Maumee Valley had penetrated the sterile, rocky 
country on the St. Lawrence, and the young wife, after a 
hard struggle of three years against misfortunes, persuad- 
ed her husband to try far-off Ohio for a home. The snow 
was two feet deep in Oswego when the schooner left her 
harbor carrying the family and their small belongings to 
their new venture. 

Toledo was the objective point, and the last of Nov- 
ember, after two weeks' of storm and peril, found them 
three miles out in the bay, unable to take their craft, 
drawing eleven of water, any nearer. Tugs conveyed 
them to shore, and the first person to greet them was 
Dresden Howard, who took the little child from the 
mother's arms and assisted her to land. 

128 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

The Wabash and Erie canal had been duo-, and was 
the principal route of travel, and to this thoroughfare our 
family wended its way through mud and water, there be- 
ing no sidewalk of any description from the place of land- 
ing to the canal, but even in those days Toledo had begun 
to grade her streets, and showed the thrift and enterprise 
which has made her the queen that she now is. 

So much has been told by others of those earlier days 
in Toledo, that we pass them by and take up the bio- 
graphy in Waterville, "loveliest village of the plain," 
where James and Almira Cooper decided to make their 

Between thirty and forty families constituted the vil- 
lage proper. Of the heads of these, only three are known 
to be living, Mrs. Lydia Smith and Mrs. Susan Pray, of 
Toledo, and the subject of this sketch, Mrs. Almira 
Cooper, of Bowling Creen. There was one church, the 
M. E., in the place, which was supplied once in four 
weeks, the pastor's circuit extending as far as Sylvania. 
A small frame school house was also erected, furnished 
with side desks and long benches, and presided over by a 
Mr. Spaulding. The school was in a very primitive state, 
and the advantages correspondingly poor. Mrs. Cooper 
interested herself in church and social duties, and soon 
had a sewing society formed of young ladies, of whom 
Mrs. Col. Moore, of Toledo, was one, the object of which 
was to buy books for a Sunday-school library. As her 
children grew older and less care, she established a Sab- 
bath-school in her own house, of which many members 
still survive. In this good work she continued many 
years, and has lived to teach the children's children, and 
receive the grateful thanks of many whose little feet she 
first started in the way of life eternal. Her home was 
ever open to the ministers of the two denominations who 
occupied the same pulpit, and the care of the place ot 
worship tell into her willing hands for many years. She 

Biography. 129 

raised the money for the first coat of paint the church had, 
and assisted in the work of painting 1 the interior. The 
terrible years of civil war found her busy in aid societies, 
knitting and sewing for the soldiers, and the first decora- 
tion services in Waterville were brought about by her un- 
tiring labors, and were made successful by the maiden 
efforts of our esteemed Secretary, J. L. Pray and O. W. 
Ballcuv, they being the orators of the day. 

There were but few soldier graves there at that time, 
and one carriage driven by the Hon. L. L. Morehouse, 
carrying four ladies, of whom Mrs. Cooper was one, con- 
stituted the procession ; but tee beautiful custom was es- 
tablished, and each succeeding year has found larger 
numbers and more enthusiasm, till the beautiful cemetery 
is now thronged with grateful hearts bearing fragrant 
tokens of remembrance in their hands. 

In 1868 James Cooper, the husband, died, since 
which time the wife has made her home with her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Capt. L. Black, of Bowling Green, Ohio, 
but her life has not bee an ile one. Ever interested in 
her friends and the affairs of her country, she has been a 
source of comfort, inspiration and assistance to many, and 
the poor have ever found in her a sympathizing and 
helpful friend. 

Grandma Cooper, as she is now familiarly called, has 
always been endowed with a fine poetic instinct, which 
with a ready gift of rhyming, has made her the author of 
a great many beautiful poems on as many different sub- 
jects. A large number have found their way into print. 
The following, with which we close our sketch, was written 
by her for a pioneer meeting in Bowling Green several 
years ago : 

We give a hearty welcome 

To the brave old pioneer 

Who came into this country 

When all was wild and drear, 

And those who turned the old Black Swamp 

130 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

Into a fertile plain, • 

And covered it with roads and towns 

And fields of golden grain. 

The Indian once did roam this track 

With tomahawk and gun, 

He thought to drive the white man back, 

But found that was no fun ; 

And so he gathered up his traps 

And started for the West, 

And gave to you a title clear 

Of lands he once possessed. 

You came — the waters saw and fled 

In ditches down the hill ; 

The forest tree by axe fell dead 

Like men in battle field; 

And e'en the snakes took to their heels, 

If heels they had to take, 

They saw their judgment day had come 

When ploughs the earth did break. 

The women baked the Johnny cake, 
Of pounded corn and wheat, 
With good fresh fish and venison 
It made them quite a treat. 
Some rich folks had such luxuries 
As skillet and iron pot, 
And baking kettles too they had, 
The poor folks had them not. 

In summer time we cooked out doors, 
With lug pole, hook and chain ; 
Some times the sun was very hot, 
Some times it poured a rain. 
But what of that ? The land was ours, 
Though sometimes hard to rind, 
For near two feet of water deep 
Was not quite to our mind. 

But soon these waters had to tlow, 
They found they could not sleep, 
But quickly drained into a ditch 
Then plunged into the deep. 
And so we labored hard six days, 
Then came the seventh you know, 
With good mud boat and oxen strong 
To meeting we did go. 

The school house was our church and pride, 

With puncheon roof and Hour, 

And two small windows side by side 

Biography. 131 

And boards we had for door. 

The men could go -without their coats 

If weather was loo warm, 

And women wore their home spun dress, 

Nor thought it any harm. 

We took our dinners and our babes, 

To the children 'twas a treat 

To go to meeting, stay all day, 

At noon have cake to eat. 

The preachers were of different kind 

From those of recent date, 

They'd preach from morning until noon, 

Then after noon till late. 

'Twas seldein we got home in time 
A supper warm to get ; 
But did our chores, ate mush and milk, 
And then to bed we crept. 
Our neighbors lived so far away 
'Twas seldom they did call, 
But relatives of different kinds 
Would come both Spring and Fall. 

We had ants by the dozens, 
And so many cousins 
Who would call for a bite 
And stay with us all night ; 
So to keep them away 
And not let them stay, 
We built a great smoke 
And shut to the door, 
Then blew out the light 
And slept on the floor. 

We heard the wolf howl, 
And the hoot of the owl ; 
The orchestra played, 
The frogs serenade, 
As we feared for the sheep 
A strict watch did keep. 
The ducklings and hens 
We shut up in pens, 
Lest the fox should affright 
Or catch them at night. 

So pioneer life was labor and strife, 

Some proofs yet remain, in road or in lane; 

By barn or by sty the mud boat doth lie, 

But the cart that we rode in when the weather was dry, 

Is changed for a carriage, by tine horses drawn, 

While the ox is forgotten, or feeds on the lawn. 

132 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

The scythe is hung- high, not oft taken down, 

While the men ride the mowers, like lords of the town ; 

The cradles rock only the babies in pain, 

And men ride their reapers while cutting their grain. 

All's changed but Time's sickle, which angel hands wield 

To gather the golden from life's harvest field, 

And as they pass by us, they whispering say 

Ye too are fast changing— fast passing away. 

Biography. 133 




One of the spriteliest octogenarians that has been for 
some time one of the dwellers of the Maumee Valley is 
Mr. William Esworthy. Everyone in the vicinity of 
Waterville or the southwestern part of Lucas county 
knows William Esworthy. He was born on the banks of 
the Springdale, in Dauphin county, fifteen miles east of 
Harrisonburg, January 25th, 181 7. His father was a native 
of Chester county, Pennsylvania. His ancestors were 
formerly from Switzerland. On the 2 2d of February, 
1844, he married Miss Catherine Ann Wise, of Lebanon 
county, Pennsylvania. The ceremony was performed by 
Rev. Earnst, of the Lutheran Church at Lebanon. 
They lived in Pennsylvania, where their children 
were born until 1868, when they moved to Waterville, 
and settled on the farm o[ Thomas Shoemaker. 
They were blest with two sons and five daughters. Their 
sons are John N., now a very substantial and flourishing 
farmer in Waterville township; Samuel N., was a dealer 
in farm implements and went west several years ago. The 
eldest of the family was Mary M., who married Mr. Henry 
Longnecker in 1863 and died in 1870 ; Eliza, married 
Joseph Snyder and lives in Providence township, Lucas 
county; Catharine Ann and Annie were born in Pennsyl- 
vania and each died in childhood. Mr. Esworthy was the 
constant tenant for Mr. Shoemaker on his farm for over 
twenty years, his son John N. succeeding him. Mr. 
Esworthy has been a widower for several years, and is 
spending his latter years with his children. His health is 
excellent for his years. He is not a communicant of any 
church and is a non-combatant in politics. 

134 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 




BY W. E. K. 

David Finkenbiner was born April 25, 18 18, near 
Shippensburg, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania. His 
parents, Henry Finkenbiner and Catherine Kitch Finken- 
biner, came to New Philadelphia in 1824. They had a 
family of four boys and two girls ; only David and his 
brother Samuel are now living; Samuel lives in Provi- 
dence township, Lucas county, and is 79 years old. 

The subject of our sketch lived in New Philadelphia 
until twenty-three years old, when he came to Stark 
county, learned the blacksmith trade ; came to Grand 
Rapids (then Gilead) in 1850; boated on the canal until 
war broke out. He enlisted in 21st O. V. I, served two 
years, and erysipelas in the face caused the loss of sight 
of right eye, and he was discharged. When his erysipelas 
was cured he re-enlisted in 14th O. Y. ft, with Captain J. 
J. Clark, and remained until close of the war. He was 
wounded in the ankle and draws a good pension. Was 
married in 1846 in Stark county, to Susan Snyder. His 
children are, Mrs. Louise Meinert, Tontogany, Mrs. Mary 
Wall and George Finkenbiner, Grand Rapids, and has 
nine errand children. He lives with his wile on his farm 
east of Grand Rapids. His health is good, working a 
little every day, and chops his own wood. Votes the 
Democratic ticket; uses tobacco sparingly; never recover- 
ed sight of right eye. 

Biography. 135 





John Grant, of Monroe township, Putnam county, 
Ohio, is the oldest living pioneer and farmer of the town- 
ship, and was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, July 11, 
1822, of evidently Scotch descent. His grandfather, also 
named John Grant, was a native of New Jersey, and 
plainly came from an anti-Revolutionary family. From 
New Jersey he moved to Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and thence came to Ohio and settled in Stark 
county. There he underwent all the vicissitudes of 
frontier life, but eventually developed a farm of 160 acres 
from the forest, on which he passed the remainder of his 
life. He had married in Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania, a Miss Cosner, who, with him died in the faith of 
the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Grant was a man of splendid physical develop- 
ment, and like most powerfully built men possessed a 
kindly and admirable disposition In politics he was a 
Jacksonian Democrat. 

David Grant, father of our subject, was born in 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, was reared a farmer 
and there married Rebecca Raps, this union resulting in 
the birth of the following children in the order here 
named: Mary A., John, Joseph, Harriet, David, Lytia, 
George, Eunice, Rebecca, Runie and Jeremiah. Coming 
to Ohio from Pennsylvania, David with his family resided 
in Jefferson county, and then went to Sandusky county, 
and there he* bought a farm of 160 acres near Fremont 

13G The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

and took possession of it ere there had been built a cabin, 
«but irom the wilds of this tract he eventually brought 
forth a farm that was both productive and beautiful., At 
this time there were a few cabins scattered about tin- 
neighborhood and a few white settlers, but there were: 
plenty of wigwams and Indians and wild animals. Mr. 
Grant became one of the most prominent residents of 
Sandusky county, was a leader in the local politics of the 
Democratic party, and a pillar in the Methodist Episcopal 
church. Financially he was well conditioned, and conse- 
quently greatly respected. 

John Grant, the gentleman whose name opens this 
sketch, was reared to agriculture and received as good a 
literary education as could be obtained at the pioneer log 
school house of his early boyhood. His first start in life 
was as a stock dealer. He married Miss Rebecca San- 
ford, a native of Seneca county, Ohio, and daughter ot 
John and Rebecca (Cassidy) Sanford. This happy union 
resulted in the birth of the following children : David, 
Frank, Joseph, Lecta, Alice and Lewis. In 1S50 Mr. 
Grant settled on his present farm, there being at that 
time but two spots in the whole township that was cleared. 
Bear and deer and other game abounded as well as wolves 
and panthers. He wrought out from the forest a home ol 
which he may well be proud, and after undergoing all the 
privations and hardships of a Irontier life in this county, 
has been rewarded by a competence consisting of his well 
improved homestead of 160 acres, and an additional farm 
of 40 acres in Defiance county. He has been able besides 
to generously assist his children in their life start, and also 
to place some of his surplus capital at interest, thus pro- 
viding for his declining years. 

His faithful life partner survived until July 25, 1S93, 
when she expired in the faith of the Methodist Episcopal 
church of which she had been a life-loner member. 

Mr. Grant before the war was a Republican and was 

Biography. 137 

always a patriotic unionist, and when the rebellion broke 
out volunteered in defense of the national flag, but his 
services were declined on account of disability evidenced 
by the oncoming of age. He still adheres to his political 
proclivities, and as a Republican he served as township 
treasurer nearly thirty years and has also filled the office 
of trustee and supervisor of his township. As a Methodist 
he has fully lived up to the teachings of his church, the 
meeting house of which denomination in his township, he 
largely aided, through his contributions, to build. He is 
largely known throughout the country, and his venerable 
but still comparatively upright form, is reverenced and 
honored wherever seen. 

138 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 




BY W. E. K. 

Born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, November 
27th, 1 8 1 8 ; married to Margarette Campbell, and came 
to Columbus, 'Ohio, in 1840. Of a family of. six, only 
three are living. Isaac and Mary live in Columbus, and 
Mike has a farm near Grand Rapids. True love does not 
always run smoothe, and separation divided this family. 
Mr. Croft went to Fort Wayne four years, then came to 
Grand Rapids in 1865, having married a widow, Mrs. 
Mains, of Columbus. They live on a farm near Grand 
Rapids. Mr. Groff began the miller's trade when a boy 
of 14 or 15 years old, and followed it 39 years. He run 
a mill for Mr. Comstock in Columbus, during the early- 
part of our civil war, and tells many incidents very inter- 
esting. He also loves to tell of the blacksmith, Jim- 
Bear, of Bloomfield, Ohio, who could make a horseshoe 
complete with one " heat," and could make stump 
speeches, and stumped the State of Pennsylvania for W. 
H. Harrison in 1840. Many old men still remember Jim 
Bear's work and speeches. Mr. Groff cast his first vote 
for Harrison, and has always been Whig and Republican. 

Mr. Groff is well and strong, very active for one oi 
his age. He never used whiskey or any intoxicants. His 
father, Michael Groff, was in the Revolutionary War. 

Biography. 139 




BY W. E. K. 

John Kimberlin, of Grand Rapids, Ohio, was born in 
Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, February 2, 1820. 
His grandfather, George Kimberlin, was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and served under General Washington. His 
father, Henry Kimberlin, also born in Pennsylvania, and 
served seven month under General W. H. Harrison. 
The subject of this sketch with his brothers George and 
Jacob, served in the civil war, in Company I, 144 O. V. I. 
His father came to Wayne county, near Dalton, in 1827, 
and to Wood county in 1831. In 1836 he bought the 
farm where John, Millie and Eliza still reside, these three 
never marrying. 

When Henry Kimberlin came to Wood county his 
neighbors in Wayne county told him he had better take 
his coffin with him, yet he lived to raise a large family and 
died of old age, being 74. His wife also died of old age 
at 81. One daughter died at eleven and these three are 
the only deaths on this farm since 1834 where two families 
have lived nearly all the time. 

John Kimberlin's sisters, Mrs. Mary Ann Gilmore 
and Mrs. Delilah Dull are both deceased, also Martha 
Jane who died when eleven years old. The other mem- 
bers ol the family living are Mrs. Frances Older, yy years, 
living in Michigan; George, 75, Bowling Green, Ohio; 
Jacob, 73, Millie, 71, Eliza, 69 and Mrs. Katherine Brown, 
67. all living in Grand Rapids township. Our subject is 
in good health for one of his age and is in the dairy busi- 
ness. He never* used intoxicants and has been a member 

140 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

of the U. B. church for many years. His father was a U. 
B. preacher and farmer. They were old line Whigs, 
Abolitionists and Republicans. Our subject only lacked 
four months of being old enough to vote for Gen. W. H. 
Harrison, and tells many incidents of that memorable 
campaign. He was the best chopper in this region and 
could cut down the trees and split 300 rails a day at 50 
cents a hundred, making $1.50 a day when the usual 
wages were 50 cents a day. Harvest wages was usually 
a bushel of wheat for a day's work. 

When they came to this place, Arnold Donaldson, 
Alex. Brown, John Gingery and Jacob Crom, were the 
only families on Beaver Creek, and their "neighbors were 
anyone who lived, within twenty miles around." 


Biography. 141 




BY W. E. K. 

Isaac Ludwig was born in York county, Pennsyl- 
vania, ten miles from Little York, February 21st, 1819, 
and has lived in Providence township, Lucas county, O., 
for over 50 years. 

He bought 64 acres when he first came here, where 
he established his home, and has added hundreds of acres 
to his possessions since that. He was a carpenter and 
shipbuilder, and built boats on the canal after he came 
here. Not many years ago he had a large flouring mill 
built on the Providence side of the river, and spent a large 
amout of money on it, but not understanding the milling 
business, he sold it to Augustine Pilliod, a practical mil- 
ler, and it is doing a great business. 

In 1843 M r - Ludwig was married to Miss Christena 
Ness (or Nees some call it) and they have five sons and 
one daughter all living : Frank, Mary, Charles, Nelson, 
William and Hiram. Mary married Jacob Heeter, and 
live in Iowa. Charles lives in Snohomish City, Washing- 
ton, William in Continental, Ohio, Mr. Ludwig is a 
large, healthy man, good for many more years, and his 
wife will be 80 years old in October, 1899. Her brother, 
Mike Ness, is well known in Lucas county, and her sis- 
ters, Mrs. Henry Strayer and Mrs. Amos Perry, are 
widows, living on farms near Ludwig's. 

142 -The Valley Pioneer Association. 




BY W. E. K. 

John Place, of Grand Rapids, Ohio, was born in 
England at Littleport, Cambridgeshire, July 18, 1820 and 
came to America, June 25, 1850. He lived four years in 
Medina county, then came to Providence township, Lucas 
county in 1854, bought a farm, cleared it up, added to it 
and lived on the same place ever since. In 1843 ne mar- 
ried Lydia Banyard, the youngest of eleven children. 
Mr. Place was the youngest of four children. His father, 
John Place died of consumption when young John was 
nine years old. Mr. and Mrs. Place joined the Methodist 
church in 1843 an< ^ have been faithful Christian workers 
ever since. 

In the early days and in cholera season, in fact until 
just lately, Mr. and Mrs. Place have assisted in making 
shrouds and burying nearly everyone who died in that 
vicinity. Always kind and obliging, a good neighbor, 
honorable in all things. 

During the war when hands were not to be hired, 
Mr. and Mrs. Place raised and harvested with no other 
help, 526 bushels of grain. John cut it all with the cradle 
and Lydia raked and bound it all. They have done their 
share of labor and all he has to say to us is, "Be prepared 
we know not when we may be called home." 

Biography. 143 




BY F. E. G. 

One of our rather old-timers, George W. Reynolds, 
born February 2d, 1809, near Rome, New York State. 
In 1830 he went to Natchez. Mississippi, and engaged in 
merchandizing. After 10 years he became disgusted 
with results of slavery, and sought a free State where to 
rear and educate his family. In May, 1841, he came to 
Maumee, a young city of great promise, with the purpose 
of building a saw and flour mill, as people must have 
lumber and flour. General John E. Hunt, city proprietor, 
had and furnished him a good mill site, for water power, 
from the Wabash, Miami and Erie Canals, which was 
completed, and water let into the Maumee on the high 
level with 62)4 feet fall — canal to river. Plems & Whit- 
ney were finishing a side cut into the river for boats to 
lock "down to river, where, at Miami, Smith & Hazard, 
two enterprizing young men from the East, had already a 
warehouse well stocked with salt, iron nails, etc. Mr. 
Reynolds soon erected a saw mill, cut timber for the Hour 
mill, and before winter the Pearl mills were enclosed. As 
soon as finished, he advertized to grind for all customers 
from 100 miles South, East, North and West. He built 
extensive sheds for teams, a good lodging house, with 
clean straw beds, and plenty of wood at its door. Soon 
an army of hungry men came with two and four-horse 
loads for grinding. The mill ran all night, so that comers 
could load and start home in the morning-, over new but 
bad roads, many of them two days' journey. The rush 
soon made it look to outsiders that the mi 


The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

money. But after the boom of 1836-7 had busted, no 
money in circulation, and the price of every farm product 
very low, it was very hard to get silver money, even to 
pay postage. Fortune making was at a discount. 

In 1846 Mr. Reynolds, needing regular transporta- 
tion for the output of his mill to Buffalo, enlisted Messrs. 


Spencer & Moore to join him in building the propeller 
Globe, which was a success, making weekly trips between 
Maumee and Buffalo. Later, when a telegraph line was 
being built from Buffalo via Maumee and Toledo to De- 
troit, the builder came to Mr. Reynolds for help to con- 
tinue it from 'Sandusky to Maumee. Mr. Reynolds fur- 

Biography. 145 

ni'sbed money for the same, and received pay all in tele- 
graphing. Later, Judge Lane, of Sandusky, and others 
projected the Junction Railroad, from Cleveland via San- 
dusky and Perrysburg, Maumee and West to Fort 
Wayne. Mr. Reynolds was made managing director at 
this end, and entered actively into its construction, locat- 
ing and putting under contract from 12 miles east of 
Perrysburcr its grading and ties to Svvanton, including- the 
777 foot Howe truss bridge over the Maumee river at 
Maumee, being 50 feet high, and Mr. Reynolds procured 
all the money from city, township and county bonds, and 
paid every dollar for right of way, grading and ties ready 
for the rails. In about 1858, he, with Spencer & Moore, 
put in the frame of a 700 ton steamer, and planked the 
same in front of Judge Wolcott's residence. Some Cleve- 
land builder looked at, liked the model, and bought it for 
upper lake trade. In 1863 Mr. Reynolds, with John A. 
Moore, built a smaller boat to run between Maumee and 
Toledo, called the George W. Reynolds, (much against 
the will of Mr. Reynolds.) Capt. Swift furnished and put 
in a low pressure engine, and run the boat. 

In 1859 Mr. Reynold sold the Pearl mills to W. B. 
Dicks, and bought the croton mills built by Garrett & 
Merwin, and rebuilt the interior entire. With S. W. 
Flower, now of Toledo, operated the same till 1874. 

Mr. Reynolds served as mayor of Mamuee, and also 
as commissioner of Lucas county a term. 

But the bell rings to stop this, and prevents our nam- 
ing other enterprises of this one man. He with others 
projected the Narrow Gauge Railroad from Toledo via 
Maumee, Waterville, Grand Rapids, Delphos and Koko- 
mo to St. Louis. He was Vice-President; secured all 
the right of way, put all grading and ties under contract, 
and superintended its building to Maumee, purchased rails 
and rolling stock for same, and after the track was laid 
to Waterville, sold out his interest to D. W. H. Howard. 
In 1876 Mr. Reynolds went to Texas, but now resides in 
Minneapolis, Minn. He will be 90 years old February 

2d, 1899. H*e is in good health at this writing, July 1899. 

146 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 




BY W. E. K. 

Joseph Reynolds, of Grand Rapids, Ohio, was born 
in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, May i, 1820, and came to 
Gilead, now Grand Rapids, in March 1841. The M. & 
E. canal was not finished then, the Wabash canal being 
finished to LaFayette. Mr. Reynolds was a hand on the 
first packet running on the Wabash, called the "Red 
Bird Line." After residing in Gilead five years he spent 
twelve years in Wood and Hancock counties, and in 1857 
came to Texas, Ohio, where he lived about 27 years. 

In 1 861 Joseph Reynolds enlisted in the 14th O. V. 
L, with General Steadman, an old friend of his, and served 
four years and went through all, he says, "without a 
scratch." He is in excellent health for one in his 80th 
year, and prospects for many years yet. 

He was married March 29, 1847, t0 Mary A. Ens- 
minger, of Hancock county. Fifty friends surprised them 
on their golden anniversary and the occasion will never 
be forgotten by all who were there. Mr. Reynolds has 
been in the employ of the State Board of Public Works 
tor thirteen years, but his regular trade, like Grant, was a 
tanner and currier. When a boy he worked in Ports- 
mouth, Ohio, and in Wayne county, clerking in store and 
post office and shoe store. He tells of 30,000 people 
gathering in Chillicothe in 1840 during the Harrison 
campaign and staying there two days and nights. Great- 
est and most exciting campaign ever in this country. 

Mr. Reynolds father was a Frenchman, Joseph Rey- 

Biography. 1 47 

nolds, a surgeon under Napoleon Bonapart about 1815, 
and died in Wayne county, Ohio, in 1825. Mr. Reynolds 
had the honor of seeing and shaking hands with General 
LaFayette in 1824. They carpeted the sidewalks and all 
school children were vieing with their seniors in showing 
him honor. Mr. Reynolds tells ol the cholera season of 
1833. Not a bird was heard in that vicinity for three or 
four weeks ; the town depopulated ; many dying and 
others moving away. Flies were nearly as scarce as the 
birds, only a few lingered around the tannery. He also 
mentioned the meteoric shower of November 13 and 14, 
1833 as never to be forgotten. No children. His name 
may have been spelled differently in the French. 

148 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 




BY W. E. K. 

William Savage, of Grand Rapids, Ohio, was born 
January 18, i S 1 9. near Reading-, Berks county, Pennsyl- 
vania. . His father, Joseph Savage, lived to be 85 years 
old, as did his grandfather. His mother's maiden name 
was Mary Stahl. 

Mr. Savage lived in Pennsylvania until he was about 
36 years old, when he moved to DuPage county, Illinois. 
where he lived about four years. He then came to Prov- 
idence township, Lucas county, where he has lived ever 
since, nearly 40 years. When he was about 23 or 24 
years old he was married to Mary Schatz. Nine children 
blessed this union; one died in Pennsylvania about four 
years old; Mrs. Sadie Killen and Mrs. Lina Algie are 
both dead. Sadie left one daughter, Rebekah Killen. 
Levi Savage lives in Toledo, is a grain inspector; James, 
Walter and William live at home ; Mary lives in Napol- 
eon. His wile died in 1872 and four years afterwards he 
married her widowed sister. She died about eight years 
ago. Mr. Savage is hale and hearty, straight as an 
arrow, a good, kind neighbor and has seen many develop- 
ments in his time. He tells ot the Philadelphia & Read- 
ing Railroad, the first he ever saw, also of the Mexican 
war, Civil war and Spanish war, although he never was a 
soldier. He was always a Democrat until lately, now he 
chooses the best man. He is a member oi the German 
Lutheran church. 

Biography. 149 




BY W. E. K. 

Herod Stocking, of Grand Rapids, Ohio, was born in 
Dover, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, July 5th, 18 19. His 
father, Joseph Stocking, was born in Ashfield, Mass., and 
lived to be 95 years old. His mother, Jane Fisher, was 
born in Martha's Vineyard, Mass., and lived to be 82. 
They lived together nearly 60 years. They came to Ohio 
in 1 8 16, and spent the remainder of their life on the same 
farm, and the youngest son still lives on the same place. 
Herod was one of eleven children. Justus lived to be 70, 
James Smith 80, S. Scranton 86, Richard Weldon 7©, 
Abner 40, Mrs. Abigail Finney 40, Mrs. Jane Chadwick 
78, Martha Ann 62, Joseph, still living on the farm at 
Dover, about J3. 

Herod Stocking was married in 1841 to Adaline 
Fitch shortly after the election of W. H. Harrison. He 
moved to Angola, Indiana, in 1845, an ^ lived there seven 
years, when they returned to Cuyahoga and Lorain 
counties. He came to Wood county in 1866 or '6l. 
They had five children, but only one lives to comfort their 
declining years: Frank, born 1843; Rpselle 1845, living 
14 months; Joseph, born in Angola in 1847, on ly lived 
16 months ; Joseph Chester, also born in Angola, in 1851, 
died in Toledo March n, 1899. Willis, the one now liv- 
ing, was born in Dover, Ohio, January 31, 1861, just after 
Fort Sunipter was fired on. He lives in Auburndale, 
Toledo, with his wile and one son, Lynn, 12 years old. 
Frank died a' year ago, leaving one daughter, Addie, now 

150 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association, 

living with her grandparents. Joseph C. left a widow and 
three children : Ernest, now married, Ethel, who gradu- 
ates from Toledo High School, June, 1S99, and Myrri, 
about 14 years old. 

Mr. Stocking cast his first vote for William Henry 
Harrison, and tells of the crowd shouting "Hurrah for 
Harrison." When a neighbor said "Hurrah for the 
Devil," Mr. Stocking retorted, "every man hurrah for his 
own candidate." 

Reminiscences. 151 



While not among the oldest of the pioneers of the 
Maumee Valley, I am greatly interested in all accounts of 
early settlements ; and being a pioneer of Ohio and an 
early settler of the Maumee Valley, I will cast my "mite" 
of early recollections by giving a very brief account of my 
first coming into the State, and my subsequent settlement 
in the Valley. 

On September i"2, 1841, my father and mother with 
a family of eight children left New Jersey to try their 
fortunes in the western wilds. After ten years of hard- 
ships in Huron county, Ohio, father resolved to go 
farther west and, accordingly, in the autumn of 1851, we 
removed to Iowa, The journey was made with ox teams 
and took seven weeks and two days. 

The privations which we underwent, with sickness, 
sore eyes, and all the hardships incident to a new 
country, can only be understood by those who have, 
themselves, undergone such privations. At the end of 
two years we were forced to return to Huron county, 
where I remained until 1866, when I first came to the 
Maumee Valley, stopping at Washington Station, now 
known as Colton. 

The country was new and wild, but, clearing land, 
ditching, and making railroad ties was work in which 1 
gloried in those days. Making only an approximate 
estimate, I am safe in saying that I have cleared 150 acres 
of land, and dug ditches for the drainage of many more 
acres. I do not say this boastfully, although it seems to 

152 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

me that pioneers have a right to boast. We have trans 
formed the wilderness into a garden fit for the habitation 
and enjoyment of the present generation, and of genera 
tions yet unborn. 

I am now 67 years old, but I delight to indulge in 
reveries of by-gone days. I sometimes think that were 1 
young again, that strange influence of the wilderness 
which can be felt but not expressed, might again entice 
me into its enchanting wilds, regardless of the hardships 
to be endured. For : ' 

"There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, 
There is a rapture on the lonely shore, 
There is society where none intrudes 
By the deep sea, and music in its roar. 
I love not man the less, but Nat are more, 
From these our interviews, in which I steal 
From all I may be, or have been before, 
To mingle with the universe, and feel 
What I can ne'er express, yet Cannot all corneal. " 

Reminiscences. 153 



My grandfather was a native of Switzerland, and 
came to this country in 1772. At the breaking out of the 
Revolutionary war, he joined in the defense of his new 
country, and alter a service of seven years settled in 
Pennsylvania, and later moved to Hagentown, Maryland, 
and in 1794 he moved to Perry county, Ohio, with a friend 
named Poorman. Each had a horse, and their goods were 
packed on the horse's back. They were the first white 
settlers in that locality, and endured many hardships. I 
have often heard my father tell how plenty all wild game 
was, and how they lived on wild meat and hominy. Dur- 
ing the war of 18 12 my father joined General Harrison's 
army at Lower Sandusky, and marched through the Black 
Swamp to Fort Meigs. He had resolved that at some 
time he would locate near Lower Sandusky, but did not 
until April, 1826, when he located about six miles this 
side of where now stands Fremont. I was at that time 
six years of age. Our family was joined with three other 
families and formed a colony. This was enjoyable, and 
we were happy. One day the farm labor would all be on 
one farm, and perhaps the next day on another, and so on 
around, so that we were generally all working together. 

There were no ministers or lawyers among us — we 
did not seem to need any. At length others came, and 
while some would only stay a short time, some would re- 
main and share the hard times. We had no schools in 
our midst until I was 16 years of age. We were obliged 
to work hard and live hard, but that was better than medi- 
cine. We had' plenty to eat, -such as fresh venison and 

154 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

"turkey hominy," or green corn, and for our beverage we 
had spice-wood tea. which some people called fever tea. 
During the third year of our stay, a mill was put up in the 
neighborhood by which corn meal was ground. The first 
seed wheat sown in our neighborhood was procured by 
my father. It was raised at Mel more, south-east of 
Tiffin. It took him six days with the ox team to get three 
bushels, which was sown and yielded 45 bushels. We 
reaped it with a sickle, and threshed it with an " Arm- 
strong " machine, which we called a flail. By that time 
we had a log barn in which was a puncheon floor keyed 
together, and a saw ran through the joints to let in light. 
Our fanning mill consisted of a shovel with which we 
would scoop to one end and then to another, against the 
wind. The wheat was ground like corn, and sifted with a 
fine sieve, so we were enabled to have wheat bread. By 
that time there were probably a dozen families in the 
neighborhood, and a minister came to preach to us. The 
• devil broke loose among us and a lawyer was necessary, 
and he came, and soon another minister and another 
1 lawyer. 

Indians were very plenty. They spent their time 
hunting and making maple sugar. They were Wyandottes, 
Potaw r atomies and Shawnees. In those days they were 
generally friendly and harmless, and often came to our 
home. We thought them good people. They taught 
my father to tan deer skins for our pants and moccasins, 
which we generally wore. The present generation has 
but a feeble idea how the early pioneers lived and did. 
Our log cabins were built without a single nail or a sawed 
board. The floor was split out of logs, and hewed down 
even. So was the material for the doors with cross pieces 
pinned on, which also served for hinges, and a wooden 
latch was on the inside with string that could be p id led 
in at night. Our meat supply was principally jerked ven- 
ison. Deer were plenty. I- have seen as many as fifty in 

Reminiscences. - 155 

one group. If it had not been for the abundance of wild 
game, we would have suffered greatly. The Indians did 
not waste meat, nor kill when they did not need. 

We were troubled some with ague, but if it came up- 
on one of us, usually an Indian medicine man would come 
along with a cure, and they never charged anything. We 
brought sheep along with us, and my mother carded the 
wool on a hand card; after it was spun on a small wheel. 
My uncle made a loom, and my aunt wove it into cloth. 

Those days we knew nothing of Java or Rio coffee. 
Our coffee at first was made of corn, but later of rye and 
sweetened with maple sugar, of which we were generally 
well supplied, but it did not sell. Honey was very plenty, 
but there was no market for it. But beeswax, deer skins 
and fur skins would sell readily. 

At that time Lower Sandusky had only four log 
cabins, all of which were used by traders with the Indians. 
If a white man was trading with the trader, and an Indian 
came in to trade, the white would step back and let the 
Indian trade first. 

We came to Swan Creek township, Fulton county, in 
1852, and I entered my land from the government. It 
was then two-and-a-half miles to my nearest neighbor. 
Here we were troubled considerably with fever and ague. 
During the year three families settled near us, but did not 
stay the first year out. They sold their land for less than 
the government price, and they went back east where they 
came from, and never got a foot of land again. I 
bought more land for less than government price, and it 
is true that our land was poor then with swamps and 
marshes, and fever and ague was prevalent. Soon more 
came and left as others had before, but I stayed and work- 
ed hard, and lived hard, and I am here yet and in my Sist 
year. Some of my neighbors came to stay — bought their 
lands at low price, and now have as good farms as there 
is in the State. They have good barns with slate roofs, 

156 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

good horses and buggies — they go to church every Sun 
day. When we were all poor we were all alike. What 
one had the other was welcome to use. I had the only 
team in the neighborhood at one time, but my neighbors 
were free to use it also, until they could raise their teams. 

But my mind seems to return to my earlier days 
when the young men would frequently go on foot eight or 
ten miles to see his best girl, and his broadcloth suit 
would consist of buckskin pants and moccasins. Then we 
knew nothing of buggies. I have known people to go 
twenty-four miles to church with an ox team, generally 
going on Saturday, remaining over Sunday, and returning 
on Monday. Church service was at my father's house. 
My mother would sometimes be engaged the whole week 
caring for the entertainment of the neighbors, and a very 
enjoyable occasion we would have. We had plenty of 
venison, turkey, fish and honey. We could hardly cut a 
hollow tree without finding bees and honey. I shot deer 
when only ten years of age, and have caught many of 
them when I was young. I must mention of a bear hunt 
I was once engaged in. In company with two other men 
while hunting, we came across a family of bear cubs — the 
mother bear was absent a short distance. We each 
caught and took away a cub. One of the party held his 
little bear's mouth tight so he could not squall, but one oi 
the men and I took the time to tie ours, and their crying 
called the mother bear, and presently she made her ap- 
pearance. W r e dropped the cubs and took up our riiles, 
but failed to kill the old bear. We finally succeeded in 
getting the cubs, but the old bear escaped into the woods. 

Now I contribute this sketch of our pioneer life, and 
submit it to the readers of our pioneer magazine as a plain 
story told in a plain way. My school days were only one 
term of three months, but I have a long" schooling of 

Obituaries. 157 



On Monday December 5, 1899, Andrew Adams, a 
pioneer of Wood county, breathed his last at the home of 
his daughter, Mrs. Robert Barber, in East Toledo, at the 
advanced age of $S years. 

Deceased was born in Massachusetts in 18 10 and 
came to Wood county in 1852, where he has since resid- 
ed. For many years he was a resident of Perrysburg, 
but of late had been making his home with his daughter, 
Mrs. Robert Barber, of East Toledo. 

He was a member of Phoenix Lodge F. & A. M. of 
this place, having been transferred from Tontogany lodge 
in 1875. He has also been a faithful and consistent 
member of the M. E. church for more than half a century. 

The funeral services were conducted under the aus- 
pices of the Masonic order at the M. E. church on 
Tuesday, Revs. D. H. Bailey and G. A. Adams of this 
place, and Jacob Baumgardner, of East Toledo, officiat- 


The surviving members of his family are his daughter, 
Mrs. Barber, and son, John Quincy Adams, of Bowling 
Green, who have the sympathy of many friends. 


On Friday morning, October 7, 1898, the many friends 
of Mrs. Mary A'. Barton, mother of Wm. Barton, of this 

158 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

place, was grieved to learn she had passed away to her 
final rest. 

She had been slightly ill for a few days prior to her 
death but the night previous to her demise she was 
unusually well when she retired. 

When morning arrived her son went to her room to 
call her and discovered that the spirit had taken flight 
during the night. 

Mrs. Barton was born in Prickwillow, near Ely, Cam- 
bridge Shire, England, in 1816, and was 82 years old at 
the time of her death. 

With her husband, she came to America in 1848, 
and resided in Medina county, Ohio, five years. In 1853 
they came to Wood county, where she has continued to 
live up to the time of her death, making her home for 
several years past with her son Wm Barton, her husband 
having preceded her to the other world about 25 years 
ago. Of a family of six children only two still live — Wm. 
Barton and Catherine Carpenter. 

The funeral services were conducted by Rev. D. H. 
Bailey at the M. E. church on Sunday last, and was at- 
tended by a large number of friends. Mrs. Barton was 
highly esteemed by all who knew her and her death is 
deeply regretted. 





Mrs. Nancy Benschoter, one of the highly respected 

pioneer residents of Grand Rapids township, died at the 

home of her daughter, Mrs. J. J. Black, near Tontogany, 

of heart trouble. Deceased was 78 years of age, and was 

married to Samuel W. Benschoter in 1838. Ten children 

were born £0 this couple, seven of whom are living, as 

Obituaries. 159 

— . 

follows : William A., of Bowling- Green; Jeremiah S., oi 
Grand Rapids; Ella, wife ot J. J. Black, near Tontogany; 
Charles W., of Grand Rapids; J. W. and Curtis E. Ben- 
schoter, of Bowling Green ; and Lucy M. Benschoter, 
living at Tontogany. 

Mrs. Benschoter was a consistent member of the 
Methodist church and was a highly respected lady. Her 
husband preceded her to the grave 15 years since. - 

The funeral of Mrs.- Benschoter will be held Tuesday 
at 10 a. m., at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Black, and 
the remains will be buried at the Beaver Creek cemetery. 
—Bozvli?ig Green Sentinel. 


The Grand Rapids Bulletin of last week chronicled 
the death of two of the aged and respected residents of 
that village : Elem Bressler, who died xApril 23, at the 
age of 60 years, and is survived by a wife and four child- 
ren ; and Mrs. Mary A. Gallagher, who died April 20, at 
the age of 77 years, and who is survived by an only son, 
J. F. Gallagher, a merchant of that village. 

The funeral of the latter was held at the M. E. church 
Saturday, and of the former, at the same place, Monday. 


Edwin Carter, an aged pioneer of this vicinity, died 
at his home about five miles south of town on VVednes- 

1G0 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

day at one o'clock p. m,, aged 89 years and one month. 

He was born in East Kent county, England, July 10, 
1809, and emigrated to the United States in 1852, coming 
direct to Wood county, where he lived until the time of 
his death. In 1834 he was united in marriage with Mary 
Seath and of this union nine children were born, six of 
whom are still living, three children and his wife having 
preceded him to the other world. 

The funeral services were conducted at his late resi- 
dence, on Friday at 10 a. m, Rev. G. A. Adams officiating, 
and the remains were laid to rest in Fort Meigs cemetery. 


Giles Comstock quietly passed away at the home oi 
his daughter, Mrs J. J. Ritchie, in Sylvania July 9, 1898. 
1 Although his demise had been long expected, it created a 

sadness over a very large community. The funeral 
addresses were delivered by Rev. J. C. Sinclair, oi the 
M. E church, assisted by Rev. Mr. Cutler, of the Con- 
gregational church, and Rev. Mr. Torence, resident pastor 
of the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Comstock was born August 5, 181 7, at Coopers- 
town, N. Y., and was the youngest of sixteen children. 
His ancestors, who came to America at an early day, 
were prominent, both in the Revolutionary and the war ot 
181 2. He came to Toledo 65 years ago, when it was 
only a frontier Indian station, with one frame building, 
where now is situated a city of more than 150,000 people. 
He was first employed in the construction of the first 
railroad entering the city, which was then known as the 
Toledo & Adrian accommodation, and, in the place oi 
steam poweiythe cars were hauled by horse power. On 

Obituaries. 161 

the 3d day of July, 1843, ne was married to Electa E. 
Vrooman, daughter of Jacob Vrooman and sister of J. A. 
Vrooman and Judge H. P. Vrooman, of Chicago. 

Mrs. Electa Comstock died July 13, 1891, having 
lived happily with her husband for nearly fifty years. To 
this union were born three sons and four daughters, all of 
whom are living. They are : Mrs. T. G. Chandler, C. 
N. Comstock, O. S. Comstock, Mrs. J. J. Ritchie, Mrs. 
A. O. Holloway and Mrs. Dr. Cosgrove, all of whom 
reside in Sylvania, and Dr. O. G. Comstock, of this city. 

Father Comstock, with his young bride, began a 
truly pioneer life in Whiteford, Monroe county, Michigan, 
upon land purchased directly from the government and 
which is the present homestead, having remained in his 
possession more than 60 years. Few have toiled more 
strenuously to found a home in the forest and transform 
the wilderness into a paradise than Father and Mother 
Comstock. Of toil there was plenty ; hardships were 
many, and luxuries were few. In a log cabin, with punch- 
eon floor, with no windows, a bed quilt serving the 
purpose of a door, and surrounded by an unbroken forest, 
three miles from the nearest postoffice, this devoted 
couple began life's battle. 

On the 4th day of May, 1844, their home was glad- 
dened by the coming of their first-born daughter, whose 
early playmates were the boys and girls of the red man of 
the forest. 

Father and Mother Comstock, early in their married 
life, united with the. Methodist Episcopal church, of Syl- 
vania, which, fifty years ago, they had helped to establish, 
and up to the time of their death they were active mem- 
bers, and from which membership God has called them to 
the church triumphant. — Toledo Blade. 

1G2 The Movmee Valley Pioneer Association. 


Thomas F. Dale, a pioneer oi Lucas county, died 
this morning at two o'clock at his home on Thirteenth 
street. Toledo. Mr. Dale was 72 years old. He was 
well known in the city and throughout the county. Dur- 
ing the last eight years, he has been an attache of the 
probate court, and, in the capacity of bailiff for Judge 
Millard, he gained an extended acquaintance in this city. 
He was popular with attorneys and others who had busi- 
ness, in the probate court, and those who came in contact 
with him in his daily life, respected and loved him. His 
acquaintances always turned out to be his staunchest 

Thomas F. Dale was born January 18, 1826, at New- 
ton Flotman, Norfolk, England. He came to i\merica in 
1852, and located in Maumee. He took charge of the 
Reynolds mills there, and, for 28 years, successfully man- 
aged them. He served the village of Maumee as mayor 
for several years, and during his incumbency, he made a 
name for himself for meting out justice in a humane man- 
ner. He was particularly indulgent to young offenders, 
and, when brought before him, he would exercise clem- 
ency. Even in probate court, when incorrigible youths 
were taken before Judge Millard for examination, Bailiff 
Dale was solicitous for their welfare, and he often express 
ed himself as believing that criminal tendencies could be 
corrected without physical restraint and incarceration in 
reform schools. 

In 189 1 Judge Millard created the position of bailiff 
in the probate court, and Mr. Dale was appointed to that 
post, which he occupied up to the time of his death. 

On March 12, 1S68, he was married to Blance Birt, 
.1 native of Norfolk, England, who survives him. One 

Obituaries. 163 

son, Thomas Dale, by his first wife, a resident of this city, 
also survives him. 

Mr. Dale was a member of Northern Light Lodge, 
Masons, and was affiliated with the society for 37 years. 

The luneral of Mr. Dale will be held Irom Trinity 
church Sunday afternoon. — Toledo Blade. 


Mr. Samuel Emery, one of the pioneers of Maumee, 
passed away at his late home in Maumee, Tuesday morn- 
ing, April 20th, 1898, after a painful illness of six weeks. 

Samuel Emery was born in Harpersfield, O., January 
2, 1826. He was married to Miss Henrietta Reese, in 
Maumee, June 4, 1848, and had he survived they would 
have celebrated their golden wedding this coming June. 

Mr. Emery served in the late war, and was a member 
of Mitchell Post of this place. He has been a prominent 
K. of P. in Toledo the past twenty years, having served as 
past chancellor of Pythian lodge, and was deputy grand 
chancellor under five successive grand chancellors. He 
was a member of the first building board ; also of the J. 
R. O. A. M. No. 290, and was a member of the Golden 
Rule. He instituted Lucas lodge, No. 148, in Toledo. 

Mr. Emery was a consistent Christian. For many 
years he was a member of the M. E. church at this place, 
serving faithfully in the Sunday-school and choir. Hon- 
orable in all his dealings, he had the confidence and res- 
pect of a large circle of friends and acquaintances. He 
leaves a widow and eight children ; Mrs. Church Bassett, 
of Moberly, Mo. ; Mr. James Emery, Dr. C. S. Emery, 
Mr. E. T. Emery, and Mrs. Louis Fisher, of Toledo ; Mr. 
George Emery, of Newark, O. ; Mr. H. R. Emery, ot 
LaFayette, Ind,, and Mrs. Preston L. Stevenson, of 

164 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


Robert Escott was born in Bampton, Dovenshire, 
England, February 25, 1829. Came to America in 1854 
and located for a short time near Maumee. A few months 
later he removed to Perrysburg where he has constantly 
p , resided, living 41 years in the house in which he .departed 

this life. His life has been a quiet uneventful one. He 
was a faithful member of the I. O. O. F. Lodge at Mau- 
mee for a number of years being one of the charter 
members of Fort Meigs Lodge of Perrysburg, and its first 
presiding officer. He leaves an only sister, Mrs. Mary 
Milton, of Miami, a wife and five children to mourn their 
loss. The funeral services will be conducted on Friday, 
December 16, at 1:30 p. m., under the auspices of Fort 
Meigs lodge I. O. O. F. His death is regretted by a 
large circle of friends. 


Valentine Fink was born August 22, [822, at Wat- 
tenheim, Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, and came to 
America in 1844. He was a sailor until the Mexican war 
when he enlisted as a private in company E, 1st Regiment 
of Michigan Volunteers, serving during the war and was 
at the surrender of the City o( Mexico under General 
Winfield Scott. After the close of the Mexican war he 
returned to Perrysburg, Ohio, where he remained until 
the year 1852, when he returned to his native home in 
Germany to settle up his parents' estate. 

After his return to Perrysburg he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Hannah Shoemaker, April 3d, 1853, and 

Obituaries. 165 

was engaged in business here until he retired to his farm 
now located near Lime City. 

Death occured on December 7, 1898, and was the 
result of paralysis. He leaves a wife and an adopted 
daughter to mourn their loss. 

Mr. Fink was one of the best known citizens of Per- 
rysburg township, and his death is regretted by a legion 
of friends and neighbors. The funeral services were 
conducted at St Rose of Lima church by Rev. Father 
Rieken of Perrysburg, Griss of Fostoria, and Mertes of 
Maumee, and was attended by a large number of sympa- 
thizing friends and neighbors. The remains were placed 
at rest in the Catholic cemetery. 


Abraham Hartman, who was known to nearly all the 
old lake seamen, passed away June 12, 1899, at the home 
of his son, George D. Hartman, No. 2461 Vermont ave- 
nue, death being due to old age. 

The deceased was born in Columbiana county, Penn- 
sylvania, October 19, 1S22, and was therefore yy years of 
age. He came to Toledo with his father's family in 1833, 
and for a number of years they resided in a log cabin on 
the East Side, riorht in the midst of a tribe of Indians. 
During several years of his young manhood, he ran a 
lerry boat across the Maumee river at this point. This 
was long before the Cherry street bridge was built. He 
sailed on the first steamer that plied between Toledo and 
Cleveland, winch was several years before any railroad 
touched this city. He also sailed on the old General 
Harrison, and, for a number of years, acted as pilot on 
the Chief Justice Waite In many respects, Mr. Hartman 

166 Ike Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

was one of the most interesting and one of the best known 
of Toledo's pioneer citizens. 

Mr. Hartman was twice married. By his first mar- 
riage there survives him one daughter, Mrs. Jerome H. 
Russell, of this city. By his second marriage, there sur- 
vives him two sons, George D. Hartman, district agent ot" 
the American Express company, and Frank Hartman, 
who is connected with R. H. Lane & Co. 

Mr. Hartman's second wife died in 1S75. During 
the past eight years he has resided with his son George, 
from whose residence the funeral took place at 2 o'clock 
Wednesday afternoon. The services were conducted by 
Rev. W. E. Loucks, pastor of the First Baptist Church. 


At his home at Fort Meigs, on Monday, September 
12, 1898, Thomas Hayes, one of Perrysburg's oldest and 
most highly respected citizens, passed to the great beyond. 
at the age of 71 years and 12 days, after an illness of four 
days. He was the last of the three brothers, Michael, 
Timothy and Thomas, who have lived here during the 
past 35 years and had become favorably known through- 
out this entire section. 

Thomas Hayes was born in the parish of Lisronnon, 
county of Tipperary, Ireland, August 30, 1827. He with 
his mother, four sisters and his brother Timothy, left 
Ireland for America, May 1.6, .1848. They landed here 
at Perrysburg, August 3d of the same year. He was 
united in marriage with Mary A. Daily, at Maumee City, 
November 16, 1857. One son was born of this union, 
James C, ot Dowling, who survives him. Mrs. Hayes 

Obituaries. 167 

died in March, 1859. The following May Mr. Hayes 
accompanied by his brother Timothy, went to California 
and engaged in mining in that country for five years. 

In May, 1864, he again returned to Ohio, and with 
his brother Timothy purchased the Fort Meigs farm, 
where he resided at the time of his death. On the 28th 
of September, 186S, he was united in marriage with Ellen 
Rielly, of Toledo. Seven children were born to them — 
Thomas, Timothy, Michael, John, Maggie and Mary — 
with the mother, are still living, Ellen having died October 
16, 1897. 

The funeral services were conducted at St. Rose of 
Lima Catholic church, of which congregation Mr. Hayes 
was a faithful and consistent member, Rev. G. H. Rieken 
officiating. The remains were placed at rest in the Cath- 
olic cemetery on Thursday. The family of the deceased 
have the sympathy of the community in their great 

bereavement. — Jo2ir?ial. 


On Friday, October 14, 1898, Henry Hearn died at 
his Perrysburg home, at the age of 82 years, two months 
and four days. He was born in the parish of Adisham, 
East Kent, England, and came to America June 1, 1858, 
at first locating in Maumee, and later removing to Perrys- 
burg, where he has since resided. 

He was a devout member of the Methodist church, 
and his many excellent qualities won him many friends.' 
He was married in England, March 1, 1850. 

His funeral services were conducted on Sunday by 
Rev. D. H. Bailey, and the remains were buried in Fort 
Meigs cemetery. 


168 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


In the death of John Hoffmann, of Roachton, Wood 
county loses one of its oldest inhabitants. 

Mr. Hoffman was born 95 years ago, near Frankfort, 
Germany, and for the past 60 years has been a resident of 
Perrysburg township. His death occurred on Saturday- 
last, and the funeral services were held at the Roachton 
Catholic church on Monday, and his remains buried in the 
Middleton cemetery. Three children survive him. 


Joseph G. Kellogg passed quietly away at his home 
in Adams township Saturday, July 22, 1899, at 4:30 P. m. 
He has been an invalid for nearly two years, suffering 
from a chronic liver trouble, but the family had had no 
thought that he was so near his end until within a few 
days of his death. 

Mr. Kellogg was born at the Kellogg homestead in 
Adams township May 2 1839. He married Sarah Nor- 
ton, of Maumee, January 26, 1864. His. wife and two 
daughters, Mrs. Fred Haughton, and Miss Clara Kellogg, 
are left to mourn, their loss. His mother, now 86 years 
old, and a brother, Isaac Kellogg, of Riga, Michigan, 
survive him. 

Mr. Kellogg was a highly respected citizen, and an 
honest, upright man. Deafness from infancy cut him ott 
from many of the enjoyments of life ; he nevertheless 
made many friends. 

The funeral was held July 24, at 1.30 p.. M. at the 
D^rr Street Union Church, Rev. W. A. Cutler preaching 
the sermon. 

Obituaries. 169 


Thomas Alfred Kunkle, son of Henry and Hannah 
(Swanders) Kunkle, was born at Allentown, Pennsylvania, 
December 18, 1836, and died at his home in Grand 
Rapids, Ohio, April 1st, 1899, in the 63d year of his age. 

Mr. T. A. Kunkle came to Ohio with his parents in 
his early youth, and the lamily settled at Baltimore, Fair- 
field county. Here he grew to manhood On September 
24, 1 86 1, he enlisted in Company A, of the 55th regiment 
of Ohio Volunteers, and served to the end ol the war of 
the rebellion, being mustered out at Camp Dennison, 
June 22, 1865. The regiment was heavily engaged at 
Chancellorsville, where Mr. Kunkle was wounded, and 
its next hardest fights were at Resaca and Kennesaw. 

Shortly after the war Mr. Kunkle was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Elizabeth Rickley, of Licking county, and 
removed to the farm in Lucas county, which is still a part 
of his estate. 

In April, 1893, Mr. Kunkle's health failing him, he 
purchased some dwelling property in Grand Rapids, and 
removed thither with his family. Here he was able for 
the most part to oversee his farm, and was for a large 
portion of the time engaged in clerical work for Mr. B. F. 
Kerr. Mr. Kunkle's health has failed sadly for the past 
year or two, and his death was not unexpected. 

He leaves a wife and three children, grown up, who 
have the profound sympathy of the community in their 


The funeral of Rudolph Kindervater was held on 

170 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association 

Saturday from the Presbyterian church, and was largely 

Mr Kindervater was born in Nordhaus, Province of 
Saxony, Germany, in 1843, a °d came to this country in 
j 85 2. He was married to Miss Caroline Burdo, Decem- 
ber 25, 1865, by whom nine children were born, six of 
whom are now living. Mrs. Kindervater died suddenly of 
heart disease four years ago this month. 

For the last three years he has been a great sufferer, 
and finally went to the hospital in Toledo and was oper- 
ated upon, but was not strong enough to get up the 
proper reaction, and died. 


At the advanced age of 71 years, 9 month and 10 
days, Christopher Limmer breathed his last at his home, 
about three miles northeast of Perrysburg, on Monday, 
October 10. For the past year he had been a sufferer 
from cancer of the stomach, which was relieved only by 

Deceased was born in Germany, and came to this 
country a number of years ago, locating in Perrysburg 
township, where he was favorably known as an honor- 
able and worthy citizen, and has many friends who regret 
his death. A wife, three sons and two daughters survive 
him to cherish his memory. The funeral services were 
conducted at the German Lutheran church on Thursday 
morning at 10 o'clock and his remains interred in Port 
Meigs cemetery. 

Obituaries. 171 


Mrs. Araminta Matilda Earll was born December 16, 
1813, in Portage, New York, and died Tuesday March 
21, 1899. She was married to Stephen Merry October 
16, 1841. 

Mr. and Mrs. Merry removed from the state of New 
York to Ohio in 1842, and settled at Miami, Lucas county, 
from which place they subsequently removed to Perrys- 
burg, where they continued to reside until the death of 
Mr. Merry, when the widow continued her residence at 
the old home, cared for lovingly and truly by Miss Lida 
Pheister until her last sickness, when she was aided by 
Mrs. Merry's daughter, Sarah Norton, of Lansing, Michi- 
gan, and her daughter-in-law, Mrs. Earl Merry, of Bowl- 
ing Green, and son Frank, of Dunkirk, Indiana. 

In 1849 Mrs. Merry united by letter from the church 
at Maumee with the First Presbyterian church of Perrys- 
burg, a connection which remained unbroken and honored 
by her Christian life to the last. At her home her pastor 
attended the first prayer meeting that he attended on 
coming to Perrysburg, in 1856. How many others she 
and her husband, who was an elder in the church, attend- 
ed during the 49 years of her connection with the church, 
it would be difficult now to tell, since the attendance was 
regular every week until the infirmities of years caused a 
cessation of outgoing in the evenings. 

Her home was one of love. Her children had reason 
to call her " blessed." And now, having had the blessing 
of a long life among- friends and children whom she loved 
and who loved her, she goes to her grave 4< like a shock 
of corn cometh in its season." " Blessed are the dead 
who die in the Lord. They do rest from their labors, and 
their works do follow them." — Sentinel. 

172 • The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


The funeral services of Elias C. Moore were held 
at the family residence at Maumee on Monday afternoon. 
The Rev. Howard A. N. Richards, a son of the Rev. 
Charles Richards, a former pastor of the Presbyterian 
church, conducted the services. 

Mr. Moore was born at Westbrook, Conn., May 31, 
1822, and received his early education at that place. He 
came to Maumee in the autumn of 1844, and as there 
were no railroads around the lakes at that early date he 
crossed Lake Erie from Buffalo on the old steamer 
"General Wayne," which touched at Monroe, Michigan, 
and Toledo, both then small towns. 

For three years Mr. Moore was employed as clerk in 
the general store of Spencer & Moore, at the close of 
which time he embarked in business for himself with a 
general stock of merchandise. Maumee being still an 
Indian trading post. 

He continued in the mercantile business until 1872, 
and in 1873 was appointed postmaster, which position he 
held for twelve years. He was also agent for the United 
States and Pacific Express companies for nearly thirty 
years. In politics, Mr. Moore was a Whig and later a 
Republican, but always declined to be a candidate for 
office under these parties, though many times solicited to 
• run. and several years' membership in the board of edu- 
cation was his only occasion of public service. 

Mr. Moore united with the Presbyterian church at 
Maumee in 1845, an ^ in his relation with the church there 
became manifest one of his traits of character, that of 
never shirking from any obligation of Christian duty, as 
he filled at various times the offices of superintendent of 
the Sunday-school, elder, trustee and treasurer, and in 
these offices served the church during the greater portion 

Obituaries. 173 

of his membership. He was elected treasurer oi the 
Maumee City Bible Society in 1851, and held the office 
until his death, a continuous service of 48 years. 

Mr. Moore was married in 1848 to Margaret Emery, 
of Swanton, Ohio, who died the following year. In 1853, 
at Torringford, Conn., he married Jane Ann North, who 
survives him. These marriages were blessed with three 
sons, two of whom are still living, James H. Moore and 
Julian C. Moore, both residing in Chicago. 

Mr. Moore was a brother of John A. Moore, of this 
city, Rev. Wm. H, Moore, of Hartford, Conn.; George 
C. Moore, Westbrook, Conn., and Charles A. Moore, of 
New York city. 

In the death of Mr. Moore, the community in which 
he lived sustained a loss which is felt by all with whom he 
came in contact; his Christian integrity and sterling 
virtues are admitted by all, and the universal eulogy on 
his life is : "He was a good man." — Toledo Blade. 


George W. Newton, a pioneer of the Maumee valley- 
passed to the great beyond on Monday, November 7th, 
1898, at 6:03 P. M. 

Deceased was born near Albany, in the State of New 
York, January 18, 18 18, and was aged So years, nine 
months and 19 days at the time of his death. He came 
to Ohio in 1840, and has resided in Perrysburg since that 
time. He leaves a wife and seven children. 

Deceased was a member of Phoenix Lodge No. [23, 
P. & A. ML, and at the time of his death was the oldest 
in membership, having been a Mason in 18 — . 

His funeral services were conducted at the family 

174 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

residence on Wednesday at 2 p. m., by the Masonic fra- 
ternity and Rev. G. A. Adams, and his remains placed at 
rest at Fort Meigs cemetery. 


Mrs. Eliza A. Parmalee died at her home, No. 2144 
Fulton street, at noon to-day. She was the widow of the 
late Major Solomon Parmalee, and had resided in Toledo 
for about thirty years. •& . 

She had been ill since last July, and while her suffer- 
ings were very great, she bore up with much fortitude. 
She was well known in Toledo circles, and will be greatly 
missed by her family and friends. She was a native of 
New York, and was 82 years of age. 

Deceased was the mother of Mrs. ML P. Hubbell and 
the grandmother of Ed. P. Hubbell, W. S. Hubbell, Mrs. 
Howard R. T. Radcliffe and Mrs. Walter Gifford. 


Captain William P. Scott, of the police department, 
died at his home, No. 934 Broadway, at 8:40 o'clock 
April 21st, 1898, after an illness of one short week. 
Pneumonia was the cause. He caught a heavy cold a 
week ago last Tuesday, when he acted as pall bearer at 
the funeral of his old army comrade — Captain Ferguson. 
He took to his room a week ago, and never again left it. 
He became very ill day before yesterday, and yesterday 
morning- his condition was considered critical. 

The news of his death proved a great shock to his 

Obituaries. 175 

close friends in the police department, as well as to hun- 
dreds of others elsewhere in the city. The last words 
spoken by the veteran were addressed to Police Secretary 
Charles Durian, who called on him at three o'clock yes- 
terday afternoon. The sick man drew his hand wearily 
across his eyes, and said feebly, 'Hello, Snorky." Alter 
that, he seemed to take but little notice of other callers. 

Deceased was a member of the Union "Veterans' 
Union, Forsyth Post, G. A. R , and Rubicon Lodge F. 
and A. M. They have joint charge of the funeral ar- 
rangements. The police department turned out in a body. 
The interment took place at Woodlawn. 

In years of service, Capt. W. P. Scott was the oldest 
officer on the police force. He served the city 30 years 
as patrolman, roundsman, sergeant, detective and chief of 
police. For the last few years he has acted as day ser- 
geant. He was the first man selected on the old Metro- 
politan police force, when it was organized in April, 1867. 
Twice during his long service Capt. Scott was honored by 
being placed at the head of the department. 

As a subordinate and official, his record has been 
spotless. He was honest as the sun, and his integrity 
was never questioned. He was the soul of honor. Per- 
sonally, he was brave as .a lion, and knew no such word as 
cowardice. Beneath a rugged exterior a warm heart 
throbbed for suffering mankind. He was a physical 
giant, and his very presence was a terror to evil-doers. 

He was born on the banks of the Maumee 60 years 
ago. In early life he learned the carpenter's trade. He 
formed a company and received a captain's commission. 
His company was known as the Twenty-filth Ohio Volun- 
teers, and was attached to Col. Nat. Haughton's regiment. 
He served all through the war, and was a gallant soldier. 
During the latter part of the war he was granted a fur- 
lough to come home and recruit up his company, whose 
ranks had been depleted. 

176 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

While on this furlough, he married his wife, who sur- 
vives him. He was married at six o'clock in the evening, 
and went away with his recruits an hour later. He did 
not see his young bride again for two years. After the 
war he built the present family home on Broadway, doing 
all the work himself. It was a labor of love. 

There himself and wife have resided happily for over 
thirty years. One daughter, Mrs. Alexander M.' Young, 
is left to comfort the widowed mother. The fatru r of the 
deceased passed away a few months ago, at a ripe old 
age. All the brothers and sisters are dead. Patrolman 
Frank Scott and Al. Scott are surviving nephews. — Blade. 


John Swartz, a well known pioneer farmer of Troy 
township, died at his home two miles south of Stony 
Ridge, Wednesday, March i> 1899, at the age of 73 
years. He leaves a wife, five sons and one daughter to 
mourn his death. The children are : Fred, Charles, 
George, Frank and William and Katie. 

The funeral was held at the Lutheran church in 
Luckey, Saturday, March 4, conducted by Rev. Lembke, 
of Luckey, and Rev. John Born, of Stony Ridge. The 
remains were interred in the Troy township cemetery. 

The deceased was born in Germany, February 26, 
1826. When he was three years of age the family emi- 
grated to America, settled in Medina county, this state, 
where Mr. Swartz grew to manhood. In 185 1 he came 
to Wood county and settled on a farm which he improved 
and on which he spent the remainder of his days. 

In 1854 Mr. Swartz was married to Dorotha Karcher, 


of Ann Arbor, Michigan, who survives him. Mr. Svvartz 
was an upright citizen, a good neighbor, a kind father and 
a loving husband. He will be missed by a very large 
circle of iriends and neighbors. 


Mrs. Mary Jones, relict of John Webb, was born in 
Windham, Green county, N. Y., near the head waters of 
the Delaware, in the Catskill mountains, August 27, 1826 
and died March 7, 1899, aged y> years, seven months, 
and eleven days. 

Her early years were spent in teaching near the place 
of her birth, from which she migrated at the solicitation of 
Prof. Wright, then teaching in the Perrysburg school, one 
of the few schools of the state organized under the Akron 
law, in which she taught two years. As a teacher she 
was eminently successful. 

In 1851 she was married to John Webb, then, and 
for a long time after, the county clerk of Wood county. 
By him she had three children who are yet living — Dr. 
Lewis Webb, of Bourbon, Indiana, Mrs. Chancy P. Tay- 
lor, of Conway Springs, Kansas, and Miss Ella with whom 
she has lived during the last years ot her life. 

Her religious life had once been with the Methodist 
Episcopal church of this place, but for over forty years 
she formed one of the congregation of the First Presby- 
terian church with which her daughters were connected. 
Death has rent the "veil" which separated the outer irom 
the inner sanctuary, into which she has been shown the 
way, by Him, "who tasted death for every man." 

The funeral services were conducted at the residence 
ol Corwin Webb, in Perrysburg, by Rev. G. A. Adams, 
on Sunday, March 12, at 2 p. m. 

178 The Moumee Valley Pioneer Association. 


The countless friends of Mrs. Sybil H. Whitney, or 
" Mother " Whitney, as she was more familiarly called, 
will be saddened to hear of her death, which occurred on 
Sunday afternoon, February 5th, 1899, at four o'clock. 
She had been ailing for a week or more, but was thought 
to be much better Friday, when she sat at t'he dinner 
table with the family, and seemed to be as well as usual, 
but that afternoon and evening she was taken suddenly 
worse with pneumonia, and was unconscious after mid- 
night Friday. 

Truly, a " Mother in Israel " has fallen asleep. She 
lived an exemplary Christian life from her girlhood, and 
was beloved by everybody because she loved everybody. 
Her great heart took in all the world, especially those 
who were needing sympathy and help. She was of a very 
happy and sunny disposition, with a cheery word for 
everyone, and with a deep solicitude for the welfare of 
others and of the church which she so dearly loved. 

Mother Whitney was 85 years old at her last birth- 
day in January, 1899, anc ^ vet sne was m possession to a 
wonderful degree of all her faculties. She had been a 
great reader, had completed the Chautauque Reading 
Course, and was deeply interested in all the up-to-date 
literature. Her Bible, however, was her choice compan- 
ion, and she not only knew its contents, but lived its 
teachings W r ords cannot tell how she will be missed, 
especially in her own family, in her church circles and 
among her many friends. 

Mrs. Whitney was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, 
January 11, 1814, and hence was over 85 years old. She 
was converted when only eleven years old, but was 
thought to be "too young" to unite with the church. 
Meanwhile, in 1827, her father, Mr. Joel Green, Sr., re- 
moved to Marion, N. Y., where she, then thirteen years 

Obituaries. 179 

old, united with the Congregational church. In 1834 her 
parents, then with a family of eight children, removed to 
Sylvania, Ohio. Two of the sons were physicians, and 
practiced here for some time. She taught school in West 
Toledo until 1835, when she was married to Mr. Thomas 
P. Whitney, whose sister, Mrs. S. L. Collins, is still liv- 
ing. Mr. and Mrs. Whitney lived lor nearly 40 years on 
Detroit avenue, removing in 1874 to the corner of Monroe 
street and Whitney avenue, where, very soon after, Mr. 
Whitney died. The family consisted of six children, 
three only of whom are still living — Marion Lawrance, in 
Toledo Blade. 


Mrs. Thomas Yount, of Haskins, died very suddenly 
Saturday forenoon from a stroke of paralysis. She arose 
in her usual health in the morning and soon after was 
stricken with paralysis. She lingered about three hours 
when death relieved her. 

The deceased was the mother of three children, all of 
whom are living. They are, Willard, residing near Sugar 
Ridge; Mrs. J. F. Weisinger, of Mungen, and Mrs. P>an- 
cher, residing near Haskins. She was 66 years of age 
and was highly respected as a neighbor and Christian 
lady. The funeral was held Tuesday and the remains 
were interred at Union Hill cemetery. 

Mary Ann Peaney was born on the 23d day of Sep- 
tember, 1S33, m Morristown, N. J. She came to Ohio 
with her parents in childhood and spent the greater 
portion of her life in and near Haskins. She was joined 
in marriage with Thomas Yount on the 17th day of 
November, 1653, which union was blessed with three 

180 The Maumce Valley Pioneer Association. 

children, one son and two daughters. She united with 
the Presbyterian church of Ilaskins on the 17th day of 
December, 1895. Deceased was a beloved wife, an 
affectionate mother, a kind neighbor and a faithful and 
conscientious Christian. She merited the good wishes of 
all with whom she came in contact, and though gone from 
us, she will yet be remembered by the good deeds she 
has done. In the home, in the church and in ,the com- 
munity she will be greatly missed. She was faithful until 
the last and only fell asleep to this world, in order that 
she might have a pleasant awakening in the next. On 
the morning of March 4th, 1899, sne was not, for her Lord 
came and took her. She attained the age of 65 years, 
- 5 months, and 1 1 days, 


Peter Zeigler, of Bloom township, aged 92, one of the 
oldest persons in the township, died at his home last Fri- 
day. He was a farmer, and a resident of the county for 
nearly 20 years. 


Shadrach Groff, pioneer hotel man of Toledo, died at 
his home, 2040 Collingwood, this morning, July iS, 1S99, 
at the ripe age o( 81 years. 

He was the father of Mrs. Charles Reynolds, and was 
prominently identified with the early history of the city. 

Shadracb Groff was born at East Creek, Herkimer 

Obituaries. 181 

county, New York, in April, 1818. He was a pioneer of 
Toledo, and his history is a review of the early days of 
this city. His wife survives him, and their daughter, Mrs. 
Charles Reynolds, was the only child. His illness dates 
from last October, but old age may be given as the direct 
cause of death. 

Mr. Groff is best known in the history of Toledo as a 
hotel man. He was proprietor of the old Collins House, 
which was located where now is the wholesale grocery of 
Berdan & Co. Later he was proprietor of the McKen- 
ster House, which was the popular house in the city at 
the outbreak of the civil war. 

In 1869, the demand for better hotel facilities in the 
city, led to the organization of the Toledo Hotel Company. 
This was formed in January, 1870, with the following di- 
rectors: H. S. Walbridge, S. M. Young, C. H. Coy, R. 
H, Bell, \V. W. Griffith, T. H. Hoag and F. J. King. 
Action was taken at once, and resulted in the building of 
the Boody House, which was completed in 1872. 

The building was leased to Groff & Shears, but Mr. 
Groff succeeded to the business in 1873. From that date 
until 1887, Mr. Groff was lessee and landlord of the place, 
which established a reputation of being one of the best 
hostelries in the west. la 1887 ^ r - Groff retired, and 
Ferdinand Welsh, the present landlord, succeeded him. — 
Toledo Blade. 


Joseph A. Hutchinson, one of the oldest residents in 
the county, died at his home in Waterville, November 12, 
1897, after a very brief illness. Mr. Hutchinson was in 

182 The Maumec Valley Pioneer Association. 

the 62<d year of his age and passed away at the home- 
stead where he was born. 

He was well known throughout the county and held 
in high esteem by all who knew him. His mother, Eliza- 
beth Hutchinson, settled in this county in 1810. Mr. 
Hutchinson leaves a wife and three children to mourn his 
death. He was a member of the G. A. R., having been 
a member of Co. I, Fourteenth regiment, O. V. I, in the 
late civil war. He was also a member of Wakeman 
Lodge, F. & A. M., at Waterville. The lodge assisted 
at the funeral services, which took place at his late home, 
Sunday at i p. m. — Toledo Commercial. 

Death Notices 183 


MRS. SUSAN CLARK — October 18, 1896, at four o'clock 
at her residence on Grand street, North Toledo, aged 
&$ years, 4 months and 14 days. She lived in Toledo 
34 years; was born in Albany, N. Y., June 4, r8i2. 

MRS. ADAUNE DWIGHT CONE— At 1. 30 p. m., Sunday, 
September 5, 1897, at Toledo, aged 73 years. Lived 
in Toledo 42 years. 

LEWIS EASTWOOD— At Waterville, December 25, 1898, 
aged 89 years and 1 1 months. 

MRS. A. H. GEER — At her home in Miami, February 17, 
1897, aged Sr years, 10 months and 18 days. Lived 
in Maumee Valley 61 years. 

SARAH ANN HALL — At Waterville, September 23, 1898, 
aged 81 years, 11 months and 2 days. 

SAHUEL S. HOOPER — At his home, 2135 Hewey street, 
Toledo, aged 79 years; had lived in Toledo 44 years. 
His father served with Washington at Valley Forge. 
One of his ancestors was a signer of the Declaration 
ol Independence. 

HARY P. SOUTHARD HALLARAN— At her home, 1203 
Madison street, Toledo, May 17, 1897, aged 52 years. 
She was a resident of Toledo 52 years. 

HARRISON L. HOLLOWAY — At the residence of his daugh- 
ter, 1033 Huron street, May 8, 1897, aged 64 years 
and 6 months. 

184 The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

JOSEPH EnriONS HALL — At his home at Waterville, May 

ii, 1899. Came to this valley in 1836. Was treas- 
urer of this society at the time of his death. 

WILLIAM LARKINS— At his home in Adams township, 
Lucas county, in 1897, aged 94 years. Lived in the 
valley 55 years. 

NICHOLAS NEUHAUSEL— At his home in Toledo, August 
3, 1899, in the: 90th year ol his age. Had lived in 
Toledo 42 years. 

MRS. HARRIET F. ROBBINS — Wife of Rinaldo Robbins, at 
her home in Maumee, Friday, July 30, 1897. 

DAVID S. WILDER— At his home in Toledo, Ohio, Nov 
ember 13, 1898. Lived in Toledo 42 years. 

ADALINE HAUGHTON HALLETT — Wife of Giles Mallett, 
aged 62 years and 9 months. 

E. N. SHITH— At his home in West Toledo, January 4, 
1899, aged 8 j years, 6 months and 19 days. 

MRS. SYBIL HASTINGS WHITNEY— At her late residence, 
No. 2217 Whitney avenue, Sunday, February 5, 
1899, at 4 o'clock p. m. 

HARRISON WOOD — At his late residence at Holland, Ohio, 

Monday, February 6, 1899, aged 67 years. Lieuten- 
ant Wood was a member of Co. A, 14th O. V. I. 

List of Members. 



Pocock, D. A. 
Pocock, Clara 
Pocock, J. L. 
Pocock, E. E. 
Snooks, W. N. 
Say lor, Jacob 
Stukey, N. VV. 
Woodcox, C. B. 
Z uber, John B. 
Z iiber, J. H. 

Bissell, C. A. 
Bisber, Henry 
Doering, P. P. 
Fleck, W. F. 
Furguson, H. B. 
Graves, F. A. 
Harris, Henry 
Hughs, D. S. 
Harris, Jane E. 
McCann, A. C. 
Oswalt, Jacob 


Black, Luther Simonds, Alice 

LaFarree, Jas. H. Thurston, Mrs. M. L. 

Phillipps, Aaron Thurston, Mrs. W. C. 

Ralston, Jas. B. YanTassel, I. N. 

Colby, Dr. L. 
Lattimore, Jas. F. 

Conley, Michael 
Graraling, Adam 
Hardy, James W. 
Love, W. K. 


Lattimore, Mrs. Jas. F. 
Simpson, A. "N. 


Parrott, William 
McGarvey, John 
Waggoner, John B. 
Waggoner, Simon N. 


Brown, Mrs. W. A. 
Greenler, J. S. 
Gurwell, Martin 
Gurwell, Jacob 
Hardy, Henry 
Jervis, Mary B. 
Kintner, George 
Marcellus, D. W. D. 
Malley, J. J. 
Miller, John , 
Mix, E. B. 

Meyers, L. E. 
Perkey, Martin 
Stubbs, Wm. M. 
Scott, Helen Brown 
Saylor, Jacob 
Smith, Wm. M. 
Thornton, M. E. Stevens 
Willielm, Adam 
Woodcox, B. B. 
Wood, Alonzo II. 


The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association 

Carter, S. S. 
Carr, M. 
Holt, John 

Andrews, H. Ii. 
Bordner, Mrs. H. 
Bordner, Henry 
Brubaker, F. N. 
Brubaker, Emily B 
Bowen, Jerry 

Culberson, Eli. 
Carr, O. C. 
Judson, A. C. 
Kerr, W. E. 

Bucklin, Osman 
Johnson, W. C. 

Merrell, Osias 
Sargent, A, L. 


Rothenberger, G. F. 
Scofield, Catherine E. 
Sisler, Peter 
Loury, Samantha A. 
Weaver, H. S. 
Weaver, David 

McLain, J. C. 
Reynolds, James 
Sterling, Thomas 

Yeager, A. 

Bernthistle, H. P. 
Garrett, P. F. 

Gunn, D. A. 
Tucker, Albert C. 


Garrett, Mrs. Kate 


Holloway, Chas. B. 
Holloway, Mrs. Chas. B. 

Goss, Mr: and Mrs. Tunison, Mrs. John 

Robertson, Ameleous 

Crominger, George Russell, M. II. 

Gunn, Mrs. A. B. 
Leist, A. C. 
Lamphier, John 
Pennock, Edward 

West, John T. 
Williams, W. F 
Young, C. C. 

Young, Mrs. C. C. 
Bales, William Hull, W. R. 

Brown, Mrs. Thomas F. Kiser, Laura B. 

Batcheldor, Mrs. Phoebe Mitchell, Mrs. R B. ' 

Blaker, Mrs. Amanda Nearing, Mrs. Henry 

Drummond, C. M. Rodd, Mrs. T. 

Gunn, Mrs. W. B. Wolcott, Jas. M. 

List of Members. 


Gunu, Capt. O. N. 
Gunn, Mrs. O. N. 

Durbin, Thomas 

Coder, W. W. 
Kerr, John W. 
Learning, Hulda 

Bowers, George 
Bowers, James R. 
Bowers, W. R. 
Bowers, Mrs. A. C. 
Brooks, William 
Brown, James K. 
Cadwalader, Mrs. Mary 
Curtis, S. L. 
Davidson, J. S. 
Foot, Fred 
Furguson, Mary 
Gilson, David 
Gunn, Edwin 
Hudson, D. P. 
Hill, Matilda M. 
Hately, Daniel 
Hague, S. M. 
Hufning Julius 

Wilcox, Johu E. 
Wescott, John. 

Sheppard, D. S. 


Lose, William 

Van Fleet, Cornelius 


Huddle, John 
Leather man, J. 
Mory, J. D. 
Pontius, B. F. 
Kalrick, George 
Raiser, Mathias 
Scribner, Allen B. 
She't, John 
Scott, Robert W. 
Stevens, John W. 
Senter, II. 
Shelt, Sabina 
Tyler, Justin H. 
Van Hyming, Julius 
Wheeler, Caleb 
Wilson, David 
Williams, L. B. 

Peters, B. L. 

Peters, Mrs. B. L. 

Brittou, O. J. 
Crosby, Darwin 

Adams, Rev. G. A. 
Baird, C. C. 
Hcllenbeck, D. K. 
McKnight, George 
Powell, Frank 

Keeler, W. H. 


Powers, C. A. 
Ross, Mrs. J. W 
Rumler, Estella 
Zing, Rudolph 


The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

Curtis, Newton 
Fairchilds, Alonzo 
Love, Rev. N. B. C. 
Scott, Dr. W. A. 

Andrews, James 
Cone, Ambrose 
Harroun, Clara 

White, J. 8, 
White, Mrs. Mien 
Watkins, Wells 


Harroun, Mrs. E. J. ?. 
Warren, Wm. P. 

Alexander, W. G. 
Andrews, Samuel 
Abbott, Eunice 
Blanchard, Samuel 
Boos, Wm. H. 
Blinn, K. D. 
Bashore, Milo 
Berdan, John 
Bloomfield, Robert 
Brigham, C. O. 
Brice, R. T. 
Brigham, Mrs. M. P. 
Brigham, Stanley F. 
Blodgett, Mrs. Eliza 
Bradley, A. B. 
Baldwin, Mrs. Maria 
Bartlett, Nathaniel 
Burdick, Leander 
Bond, O. S. 
Brownlee, A. B., Jr. 
Baker, Mary G. 
Brainard, W, S. 
Chase, Galusha 
Colton, Abram W. 
Callahan, M. 
Collins, D. A. 
Crofts, J. A. 
Corlett, William 
Conway, John A. 
Cogblin, Dennis 
Chapin, Edward 
Cowdrick, Yien 
Contuse, E. C. 


Lemmon, Reuben C. 
Myers, James W. 
Moore, John A. 
Merikel, W. M. 
McNally, Jas. 
Morehouse, Wm. H. 
Mott, Miss Anna C. 
Norton, C. W. 
Norton, Mrs. M. D. 
Neubert, H. G. 
Nay, Eccler 
Nopper, Christ. 
Pelton, A. D. 
Pennell, W. E., Jr. 
Pratt, Charles 
Pike, Louis H. 
Pheatt, Z. C. 
Plant, A. II. 
Raymond, E. P. 
Raymond, Paul 
Rowland, W. L. 
Roraeis, Jacob 
Romeis, John 
Raymer, James 
Richardson, I. A. 
Robinson, Jas. B. 
Srnith, Denison B. 
Smith, W. H. II. 
Seaman, Ira K. 
Snell, A. J. 
Southard, Thomas J. 
Stettiner, Samuel 
Spencer, J. M. 


List of Members. 


Carter, S. S. 

Corson, Mrs. George 

Dun lap, Thomas 

Draper, James 

Dyer, Stepbeu F. 

Dowling, P. H. 

Englehardt, Jacob 

Ensign, W. O. 

Eddy, Charles H. 

Eggleston, Mrs. H. 

Edgar, John, 606 Piatt street. 

Geer, John L. 

Gloyd, Mary E. 

Goddard, Alonzo 

Granger, Y. W. 

Gleason, A. W. 

Gardner, Xath. 

Hentzler, Horace 

Howard, Mrs. M. N.' 

Howell, A. D. 

Hone, Mrs. J. W. 

Hall, Cecil A. 

Hubbard, Franklin 

Hime, Jacob E. 

Harroun, C. H. 

Joucs, Adaline 

Kelsey, Joel W. 

Ketcham, Mrs. Rachel xAnn 

King, Frank J. 

Kountz, John S. 

Kenyon, Henry 

Lane, Frank T. 

Lindsay, Mrs. S. B. 

Scott, Wm. H. 
Scott, Frank J. 
Smith, E. C. 
Stinecamp, Geo. II. 
Smith, Mrs. Julia E. 
Sisson, Jesse 
Secor, Mrs. Francis P. 
Tiernan, Thomas 
Tracy, J. E. 
T homer, Henry 
Thurston, W. S. 
Thomas, Edwin W. 
Tappan, Wm. R. 
Yan Fleet, J. 
Van Gunten, John 
Yanstone, Thomas 
Waite, John A. 
Wells, George E. 
Woods, Dr. T. J. 
Walterhouse, J. W. 
Wilcox, M. I. 
Willey, Emery 
West, Charles . 
Winans, James 
Whittaker, C. H. 
Whitman, W. H. 
Wilcox, Henry 
Wagner, Mrs. Mary C. 
Woolson, A. M. 
Waggoner, Clark 
Woodruff, Jenette 
Young, Mott W. 
Yrooman, George W. 

Mawer, Thos. Warner, Martin 

Mawer, Mrs. Thomas 

Turney, Michael 

Ballou, O. W. ' 
Ballou, Mrs. O*. W. 


Whittaker, George 

Pray, Thomas 
Knaggs, Miss Moriah 

190 The Maumce Valley Pioneer Association. 

Dodd, Mrs. Mary Shertzer, Joseph 

Farnsworth, J. P. Van Fleet, William 

Hoobler, George VV. Van Fleet, Mrs. Jane R. 

Isham, Mrs. Sarah Van Fleet, H. Frank 

Edgar, John McDonald, C. W. 

Huber, Heury Shepherd, W. H. 

Gerkins, Henry Blanchard, Samuel 

Reynolds, George Banks, W. R 


Aikinson, William Fray, Paris H. 

Atkinson, Louisa Fray, M. W. 

Burnett, George C. Pray, J. L. 

Butler, Fred A. Fray, Mrs. Mary E. 

Doreu, John Uoulson, J. H. 

Doreu, William Rakestraw, l'arnel 

Goodman, Michael Sly, Mrs. Martha 

Goodman, Mrs. Caroline Winslow, H. R. 

Myers, J. K Ayersville, Defiance Co. 

Robinson, Jas. B Air Line Junction, Lucas Co. 

Phillipps, Chas. R Blissfield, Mich. 

Eogle, C Bryan, Ohio. 

Watkins, George Chicago, 111. 

Cross, Mrs. Hannah Cleveland, O., Russell Ave. 

Downs, George ' Gustar, Wood Co. 

Hollington, Rev. A Delaware, Ohio. 

Jones, L. J. Digb} T , Wood Co. 

Converse, NT. W. . . Elyria, Ohio. 

Moore, J. P. . . Fremont, Ohio. 

Willson, George H ... Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Ainsworth, J. N. . Hicksville, Defiance Co. 

Fast, II. H Holgate, Henry Co. 

Whitney; Jas. S. . . Jackson, Mich. 

Mathews, C. W Lancaster, Ohio. 

Foster, O. W. Lamoin, Wood Co. 

McCabe, Alex *. Morenci, Mich. 

Rodgers, O. D New Haven, Ind. 

Dunlap, Miss Jeunie . 7880 Broadway, N. Y. 

Freas, George . < Okalona, Henry Co. 

List of Members. 191 

Ilardisty, A. F Payne, Wood Co. 

McMaban, R. W Portage, Wood Co. 

Banks, W.H Paulding, Ohio. 

McDowell, Mrs. C. E Prairie Depot, Ohio. ■ 

Fontoo, H. C . Ridgeville, Henry Co. 

Willson, W. H Richfield Center, Lucas Co, - 

Donaldson, David San Antonio, Texas. 

Tubbs, W. B Tubbsville, Ohio. 

Lawton, Maj. Gen. H. W U. S. Army, Washington. 

Rowe, John P Vienna, Mich. 

Williamson, C. W Wapakoneta, Ohio. 

Blaker, Sanford Ci. Woodville, Wood Co. 



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Tuning and Repairing a Specialty. 

All Work Done by Experienced Workmen. 

801 to 895 Jefferson Street. Toledo. 


The Maumee Valley Pioneer Association. 

uy Your Clothin 

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